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.............. 319

742

Prohibition, writ of...

428 Queen consort.......71, 72, 227, 395, 615
Prohibitory laws. .............. 14, 15, 677

dowager ................. 71, 72, 615
Promises.....350, 370, 371, 380, 448,

regnant........... 71, 72, 613, 615
450, 453

revenue of ...................71, 72
Promissory note. 370, 381, 383, 450, 664 Quia emptores, statute of..204, 229,
Property abandoned. .........96, 169, 170

244, 289, 295, 301, 307, 308
community..................98. 167 Qui tam actions........366, 452, 479, 688
generally............. 167–173, 481 Quit claim.................
in animals...................97, 98 Quo minus, writ of..........421, 488, 517
in transitu ............167, 374

warranto, writ of......165, 479,
occupancy of......97, 167, 169

480, 690, 746
rights... 42, 54, 55, 98, 1

265-268, 365, 461, 468 Rack..................................... 697, 698
usufructuary.......167, 168, 172 Rack-rent............

181
Prophecies............................359, 634 Ranks in society...... 25, 50, 89, 130, 131
Prorogation of parliament......... ... 59: Ransom..... .............191, 610, 665
Prosecution, generally.......89, 665, Rape.......... 206, 615, 646, 656, 657, 687

685, 689, 702, 708, 714 | Rate of interest...............376, 378, 379
malicious.....
.: 629 Ratification ......

156
Prosecutor..........

..665, 689 Real actions.451, 456, 464, 466, 473,
Prostitutes...
.656, 682

481, 496, 516. 556
Protest........

382 property......172, 173, 441, 467, 481
Protestation ..........

504 Rebellion......80, 615, 616, 634, 724,
Prothonotary ...........
.. 522 Rebutter...........

502
Provinces ....

... 183 Recaption..................96, 410, 445, 715
Provisions..........213, 317, 450, 637–639 Receipts..........

529
Provocation.....................649, 650-653 Receivers..........
Publications .............354, 615, 635, 636 Receiving stolen goods............... 628
Public assemblies......................11, 12 Recognizance.....328, 379, 390, 463,
good......................10,.38, 43

491, 560, 562, 668, 670,
rights............................

...... 43 Recompense ............................... 691
Punishment by forfeiture............. 359 | Recording deeds....................295, 328
capital.... 40, 593, 602, 693, 736 Record, trial by...........

511
generally .....8, 14, 26, 135, Records... 19, 328-337, 377, 380, 418,
156, 550, 584-599, 601,

506, 521, 527, 534, 553, 626, 727

602, 644 Recoveries...214, 218, 219, 230, 232,
grades of....................26, 692

334-337, 451, 464, 496, 741
harsh...... 40, 384, 554, 564, Recusancy.........

294
584, 617, 648, 654, 667, Redemption...97, 192, 243, 300, 572, 665

697, 698, 722 Redress of wrongs......44, 409, 563, 586
kinds ...........

.... 721 Re-entry.................. 240, 258, 289, 468
limitation of.................... 26 Reformation.

741
of bankrupt...................... 388 Regent...
theory of...............14, 37, 668 Registry....

328
Purchase, title by.......70, 269, 282 Regrating.....

637
284, 286 Rehearing.

580
Purchasers' rights......275-283, 306, Rejoinder.

............. 02,
322, 325, 371 562
in equity.................

577
Pure villenage..................190, 203-208 Relationship.....

.277-283, 399
Purgation....515, 517, 647, 704, 705, 718 Release.......260, 319, 326, 404, 526,
Purpresture ..........
.... 641

552, 702, 714
Purveyance.................•

Reliefs......................189, 192, 196, 201
Religion..

............ ................600, 615
Qualifications......................54, 55, 239 Religious houses......116, 127, 210,
Qualified fee.........................214, 347

294, 295, 321, 622
property....... 347, 348, 353, 374

impostures...................... 607
Quantum meruit.........

intolerance...602, 605, 606,
valebat.......................453, 493

620, 621
Quarantine generally...

Remainder, contingent..... 249-351, 329
of widow.............

estate in...225, 246, 248-251,
Quare clausum fregit........469, 486, 487

282, 296, 315, 334, 336,
impedit, writ of..........477, 550

457, 468, 474
Quarrels....

.633, 649

vested ............................ 24)
Quarter sessions.............152, 673, 674 Remarriage.........151, 221-223, 229, 240
Que estate........

