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The offices and dwellings of Consular Officers shall in no event be ed as places of asylum.


In the event of inability to act, absence or decease of Consuls-General, ice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Consular Agents, their onsular Pupils and Consular Clerks, Chancellors or Secretaries, whose ficial character may have previously been made known to the Departent of State at Washington, or to the Minister of Foreign Affairs at le Hague, shall be permitted to take charge ad interim of the business I the Consulate, and while thus acting, and so far as may be compeint, according to Article III, if foreign citizens not engaged in comierce, shall enjoy all the rights, privileges, and immunities granted to he incumbents.


Consuls-General and Consuls may, with the approval of their respecive Governments, appoint Vice-Consuls-General, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents in the cities, ports, and places within their Consular District. They may appoint as such, without distinction, citizens of he United States, subjects of the Netherlands, or citizens or subjects of other countries. The persons so appointed shall be furnished with a ommission, and shall enjoy the privileges, rights, and immunities prorided for in this Convention in favor of Consular Officers, subject to provisions and limitations as specified in Article III, and in other articles hereof.


The Consuls General, Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents of the two high contracting parties shall have the right to address the authorities of the respective countries, national or local, judicial or executive, within the extent of their respective Consular Districts, for the purpose of complaining of any infraction of the treaties or conventions existing between the two countries, or for purposes of information, or for the protection of the rights and interests of their countrymen.

If such application shall not receive proper attention, such Consular Officers may, in the absence of the Diplomatic Agent of their country, apply directly to the Government of the country in which they reside.

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1578. ARTICLE X. Consuls-General, Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Consular Agents of the two countries, or their Chancellors, shall have the right conformably to the laws and regulations of their country

1. To take at their office or dwelling, at the residence of the partie or on board of vessels of their own nation, the depositions of the captains and crews, of passengers on board of them, of merchants, or of any other persons.

2. To receive and verify certificates of births and deaths of their contrymen and of marriages between them, and all unilateral acts, wilk, and bequests of their countrymen, and any and all acts of agreement entered upon between subjects or citizens of their own country, and between such subjects or citizens and the subjects or citizens or other inhabitants of the country where they reside, and also all contracts between the latter; provided such unilateral acts, acts of agreement, or contracts relate to property situated or to business to be transacted in the territory of the nation by which the said Consular Officers are appointed.

All such acts of agreement and other instruments, and also copies and translations thereof, when duly authenticated by such Consul-General, Vice-Consul-General, Consul, Vice-Consul, or Consular Agent, under his official seal, shall be received in courts of justice as legal documents or as authenticated copies, as the case may be, subject to the provisions of law on such subject, however, in the two countries.

1579 ARTICLE XI. Consuls-General, Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall have charge of the internal order on board of the merchant vessels of their nation, to the exclusion of all local authori. ties. They shall take cognizance of all disputes and determine all differences which may have arisen at sea, or which may arise in port, between the captains, officers, and crews, including disputes concerning wages and the execution of contracts reciprocally entered into. The courts or other authorities of either country shall on no account interfere in such disputes unless such differences on board ship be of a nature to disturb the public peace on shore or in port, or unless persons other than the officers and crew are parties thereto.

The Consuls-General, Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall be at liberty to go, either in person or by

7, on board vessels of their nation admitted to entry, and to examhe officers and crews, to examine the ships' papers, to receive rations concerning their voyage, their destination, and the incis of the voyage; also to draw up manifests and lists of freight or

documents, to facilitate the entry and clearance of their vessels, inally to accompany the said officers or crews before the judicial dministrative authorities of the country to assist them as their preters or agents.

