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succor to the distressed); and the property saved from such wreck shall be carefully preserved and delivered to the owner, or the Consul of the United States, or to any authorized agent.

1527. ARTICLE VI. The citizens of the United States resorting to the ports of the Salta for the purpose of trade shall have leave toʻland and reside in the sai ports without paying any tax or imposition whatever for such libert other than the general duties on imports which the most favored natia

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If any citizens of the United States, or their vessels or other properti shall be taken by pirates and brought within the dominions of the Sultan the persons shall be set at liberty and the property restored to the ownei if he is present, or to the American Consul, or to any authorized agen

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1529. ARTICLE IX. The President of the United States may appoint Consuls to reside i the ports of the Sultan where the principal commerce shall be carried or which Consuls shall be the exclusive judges of all disputes or suit wherein American citizens shall be engaged with each other. They stia have power to receive the property of any American citizen dying withi the Kingdom, and to send the same to his heirs, first paying all his debt due to the subjects of the Sultan. The said Consuls shall not be arrested nor shall their property be seized, nor shall any of their household b arrested, but their persons and property and their houses shall be invic late. Should any Consul, however, commit any offense against the law of the Kingdom, complaint shall be made to the President, who wi immediately displace him.


Treaty concluded April 5, 1831 (Amity, Commerce, and Narigation). [This treaty was terminated November 30, 1881, by notice given by Mexico, Nore

ber 3), 1880.]

1530. ARTICLE XXVIII. In order that the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the two contracting pa ties may enjoy the rights, prerogatives, and immunities which belong 1 em by their character, they shall, before entering upon the exercise of eir functions, exhibit their commission or patent in due form to the overnment to which they are accredited; and having obtained their tequatur, they shall be held and considered as such by all the authories, magistrates, and inhabitants of the Consular District in which they side. It is agreed likewise to receive and admit Consuls and Vice-Conils in all the ports and places open to foreign commerce, who shall enjoy ierein all the rights, prerogatives, and immunities of the Consuls and ice-Consuls of the most favored nation, each of the contracting parties maining at liberty to except those ports and places in which the imission and residence of such Consuls and Vice-Consuls may not seem spedient.

1531. ARTICLE XXIX. It is likewise agreed that the Consuls, Vice-Consuls, their Secretaries, fficers, and persons attached to the service of Consuls, they not being itizens of the country in which the Consul resides, shall be exempt from ll compulsory public service, and also from all kinds of taxes, imposts, nd contributions levied specially on them, except those which they hall be obliged to pay on account of commerce or their property, to rhich the citizens and inhabitants, native and foreign, of the country i which they reside are subject; being in everything besides subject to he laws of their respective States. Thearchives and papers of the Conulates shall be respected inviolably, and under no pretext whatever hall any magistrate seize, or in any way interfere with them.


The said Consuls shall have power to require the assistance of the uthorities of the country for the arrest, detention, and custody of leserters from the public and private vessels of their country; and for that purpose they shall address themselves to the courts, judges, and officers competent, and shall demand the said deserters in writing, proving, by an exhibition of the register of the vessel, or ship's roll, or other public documents, that the man or men demanded were part of said crews; and on this demand so proved (saving always where the contrary is proved), the delivery shall not be refused. Such deserters, when arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the said Consuls, and may be put in the public prisons at the request and expense of those who reclaim them, to be sent to the vessels to which they belonged, or to others of the same nation. But if they be not sent back within two months, to be counted from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall not be again arrested for the same cause.


For the purpose of more effectually protecting their commerce and navigation, the two contracting parties do hereby agree, as soon here after as circumstances will permit, to form a Consular Convention, which shall declare specially the powers and immunities of the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the respective parties.



Treaty concluded September 16, 1836 (Peace and Friendship).


If any of the citizens of the United States, or any persons under their protection, shall have any dispute with each other, the Consul shall decide between the parties; and whenever the Consul shall require any aid or assistance from our Government to enforce his decisions, it shall be immediately granted to him.