.292, 293 Remedial statutes....................14, 24

79

546

....

94

... 453

... 639
....... 229

....... 563

II...............
III ..... ............*

due.......

220

25

577 Riot
20 Riparian

.....

Remedies....24, 44, 77, 78, 409, 417, | Review, bill of......

....... 580
432, 481, 482, 542, 563 Revival of judgment.....
Remitter..........................416, 417, 443 Revocation..321, 324, 327, 342, 396,
Rent charge...........
180

398, 415
crown lands......................93, 111 Revolution......... 48, 49, 69, 80, 615, 745
defined............................180, 307 Rewards.............14, 601, 628, 631, 682
disseisin for.................. ........ 240 Richard I.............................. 135, 739
distress for.........411, 413, 445, 458
..............235, 364, 450

.................69, 67
feudal..........180, 181, 198, 254, 475 Right by representation...273, 274, 278
incidents. ......

generally.... 13, 14, 35-38, 43, 367
kinds........................180, 181, 188 in common.............292, 474, 476
non-payment of.........181, 223, 450 of descent............ ............, 266
payment of......................529, 530

of entry...........234, 267, 314, 470
preferred claim................390, 560 of occupation.....97, 167–172,
reserved................................
254

265, 290, 352
seck.....................................

181 of personal liberty..........40, 42
service............

181 of personal security ............ 39
when and where paid....... 181

of petition,.....................44, 45
yearly...........

318 of possession.... 265-268, 271,
Repairs............. 116, 284, 298, 411, 474

344 365. 429
Reparation.....................432, 434, 435 of property....... 42, 267, 268, 290
Repeal..........

of representation................ 333
Replevin bond..

445 of seizure... ......42, 290, 413, 611
defined ..
414 of succession.............

........ 362
generally.443-445, 458, 556, 557

of way

................ 292, 472, 477
Replication.. ..............502, 503, 546, 703 Rights and wrongs ........ ....... 13
in equity...... ....

Riots......45, 114, 615, 625, 632, 645, 689
Reports of decisions.............

Riparian rights........................291, 632
of masters..............

........ 580

Rivers........................85, 291, 632, 641
Representation ..........61, 278, 333, 407 Roads...... ............. .............. 43, 116
Reprieves..............................729, 730 Robbery......585, 590, 597, 598, 611,
Reprisals .............
5. ..............................83. 104

618, 645, 666, 682, 686, 715
Repugnant clauses ............25, 241, 434 Robert of Normandy..........
Reputation.... 40, 432, 514, 517, 523, Roman Catholics ................. 23, 70, 605

657, 684 Roman empire.................. ....... 408
Rescripts.................

15

law, see “Civil law."
Rescue...............442, 458, 559, 625, 627 republic.. 20, 27, 54, 158, 192,
Reservations...................181, 253, 360

505, 509, 526, 535
Residence.......... 117, 118, 576, 660, 661 Roofs..........

471
Residuary estate. 246-255, 393, 394, 406 Routs ............

....... 633
legatee ..........

400 Royal descent.
Residue...... .....

291 dignity ......................
Respondeat ouster.............498, 548, 702 family......................38, 71- 73
Respondentia.....................377, 378, 390 fish .......

.95, 353
Restitution...83, 139, 352. 374, 442,

grants...................330, 331, 355
463, 478, 557, 588, 715, 729

lands....
Restraints of trade................ 138, 510

marriage.......

................72. 73
Restrictions....41, 45, 187, 195, 244,

powers.

.76, 108, 109
560, 604, 636 prerogative....... 45, 58, 75-92 355
Resulting uses and trusts.......324, 329 revenue ..........................."

......... 416 Rule in Shelley's case ......
500 689 655. 659 | Rules as to customs...........

o case ................. 233
Retaliation................588, 589, 655, 659 Rules as to customs.............. 9, 21, 22
Retrarit...............................494, 597

generally.........................9, 13
Return days..........

in construing deeds and wills
of writ......427, 483, 519, 560, 574

343-345
Revealed law........

in construing statutes.....15,
Revenge......... .............. 647, 649, 667

16, 20, 24- 26
Revenue, extraordinary......... 102 in equity ........................16, 568
ordinary ............

