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izens of the United States or of Belgium, or those of other countries. hey shall be furnished with a regular commission, and shall enjoy the ivileges stipulated for Consular Officers in this convention, subject to e exceptions specified in Articles 3 and 4.

1344. ARTICLE IX. Consnls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall ive the right to address the administrative and judicial authorities, hether in the United States of the Union, the States or the municipalies, or in Belgium, of the State, the province or the commune, throughit the whole extent of their consular jurisdiction, in order to complain

any infraction of the treaties and conventions between the United lates and Belgium, and for the purpose of protecting the rights and terests of their countrymen. If the complaint should not be satisfacrily redressed, the Consular Officers aforesaid, in the absence of a fplomatic Agent of their country, may apply directly to the Governjent of the country where they exercise their functions.

1345. ARTICLE X. Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents may take their offices, at their private residence, at the residence of the parties, ton board ship, the depositions of the captains and crews of vessels of heir own country, of passengers on board of them, and of any other itizen of their nation. They may also receive at their offices, conformbly to the laws and regulations of their country, all contracts between he citizens of their country and the citizens or other inhabitants of the ountry where they reside, and even all contracts between the latter, rovided they relate to property situated or to business to be transacted o the territory of the nation to which the said Consular Officer may elong.

Snch papers and official documents of every kind, whether in the origihal, in copies, or in translation, duly authenticated and legalized by the Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, and sealed with their official seal, shall be received as legal documents in courts of ustice throughout the United States and Belgium.

1346. ARTICLE XI. The respective Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents shall have exclusive charge of the internal order of the merchant Fessels of their nation, and shall alone take cognizance of all differences which may arise, either at sea or in port, between the captains, officers and crews, without exception, particularly in reference to the adjust ment of wages and the execution of contracts. The local authoritie shall not interfere except when the disorder that has arisen is of such nature as to disturb tranquillity and public order on shore or in the por or when a person of the country or not belonging to the crew shall b concerned therein.

In all other cases the aforesaid authorities shall confine themselves t lending aid to the Consuls and Vice-Consuls or Consular Agents, if the are requested by them to do so, in causing the arrest and imprisonmen of any person whose name is inscribed on the crow-list, whenever, fo any cause, the said officers shall think proper.

1347. ARTICLE XII. The respective Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consula Agents may cause to be arrested the officers, sailors, and all other per sons making part of the crews, in any manner whatever, of ships of wa or merchant vessels of their nation, who may be guilty, or be accused of having deserted said ships and vessels, for the purpose of sendin them on board or back to their country. To this end they shall addres the competent local authorities of the respective countries, in writing and shall make to them a written request for the deserters, supportin it by the exhibition of the register of the vessel and list of the crew, by other official documents, to show that the persons claimed belong t the said ship's company.

Upon such request, thus supported, the delivery to them of the desert ers cannot be refused, unless it should be duly proved that they wer citizens of the country where their extradition is demanded at the tim of their being inscribed on the crew-list. All the necessary aid an protection shall be furnished for the pursuit, seizure, and arrest of th deserters, who shall even be put and kept in the prisons of the country at the request and expense of the Consular Officers, until there may be an opportunity for sending them away. If, however, such an oppor tunity should not present itself within the space of three months, coun ing from the day of the arrest, the deserters shall be set at liberty, no shall they be again arrested for the same cause.

If the deserter has committed any misdemeanor, and the court having the right to take cognizance of the offense shall claim and exercise it the delivery of the deserter shall be deferred until the decision of th court has been pronounced and executed.

1348. ARTICLE XIII. In the absence of an agreement to the contrary between the owners, eighters, and insurers, all damages suffered at sea by the vessels of e two countries, whether they enter port voluntarily, or are forced by ress of weather, shall be settled by the Consuls-General, Consuls, ice-Consuls, and Consular Agents of the respective countries. If, jwever, any inhabitant of the country or citizen or subject of a third wer, shall be interested in the matter, and the parties cannot agree, e competent local authorities shall decide.

