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1413. ARTICLE VI. The persons and dw.llings of Consuls shall be subject to the laws and juthorities of the country in all cases in which they have not received a special exemption by this Convention, and in the same manner as the »ther inhabitants.

1414. ARTICLE VII. Consuls shall not give passports to any individual of their nation, or going to their nation, who may be held to answer before any authority, court, or judge of the country for delinquencies committed by them, or for a demand which may have been legally acknowledged; provided that in each case proper notice thereof shall have been given to the Consul; and they shall see that the vessels of their nation do not infringe the rules of neutrality when the nation in which the Consul resides is at war with another nation.


(See KOREA.)


Treaty concluded July 10, 1851 (Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation).



If any citizen of either of the two high contracting parties shall die without will or testament in any of the territories of the other, the Consul-General or Consul of the nation to which the deceased belonged, or the representative of such Consul-General or Consul in his absence, shall have the right to nominate curators to take charge of the property of the deceased, so far as the laws of the country will permit, for the benefit of the lawful heirs and creditors of the deceased, giving.proper notice of such nomination to the authorities of the country.

1416. ARTICLE IX. The citizens of the United States residing in the Republic of Costa Rica, and the citizens of the Republic of Costa Rica residing in the United States, shall be exempt from all compulsory military service whatsoever, either by sea or by land, and from all forced loans or military exactions or requisitions; and they shall not be compelled, under any pretext whatever, to pay other ordinary charges, requisitions, or taxes greater than those that are paid by native citizens of the contracting parties respectively.

1417. ARTICLE X. It shall be free for each of the two high contracting parties to appoint Consuls for the protection of trade, to reside in any of the territories of the other party; but before any Consul shall act as such, he shall, in the usual form, be approved and admitted by the Government to which he is sent; and either of the high contracting parties may except from the residence of Consuls such particular places as they judge fit to be excepted. The Costa Rican Diplomatic Agents and Consuls shall enjoy in the territories of the United States whatever privileges, exemptions, and immunities are or shall be granted to agents of the same rank belonging to the most favored nation; and, in like manner, the Diplomatic Agents and Consuls of the United States in the Costa Rican territories shall enjoy, according to the strictest reciprocity, whatever privileges, exemptions, and immunities are or may be granted in the Republic of Costa Rica to the Diplomatic Agents and Consuls of the most favored nation.


Treaty concluded April 26, 1826 (Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation).


1418. ARTICLE VIII. To make more effectual the protection which the United States and His Danish Majesty shall afford in future to the navigation and commerce of their respective citizens and subjects, they agree mutually to Eceive and admit Consuls and Vice-Consuls in all the ports open to forign commerce, who shall enjoy in them all the rights, privileges, and mmunities of the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the most favored nation, ach contracting party, however, remaining at liberty to except those vorts and places in which the admission and residence of such Consuls nay not seem convenient.


In order that the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the contracting parties nay enjoy the rights, privileges, and immunities which belong to them, by their public character, they shall, before entering on the exercise of heir functions, exhibit their commission or patent in due form to the Government to which they are accredited; and, having obtained their xequatur, which shall be granted gratis, they shall be held and considered as such by all the authorities, magistrates, and inhabitants in the Consular district in which they reside.

1420. ARTICLE X.

It is likewise agreed that the Consuls and persons attached to their necessary service, they not being natives of the country in which the Consul resides, shall be exempt from all public service, and also from all kind of taxes, imposts, and contributions, except those which they shall be obliged to pay on account of commerce or their property, to which inhabitants, native and foreign, of the country in which such Consuls reside, are subject, being in everything besides subject to the laws of the respective states. The archives and papers of the Consulate shall be respected inviolably, and under no pretext whatever shall any magistrate seize or in any way interfere with them.

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The respective Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Commercial Agents shall have the right as such to sit as judges and arbitrators in such differences as may arise, either at sea or in port, between the captain, officers, and crew of the vessels belonging to the nation whose every assistance necessary for the due exercise of their functions; but it is expressly declared that in case of illegal or improper conduct with respect to the laws or government of the country to which said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents shall reside, they may be prosecuted and punished conformably to the laws, and deprived of the exercise of their functions by the offended Government, which shall acquaint the other with its motives for having thus acted; it being understood, however, that the archives and documents relative to the affairs of the Consulate shall be exempt from all search and shall be carefully preserved under the seals of the Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, and of the authority of the place where they may reside.

The Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, or the persons duly authorized to supply their places, shall have the right as such to sit as judges and arbitrators in such differences as may arise between the captains and crews of the vessels belonging to the nation, whose interests are committed to their charge, without the interference of the local authorities, unless the conduct of the crews or of the captains should disturb the order or tranquility of the country, or the said Consuls. Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents should require their assistance to cause their decisions to be carried into effect or supported. It is, however, understood that this species of judgment or arbitration shall not deprive the contending parties of the right they have to resort, on their return, to the judicial authority of their country.


The said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents are authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the arrest, detention, and imprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchantvessels of their country, and for this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall, in writing, demand said deserters, proving by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the rolls of the crews, or by other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews, and on this reclamation being thus substantiated, the surrender shall not be refused. Such deserters, when arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the said Consuls, Vice-Consuls, or Commercial Agents, and may be confined in the public prisons at the request and cost of those who claim them, in order to be sent to the vessels to which they belonged, or to others of the same country. But if not sent back within the space of two months, reckoning from the y of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall not be again rested for the same cause. It is understood, however, that if the deserter should be found to have mmitted any crime or offense, his surrender may be delayed until the bunal before which the case shall be depending shall have pronounced sentence, and such sentence shall have been carried into effect.

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Iditional article to the Convention of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation, of the 20th of December, 1827, between the United States of America and the Hanseatic Republics of Lubeck, Bremen, and Hamburg, concluded June 4, 1828.


The United States of America and the Hanseatic Republics of Lubeck, remen, and Hamburg, wishing to favor their mutual commerce by fording, in their ports, every necessary assistance to their respective essels, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have further agreed upon the Sllowing additional article to the Convention of Friendship, Commerce, nd Navigation, concluded at Washington on the twentieth day of lecember, 1827, between the contracting parties. The Consuls and Vice-Consuls may cause to be arrested the sailors, eing part of the crews of the vessels of their respective countries, who hall have deserted from the said vessels, in order to send them back and ransport them out of the country. For which purpose the said Consuls nd Vice-Consuls shall address themselves to the courts, judges, and fficers coinpetent, and shall demand the said deserters, in writing, Toving by an exhibition of the registers of the said vessels, or ship's oll, or other official document, that those men were part of said crews; ind on this demand being so proved (saving, however, where the conrary is proved), the delivery shall not be refused; and there shall be riven all aid and assistance to the said Consuls and Vice-Consuls for the

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