92 of conduct...................7, 9, 13
royal.......... 71, 72, 92, 421, 676 of corporations................... 451
Reversal of judgment........20, 552, 727 of court............................... 717
Reversion, estate in...187, 215, 217,

of evidence........................ 717
224, 225, 253-255, 287, 296, 302,

of inheritance..... 27, 171, 270-281
333-336, 449, 457, 468 ! prescribed.

.....9, 10

63

93

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Sabbath breaking.."409 605. 606, 706

..... 499

105

Sheep...........

7725

.......

34

Rulers ....................

.............10, 14 Servants, generally....106, 136–140,
Russian practices.....................46, 82

440. 663

laborer............................. 138
king...................607, 608

liability.....................595, 663
Sacrament.................122, 605, 606, 706

menial............................ 137
Sacrilege ...............................699, 717

negligence of.............140, 663
Safe conducts........83, 84, 352, 610, 611

rights.................138, 170, 440
Sailors...42, 123, 135, 396, 426, 612, 640

slavery............

...... 136
Saladin's tenth............................ 103

wages................ 139, 426, 441
Salic law....

272 Services, feudal... 180, 189-191, 196-
Sale for arrears of rent................. 442

199, 203, 213, 229, 239, 272,
fraudulent....... 359, 367, 371,

281, 296, 308, 411, 475, 561

383, 386 Servitude............132, 205, 208, 356, 384
generally ..........

455 Set-off............
of goods... 369, 371, 372, 414, Settlements, generally .....230, 329,
455, 560, 608

332, 408, 495
of land ..................326, 350, 451

of misdemeanors............. 715
Salt.........

of the poor..........117, 138, 152
Salvage...................

... 95 | Severalt

Severalty, estate in.... 255, 259, 261, 265
Sanctuary. ............................699, 744 Sextons..

..... 128
Satisfaction.366, 412, 414, 442, 479,

..............636, 666
486, 516, 552, 558, 560-563, 585, Shelley's case, rule in.................. 283

610, 644, 652, 665, 691, 715 Sheriff, deputies of ...................... 110
Savages.................................509, 608

duration....

110
Saxon invasion............

......... 27

duties.....110, 519, 560, 685, 732
kings ..........62–64, 183, 734, 735

election.................

...... 110
laws....17, 201, 215, 275, 315,

generally.............109-112, 520
593, 665, 704, 727,

jurisdiction.................109-112
Scandal............................40, 635, 67

jury of...... ...............,519, 549
Scandalum magnatum.............130, 433

liability.......490, 558, 559, 677
Schools...........

472

negligence................631, 677
Scire facias ..............479, 556, 559, 563

origin............
Scold, common........

642

powers... 129, 473, 549, 633, 681
Scotland, political history....28, 50, 75

return of....

572
union with............28, 725, 746

sale...........

560
Scrolls.....

....... 311

tourn........................675, 676
Scutage......

.............103, 196 Shifting uses........
Sea, jurisdiction of......33, 291, 611, 719 Shipping..

......135, 377
Sealing.....................310-312, 370, 397 Ships....... .........95, 376, 611, 612
Seamen...... ................42, 123, 135, 426 Shipwrecks....83, 95, 113, 172, 610, 647
Search warrant.............

105 Shires..

...............27, 129
Secured debts............

390 Shooting.........................663, 655, 659
Securities........... 244, 245, 485, 571, 572 Shops.
Security .....376, 412, 443, 483, 488,

Signing.................................311, 312
555, 559, 668, 683 Silver..............

Diver.....................................90. 96
Sedition................................134, 670 Simony...........................128, 297, 298
Seduction........................143, 439, 656 Sinking fund..... ...................107, 109
See.............

.................34, 125 Slander........40, 130, 432, 433, 493,
Seisin ... 212, 225, 227, 230, 247, 248,

497, 500, 545, 550, 600, 635,
252, 257, 267, 271, 290, 313-316,

642, 670
337, 346, 459-461, 500, 556 Slavery....... 134, 136, 137, 205, 206.
Seizure illegal...............

208, 356, 384, 643, 738
of goods...............84, 393, 611 Smuggling .........

...104, 636
Self-defense....... 409, 646, 647, 653, 703 Socage tenure......154, 198–203, 209,
Self-murder, see “Suicide.”

273, 307
Sentence.........................111, 702, 711 Society, aim of............. ...........10, 37
Separation......................141, 152. 640

claims of....... 42, 451, 716, 724
Sequestration ........................574, 679

laws of.............10, 69, 80, 586
Serjeanty..............................199, 419

origin of:...............10, 36, 169
Servants, agency of......... .... 139 Soldiers..........42, 55, 132-134, 396, 640
apprentice...........135, 137, 138 Sole corporations...........