1580. ARTICLE XII. le Consuls-General, Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, Consular Agents of the two countries may, respectively, cause to rrested and sent on board, or cause to be returned to their own itry, such officers, seamen, or other persons forming part of the 7 of ships-of-war or merchant-vessels of their nation who may have rted in one of the ports of the other. this end they shall respectively address the competent national or I authorities in writing and make request for the return of the rter, and furnish evidence by exhibiting the register, crew list, or ur official documents of the vessel, or a copy or extract therefrom, y certified, that the persons claimed belong to said ship's company. such application being made, all assistance shall be furnished for pursuit and arrest of such deserters, who shall even be detained guarded in the jails of the country, pursuant to the requisition and he expense of the Consuls-General, Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, e-Consuls, or Consular Agents until they find an opportunity to d the deserters home. f, however, no such opportunity shall be had for the space of three nths from the day of the arrest, the deserters shall be set at liberty, I shall not again be arrested for the same cause. It is understood that sons who are subjects or citizens of the country within which the nand is made shall be exempted from these provisions. f the deserter shall have committed any crime or offense in the coun. i within which he is found, he shall not be placed at the disposal of Consul until after the proper tribunal having jurisdiction in the case all have pronounced sentence, and such sentence shall have been


1581. ARTICLE XIII. Except in the case of agreement to the contrary, between the owners, eighters, and insurers, all damages suffered at sea by the vessels of the two countries, whether they put into port voluntarily or are forced so to do by stress of weather, shall be adjusted by the Consuls-General Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents the respective countries.

If, however, any inhabitants of the country, or subjects or citizens a third nation, shall be interested in such damages, and if the pare cannot agree, recourse may be had to the competent local authorities.

1582. ARTICLE XIV. All necessary measures connected with the salvage of vessels of th United States which shall have been wrecked on the coasts of the Net erlands, with their cargoes and all that appertains to such vessels, sha be taken by the Consuls-General, Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vic Consuls, and Consular Agents of the United States, and reciprocally, ti Consuls-General, Vice-Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and ca sular Agents of the Netherlands shall take such necessary measures the case of the wreck of vessels of their country on the coasts of th United States.

The local authorities shall not otherwise interfere than for the main tenance of order, the protection of the interests of the salvors, if they d not belong to the crews that have been wrecked, and to carry into effed the arrangements made for the entry and exportation of the merchandis saved.

In the absence of and until the arrival of the Consuls-General, Vio Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, it shall ! the duty of the local authorities to take all necessary measures for th preservation of the persons and property on board of the wrecked vessel

It is understood tha’ the merchandise saved is not to be subjected 1 any custom-houses charges, unless it be intended for consumption in th country where the wreck may have taken place.

1583. ARTICLE XV. In case of death of any citizen of the United States in the Netherland or of any subject of the Netherlands in the United States, without ha ing in the country of his decease any known heirs, or testimentary exe ators by him appointed, or in case of minority of the heirs, there bein no guardian, the competent local authorities shall at once inform ti nearest Consular Officer of the nation to which the deceased belong of the circumstance, in order that the necessary information may 1 immediately forwarded to parties interested.

he said Consular Officer shall have the right to appear personally or lelegate, in all proceedings on behalf of the absent or minor heirs, reditors, until they are duly represented.

1584. ARTICLE XVI. 'he present convention shall not be applicable to colonies of either of high contracting parties, and shall not take effect until the twenth day after its promulgation in the manner prescribed by the laws of two countries. t shall remain in force for five years from the date of the exchange of ifications. in case neither of the contracting parties shall have given notice elve months before the expiration of the said period, of its desire to minate this convention, it shall remain in force for one year longer, d so on from year to year, until the expiration of a year from the y on which one of the parties shall have given such notice for its rmination.




reaty concluded June 21, 1867 (Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation.)

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If any citizen of the two high contracting parties shall die without a vill or testament in any of the territories of the other, the Minister or onsul, or other Diplomatic Agent, of the nation to which the deceased belonged (or the representative of such Minister or Consul, or other Diplomatic Agent, in case of absence), shall have the right to nominate parators to take charge of the property of the deceased, so far as the laws of the country will permit, for the benefit of the lawful heirs and creditors of the deceased, giving proper notice of such nomination to the authorities of the country.

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