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ourt to which the office in respect to which the oath is made may ppertain.
851. SEC. 1766. No money shall be paid to any person for his compenation who is in arrears to the United States, until he has accounted for ind paid into the Treasury all sums for which he may be liable. In all ases where the pay or salary of any person is withheld in pursuance of this section, the accounting officers of the Treasury, if required to do so by the party, his agent or attorney, shall report forthwith to the Solicitor of the Treasury the balance due; and the Solicitor shall, within sixty lays thereafter, order suit to be commenced against such delinquent and his sureties.
852. Sec. 1777. The various officers of the United States, to whom, in virtue of their offices and for the uses thereof, copies of the United States Statutes at Large, published by Little, Brown and Company, have been or may be distributed at the public expense, by authority of law, shall preserve such copies, and deliver them to their successors respectively as a part of the property appertaining to the office. A printed copy of this section shall be inserted in each volume of the Statutes distributed to any such officers. CHAP. 275.-An act making appropriations for the consular and diplomatic service of the Government for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and deventy-five, and for other purposes. 853. [Par. 2.) The bonds which consular officers who are not compensated by salaries are required by the thirteenth section of the act of August eighteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty-six, ' to enter into, shall hereafter be made with such sureties as the Secretary of State shall approve.
854. Sec. 3. That the President shall be, and is hereby, authorized to appoint interpreters to the consulates at Shanghai, Tien Tsin, Fowchow, and Kanagawa, and to allow them salaries not to exceed, in either case, the rate of two thousand dollars a year;
And to appoint interpreters to the consulates at Hankow, Amoy, Canton, and Hong-Kong, and to allow them salaries not to evceed, in efther case, the rate of seven hundred and fifty dollars a year;
And also to allow, at his discretion, a sum not exceeding the rate of five hundred dollars for any one year to any one consulate in China or
'The provisions here referred to of the act of 1856, ch. 12 ( 11 Stat. L., 52), are incorDurated into Revised Statutes in section 1697.
Japan, respectively, not herein named, for expenses of interpretation and that section six of the act entitled “An act to regulate the dipl matic and consular systems of the United States," approved Augus eighteenth, eighteen hundred and fifty-six, is hereby repealed.'
855. SEC. 4. That the Secretary of State shall, as soon as practicable establish and determine the maximum amount of time actually neces sary to make the transit between each diplomatic and consular post an the city of Washington, and vice versa, and shall make the same public He may also, from time to time, revise his decision in this respect; bu in each case the decision is to be in like manner made public.
And the allowance for time actually and necessarily occupied by eac diplomatic and consular officer who may be entitled to such allowand shall in no case exceed that for the time thus established and deter mined, with the addition of the time usually occupied by the shortes and most direct mode of conveyance from Washington to the place o residence in the United States of such officer.
856. SEC. 5. That from and after the first day of July next, the annua salary of consular clerks who shall have remained continuously in serv ice as such for the period of five years and upward shall be one thousan two hundred dollars.
857. Sec. 6.' That any vice-consul who may be temporarily acting a consul during the absence of such consul may receive compensation notwithstanding that he is not a citizen of the United States. [June 11, 1874.]
CHAP. 294.--An act relating to ambassadors, consuls and other officers. 858. Be it enacted, &c., That no Ambassador, Envoy Extraordinary Minister Plenipotentiary, Minister Resident, Commissioner to an foreign country, chargé d'affaires, Secretary of Legation, Assistan Secretary of Legation, Interpreter to any legation in any foreign coun try, Consul General, Consul, Commercial Agent, consular pupils, o consular agent shall be absent from his post or the performance of hi duties for a longer period than ten days at any one time, without th rmission previously obtained of the President. And no compensaon shall be allowed for the time of any such absence in any case except i cases of sickness; Nor shall any diplomatic or consular officer correspond in regard to the inblic affairs of any foreign government with any private person, newssper, or other periodical, or otherwise than with the proper officers of he United States; Nor without the consent of the Secretary of State previously obtained, scommend any person at home or abroad for any employment of trust i profit under the Government of the country in which he is located; Nor ask or accept, for himself or any other person, any present, emolment, pecuniary favor, office, or title of any kind from any such govmment. (June 17, 1874.]
1 Section 6 of the act of 1856, ch. 127 (11 Stat. L., 55), here repealed, forms § 1692 the Revised Statutes, which therefore seems to be superseded or repealed by th provisions of this act.
2 The provision of this section seems to have reference to that part of section 21 a the act of 1856, ch.127 (11 Stat. L.,60), which provided that compensation to officer mentioned in Schedules B and C should not apply to the payment of any such office who shall not be a citizen of the United States, but which was omitted from the Revised Statutes as the section was incorporated therein in section 1744.
HAP. 157.-An act to abolish the consulate at Amoor River and establish a consulate
at Vladivostock, Russia, and for other purposes.
