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Presentment-accusation presented by Posse comitatus-power of the county; a grand jury.
assistance called by the sheriff. Presumption-inference of a fact. Possessory-an action for possession Prima facie-on the first view. of real estate.
Primariae preces—first suits. Postea— " afterwards ;” endorsement Prima seisina-first possession.
Primate-an archbishop. on & verdict.
Primer seisin-right of king to first Posthumous child born after the death of the parent.
year's profits of an heir.
Primitae—first fruits. Posting-giving notice; transferring Primogeniture-descent to the first an account to a ledger.
born. Postliminium-restoration or recovery Principalities-sovereignties. Post mortem-after death.
Priory--a religious house. Potentia propinqua—probable possi- Prisage-ancient duty on wines. bility.
Privies—partakers; interested parties. Poundage-sheriff's commissions.
Privilegium clericale—the benefit of Poyning's law-an Irish statute in the
clergy. reign of Henry VII.
Privy council-council of state. Prae-before.
Proavus-a great grandfather. Praecipe-order of attorney on protho- Probate-proof of a will. notary to issue a writ.
Pro bono publico-for the public good. Predial-issuing out of land.
Probus et legalis homo-true and lawPraefectus praetorii — judge of the
ful man. court.
Procedendo-proceeding ; writ to proPraemunire—“to forewarn;
ceed. barring certain offenders from the Process-mode of bringing defendant protection of the law.
into court. Praetor-Roman municipal officer. Prochein ami or amy-next friend. Praetor fidei commissarius—the judge Pro confesso-as acknowledged. of trusts; a chancellor.
Pro correctione-for amendment. Prava consuetudo-a bad custom. Procreation-begetting of children. Preamble--a preface or introduction. Proctor-a proxy or attorney. Prebendaries—ecclesiastics with sala- Procurator-a proctor or agent. ries.
Pro dignitate regali-for royal dig. Precedents former decisions of nity. courts.
Pro et con--for and against. Precepts--writs directed to sheriffs. Pro hac vice-for this occasion. Pre-emption-first right of purchase. Prohibition-writ to check legal proPreferment-advancement.
ceedings. Prelate-ecclesiastical officer.
Pro laesione fidei—for a breach of Premeditation-design to commit faith. crime.
Pro opere—for work. Prepense-aforethought.
Prope finem-near the end. Prerogativa regis-king's prerogative. Propinquity-next of kin. Prerogative-arbitrary power vested Propositus—the person proposed. in the king.
Propria manu—with his own hand. Prerogative court-having charge of Proprietary-free owner of a domain. wills and administrations.
Propter defectum sanguinis-through Prescription-right by long posses
failure of issue or blood. sion.
Propter impotentiam-through weakPresentation--gift of a benefice.
Propter odium delicti-on account of Quare clausum fregit—wherefore he the odium of the offence.
broke the close or enclosure. Propter privilegium-by privilege. Quare ejecit infra terminum-wherePro rata-in proportion.
fore he ejected within the term. Pro re nata-according to circum- Quare impedit-wherefore he hinders. stances.
Quarto die post—the fourth day afterProrogation-postponement.
ward. Pro salute animae--for the health of Quash-overthrow or annul. the soul.
Quasi ex contractu-as of a contract. Prosequitur,he is prosecuted.
Quatenus-as. Pro tanto--for so much.
Quays—wharves. Pro tempore-for the time.
Que estate—whose estate; where a Protest-dissent, notarial act, where man prescribes an estate to himself. a note or bill is unpaid.
Querela inofficiosi testamenti-comProthonotary-chief clerk of a court.
plaint of an improper will. Proxies-persons acting for others.
Quia emptores-because purchasers; Puberty- age where procreation is
a statute of Edward I. possible.
Qui arma gerit—who bears arms. Publici juris-of public right.
Quid pro quo—this for that; value for
Qui non habet in crumena, luat in Puis darrein continuance-since the
corpore—who has nothing in purse, last continuance.
must pay in person. Puisne-younger, later. Pulsation-wilful touchlng of a person.
Quinto exactus-required for the fifth
time. Pur auter vie—for the life of another. Purchase-acquisition of lands, other
Qui prior est tempore, potior est jure
- he who is prior in time, is stronger than by descent.
in right. Purgation-denying guilt by oath.
Qui tam-an action imposing a penalty. Purpresture--illegal enclosure.
Quit claim-release of claim. Purum villenagium-pure villenage.
Quit rent-rent which discharges an Purus idiota-a complete idiot.
obligation. Purveyance-procuring provisions.
Quoad hoc-as to this. Put-in pleading; to select; demand.
Quod computet—that he account. Putative-reputed, but not actual.
