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1617. ARTICLE V.

Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents may ace over the outer door of their offices the arms of their nation, with is inscription: Consulate-General, or Consulate, or Vice-Consulate, or insular Agency of the United States, or of Roumania. They may also raise the flag of their country on their offices, except the capital of the country when there is a legation there. They may, like manner, raise the flag of their country over the boat employed them in the port for the exercise of their functions.


The Consular Offices shall at all times be inviolable. The local auhorities shall not, under any pretext, invade them. In no case shall ney examine or seize the papers there deposited. In no case shall those ffices be used as places of asylum. When a Consular Officer is engaged 2 other business, the papers relating to the Consulate shall be kept eparate.

1619. ARTICLE VII. In the event of the death, incapacity, or absence of Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, their Chancellors or Secrearies, whose official character may have previously been made known o the Department of State at Washington, or to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Roumania, may temporarily exercise their functions, and while thus acting they shall enjoy all the rights, prerogatives, and immunities granted to the incumbents.


Consuls-General and Consuls may, so far as the laws of their country allow, with the approbation of their respective Governments, appoint Vice-Consuls and Consular Agents in the cities, ports, and places within their Consular jurisdiction. These Agents may be selected from among citizens of the United States, Roumanians, or citizens of other countries. They shall be furnished with a regular commission, and shall enjoy the privileges stipulated for Consular Officers in this convention, subject to the exceptions specified in Articles III and IV.

1621. ARTICLE IX. Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall have the right to address the administrative and judicial authorities, whether in the United States, of the Union, the States, or the modo palities, or in Roumania, of the State, the district, or the comme throughout the whole extent of their Consular jurisdiction, in order to complain of any infraction of the treaties and conventions between to United States and Roumania, and for the purpose of protecting the rigts and interests of their countrymen. If the complaint should not be satisfactorily redressed, the Consular Officers aforesaid, in the absence of a Diplomatic Agent of their country, may apply directly to the Goverment of the country where they exercise their functions.

1622. ARTICLE X.

Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents may take at their offices, at their private residence, at the residence of the parties, or on board ship, the depositions of the captains and crews of vessels of their own country, of passengers on board of them, and of any other citizen of their nation. They may also receive at their offices, conformably to the laws and regulations of their country, all contracts between the citizens of their country and the citizens or other inbabit ants of the country where they reside, and even all contracts between the latter, provided they relate to property situated or to business to be transacted in the territory of the nation to which the said Consular Officer may belong.

Such papers and official documents of every kind, whether in the original, in copies or in translation, duly authenticated and legalized by the Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, and sealed with their official seal, shall be received as legal documents in courts of justice throughout the United States and Roumania.


The respective Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall have exclusive charge of the internal order of the merchantvessels of their nation, and shall alone take cognizance of all differences which may arise, either at sea or in port, between the captains, officers, and crews, without exception, particularly in reference to the adjust: ment of wages and the execution of contracts. The local authorities shall not interfere except when the disorder that has arisen is of such a nature as to disturb tranquillity and public order on shore, or in the port, or when a person of the country or not belonging to the crew shall be concerned therein.

In all other cases, the aforesaid authorities shall confine themselves to nding aid to the Consuls and Vice-Consuls or Consular Agents, if they e requested by them to do so, in causing the arrest and imprisonment iany person whose name is inscribed on the crew-list, whenever,

for ny cause, the said officers shall think proper.

1624. ARTICLE XII. The respective Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular gents may cause to be arrested the officers, sailors, and all other per. ons making part of the crews, in any manner whatever, of ships of war, r merchant vessels of their nation, who may be guilty, or be accused, f having deserted said ships and vessels, for the purpose of sending hem on board or back to their country. To this end they shall address he competent local authorities of the respective countries, in writing, ind shall make to them a written request for the deserters, supporting t by the exhibition of the register of the vessel and list of the crew, or py other official documents, to show that the persons claimed belong to he said ship's company.

