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Armistice-cessation of hostilities. Alienation-transfer of property. Arraignment - calling a criminal to Alimony - allowance to a divorced or
answer in court. separated wife out of the husband's Arson-burning another's house. property.
Articuli cleri-articles of the clergy. Allegation-statement of facts.
A sequendo—from following. Allegiance-obligation of each citizen. Assurance-evidence of a conveyance. Allodial—land not held of a superior. Astuti-cunning. Allotment-an assigned share. Attachment-summary writ for conAlluvion-increment to the bank of a
terapt of court; seizure of debtor's river.
property. Almoner-distributor of charity. Attainder-corruption of blood. A manendo—from remaining.
Attaint-stained or blackened. Amenable--answerable; responsible. Attestation — witnessing an instruA mensa et thoro—from board and
Attorney–in another's turn. Amittere liberam legem--to lose free Attornment-agreement of a vassal to law; to become infamous.
receive a new lord. Amnesty-oblivion of past offences. Audita querela — complaint having Amotion-removal; ouster.
been heard ; a writ. Anarchy-without government. Auditors-parties appointed to adjust A nativitate—from his birth.
accounts. Ancient demesne-lands reserved to Aula regis-hall of the king. the crown.
Aurum reginae-gold of the queen. Animo furandi—with design of steal- Autrefois--at another time. ing.
Autre vie-another's life. Animum revertendi—intent to return. Averment-positive statement of fact. Animum testandi-testamentary dis- A vinculo matrimonii—from the bond cretion or intent.
of matrimony. Annuity-a yearly allowance.
Avoidance-special matter in pleading. Annul-abrogate; make void.
Avowry-an admission in replevin. Antiquum-ancient.
Avus-a grandfather. A patre—from the father.
Award-judgment of arbitrators. Appeal—an accusation under criminal
law; submission to a superior deci- Backing warrant-endorsement by a sion.
second justice of the peace. Appearance-coming into court. Bail-surety for appearance. Appraisement-valuation of property. Bailiff-an officer empowered to serve Apprentice-indentured employee. writs, and to distrain. Approver-confessing guilt and accus- Bailiwick-the district of a bailiff or ing another.
sheriff. Appurtenant-belonging or incident Bailment--delivery of goods in trust. to.
Ban-a proclamation; excommunicaArbitrary-dependent on the will of tion. the judge.
Bankrupt--"broken bench; ” unforto Arbitration-reference to umpires.
unate debtor. Arcana imperii-secrets of the empire. Bar--estoppel to an action; enclosed Armigeri natalitu-esquires by birth. place in court for attorneys. Asportation--carrying away.
Baron-husband; title of nobility. Assault-a violent attack.
Baronet-a dignity above a knight. Assets-fiduciary property.
Barratry-instigating law suits. Assignment-transfer ef property. Barrister-legal counsellor. Assize--ancient court or jury; a writ. Barter-contract to exchange goods. Assumpsit—he undertook; a promise. Bastard-child born out of wedlock.
Battery-unlawful beating of another. Capiatur—that he be taken. Bench warrant writ of a criminal Capital punishment-death penalty. court.
Caput lupinum-head of wolves. Benefice—an ecclesiastical preferment. Caput, principium et finis—the head, Beneficiary-party benefitted.
beginning and end. Beneficium-feud or fief.
Cassetur breve let the writ be Benefit of clergy - exemption from
quashed. death penalty.
Casus omissus-omitted or unsettled Bequest-personalty left by will. Bigamy having two wives or hus-Catalla otiosa-cattle unworked. bands at the same time.
Causa mortis-in view of death. Bill-plaintiff's statement of action in Caveat-that he beware; a warning. courts of equity.
Caveat emptor-let the buyer beware. Billa vera—"true bill," endorsement Census regalis—royal revenue. on an indictment.
Centenarius-head of a hundred. Bill of exchange-open letter of re- Ceorl--a Saxon peasant. quest to pay money.
Cepi corpus—“I have taken the body;' Black-mail — rent paid in work or return by sheriff to writ of capias.
grain; extortion of money. Cepit et asportavit—he took and carBona confiscata-confiscated goods. Bona dea—the good goddess.
Certiorari-to be certified or informed Bona fide-in good faith.
of; a writ from a higher to a lower Bona notabilia-goods of a decedent
Cessante ratione, cessat et ipsa lexBona vacatia — goods lost or aban
the reason ceasing, the law itself doned.
ceases. Bona waviata-goods abandoned by a cestui que use or trust—one to whose thief.
use land is granted. Bond-sealed obligation to pay money Cestui que vie–one for whose life a or to perform some act.
grant is made. Breach-violation of a duty.
Challenge-exception to a juror. Brehon-ancient Irish law.
