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Talliage-customs or taxes.

Tort-wrong or injury. Tarde venit-it came too late; return Tourn-sheriff's court of criminal jurisof sheriff to a delayed writ.

dictior:. Tariff-table of duties or customs, on Traals--peasants of Sweden. imported goods.

Tradition-delivery to another. Technical-pertaining to an art or pro- Transcript-copy of an original wri fession.

ting. Temporalties-ecclesiastical reve- Transitory action—where the venue nues.

may be laid in any county. Tenant-holder of lands in fee for life, Transmission—a right of heirs to an for years, or at will.

ancestor's property. Tenant paravail—lowest tenant. Transportation-banishment for fel. Tenants in common-holding by dis- ony.

tinct title, but by unity of posses Trans Tiberim-beyond the Tiber. sion.

Traverse-denial of matter pleaded. Tender-offer of payment in money or Treason-breach of allegiance. goods.

Treasure-trove-found treasure. Tenement—that may be held; perma- Treatise-written composition. nent property.

Treaty-compact between nations. Tenendum-the clause of “holding" Trebucket-an engine of punishment in a deed.

for common scolds. Tenths—income paid to the clergy. Tres faciunt collegium-three make a Terminus a quo the limit from

college. which.

Trespass wrong committed with Termor-holder of lands for years.

force. Terra firma-firm land.

Tribunal-court of justice. Terrene-earthy; terrestrial.

Triens, tertia—the third. Terre tenant-having actual posses- Trina admonitio-a third warning. sion of land.

Tripartite-consisting of three parts. Testament-will; last disposition of Trover-action to recover the value of property by a testator.

goods alleged to have been found. Testari—to show or testify.

True bill-endorsement by a grand Testator or testatrix—the maker of a

jury on an indictment. will or testament.

Trust-an estate held for another's Testatum-writ from the court to the

benefit. sheriff of another county.

Tumbril—instrument of punishment; Testatum capias-you take the one testified; a writ to the sheriff of

ducking stool; dung cart. another county.

Turbary-right to dig turf. Teste-the date of issuing process;

the

Tutelage-state of guardianship.

Twelve tables—a Roman code of laws. concluding clause of a writ. Teste comitatu-witness the county.

Ubi nullum matrimonium, ibi nulla Theft-bote--receiving stolen goods.

dos—where no marriage, there is Thesaurus inventus-treasure found.

no dower. Tilt-military horseback exercise. Tipstaff-officer of court with staff

Ubiquity-presence everywhere.

Ultimatum-last proposition. tipped with silver.

Ultimum supplicium-the last pun. Tithes-right of the church to onetenth of the produce of land.

ishment. Tithing-district of ten families.

Ultra mare-beyond sea. Toga virilis-manly robe.

Unde nihil habet-whereby she has Toll-a tax for some privilege.

nothlng; a writ of dower. Tolt-a removal.

Un disposition a faire un male chose Tonnage-capacity of a ship.

-a disposition to do a bad act.

Unilateral-one-sided contract. Vice-comes-a sheriff ;” deputy of an Usage-long and uniform practice.

earl or count. Use-land entrusted to a party for an- Vice versa-on the contrary. other's benefit.

Vicinage—the neighborhood. Usufruct-right of enjoying property Vidame-a species of feudal noble. which is vested in another.

Vi et armis-by force and arms. Usurp—to seize without right.

Viewers—appointees of court to examUsury-excessive interest on money. ine realty. Ut antiquum-as ancient.

Villein-feudal tenant of the lowest Ut liberum tenementum-as a free- grade. hold.

Villein-socage — feudal service both Ut novum-as recent.

base and certain. Ut res magis valeat quam pereat- Vills-villages, towns.

that the matter may rather be valid Vinculum-bond or connection. than be lost.

Vinculum personarum ab eodem Uttering-putting into circulation. stirpe descendentium-connection

of persons descended from the Vadium-a pledge.

same stock. Validity-legal strength or force. Viri magnae dignitatis—men of great Valor beneficiorum-value of bene- dignity. fices.

Visitation - examination of corporaValor maritagii—the value of the mar- tions. riage.

Visne—the neighborhood. Valvasor-tenant of a baron.

Viva voce—by living voice; by word Variance-disagreement between the of mouth.

declaration, writ and evidence. Vivum vadium-living pledge. Vassal-tenant of a feudal lord. Voidable-capable of being avoided. Vastum-waste.

Voir, dire, veritatem dicere—to see, Venary-relating to hunting.

to tell, to speak the truth; prelim. Venditioni exponas—that you expose inary examination of a witness.

for sale; a writ of execution. Volenti non fit injuria—the willing reVendor and vendee-seller and pur- ceive no injury. chaser.

Volunteer-receiver of an estate withVenire—“to come;" writ to appear.

out consideration, Venire facias—that you cause to come.