859. Be it enacted, &c.
And that the consul at Vladivostock and the consuls at Fayal and Auckland be, and they severally hereby kre, exempted from the prohibition to engage in business and trade braced in sections one thousand six hundred and ninety-nine and one thousand and seven hundred of the Revised Statutes of the United States. (March 3, 1875.]
("HAP. 2.-An act making appropriations for the consular and diplomatic service of the government for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty, and for other purposes. 860. Be it enacted, &c.
[Par. 1.) And it shall be the duty of consuls to make to the Secretary of State a quarterly statement of exports from, and imports to, the different places to which they are accredited, giving, as near as may be, the market price of the various articles of exports and imports, the duty and port charges, if any, on articles imported and exported, together with such general information as they may be able to obtain as to how, where, and through what channels a market may be opened for American products and manufactares.
In addition to the duties now imposed by law, it shall be the duty of consuls and commercial agents of the United States, annually, to procure and transmit to the Department of State, as far as practicable, information respecting the rate of wages paid for skilled and unskilled labor within their respective jurisdictions.
CHAP. 46. -- An act amending the Revised Statutes of the United States in respect
official oaths, and for other purposes. 861. SEC. 2. That section seventeen hundred and fifty-six of the R vised Statutes be, and the same is hereby, repealed;
And hereafter the oath to be taken by any person elected or appointe to any office of honor or profit either in the civil, military, or naval ser ice, except the President of the United States, shall be as prescribed i section seventeen hundred and fifty-seven of the Revised Statutes.
But this repeal shall not affect the oaths prescribed by existing statute in relation to the performance of duties in special or particular sul ordinate offices and employments.
Deficiency appropriation act approved July 7, 1884, 33 Stat., 336. 862. Be it enacted, &c.
* [Par. 1.] And hereafter it shall nd be lawful for any consular officer to appropriate to his own use or expen from the amount received from the fees of his office any sum in exces of the allowance of salary and fees directly authorized by law, and cor sular officers paid exclusively by fees and consuls paid in part by salar and in part by fees, shall only appropriate to their own use or expen such portion of the fees as is authorized by law. CHAP. 150.-An act making appropriations for the consular and diplomatic service
the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred an eighty-six, and for other purposes.
863. [Par. 4.] And hereafter no consul or consul-general shall be enti tled to or allowed any part of any salary appropriated for payment of secretary or second secretary of legation or interpreter. * ruary 25, 1885.]
864. SEC. 1992. All persons born in the United States and not subjec to any foreign power, excluding Indians not taxed, are declared to b citizens of the United States.
865. SEC. 1993. All children heretofore born or hereafter born out o the limits and jurisdiction of the United States, whose fathers were a may be at the time of their birth citizens thereof, are declared to be citi zens of the United States; but the rights of citizenship shall not descent to children whose fathers never resided in the United States.
866. Sec. 1994. Any woman who is now or may hereafter be married to a citizen of the United States, and who might herself be lawfully naturalized, shall be deemed a citizen.
867. SEC. 1995. All persons born in the district of country formerly known as the Territory of Oregon, and subject to the jurisdiction of the United States on the 18th May, 1872, are citizens in the same manner as if born elsewhere in the United States.
868. SEC. 1996. All persons who deserted the military or naval service of the United States and did not return thereto or report themselves to a provost-marshal within sixty days after the issuance of the proclamation by the President, dated the 11th day of March, 1865, are deemed to have voluntarily relinquished and forfeited their rights of citizenship, as well as their right to become citizens; and such deserters shall be forever incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under the United States, or of exercising any rights of citizens thereof."
$69. SEC. 1997. No soldier or sailor, however, who faithfully served according to his enlistment until the 19th day of April, 1865, and who, without proper authority or leave first obtained, quit his command or refused to serve after that date, shall be held to be a deserter from the Army or Navy; but this section shall be construed solely as a removal of any disability such soldier or sailor may have incurred, under the preceding section, by the loss of citizenship and of the right to hold office, in consequence of his desertion.
870. SEC. 1998. Every person who hereafter deserts the military or naval service of the United States, or who, being duly enrolled, departs the jurisdiction of the district in which he is enrolled, or goes beyond the limits of the United States, with intent to avoid any draft into the military or naval service, lawfully ordered, shall be liable to all the penalties and forfeitures of section nineteen hundred and ninety-six.
871. SEC. 1999. Whereas the right of expatriation is a natural and inherent right of all people, indispensable to the enjoyment of the rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and whereas in the recogbition of this principle this Government has freely received emigrants from all nations, and invested them with the rights of citizenship; and whereas it is claimed that such American citizens, with their descendants, are subjects of foreign states, owing allegiance to the governments thereof; and whereas it is necessary to the maintenance of public peace
The act of March 2, 1889 (25 Stat.,869), as amended by act of March 2, 1891 (26 Stat., 104, authorizes the Secretary of War to remove the charge of desertion in certain specified cases.