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detention, and imprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchant-vessels of their country. For this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall, in writing, demand said deserters, proving by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the rolls of the crews, or by other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews; and this reclamation being thus substantiated, the surrender shall not be refused. Such deserters, whe arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, and may be confined in the public prisons at the request and cost of those who shall claim them, in order to be detained.

THE SAMOAN ISLANDS.

Treaty concluded January 17, 1878 (Friendship and Commerce).

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All disputes between citizens of the United States in the Samoan Islands, whether relating to civil matters or to offenses or crimes, shall be heard and determined by the Consul of the United States at Apis, Samoa, under such regulations and limitations as the United States may provide; and all disputes between citizens of the United States and the people of those islands shall be heard by that Consul in conjunction with such officer of the Samoan Government as may be designated for that purpose. Crimes and offenses in cases where citizens of the United States may be convicted shall be punished according to the laws of their country; and in cases where the people of the Samoan Islands may be convicted, they shall be punished pursuant to Samoan laws and by the authorities of that country.

General act by and between the United States, Germany, and Great Brit

ain providing for the neutrality and autonomous government of the Samoan Islands, concluded June 14, 1889.

[Printed copies of this act may be had on application to the Department of State.]

SERBIA.

Consular convention, concluded October 2-14, 1881. [Text of this convention same as that concluded June 5, 1881, with {oumania, ante, paragraphs 1613 to 1628.]

SIAM.

Treaty concluded May 29, 1856 (Peace and Friendship).

1632. ARTICLE I.

There shall benceforward be perpetual peace and friendship between the United States and their Majesties the first and second Kings of Siam and their successors.

All American citizens coming to Siam shall receive from the Siamese Government full protection and assistance to enable them to reside in Siam in all security, and trade with every facility, free from oppression or injury on the part of the Siamese. Inasmuch as Siam has no ships trading to the ports of the United States, it is agreed that the ships of war of the United States shall render friendly aid and assistance to such Siamese vessels as they may meet on the high seas, so far as can be done without a breach of neutrality; and all American Consuls residing at ports visited by Siamese vessels shall also give them such friendly aid as may be permitted by the laws of the respective countries in which they reside.

1633. ARTICLE II. The interests of all American citizens coming to Siam shall be placed under the regulations and control of a Consul, who will be appointed to reside at Bangkok. He will himself conform to and will enforce the observance by American citizens of all the provisions of this treaty, and such of the former treaty, negotiated by Mr. Edmund Roberts in 1833, as shall still remain in operation. He shall also give effect to all rules and regulations as are now or may hereafter be enacted for the government of American citizens in Siam, the conduct of their trade, and for the prevention of violations of the laws of Siam. Any disputes arising between American citizens and Siamese subjects shall be heard and determined by the Consul, in conjunction with the proper Siamese edicers, and criminal offenses will be punished, in the case of American offenders by the Consul according to American laws, and in the case of Siamese offenders by their own laws, through the Siamese authorities But the Consul shall not interfere in any matters referring solely to Sa mese; neither will the Siamese authorities interfere in questions which only concern the citizens of the United States.

1634. ARTICLE III.

If Siamese in the employ of American citizens offend against the laws of their country, or if any Siamese having so offended, or desiring to desert, take refuge with American citizens in Siam, they shall be searched for, and, upon proof of their guilt or desertion, shall be delirered up by the Consul to the Siamese authorities. In like manner, any American offenders, resident or trading in Siam, who may desert, escape to, or hide themselves in Siamese territory, shall be apprehended and delivered over to the American Consul on his requisition.

1635. ARTICLE IV.

American citizens are permitted to trade freely in all the sea-ports of Siam, but may reside permanently only at Bangkok, or within the limits assigned by this treaty.

