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An American vessel breaking bulk and commencing to discharge efore due permission shall be obtained, or smuggling, either when in he river or outside the bar, shall be subject to the penalty of eight hunred ticals, and confiscation of the goods so smuggled or discharged.

1642. REGULATION FIFTH. As soon as an American vessel shall have discharged her cargo, and completed her outward lading, paid all her duties, and delivered a true nanifest of her outward cargo to the American Consul, a Siamese port learance shall be granted her, on application from the Consul, who, in the absence of any legal impediment to her departure, will then return to the master his ship's papers, and allow the vessel to leave. A custom-house officer will accompany the vessel to Paknam, and on arriving there she will be inspected by the custom-house officers of that station, and will receive from them the guns and ammunition previously delivered into their charge.

1643. REGULATION SIXTH. The American Plenipotentiary having no knowledge of the Siamese language, the Siamese Government have agreed that the English text of these regulations, together with the treaty of which they form a portion, and the tariff hereunto annexed, shall be accepted as conveying, in every respect, their true meaning and intention.

1644. REGULATION SEVENTH. All American citizens intending to reside in Siam shall be registered at the American Consulate; they shall not go out to sea nor proceed beyond the limits assigned by the treaty for the residence of American citizens without a passport from the Siamese authorities, to be applied for by the American Consul; nor shall they leave Siam if the Siamese authorities show to the American Consul that legitimate objections exist to their quitting the country. But within the limits appointed under Article IV of the treaty, American citizens are at liberty to travel to and fro, under the protection of a pass to be furnished them by the American Consul, and counter-sealed by the proper Siamese officer, stating in the Siamese character their names, calling, and description. The Siamese officers at the government stations in the interior may at any time call for the production of this pass; and immediately on its being exhib ited, they must allow the parties to proceed; but it will be their duty to detain those persons who, by traveling without a pass from the Consal, render themselves liable to the suspicion of their being deserters, and such detention shall be immediately reported to the Consul.

[For agreement concluded May 14, 1884, between the United States and Siam, regulating the liquor traffic in Siam, see United States Treaties (1887), pp. 1003 and following.)


Treaty concluded October 27, 1795 (Friendship, Limits, and Navigationi.

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Consuls shall be reciprocally established, with the privileges and powers which those of the most favored nations enjoy, in the ports where their Consuls reside or are permitted to be.


Treaty concludei February 22, 1819 (Amity, Settlement, and Limits).


1646. ARTICLE XIII. Both contracting parties, wishing to favor their mutual commerce, by affording in their ports every necessary assistance to their respective merchant-vessels, have agreed that the sailors who shall desert from their vessels in the ports of the other shall be arrested and delivered up, at the instance of the Consul, who shall prove, nevertheless, that the deserters belonged to the vessels that claimed them, exhibiting the document that is customary in their nation; that is to say, the American Consul in a Spanish port shall exhibit the document known by the name of articles, and the Spanish Consul in American ports the roll of the vessel; and if the name of the deserter or deserters who are claimed shall appear in the one or the other, they shall be arrested, held in custody, and delivered to the vessel to which they shall belong.

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Treaty concluded July 4, 1827 (Commerce and Navigation).


Each of the high contracting parties grants to the other the privilege

appointing, in its commercial ports and places, Consuls, Vice-ConIs, and Commercial Agents, who shall enjoy the full protection, and ceive every assistance necessary for the due exercise of their funcons; but it is expressly declared that, in case of illegal or improper induct with respect to the laws or government of the country in which id Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents shall reside, they ay be prosecuted and punished conformably to the laws, and deprived

the exercise of their functions by the offended Government, which all acquaint the other with its motives for having thus acted; it eing understood, however, that the archives and documents relative to ne affairs of the Consulate shall be exempt from all search, and shall e carefully preserved under the seals of the Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, and of the authority of the place where they may eside.

The Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, or the persons luly authorized to supply their places, shall have the right, as such, to it as judges and arbitrators in such differences as may arise between he captains and crews of the vessels belonging to the nation whose nterests are committed to their charge, without the interference of the ocal authorities, unless the conduct of the crew or of the captain should listurb the order or tranquillity of the country; or the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents should require their assistance to ause their decisions to be carried into effect or supported. It is, however, understood that this species of judgment or arbitration shall not leprive the contending parties of the right they have to resort, on their return, to the judicial authority of the country.

1648. ARTICLE XIV. The said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents are authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the arrest, detention, and imprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchantvessels of their country; and, for this purpose, they shall apply to the

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competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall, in writing, dersol said deserters, proving, by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels the rolls of the crew, or by other official documents, that such individ uals formed part of the crews, and on this reclamation being thus substantiated, the surrender shall not be refused.

Such deserters, when arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, and may be confided in the public prisons, at the request and cost of those who claim them. in order to be sent to the vessels to which they belonged, or to others of the same country. But if not sent back within the space of two months, reckoning from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall not be again arrested for the same cause.

It is understood, however, that if the deserter should be found to have committed any crime or offense, his surrender may be delayed until the tribunal before which the case shall be depending shall have pronounced its sentence, and such sentence shall have been carried into effect.

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Concluded November 25, 1850 (Friendship, Commerce, and for the Sur

render of Fugitive Criminals).

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The contracting parties give to each other the privilege of having, each, in the large cities and important commercial places of their respective States, Consuls and Vice-Consuls of their own appointment, who shall enjoy the same privileges and powers, in the discharge of their duties, as those of the most favored nations. But before any Consul or Vice-Consul shall act as such, he shall in the ordinary form be approved of by the Government to which he is commissioned.

In their private and business transactions Consuls and Vice-Consuls shall be submitted to the same laws and usages as private individuals, citizens of the place in which they reside.

It is hereby understood that in case of offense against the laws by a Consul or Vice-Consul, the Government to which he is commissioned may, according to circumstances, withdraw his exequatur, send him ray from the country, or have him punished in conformity with the vs, assigning to the other. Government its reasons for so doing. The archives and papers belonging to the Consulates shall be respected violably, and under no pretext whatever shall any magistrate or other nctionary visit, seize, or in any way interfere with them.

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reaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, concluded October 2, 1886.

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Should any member of the ship's company desert from a vessel-of-war r merchant vessel of either of the High Contracting Parties, while such essel is within the territorial jurisdiction of the other, the local authorijes shall render all lawful assistance for the apprehension of such leserter, on application to that effect made by Consul of the High Conracting Party concerned, or if there be no Consul, then by the master of the vessel.


Each of the High Contracting Parties may appoint Consuls, ViceConsuls, Commercial Agents, and Vice-Commercial Agents, for the proection of trade, to reside in the territory of the High Contracting Party; but before any consular officer so appointed shall act as such, he shall in the usual form be approved of and admitted by the Government of the country to which he is sent; and all such consular officers shall enjoy the same privileges and powers with those of the most favored



Consuls and Consular representatives of the United States in Tonga shall have all jurisdictional rights over civil and criminal matters concerning their own citizens and vessels, in conformity with the statutes of the United States and the law of nations; and they may call upon the authorities of Tonga for aid in making arrests or enforcing judgments: And, Citizens of the United States charged with committing offences against Tongans shall be amenable only to the consular jurisdiction

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