Champerty-contingent interest in a Breve—a writ briefly stated.
suit. Brevia testata-short proofs.
Chance-medley-homicide in self-deBribery-giving or taking corrupt re
Chancellor-chief judge in chancery. Borough-an incorporated town. Borough English-an ancient custom. Charter—a grant from a sovereign Citation-order of court to appear and compassing-contriving, plotting. show cause.
Chancery-court of equity. Bottomry-mortgage on a ship.
power. Bull-edict or rescript of the pope.
Chase-space reserved for hunting; Burg-a borough ; a castle.
acquiring animals “ ferae naturae.” Burgage-a tenure in socage.
Chattel-property other than freehold. Burgesses--magistrates of boroughs.
Chaud-medley-killing in hot blood. Burglary-felonious breaking into a
Chicane-trickery. dwelling-house at night.
Chivalry-tenure by knight's service. Caesarian operation-extracting the Choses in action—things to be obfoetus through an incision made in
tained by suit, not being in possesthe abdomen.
sion. Cancelli-lattice work; cancelling.
Chronicon pretiosurn-valuable chronCanon-ecclesiastical law.
icle. Capias ad respondendum-that you
Church-warden-guardian of a church. take him to answer; a writ.
Circa ardua regni- concerning the Capias utlagatum-that you take the weighty affairs of the kingdom. outlaw.
Circumspecte agatis--act cautiously.
Competency-legal fitness of the evi. Civilian-one versed in the civil law. dence. Civiliter mortuus-civilly dead. Compiling -summary of the works of Civil law-ancient Roman law.
others. Civil list-schedule of royal revenue. Composition-agreement with creditClausum fregit—" he broke the enclo- ors. sure.”
Compos mentis—sound of mind. Clerk-one in ecclesiastical orders. Compounding-unlawful settlement of Close-enclosure; interest in the soil. a crime. Code-a compilation of laws.
Compurgators-witnesses to clear an Codicil-a supplement to a will.
accused party. Coercion-constraint; force.
Concessi—I have granted. Coeval-of the same age.
Concurrent-joint and equal. Cognati-relations by the mother.
Conditor-founder. Cognizable—under judicial notice.
Condonation-marital forgiveness. Cognizance-acknowledgement in re- Confession-admission of criminal act; plevin.
in pleading, admission of oppoCognovit actionem-he acknowledged
Confirmation-making a voidable esthe action or debt. Cohabitation-living together.
tate sure; species of conveyance. Collateral-indirect side issue.
Confiscation-forfeiture of property, as Collatio bonorum assessment of
punishment for a crime.
Conge d'eslire-permission to elect. goods. Collation-bestowing a benefice; com
Conjuration-a sworn compact.
Connivance-consent to an unlawful parison of a copy.
Consanguinity-blood relationship. Colloquium-conference; discourse. Collusion-illegal secret agreement.
Consensus, non concubitus facit nup
tias — consent, not cohabitation, Comes--a count or earl.
makes marriage. Comitatus-a county.
Conservatores pacis-keepers of the Comites-earls; attendants.
peace. Commendam--a recommendation. Consideratum est per curiam-it is Commendam recipere—to receive a considered by the court. trust.
Consistory-ecclesiastical tribunal. Commitment-order of imprisonment. Conspiracy-agreement to do an unCommittee-guardian of a lunatic.
lawful act. Commodatum-a lending.
Constable-a ministerial officer. Common-profit in another's lands. Constat de persona—there is proof of Commonalty-untitled people.
the person. Common law-immemorial customs of Constitutions of Clarendon - under England.
Henry II, checking the clergy. Common recoveries-judgments in fic- Contempt-disobedience of an order titious suits for entailed lands.
of court. Commune concilium — the general Contestatio litis–joinder of issue in a council.
suit. Commune vinculum-common bond. Contingency-a doubtful event. Communibus annis--in ordinary years. Contingent remainder—an estate deCommunion of goods--personal prop- pendent upon an uncertain person erty in common.
or uncertain event. Community-the people; in civil law, Continuance-adjournment of a cause.
corporations; profits acquired by Contra-otherwise. husband and wifc.
Contra bonos mores-against good Commutation-change of punishment. morals.
Contra pacem-against the peace.
coelum--whose soil it is, it is his Contra praeceptum Dei- against even to heaven. God's command.
Cum testamento annexo—with the Conversion-unlawful application of
will annexed. another's goods.
Curate--a clergyman, having the care Conveyance-transfer of title to land. of a church, Convocation-an assembly.
Curator-a guardian. Coparcenary-estate held in common Curia advisare vult-the court will by female heirs.
consider. Copyhold-an estate held by the will Curia christianitas ecclesiastical of the lord.
court. Copyright-temporary property in a
Curialitas—tenancy by the curtesy. literary composition.