Voucher-in common recoveries, the Venue-the county of the jury.

warrantor of title. Verba fortius accipiuntur contra pre- Vulgaris purgatio—common purgaferentem-words are received more

tion. strongly against him who utters

them. Verbatim-word for word.

Wagering policy-in which the inVerberation-a beating

sured has no insurable interest. Verderor-keeper of forests.

Wager of battel—a former superstiVerdict-decision of a jury.

tious mode of trial. Versus-against.

Wager of law-an ancient mode of Vest—to give a right of possession.

trial. Vested remainder-estate to be en- Waifs--abandoned stolen goods. joyed in the future.

Waiver-relinquishment of a right. Veto — “I forbid ;” an authoritative Wapentakes “taking weapons ;' prohibition.

English hundreds. Vicarius-a vicar.

Ward-infant under care of guardian.

Wardship-control by feudal lord of Wittena-gemote-wise man's asseminfant tenant.

bly; Saxon parliament. Warrant-a writ of arrest.

Writ-mandatory precept of a court. Warranty-guaranty of title or condi

Writ of error-writ from a superior to tion.

a lower court. Warren--place set apart for hunting.

Writ of inquiry-to determine the Waste-injury to realty, by tenant for life or for years.

damages on an unliquidated judg

ment. Weregild—the Saxon fine paid by a murderer.

Yeoman a freeman with limited Will — direction for disposing of a

landed property. man's property after his death. Withernam - a second distress for Yoke—a badge of servitude.

goods eloigned.

INDEX.

Abandonment of person...........134, 182 Action, covenant.............332, 448, 464
of property......96, 97, 169,

criminal...

.680, 693
170, 172, 352

debt.......19, 420, 448, 451,
of service.......

138

454, 475, 482, 491, 516, 563
Abatement of action...

497

detinue..... .442, 446. 448
of freehold

457

ejectment. .243, 463, 467
of legacy.

404
equity..

...16, 345, 573
of nuisance.. .410, 457, 473

ex. contractu.

497
of writ...

457

fictitious.. .331, 334, 466, 487,
plea in...... .498, 548, 700

generally......77, 418, 430, 496
Abbeys and abbots. .50, 125, 622

groundless....

511
Abdication......
..49, 69, 78, 617

joint tenants.

.256-260
Abduction.... .146, 439, 655, 658

limitation to. .462, 501, 688
Abeyance...

213
local........

.493, 539
Abjuration....40, 119. 146, 602, 699, 722

mandamus.... .339, 427, 480
Abortion.....

...39, 653

mesne profits...... 238, 466, 478
Absconding debtor.. .387, 487, 575

mixed..

.430, 464, 556
Absence.............604, 638, 640, 660, 699

partition.. .258, 262, 264
Absolute property..... 167, 168, 212,

personal......430, 439, 441, 551
347, 350, 364, 374
plea to..

498
rights and duties.. .36, 403

qui tam........366, 452, 479, 688
Acceptance

382
quo warranto .......

..165, 479, 690
Access .

.151, 152

real......430, 451, 464, 466,
Accessions.

353

473, 481, 496, 556
Accessories... 293, 597-599, 612, 695, 719

replevin........442-445, 556, 557
Accident. .......98, 99, 267, 568, 614, 653

right of....

..77, 350, 374
Accomplices

.597, 610, 699

torts.....

..497, 585
Accord....

.415, 500
transitory.....

493
Account, action of..... 258, 264, 454, 516

trespass on the case...420,
generally......154, 155, 527, 571

432, 434, 467, 471, 483, 517
see
Books of account."

trespass, vi et armis....413,
Accumulations....

.259, 341

420, 431, 432, 439, 445, 447,
Accusations.484, 589, 626, 656, 657,

463, 466-467, 482
679, 680, 687, 698, 708

trifling........ ....470, 484, 519
Ac etiam clause... .489, 492, 493

trover...417, 446, 467, 482,
Acknowledgement.. .332, 380, 499

491, 517
Acquittal.....434, 452, 533, 540, 599,

waste.....

475
646, 654, 671, 692, 701, 705, Adherence to custom....

20
714, 717, 718 Adjournment of parliament...

59
Act of bankruptcy. -300, 385, 386 Adjudicated cases...;

509
of God......... .223, 241, 298 Admeasurement of dower.

229
of habeas corpus... .437, 438 Administration, title by... 394-408
of parliament, see Statute." Admiralty, court of....23, 424, 426,
of settlement...... .38, 617, 746

611. 673
of toleration.......

.605, 746 Administrator, cum testamento an-
of union.......

.28, 746
nexo....

399
private..... .24, 48, 329, 330

de bonis non .........

..399, 401
restricted......

.....29, 30
duties......

.401-404
Action, account....... ..258, 264, 516

immunity. ..517, 550, 557
amicable...

575
liability..

450
appeal for felony........690-692

origin......

394
assumpsit....448, 449, 453, 467

generally......