American citizens coming to reside at Bangkok may rent land and buy or build houses, but cannot purchase land within the circuit of two hundred seng (not more than four miles English) from the city walls, until they shall have lived in Siam for ten years, or shall obtain special authority from the Siamese Government to enable them to do so. But, with the exception of this limitation, American residents in Siam may, at any time, buy or rent houses, lands, or plantations sitnated anywhere within a distance of twenty-four hours' journey from the city of Bangkok, to be computed by the rate at which boats of the country can travel. In order to obtain possession of such lands or houses it will be necessary that the American citizen shall, in the first place, make application through the Consul to the proper Siamese officer, and the Siamese officer and the Consul, having satisfied themselves of the honest intentions of the applicant, will assist him in settling, upon equitable terms, the amount of the purchase-money; will make out and fix the boundaries of the property, and will convey the same to the American urchaser under sealed deeds, whereupon he and his property shall be aced under the protection of the governor of the district, and that of e particular local authorities. He shall conform in ordinary matters any just direction given him by them, and will be subject to the same xation that is levied on Siamese subjects. But if, through negligence, te want of capital, or other cause, an American citizen should fail to ommence the cultivation or improvement of the lands so acquired ithin a term of three yt ars from the date of receiving possession lereof, the Siamese Government shall have the power of resuming the roperty upon returning to the American citizen the purchase-money aid by him for the same.

1636. ARTICLE VI.

American ships of war may enter the river and anchor at Paknam; but they shall not proceed above Paknam unless with the consent of the Siamese authorities, which shall be given where it is necessary that a hip shall go into dock for repairs. Any American ships of war conveyng to Siam a public functionary, accredited by the American Governnent to the court of Bangkok, shall be allowed to come up to Bangkok, but shall not pass the forts called Phrachamit and Pit-pach-ruck, unless expressly permitted to do so by the Siamese Government. But in the absence of an American ship of war, the Siamese authorities engage to furnish the Consul with a force sufficient to enable him to give effect to his authority over American citizens and to enforce discipline among American shipping.

1637. ARTICLE VIII.

The code of regulations appended to this treaty shall be enforced by the Consul, with the co-operation of the Siamese authorities; and they, the said authorities and Consuls, shall be enabled to introduce any further regulations which may be found necessary in order to give effect to the objects of this treaty.

All fines and penalties inflicted for infraction of the provisions and regulations of this treaty shall be paid to the Siamese Government.

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General regulations under which American trade is to be conducted in

Siam.

1638. REGULATION FIRST.

The master of every American ship coming to Bangkok to trade must, either before or after entering the river, as may be found convenient, report the arrival of his vessel at the custom-house at Paknam, together with the number of his crew and guns, and the port from whence be comes. Upon anchoring his vessel at Paknam, he will deliver into the custody of the custom-house officers all his guns and ammunition, and a custom-house officer will then be appointed to the vessel, and will proceed in her to Bangkok."

1639. REGULATION SECOND.

A vessel passing Paknam without discharging her guns and ammunition, as directed in the foregoing regulation, will be sent back to Paknam, to comply with its provisions, and will be fined eight hundred ticals for having so disobeyed. After delivery of her guns and ammunition she will be permitted to return to Bangkok to trade.

1640. REGULATION THIRD.

When an American vessel shall have cast anchor at Bangkok, the master, unless a Sunday should intervene, will, within four and twenty hours after arrival, proceed to the American Consulate and deposit there his ship's papers, bills of lading, &c., together with a true manifest of his import cargo; and upon the Consul's reporting these particulars to the custom-house, permission to break bulk will at once be given by the latter.

For neglecting so to report his arrival, or for presenting a false manifest, the master will subject himself, in each instance, to a penalty of four hundred ticals; but he will be allowed to correct, within twentyfour hours after delivery of it to the Consul, any mistake he may discover in his manifest, without incurring the above-mentioned penalty.

1 By a decree of the Siamese Government, dated December 17, 1867, regulation first is so far modified as to require the deposit of powder only, the guns being allowed to remain on board.

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