Curia magna-great court. Coram non judice-before one not sit- Curfew-Norman law, to cover fires, ting as a judge.
and retire at eight o'clock, Coram paribus-before the peers.
Curtesy-a husband's interest in the Cornage-tenure, by blowing a horn for property of his deceased wife. the lord during war.
Curtilage-ground adjoining a house. Corody-allowance for sustenance.
Custodiam comitatus-custody of the
county. Coroner-a crown officer, who examines
Custos morum-keeper of the morals. cases of sudden death.
Custuma-customs. Corporal-bodily; a military officer.
Cy pres—as near as" it is possible to Corporeal-palpable, tangible.
execute the will of a testator as to Corpus juris civilis-body of civil law.
perpetuities. Corruption of blood-incapacity to inherit.
Damage feasant-doing damage. Corsned-accursed bread, swallowed Damnum absque injuria — damage by an accused party.
without injury. Couchant-lying down.
Dane-lage-Danish law. Counties-palatine-four English coun.
Darrein-last. ties with special charters.
Days of grace-three days additional Court-leet-an ancient criminal court. time given to pay notes and bills. Covenant-contract under seal; an ac- De avo-from the grandfather. tion thereon.
Dean-ecclesiastical officer. Coverture-state of a married woman. De bene esse—conditionally. Covin-fraud.
Debet et detinet-he owes and deCozening-cheating.
tains. Creamus, erigimus, fundamus — we De bonis non-of the goods not” adcreate, erect, found.
De bono et malo-of good and evil. Crimen falsi-crime of forgery.
Debt-a special form of action. Crimen laesae majestatis-the crime Decedent-a deceased person. of high treason.
Decem tales --a tales of ten. Criminal conversation-adultery.
Decemviri-ten Roman legislators. Criteria-standards of judging.
Declaration - written statement of Cross-bill-cross action by defendant
the plaintiff's case. in chancery.
Declaratory-explanatory. Cucking-stool-for ducking common
De credulitate-on their belief.
Decree-judgment of an equity court. scolds.
Decretals, canonical epistles. Cujus est divisio, alterius est electio
De debitore in partes secando-of -whoever has the division, the
cutting the debtor into pieces. other has the election.
Dedi et concessi-1 have given and Cujus est solum, ejus est usque ad
Dedimus potestatem—we have given De prerogativo regis-king's preroga. power.
tive. De donis-of gifts.
De proprietate probanda - proving Deed--a contract under seal.
ownership. Deed-poll—a deed made by one party De rationabili parte bonorum-of the
and not irdented, but polled or reasonable part of the goods. shaved.
Derelict-land left by the sea; abanDe estoveriis habendis- of having doned goods. estovers.
De religiosis—of religious persons. De facto-in fact.
De retorno habendo-" of having a Defalcation--cross demand or set off
return;" writ issued after a judg. made by a defendant; act of a de- ment in replevin. faulter.
Dernier resort—the last resort. Defeasance-a deed to defeat another De son tort—" of his own wrong; deed.
having no authority to act. Defeasible-may be defeated. Detainer-detention of person or propDeforcement,wrongful detention of erty. realty.
Determine-to end or terminate. De heretico comburendo-burning a Detinue-action to recover chattels. heretic.
De uxore rapta et abducta—for seizDe homine replegiando-of replevy- ing and abducting his wife. ing a man.
Devastation-waste. Dehors-out of; foreign to.
Devenio vester homo—“ I become De idiota inquirendo – inquiry of your man;" feudal investiture. idiocy.
De ventre inspiciendo—for inspecting De jure—by right or law.
moiety of the language; ” jury part- Digests-compilations; works of Jusly of foreigners.
Diminution of record-incomplete recDe minimis non curat lex—the law ord. cares not for small things.
Diocese—a bishop's district. Demise-death; a conveyance.
Disclaimer-renunciation of claim. Demissio regis--demise of the king. Discontinuance-an interrupted suit; De modo decimandi-manner of tith. wrongful enlargement of an estate ing.
tail. Demurrer-an objection in pleading. Disfranchise-deprivation of rights. Denizens-aliens made English sub. Disherison-disinheritance. jects.
Dispensation-permit or immunity. De non
decimando-exempt from Disseisin-ouster of the freehold. tithes.
Dissenters-seceders from the estabDe novo-anew.
lished church. Deodand—“gift to God,” forfeited in- Distraint-making a distress.
strument which caused death. Distress-seizure of chattels for a debt, De odio et atia--of hatred and ill-will. as for rent. De pace et legalitate tuenda-for Distribution-division of the estate of maintaining peace and law.
an intestate. Depose-to testify by deposition. Districtio-a distress. Deposition-written testimony. Distringas--that you distrain.