362
contract......... .370, 440 Solicitation.....

656
correction of.............. 139, 431 Sophia of Hanover. ................... 70, 73
duties. ............350, 589 Sorcery..........................514, 607, 707
enfranchised
137 Sources of law.....

... 6

...... 324

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101 1 Streets....................................... 110

.650.

..... 630

90

10

475

272, 362

Sovereignty..................10, 11, 77, 80 Stay of execution..............490, 573, 729
Special bail......................488, 490-492 Stephen.......................................5, 64
customs.................200, 337-340 | Steward....

138
jury..................******
...... 522 Still-born child...........

713
matter........................499, 500 Stocks..

...608, 722
plea............ ..............500, 502 | Stolen goods...... .97, 373, 595, 607,
tail......................217, 218, 223

611, 628, 658, 662, 664, 686,
verdict............

688, 715
Specialty......343, 380, 390, 447, 448, 516 Stranger, generally...,117, 375, 457,
Specific legacy.....................

404

464, 500, 611
performance.......427, 475, 571

property.......238, 265, 302,
relief..............................
26

334, 341, 479
Spendthrifts......................
Spiritualism.............

607 Study of law............................... 1-7
Spiritual lords...........

673 Subinfeudation................204, 229, 301
Springing uses..........

329 Submission.............................12, 415
Stabbing..... ......

719 Subordinate magistrates..... 46, 109-118
Stamp duties.............

105 Şubornation of perjury..........
Stamping................................90, 306 Subpoena ad testificandum. ......527, 528
Standard of length...............

duces tecum...................... 537
Standing armies.....................133, 134

in equity.......................... 574
Star chamber, court of........ 74, 678, Subscribing witnesses.............342, 343

689, 741, 743

Subsidies.....................53, 58, 102-104
State, formation of ........

Sub-tenants.......... .............188, 223
Statements of counsel ........ 526 Subtraction.........
Statute, construction of........ 15, 16, Succession to feud....187, 269, 272,
20, 24-26

273, 408
declaratory......13, 24, 509, 610

title by...61, 62, 68, 70, 71,
de donis.....................216, 219
de mercatoribus................ 245 Successors......................159, 314, 362
effect of.......................... 85 Sufferance, estate at.................... 237
executing............

85 Suicide.......... ..............396, 648
framed..........3, 38, 59, 60, Suits, see “Actions.”
generally...............12,

Summary convictions..............676-679
interpreted........15, 16,

Summons.... 111, 112, 162, 519, 520,
invalid...................20, 26, 29

676, 693
jurisdiction of.... 26, 29, 30, Sunday.............436, 484, 491, 607, 608
kinds..................

laws.................................. 608
merchant.............21, 244, 562 Supersedeas.....................52, 114, 677
of frauds and perjuries, Superstition.....................513, 620, 704

25, 244, 325, 342, 380, 450 Supplicavit.........................
of habeas corpus...... 38, 41, Supplies..........................102,109, 744

42, 437, 438 Supremacy, oath of............. 119
of jeofails............553, 721, 746 Supreme authority...................12, 46
of limitations...................

... 500 Surety...........34, 41, 632, 669, 670, 688
of mortmain.................... 622

Surplus...................................391. 406
of quia emptores... 204, 229, Surprise in testimony.....

541
289, 295, 301, 307, 308 Surrender.... 208, 209, 234, 258, 320,
of uses......... 230, 321, 323, 742

338-340, 387, 559, 616, 693
of wills..................
Surveyors of highways.....

116
penal...15, 25, 59, 451, 601, Survivorship..250, 258-260, 264, 351, 364
629, 688, 731, 744 Suspected persons.....

41
private.................24, 162, 329 Swans.....................................97, 348
promulgation of ......... 9 Swearing.........................

606
public......................... 24 Sweden.................................536, 655
rejected...............
84 Sycophants..................

665
remedial....................
Synods..................

92
repealed........
repugnant.....

Tail, estate in.....216-222, 255, 262,
restraining................

268, 280, 310, 318, 335, 351,
special......

459, 462, 741
staple....... .............562,

742 Tailors..........
unreasonable.

26 | Tales of jurors................525, 526, 711

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vindicatory ......