33
at law.. 139, 146, 206, 345,

who may be......... ...394, 399
429, 482, 511, 564, 629, 641 Admissions......

..207, 544
case.... 447, 448, 454, 456 Admittance to copyhold...

.339, 340
chose in..350, 364, 355, 368, 379 Adultery.......72, 145, 425, 439, 608,
collateral.....

466

609, 615, 646, 649, 706

80

Advancement......

..407, 408 Amendments...53, 57–59, 553, 554,
Advocates, see Attorneys."

575, 576
Advowson...

.156, 173–175 Amercements......111, 411, 484, 533,
Affidavit..
.541, 630

549, 650, 723
Affinity....
141 American colonies......

.31, 32
ffray.... ........114, 625, 632, 633, 668 Amicable action.....

575
Age, generally.

262 Anarchy......
of consent........ 142, 143, 155, Ancestors...... 61, 62, 196, 267, 270-
640, 655

284. 308, 334, 601
of discretion......142, 154, 158, Ancient demesne...

.208, 209
394, 399, 593, 648, 656

lights...... .172, 349, 352, 471
of marriage...

203 Animals distrained... ..410, 412, 417
Agency and Agents......2, 139, 140, 571

ferae naturae.97, 172, 176,
Aggregate corporations.... 158, 162,

179, 347–349, 353, 356, 664, 476
214, 317, 362

property in......97, 98, 167,
Agistment......

374

347–349, 353, 356, 476, 664
Agnatic succession..

281

trespassing.. .97, 177, 410, 411
Agreement, see •Contract."

Anne, queen....

70
Agriculture...10, 169, 186, 188, 198, Annuities...... .174, 180, 217, 321, 378

205, 222, 239, 298, 351 Answer in equity.. .518, 574, 575
Aids feudal..... .191, 192, 196, 201, 621 Answers, generally.

679
Air.........
.172, 349, 432, 471 Apostasy.....

601
Alfred............1, 17, 18, 21, 34, 132, 734 Appeal, courts of..... .23, 30, 31
Alienation by deed....

.304-329
criminal suits...

206
by devise........ .321, 342,-345

ecclesiastical..

125
by matter of record.... 202,

from Irish courts... ..30, 31
329-337
generally.......

551
by special custom....... 337–340

of felony.......513, 690-692,
duties....
120

697, 706, 707
fines for.

202

to higher court.23, 30, 31, 186,
of feud.. 130, 187, 195, 215-

423, 444, 530, 553-555, 581, 694
217, 224. 228, 253, 294, 301, 338

to parliament.74, 555, 565, 580
of land......... 253, 261, 263, Appearance...

.484, 488, 490, 533
322, 415, 459, 462, 560, 744 Appraisement..

..414, 561
restrictions.. ..294, 296 Apprentices..135, 137–139, 156 638, 663
title by..

.300-345 Approvement... ...626, 698, 706
Aliens, generally.

.118, 289 Arbitration........390, 415, 500, 609, 678

.286, 287, 289 Archbishop......33, 50, 92, 124-126,
jurors.......
710

318, 602
landed property....72, 121, Archdeacon......... .33, 126, 424

227, 286, 331 Arguments of counsel. .543, 544, 577
liability....
611 Aristocracy..

..11, 12, 536
naturalization.... ..89, 122 Armies... ..85, 109, 132-134, 191
personal property. 121, 352 Armor.....

620
protected.............84, 121, 523 Arms........45, 86, 131, 132, 192, 194,
restrictions.. 121, 303, 523,

294, 356, 360, 513, 605, 612-616, 634

638, 651 Arraignment..... ...593, 695, 704
rights.........

516 Arrest for debt...384, 386, 486-490,
votes of.......

557, 558
Alimony.........

.145, 425

in criminal cases.41, 45, 82,
Allegiance...118-120, 186, 286, 612,

110-115, 123, 596, 626,
613, 620, 710

627, 645, 680-682, 693
Allodial property... .183, 184, 189, 212

of judgment..540, 545, 546,
Allotments....

182

700, 717, 721
Alluvion..........

291 Arson.................598, 645, 658, 659, 719
Alms........

.116, 159, 210 | Artificers.... ........86, 132, 199, 638
Altered laws. ..3, 11, 27, 44, 49, 53, 481 Assassination.....

..651, 709
records.......

.312, 554 Assault...40, 52, 139, 148, 409, 417,
Alternative mandamus.

427

431, 439, 500, 550, 619, 625,
Ambassadors...74, 81, 82, 121, 570,

633, 646, 649, 657, 666, 716, 731

605, 611, 746 Assemblies........11, 13, 66, 48, 632, 645
Ambiguous expressions,

Assessments.

.196, 366
14, 15, 148, 614

of damages.. 534, 549, 559
Amended declaration...

498 Assets.........284, 309, 327, 365, 403, 571
verdict.........

542 Assignees in bankruptcy..387, 388, 389

issue.......

55

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