1535. ARTICLE XXI. If a citizen of the United States should kill or wound a Moor, or, on the contrary, if a Moor shall kill or wound a citizen of the United States, the law of the country shall take place, and equal justice shall be rendered, the Consul assisting at the trial; and if any delinquent shall make his escape, the Consul shall not be answerable for him in any manner whatever.

1536. ARTICLE XXII. If an American citizen shall die in our country, and no will shall appear, the Consul shall take possession of his effects; and if there shall be no Consul, the effects shall be deposited in the hands of some person worthy of trust, until the party shall appear who has a right to demand them; but if the heir to the person deceased be present, the property shall be delivered to him without interruption; and if a will shall appear, the property shall descend agreeably to that will, as soon as the Consul shall declare the validity thereof.


The Consuls of the United States of America shall reside in any sea»rt of our dominions that they shall think proper, and they shall be spected, and enjoy all the privileges which the Consuls of any other ation enjoy; and if any of the citizens of the United States shall conact any debts or engagements, the Consul shall not be in any manner countable for them, unless he shall have given a promise, in writing, or the payment or fulfilling thereof; without which promise, in writig, no application to him for any redress shall be made.




onvention between the United States and other powers, for the establish

ment of the right of protection in Morocco, concluded July 3, 1880.

1538. ARTICLE I.

The conditions under which protection may be conceded are those stablished in the British and Spanish treaties with the Government of lorocco, and in the convention made between that Government, France, ind other powers in 1863, with the modifications introduced by the presint convention.


Foreign Representatives at the head of a Legation may select their nterpreters and employees from among the subjects of Morocco or thers.

These protected persons shall be subject to no duty, impost or tax whatever, other than those stipulated in Articles XII and XIII.


Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Consular Agents having charge of a post, and residing within the territory of the Sultan of Morocco, shall be allowed to select but one interpreter, one soldier, and two servants from among the subjects of the Sultan, unless they may require a native secretary.

These protected persons shall, in like manner, be subject to no daty, impost or tax whatever, other than those stipulated in Articles XII and XIII.

1541. ARTICLE IV. If a Representative shall appoint a subject of the Sultan to the Office of Consular Agent in a town on the coast, such agent shall be respected and honored, as shall the members of his family occupying the sande dwelling with him, and they, like him, shall be subject to no duty. impost or tax whatever, other than those stipulated in Articles XII and XIII; but he shall not have the right to protect any subjects of the Sultan other than the members of his own family.

He may, however, for the exercise of his functions, have a protected soldier.

Officers in acting charge of Vice-Consulates being subjects of the Soltan, shall, during the exercise of their functions, enjoy the same rights as Consular Agents who are subjects of the Sultan.

1542. ARTICLE V. The Government of Morocco recognizes the right of Ministers, Chargés d'Affaires and other Representatives, which is granted to them by treaties, to select the persons whom they employ, either in their own service or that of their Governments, unless such persons shall be sheiss or other employees of the Government of Morocco, such as soldiers of the line or of the cavalry, in addition to the Maghaznias in commans of their guard. In like manner they shall not be permitted to employ any subject of Morocco who is under prosecution.

It is understood that civil suits commenced before protection shall be terminated before the courts which have instituted such proceedin.s. The execution of the sentence shall suffer no hindrance. Nevertheless, the local authorities of Morocco shall take care to communicate, without delay, the sentence pronounced, to the Legation, Consulate, or Con sular Agency upon which the protected person is dependent.

As to those persons formerly protected, who may have a suit which was commenced before protection was withdrawn from them, their case shall be tried by the court before which it was brought.

The right of protection shall not be exercised towards persons under prosecution for an offense or crime, before they have been tried by the authorities of the country, or before their sentence, if any has beer pronounced, has been executed.

1543. ARTICLE VI. Protection shall extend to the family of the person protected. His dwelling shall be respected.

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