14 Talliage....

.............103, 621
void..
...........25, 330 | Tariff.....

...... 103

85

44

..... 669

...... 341

24

59

24

...... 373

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Tartar customs....... ...............168, 200 | Time......60, 232, 233, 234, 253, 259,
Taxation, theory of..................43, 102 261, 412, 484, 527, 544, 563, 651,
Taxes.. 43, 53, 89, 102-104, 117, 231, 622

660, 687, 701
Technicalities..................330, 495, 554 Tithes...... 33, 93, 127, 158, 174, 177, 425
Technical terms......2, 15, 507, 687, 721 Tithings.. .....................34, 668, 735, 743
Temporal lords.............

.......3, 50 Title by administration..........391-407
Temporalities...........................93, 125

by alienation..................300-304
Tenant, acts of................ 240, 258,

by bankruptcy..................... 383
after issue extinct......223,

by contract....................368-383
224, 277, 285 by curtesy........ 224-226, 309,
at will............................ 234

322, 363
by the curtesy.............224-226

by custom .. ............. ..359-361
by dower....................226–231 by descent. 170, 171, 268,283,
death of....................222, 285

287, 340
ejected ................234, 238, 464

by escheat.

....284-291
fee-simple............... ....211-216

by forfeiture...........293-300, 359
feudal.................186, 189, 234

by gift...............................

367
for years...................320, 334

by grant.................

367
generally...................189, 209 by judgment................375, 376
in capite...189, 192, 202, 204, 301 by marriage............. 363
in common.... 263-265, 319, 351

by occupancy.....96, 167–170,
in tail.......
........216-222

172, 265, 352
liability..............298, 299, 462 by possession.................265-267

...............220-223 by prerogative.................... 355
occupancy.....167–172, 265,

by prescription....... 269, 292, 293

290, 304 by purchase....... 70, 263, 282–284
of copyhold...203-209, 217,

by remainder and reversion
226, 227, 337, 340

246-255
paravail.

........ 189
by statute....................

... 244
possession by.......235, 318, 477 by succession.................60, 362
right of........222, 298, 318, 465 by testament..................391,-407
villein........................ 203-209

defined ............................

417
Tender of money....... 243, 372, 373,

distinct.....................

257
414, 443, 470, 498, 499, 528 generally ...............167, 169, 265
Tenement..........173, 189, 190, 216, 237 of act of parliament............ 57
Tenemental lands........................ 203

of bill............................... 57
Tenths................93, 102, 103, 175, 345 of honor.....
Tenure, see "Estates."

of nobility....28, 48, 128, 129,
English ................27, 189-210

187, 272,
military...94, 119, 133, 184, 188 to freehold........
origin of..........

185

to things real.................265-268
Term of art........

15
unity of.............

257
of court...........

484 Toleration................602, 605, 620, 746
of years........... 233, 234, 253, 346 Tolls............

..............231, 476, 632
Terms, legal.................
.... 507 | Tonnage

105
Testament, title by..................391-407 | Tools.......

.389, 411
Testamentary guardian....149, 154,

.497, 585
157, 202, 440 Torture.

..697, 698
Testator.......
394 Towns.........

480
Testatum capias........................487, 488 | Trade...... 84, 85, 104, 135, 137, 139,
Testimony perpetuated.. 436. 578

159, 345, 375, 377, 472, 508, 612,
Theft...... 91, 588, 589, 596, 597, 628,

636, 638, 641, 738
654, 662, 663-666, 686, 707, 715 Trader and tradesman132, 383–385, 742

................................ 5 Tradition .............................4, 17, 527
Theocracy.........

60 | Tramps....................137, 640, 642, 670
Theodosius.............1, 22, 509, 601, 735 Transfer......170, 367, 368, 371, 376,
Things personal...............172, 345-447 |

389, 442, 510
...... 172, 265-268 Transient property..........167, 227, 374
Third parties......238, 241, 265, 334, Transitory actions..................493, 539

358, 411, 465, 477 Transportation.... 42, 438, 627, 628
Threatening letters..................596, 632

718, 719, 722
Threats..40, 431, 596, 625, 630, 632, Treason.41,72, 79, 195, 215, 219, 272,

634, 666, 669

230, 231, 287, 294, 302, 359, 589,
Tides....
........................... 33

597, 612-617, 623, 686, 693, 696,
Timber .............. 221, 298, 469, 473, 474

709, 712

405

Torts ........

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