1349. ARTICLE XIV. All proceedings relative to the salvage of vessels of the United States recked upon the coasts of Belgium, and of Belgian vessels wrecked pon the coasts of the United States, shall be directed by the Consulseneral, Consuls, and Vice-Consuls of the two countries respectively, d until their arrival, by the respective Consular Agents, wherever

agency exists. In the places and ports where an agency does not ist, the local authorities, until the arrival of the Consul in whose strict the wreck may have occurred, and who shall be immediately formed of the occurrence, shall take all necessary measures for the otection of persons and the preservation of wrecked property. The local authorities shall not otherwise interfere than for the mainnance of order, the protection of the interests of the salvors if these not belong to the crews that have been wrecked, and to carry into fect the arrangements made for the entry and exportation of the erchandise saved. It is understood that such merchandise is not to be subjected to any iston-house charges, unless it be intended for consumption in the untry where the wreck may have taken place. The intervention of the local authorities in these different cases shall casion no expense of any kind, except such as may be caused by the erations of salvage and the preservation of the goods saved, together ith such as would be incurred under similar circumstances by vessels

the nation.

1350. ARTICLE XV. In case of the death of any citizen of the United States in Belgium, or a citizen of Belgium in the United States, without having any known firs or testamentary executor by him appointed, the competent local

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authorities shall give information of the circumstance to the Consuls o Consular Agents of the nation to which the deceased belongs, in orde that the necessary information may be immediately forwarded to partie interested.

Consuls-General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents sha have the right to appear, personally or by delegate, in all proceedings o behalf of the absent or minor heirs, or creditors, until they are dal represented.


Treaty concluded May 13, 1858 (Peace, Friendship, Commerce, and Nav


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To make effectual the protection which the United States and th Republic of Bolivia shall afford in future to the navigation and con merce of the citizens of each other, they agree to receive and admit Cor suls and Vice-Consuls in all the ports open to foreign commerce, wh shall enjoy in them all the rights, prerogatives, and immunities of th Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the most favored nation, each contractin party, however, remaining at liberty to except those ports and placesi which the admission and residence of such Consuls and Vice-Consul may not seem convenient.


In order that the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the two contracting pa ties may enjoy the rights, immunities, and prerogatives which belong them by their public character, they shall, before entering upon the functions, exhibit their commission or patent in due form to the Go ernment to which they are accredited, and, having obtained the exequatur, they shall be held and considered as such by all the author ties, magistrates, and inhabitants in the Consular District in which the reside.

1353. ARTICLE XXXIII. It is also agreed that the Consuls and Officers, and persons attache to the Consulate, they not being citizens of the country in which ti onsul resides, shall be exempted from all kinds of imposts and contriintions, except those which they shall be obliged to pay on account of heir commerce or property, to which the citizens or inhabitants, native ir foreign, of the country in which they reside are subject, being, in Ferything besides, subject to the laws of the respective States. The irehives and papers of the Consulate shall be respected inviolably, and inder no pretext whatever shall any magistrate seize or in any way nterfere with them.


The said Consul shall have power to require the assistance of the auhorities of the country for the arrest, detention, and custody of desertirs from the public and private vessels of their country; and for that purpose they shall address themselves to the courts, judges, and officers competent, and shall demand the said deserters in writing, proving by an shibition of the registers of the vessel's or ship's roll, or other public locuments, that those men were part of the said crews; and on this denand, so proved (saving, however, when the contrary is proved), the lelivery shall not be refused. Such deserters, when arrested, shall be pat at the disposal of said Consuls, and may be put in the public prisons, k the request and expense of those who reclaim them, to be sent to the hips to which they belonged, or to others of the same nation; but if they be not sent back within two months, to be counted from the day of their rrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall be no more arrested for the mame cause.

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Treaty concluded June 23, 1850 (Peace and Friendship).

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His highness the Sultan of Borneo agrees that in all cases where a citizen of the United States shall be accused of any crime committed in any part of his highness's dominions, the person so accused shall be exclusively tried and adjudged by the American Consul, or other officer duly appointed for that purpose; and in all cases where disputes or differences

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