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offices and dwellings by treaty with Belgium and German the right to place the national flag on their dwellings, exce where there is a legation, by treaties with Austria-Hungar Belgium, Germany, Roumania, and Servia; the right to plai the arms, name, and flag on their offices or dwellings ! treaties with France and Salvador; and the right to place th name and flag on their dwellings by treaty with Colombi: The treaty with the Kongo Free State confers the right t raise the flag on the consular office.
87. The right to take depositions is secured by convention with Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Colombia, France, German (of American citizens), Italy, Kongo Free State, Netherlands Roumania, Servia, and Salvador.
JURISDICTION OVER DISPUTES BETWEEN MASTERS, OFFICERS,
88. Exclusive jurisdiction over such disputes in the vessels of the United States, including questions of wages, is conferred by treaties or conventions with Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Colombia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Kongo Free State, Netherlands (and colonies), Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Salvador, Sweden and Norway, and Tripoli.
RIGHT TO RECLAIM DESERTERS.
89. The right to reclaim deserters from the vessels of the United States is conferred by treaties or conventions with Austria-Hungary, Bolivia, Belgium, Colombia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France, Great Britain, Greece. Germany, Hanseatic Republics, Haiti, Hawaiian Islands, Italy, Kongo Free State, Japan, Madagascar, Netherlands (and colonies), Peru, Portugal, Roumania, Russia, Salvador, Reden and Norway, and Siam; but if a deserter has comited a crime against local law the surrender will be delayed til after punishment.
SALVAGE AND WRECKS.
90. The powers of consuls to adjust damages suffered at a and in matters of wrecks and salvage are settled by treaties th Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Bolivia, Borneo, China, Combia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, France, Germany, reece, Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaiian Islands, Honduras, Italy, pan, Korea, Liberia, Madagascar, Maskat, Morocco, Nethernds (including colonies), Ottoman Porte, Paraguay, Rouania, Salvador, Siam, Spain, Sweden and Norway, Tripoli, id Tunis. In Maskat and the Ottoman dominions they have le right, in the absence of the owner or agent, to receive le property of American citizens wrecked or captured from irates.
ERSONAL EFFECTS OF DECEASED CITIZENS OF THE UNITED
91. In Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Germany, Italy, and ietherlands (and colonies) the local authorities are required o inform consuls of the death of their countrymen intestate r without known heirs. In Germany, Roumania, and Serria consuls have the right to appear for absent heirs or credtors until regularly authorized representatives appear. In Vaskat, Morocco, Persia, Peru, Salvador, Tripoli, and Tunis they may administer on the property of their deceased countryben. In Colombia they may do so, except when legislation prevents it. In Costa Rica, Honduras, and Nicaragua they may nominate curators to take charge of such property, so far as local laws permit. In Paraguay they may become temporary custodians of such property. In Germany they may take charge of the effects of deceased sailors.
EXTRADITION OF FUGITIVE CRIMINALS.
92. Provision has been secured in the treaties with certain countries under which the requisitions for the surrender of fugitives from justice may be made by consular officers in the absence of a diplomatic representative. In such cases the requisition is made by the superior consular officer Treaties of this character have been concluded with Belgium, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Italy, Japan, Neth erlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Orange Free State, Ottoman Empire, Russia, Salvador, Siam, Spain, Sweden, and Swiss Confederation.
The treaties with Austria-Hungary, Baden, Bavaria, Han over, and Prussia provide that requisitions for the surrendei may be made through “the ministers, officers, or authorities of the demanding government. The treaty with Great Brit ain stipulates that requisitions shall be made by “the minis ters or officers authorized to make the same,” and in the treaty with Hawaii “the authorities" may make requisition,
The “officers or authorities” who may make requisition under these treaties are such executive agents or officers of the demanding government as may be entitled to recognition for that purpose at the department of foreign affairs of the government applied to. The latter government may, in its discretion, recognize a consular officer or whom it will as agent ad hoc to make the requisition.—8 Op. Att. Gen., 240. (Par agraphs 423–425.)
93. By treaties with those countries, consuls have judicial power in civil or criminal cases, or both, in Borneo, China, Japan, Korea, Madagascar, Maskat, Morocco, Persia, Samoan
By treaty of November 2, 1894, between the United States and Japan (Articles XVIII and XIX), the judicial powers of consuls of the United States in will cease July 17, 1899.
slands, Siam, Tripoli, Tunis, and Turkey. For the extent nd character of that jurisdiction, see the treaties and also Irticle XXX of these Regulations.
ARTICLE VI. SUPERVISORY POWERS OF CONSULS-GENERAL. 94. To exercise supervisory powers.—Consuls-general having upervisory powers (paragraph 7) are the immediate official uperiors of the consuls within their respective jurisdictions, nd will exercise over them, to the extent herein provided, he supervisory powers which in other cases are vested in the liplomatic representative of the United States.
Consuls-general are expected, as far as possible, to see that he consular officers subordinate to them obey the Regulations ind carry out the instructions given them; and from time to ime they will make reports or recommendations tending to he improvement of the service in their districts.
95. In Austria-Hungary, China, France, Germany, Great Britain and Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico (within jurisdiction of Nuevo Laredo), Russia, Turkey, and Cuba consuls and commercial agents will transmit their correspondence and reports to the Department of State, under open cover, through their respective consuls-general. Accounts and correspondence relative thereto should be sent by the consular officer directly to the Department or to the Auditor for the State and other Departments, as the case may be.
96. Brazil, Australasian colonies, and Cuba.-The consuls at Rio Grande do Sul and Santos will transmit their correspondence and reports to the Department of State, under open cover, through the consul-general at Rio de Janeiro; and the other consuls in Brazil will send copies of such of their dispatches as are of special interest or importance to the same officer. The consuls in Australia, Tasmania, and New Zealand will send their correspondence and reports directly to the Department, and will send copies of all dispatches of importance to the consul-general at Melbourne.
In Cuba the correspondence with the Spanish officials at Habana will be conducted through the medium of the consulate-general.
LEAVES OF ABSENCE AND NOMINATION OF SUBSTITUTE AND
97. Through consul-general.-Requests for leave of absence and the nomination of substitute and subordinate officers by consuls and commercial agents in the Australasian colonies, Austria-Hungary, Brazil, the Dominion of Canada (except British Columbia and Manitoba), China, Cuba, France (except the colonies, but including Algiers), Germany, Great Britain and Ireland (except the colonies not herein mentioned), Greece, Haiti, Italy, Japan, Mexico (but including only those within the jurisdiction of the consul-general at Nuevo Laredo), Roumania, Russia, Spain, and Turkey must be transmitted through the proper consul-general and receive | his written approval.
98. Direct to Department.—Principal consular officers not included within the provisions of the preceding paragraph nor within the provisions of paragraph 105 will transmit requests for leave of absence and nomination directly to the Department of State.
99. Requests, how addressed. In all cases requests for leave of absence and for the appointment of subordinate officers, whether submitted to a diplomatic representative or a consul-general, or sent directly to the Department of State, should be addressed to the Assistant Secretary of State, in accordance with paragraph 129. Both delay and inconvenience are caused by addressing them to the superior officer in the country of official residence.