Quod libera sit cujuscunque ultima
voluntas-that the last will of Quae de minimis non curat-which
every one be free. cares not for trifles.
Quo minus-by which the less; a writ. Quae relicta sunt—which have been Quorum—the number required in a left.
society to transact business. Quaestor-Roman magistrate.
Quota-portion. Qualified-a limited estate.
Quo warranto-by what warrant or Quamdiu bene se gesserint-so long authority.
as they shall have acted well. Quantum--the quantity.
Rack-an instrument of torture. Quantum meruit-as much as he de- Rack rent-value of leased land. served.
Ransom - redemption of person or Quantum valebat-as much as it was property worth.
Rape-forcible carnal knowledge of a Quarantine-forty days; in which ves
sels may be inspected, or a widow Ratification-adoption of another's act remain in the mansion house. Ratione soli-by reason of the soil.
Relator-one who brings an informa Realty-lands and tenements.
tion or charge. Rebut-to contradict.
Release-discharge, quittance. Rebutter-answer of defendant to a re- Relevant-pertinent, applicable. joinder.
Relief-payment to a feudal lord by a Recaption – peaceable regaining of new tenant. person or property.
Remainder-estate expectant upon the Receiver-appointee in chancery to re- termination of a particular estate. ceive rents and profits.
Remainder-man-one entitled to an Reciprocity-mutual engagements be- estate in remainder. tween states.
Remand-to send back; recommit. Recitals — repetition of writings, or Remedial statute-affording a rem. statements of acts.
edy. Reclaim-to demand again; to restore. Remission-release, pardon. Recognizance-conditional obligation Remitter-placed back in possession. of record.
Rent-a certain profit issuing out of
lands and tenements. Records-official memoranda of acts and proceedings.
Rent-charge-lands charged in the
deed with a distress. Recordari facias—you cause to be re
Rent-seck-rent reserved, with charge corded.
of distress. Recovery-restoration of rights by a Rent-service—where the right of disjudgment of court.
tress is inseparable. Recovery-common, vide
Repeal --abrogation of a law. recoveries."
Repleader-pleading anew. Recreant-a coward.
Replegiari facias-you cause to be reRector a clergyman.
plevied. Rectory-certain real estate of the Replevin-action to recover goods. church.
Replication answer to defendant's Recusancy-non-conformity with the plea. established religion.
Reports-printed judicial decisions. Recusatio judicis — objection to the Reprieve-suspension of sentence. judge.
Reprisal---retaliatory seizure of the Reddendum-a clause in a deed, re- goods of an enemy.
serving something to the grantor. Repugnant–inconsistent pleading. Redemption-repurchase, as of lands Rescous--a rescue of a prisoner. mortgaged.
Residuary legatee-one to whom the Reditus siccus barren rent; rent
balance of an estate is bequeathed. seck.
Residue—the balance or remainder. Redress—reparation for wrong:
Respite-reprieve; suspension of act.
Respondeat onster-that he may anRedundancy-superfluous matter. Re-entry -- retaking possession of
swer over; judgment on a dilatory
Respondent—the defendant in a chanReference-submission to arbitration. Refund-to repay money.
Respondentia-a maritime loan. Regalia-ensigns of royalty.
Responsa prudentium - opinions of Regent-ruler in another's stead.
wise men. Regicide—the killing of a king.
Restitution-a return to the owner. Register-a recorder; the record itself. Restitutor-the restorer. Regrating – enhancing the price of Resulting trust-an use which returns food.
to its creator. Regress—returning.
Retainer-withholding property; con. Rejoinder-reply to a replication.
sulting fee of a lawyer.
Retinde-attendants of a prince. Secta-witnesses following the allegaRetraxit-he has withdrawn.
tions of the plaintiff. Return day—the time fixed for defend- Secular-not bound by monastic rules.
ant's appearance to a writ. Secundum formam doni-according to Reus—the defendant.
the form of the gift. Revenue-government income. Secundum subjectam materiam Reversion—the residue of an estate
cording to the subject matter. left in the grantor, after the end of Se defendendo-in self defence. a particular estate.
Sedition-revolt against authority. Revest-to again give possession.
See-seat of ecclesiastical power.
Seigniory-the lord's right in lands. Revivor-a bill to revive an abated
Seisin-possession of a freehold.
Seisina facit stirpitem-seisin makes suit. Revoke-to call back; to annul.
the stock. Rider-amendment tacked to a bill.
Selecti judices—chosen judges. Rien-nothing.
Semiplena probatio—-half proof. Robbery -- forcible taking from an
Senatus consulta-acts of the senate. other's person.
Senatus decreta-decrees of the sen.
ate. Rogo-I ask, or entreat. Role-part or character assigned.
