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powers as those of the most favored nation. But, before any Const Vice-Consul, Agent, or Commissary shall act as such, he shall, in the usual form, be approved and admitted by the Government to which be is sent.

But if any such Consuls shall exercise commerce, they shall be se:mitted to the same laws and usages to which the private individuals their nation are submitted, in the same place, in respect of their conmercial transactions.

And it is hereby declared that, in case of offense against the laws such Consul, Vice-Consul, Agent, or Commissary may either be purished according to law, or be sent back, the offended Government assigning to the other reasons for the same.

The archives and papers of the Consulate shall be respected in violably; and under no pretext whatever shall any magistrate seize or in any way interfere with them.

The Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Commercial Agents shall have the right as such to sit as judges and arbitrators in such differences as may arise between the captains and crews of the vessels belonging to the nation whose interests are committed to their charge, without the interference of the local authorities, unless the conduct of the crews, or of the captains, should disturb the order or the tranquility, or offend the laws of the country; or the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents should require their assistance to cause their decisions to be carried into effect or supported.

It is, however, understood, that this species of judgment, or arbitration, shall not deprive the contending parties of the right they have tu resort, on their return, to the judicial authorities of their country.


The said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Commercial Agents are authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the search. arrest, detention, and imprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchant-vessels of their country.

For this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall, in writing, demand the said deserters, proving by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the rolls of the crews, or by any other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews; and this reclamation being thus substantiated, the surrender shall be made without delay.

Such deserters, when arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the aid Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, and may be confined 1 the public prisons at the request and cost of those who shall claim hem, in order to be detained until the time when they shall be restored o the vessels to which they belonged, or sent back to their own country y a vessel of the same nation, or any other vessel whatsoever. But if tot sent back within four months from the day of their arrest, they hall be set at liberty, and shall not be again arrested for the same

However, if the deserter shall be found to have coinmitted any rime or offense, the surrender may be delayed until the tribunal before vhich his case shall be pending shall have pronounced its sentence and uch sentence shall have been carried into effect.


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Each of the high contracting parties agrees to receive from the other, Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls and Consular Agents, in all its ports, cities, and places except those where it may not be convenient to recognize such officers. This reservation, however, shall not apply to one of the high contracting parties without also applying to every other power


The Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls and Consular Agents of each of the two high contracting parties shall enjoy reciprocally, in the States of the other, all the privileges, exemptions, and immunities that are enjoyed by officers of the same rank and quality of the most favored nation. The said officers, before being admitted to the exercise of their functions and the enjoyment of the immunities thereto pertaining, shall present their commissions in the forms established in their respective countries. The Government of each of the two high contracting powers shall furnish them the necessary exequatur free of charge, and, on the exhibition of this instrument they shall be permitted to enjoy the rights, privileges, and immunities granted by this convention.


Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls and Consular Agents, citiz-eof the State by which they are appointed, shall be exempt from prelina nary arrest except in the case of offenses which the local legislatia qualifies as crimes and punishes as such; they shall be exempt frue military billetings, from service in the regular army or navy, in to militia, or in the national guard; they shall likewise be exempt from a direct taxes, national, state or municipal, imposed upon persons, either in the nature of capitation tax or in respect to their property, uns such taxes become due on account of the possession of real estate, or for interest on capital invested in the country where the said officers exercic their functions.

This exemption shall not, however, apply to Consuls-General, Consuls. Vice-Consuls, or Consular Agents engaged in any profession, business, or trade, but the said officers shall in such case be subject to the payment of the same taxes that would be paid by any other foreigner under the like circumstances.

It is understood that the respective Consuls, if they are merchants, shall be entirely submitted, as far as concerns preliminary arrest for commercial acts, to the legislation of the country in which they exercise their functions.


When a court of one of the two countries shall desire to receive the judicial declaration or deposition of a Consul-General, Consul, Vice Consul, or Consular Agent, who is a citizen of the State which appointe) him, and who is engaged in no commercial business, it shall request him, in writing, to appear before it, and in case of his inability to de so, it shall request him to give his testimony in writing, or shall rist his residence or office to obtain it orally.

It shall be the duty of such officer to comply with this request with as little delay as possible.

In all criminal cases, contemplated by the sixth article of the amendments to the Constitution of the United States, whereby the right is secured to persons charged with crimes to obtain witnesses in their favor, the appearance in court of said Consular Officer shall be demanded, with all possible regard to the Consular dignity and to the duties of his office. A similar treatment shall also be extended to the Consuls of the United States in Roumania in the like cases.

1617. ARTICLE V.

Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents may place over the outer door of their offices the arms of their nation, with his inscription: Consulate General, or Consulate, or Vice-Consulate, or Consular Agency of the United States, or of Roumania.

They may also raise the flag of their country on their offices, except in the capital of the country when there is a legation there. They may, in like manner, raise the flag of their country over the boat employed by them in the port for the exercise of their functions.


The Consular Offices shall at all times be inviolable. The local authorities shall not, under any pretext, invade them. In no case shall they examine or seize the papers there deposited. In no case shall those offices be used as places of asylum. When a Consular Officer is engaged in other business, the papers relating to the Consulate shall be kept separate.

1619. ARTICLE VII. In the event of the death, incapacity, or absence of Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, their Chancellors or Secretaries, whose official character may have previously been made known to the Department of State at Washington, or to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Roumania, may temporarily exercise their functions, and while thus acting they shall enjoy all the rights, prerogatives, and immunities granted to the incumbents.


Consuls-General and Consuls may, so far as the laws of their country allow, with the approbation of their respective Governments, appoint Vice-Consuls and Consular Agents in the cities, ports, and places within their Consular jurisdiction. These Agents may be selected from among citizens of the United States, Roumanians, or citizens of other countries. They shall be furnished with a regular commission, and shall enjoy the privileges stipulated for Consular Officers in this convention, subject to the exceptions specified in Articles III and IV.


Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall have the right to address the administrative and judicial authorities, whether in the United States, of the Union, the States, or the monc palities, or in Roumania, of the State, the district, or the com throughout the whole extent of their Consular jurisdiction, in order n complain of any infraction of the treaties and conventions between to United States and Roumania, and for the purpose of protecting the rigts and interests of their countrymen. If the complaint should not be sat: isfactorily redressed, the Consular Officers aforesaid, in the absence of a Diplomatic Agent of their country, may apply directly to the Goversment of the country where they exercise their functions.

1622. ARTICLE X.

Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents may take at their offices, at their private residence, at the residence of the parties, or on board ship, the depositions of the captains and crews of vessels of their own country, of passengers on board of them, and of any other citizen of their nation. They may also receive at their offices, conformably to the laws and regulations of their country, all contracts between the citizens of their country and the citizens or other inbabit ants of the country where they reside, and even all contracts between the latter, provided they relate to property situated or to business to be transacted in the territory of the nation to which the said Consular Officer may belong.

Such papers and official documents of every kind, whether in the original, in copies or in translation, duly authenticated and legalized by the Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, and sealed with their official seal, shall be received as legal documents in courts of justice throughout the United States and Roumania.


The respective Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall have exclusive charge of the internal order of the merchantvessels of their nation, and shall alone take cognizance of all differences which may arise, either at sea or in port, between the captains, officers, and crews, without exception, particularly in reference to the adjustment of wages and the execution of contracts. The local authorities shall not interfere except when the disorder that has arisen is of such a nature as to disturb tranquillity and public order on shore, or in the port, or when a person of the country or not belonging to the crew shall be concerned therein.

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