Upon such request thus supported, the delivery to them of the deserters cannot be refused, unless it should be duly proved that they were citizens of the country where their extradition is demanded at the time of their being inscribed on the crew-list. All the necessary aid and protection shall be furnished for the pursuit, seizure, and arrest of the deserters, who shall even be put and kept in the prisons of the country, at the request and expense of the Consular Officers, until there may be an opportunity for sending them away. If, however, such an opportunity should not present itself within the space of three months, counting from the day of the arrest, the deserters shall be set at liberty, nor shall they again be arrested for the same cause.

If the deserter has committed any misdemeanor, and the court having the right to take cognizance of the offense shall claim and exercise it, the delivery of the deserter shall be deferred until the decision of the court has been pronounced and executed.

1625. ARTICLE XIII. In the absence of an agreement to the contrary between the owners, freighters, and insurers, all damages suffered at sea by the vessels of the two countries, whether they enter port voluntarily or are forced by stress of weather, shall be settled by the Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents of the respective countries. If, however, any inhabitant of the country, or citizen or subject of a third power, shal be interested in the matter, and the parties cannot agree, the competent local authorities shall decide.

1626. ARTICLE XIV. All proceedings relative to the salvage of vessels of the United States wrecked upon the coasts of Roumania, and of Roumanian ressels wrecked upon the coasts of the United States, shall be directed by the Consuls-General, Consuls, and Vice-Consuls of the two countries respec tively, and, until their arrival, by the respective Consular Agents, wherever an agency exists. In the places and ports where an agency does not exist, the local authorities, until the arrival of the Consul in whose district the wreck may have occurred, and who shall be immediately informed of the occurrence, shall take all necessary measures for the protection of persons and the preservation of wrecked property.

The local authorities shall not otherwise interfere than for the maintenance of order, the protection of the interests of the salvors if these do not belong to the crews that have been wrecked, and to carry into effect the arrangements made for the entry and exportation of the merchandise saved.

It is understood that such merchandise is not to be subjected to any custom-house charges, unless it be intended for consumption in the country where the wreck may have taken place.

The intervention of the local authorities in these different cases shall occasion no expense of any kind, except such as may be caused by the operations of salvage and the preservation of the goods saved, together with such as would be incurred under similar circumstances by vessels of the nation.

1627. ARTICLE XV. In case of the death of any citizen of the United States in Roumania, or of any Roumanian in the United States, without having any known heirs or testamentary executor by him appointed, the competent local authorities shall give information of the circumstance to the Consuls or Consular Agents of the nation to which the deceased belongs, in order that the necessary information may be immediately forwarded to parties interested.

Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-consuls, and Consular Agents shall have the right to appear, personally or by delegate, in all proceedings on behalf of the absent or minor heirs or creditors, until they are duly represented.

1628. ARTICLE XVI. The present convention shall remain in force for the space of ten years, punting from the day of the exchange of the ratifications, which shall e made in conformity with the respective constitutions of the two puntries and exchanged at Bucharest as soon as possible.

In case neither party gives notice, twelve months before the expiraion of the said period of ten years, of its intention not to renew this onvention, it shall remain in force one year longer, and so on from year o year, until the expiration of a year from the day on which one of the arties shall have given such notice.


Treaty concluded December 6–18, 1832 (Navigation and Commerce).

1629. ARTICLE VIII. The two contracting parties shall have the liberty of having in their respective ports Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Agents, and Commissaries of their own appointment, who shall enjoy the same privileges and powers as those of the most favored nations. But if any such Consul shall exercise commerce, he shall be submitted to the same laws and usages to which the private individuals of their nation are submitted, in the same place.

The Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Commercial Agents shall have the right, as such, to sit as judges and arbitrators in such differences as may arise between the captains and crews of the vessels belonging to the nation whose interests are committed to their charge, without the interference of the local authorities, unless the conduct of the crews or of the captain should disturb the order or the tranquillity of the country, or the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents should require their assistance to cause their decisions to be carried into effect or supported. It is, however, understood that this species of judgment or arbitration shall not deprive the contending parties of the right they have to resort, on their return, to the judicial authority of their country.

1630. ARTICLE IX. The said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Commercial Agents ară authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the search, arrest,

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