Sequence—that which follows. Rubric-ornamented title of a law. Sequestration-official seizure of the
property of a defendant. Sacramentum decisionis-oath of de. Serjeant-practitioner of law, of high cision in a wager of law.
professional rank. Sacrilege-stealing consecrated arti- Serjeanty-service from a tenant to cles.
the king; grand or petit. Safe-conduct- ;-a passport.
Service de chevelier-chivalry service. Sages-wise men of antiquity.
Servientis ad legem-of a serjeant at Saladin's tenth-tax imposed to aid
law. the crusade against Saladin, em- Servitium militare-military service. peror of the Saracens.
Servitium scuti-service tax. Salic law-excludes females from the Servitude – subjection to another; throne of France.
charge on an estate to the use of Salvage-compensation for preserving another estate. a vessel from wreck.
Set-off-cross demand by the defend. Sanction-ratification, confirmation. ant to defalk the plaintiff's claim. Sanity-sound mental condition. Settlement residence; ante-nuptial Sapientes, fideles et animosi-wise, agreement. faithful and brave.
Severalty-estate to one person only. Satisdatio-giving sufficient security. Severance-disuniting persons or propSatisfaction-entry of payment on rec- erty ord.
Shelley's case-contains the law in reScandalum magnatum - scandal of
lation to the heirs of a freehold. the nobles.
Sheriff, shire-reeve—the chief officer Scholastic-adherence to the forms of of the county. schools.
Shire-a division of a country. Scienter-knowingly.
Shrievalty-the office of a sheriff. Scintilla juris—a spark of law or right. Sic utere tuo, ut alienum non laedas Scire facias—that you make known; a so use your own, that you do not judicial writ.
injure another's. Scribere est agere-to write is to act. Significavit-he signified or indicated. Scutage-an army tax on tenants by Sign manual--one's own signature; knight-service.
that of the prince.
Simony-illegal traffic in holy orders. Subrogation-substituting a person or Simplex obligatio-simple obligation thing to the rights of another. or bond,
Subsidies-money granted by parliaSinecure—no cure of souls; a clergy
ment to the king on urgent occaman without a church.
sions. Sinking fund—devoted to pay the in- Sub silentio-in silence; tacitly. terest on the national debt.
Subtraction-unlawful withholding. Si te fecerit securum-if he shall have Subversion-overthrow; ruin. made you secure.
Sufferance-amicable retention of posSlander-spoken defamation.
session, after expiration of tenancy. Smuggling-fraudulent importation or
Suffragan-an assistant bishop. exportation of goods.
Sui generis-of his own kind or race. Socage-tenure of land by certain in- Sui juris—of his own right; capable of ferior service.
making a contract. Socagium-free and certain tenure.
Summa providentia--the greatest pru
dence. Sodomy-the crime against nature. Sokemans-tenants in socage.
Summary conviction-usually before Sole-alone, single.
a justice on a penal statute.
Summons-writ to the defendant to Solicitor-one having the care of a suit in chancery.
appear. Solvendum in futuro-to be paid in Supersedeas — " that you forbear ; the future.
stop all proceedings. Son assault demesne-his own assault. Super visum corporis-on view of the
body. Specialty-an agreement under seal. Spoliation-waste of church property.
Supplemental-added to a thing. Spoliatus debet, ante omnia, restitui Suppletory oath-one given on half the party robbel should be reim
proof in the eccleciastical court. bursed before all things.
Supplicavit—a writ for taking sureties Springing use - on
of the peace. a future event,
Suppositious—spurious; fraudulently when no preceding estate is limited. Star chamber--ancient criminal court,
put in another's place. without a jury.
Sur concessit-on his yielding up or Stare decisis-to stand by decisions.
Sur disseisin-on ouster or dispossesStatute merchant-by which lands of
sion. a debtor were temporarily held by
Sur done-upon gift. a creditor. Statute staple-confined the sale of
Surety-one who binds himself for the
act of another. foreign goods to certain English towns.
Surplusage--superfluous statement of Stipend-salary; settled compensation. Stirpes-descent or root.
Sur-rebutter-plaintiff's reply to deStocks-perforated wooden instrument
fendant's rebutter. of punishment.
Surrender-yielding up an estate. Stricti juris—of strict right.
Sycophant—"fig eater;" flatterer or Subinfeudation-division of estate by parasite. inferior lord.
Symbolum animae-passport of the Sub modo—under a condition.
soul. Subornation procuring another to commit an offence.
Tail--an estate to one and the heirs of Subpoena—“under penalty; " process
his body. to compel a witness or party to ap- Tale-in ancient pleadings, the declapear.
ration or count. Subpoena duces tecum-that, under Tales de circumstantibus-schedule of penalty, you bring with you.
jurors from the bystanders.