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gible, durable, and so located that there will be no difficulty a seeing it.-S. 11115, 11749, 15248, 15250, 16156, 16238, 16257, $74, 16608.

Where the article was ordinarily stamped at the time of the Mssage of the act, the country of origin should be indicated #stamp thereon; if branded, the country should be indiated by brand thereon; or if labeled, the country should e indicated by label thereon; and if marked in any other kay, the country should be similarly shown.-S. 10832, 15279, 16371, 16147.

The requirement that the marking of the merchandise shall how the quantity of the contents is satisfied when the packges which contain such articles as are usually marked, tamped, branded, or labeled duly indicate the quantity of beir contents.-S. 15248, 15279. Each package must accordngly show the number of pieces contained in it and the reight thereof, gross and net.--S. 15248.

The marking of articles of cutlery should be of such a charketer that it can not be removed unless ground out on a grindstone; it should be quite as legible as the proprietary marks, and so located that there will be no difficulty in seeing it. The marking of bags should be made indelible, in order to void obliteration by moisture and handling.-S. 16147, 16187, 161980), 16238.

721. Champagnes, mineral waters, etc., in labeled bottles may be admitted if the outside packages are marked with the name of the country of origin.

The marking of the inside cartons and outside packages of small articles which can not themselves be readily marked will be sufficient.

Sheets of zinc, tin plate, and similar articles, which are not Usually stamped, except to indicate gauge, etc., may be admitted to entry if the packages are marked, stamped, etc. In the instance of filled imported bottles, the law will be complied with if one label thereon bears the name of th country of origin.

The country of origin, and not the locality of manufactur must be shown; and abbreviations which are sufficient definite may be accepted.

Fire brick and like articles imported in bulk need not 1 marked.

In the case of articles which are usually packed in cartoi or bands, it will suffice if the inside and outside packag are marked with the name of the country of origin.

Packages containing beer manufactured in Germany, German malt and Austrian hops, should be marked “Ge many," as indicating the country of origin of the article.

The law does not contemplate the marking of coverings! crude or other substances of a moist or deliquescent natur for example, certain kinds of sugar in mats, etc., where pe manent marking would be impracticable.

Articles usually imported in bulk, when secured togeth for convenience in handling, are not considered package requiring to be marked.

Books, newspapers, pamphlets, maps, charts, engraving sheet music, and other printed matter are not articles sui as are usually or ordinarily marked.”

Merchandise intended for immediate export or for trans through the United States to Mexico or Canada does n come within the purview of the laws as to marking, stam ing, branding, etc.

Men's, women's, and children's garments, except hosier and underwear, are not such articles as “ are usually ar ordinarily marked, stamped, branded, or labeled;" but ti packages, wrappers, cartons, or coverings containing su articles must be marked in accordance with law.

722. Convict-made merchandise. — The entry at any port of t1 United States of goods, wares, articles, and merchandi manufactured wholly or in part in any foreign country by onviet labor is prohibited; and consular officers are instructed to note on the collector's copy of an invoice of merchandise known or reasonably suspected to be the product of convict labor the fact of such production or the reasons for suspecting it, or to give the information to the collector in a separate communication.—Tariff of 1894, sec. 24; S. 12300.

Shippers who are known to employ convict labor or to handle convict-made merchandise may be required to make oath before a competent local official regarding the origin of their shipments, and the consul may refuse to certify any invoice covering merchandise suspected to be made by conriet labor until the exporter shall have made oath to the effect that no part thereof was manufactured wholly or partially by convict labor; provided that a copy of the rejected invoice shall be sent to the collector of customs at the port of intended entry in the United States, with a statement of the ronsul's reasons for rejecting it, if it was refused.-S. 11649, 11934, 14353.

LANDING CERTIFICATES.

723. Bonds given for the exportation of merchandise from the l’nited States to a foreign country are canceled on the presentation of a verified or authenticated landing certificate which shows that the merchandise has been delivered at its foreign destination. Exportations under bond may be made for the purpose of avoiding the actual payment of duty or of internal-revenue tax, or they may be made under the laws providing for the transportation of merchandise from one foreign country to another foreign country in transit through the l'nited States.

724. To cancel bonds given for payment of duty or of internalrevenue tax-All bonds given to cover the exportation of any merchandise from the United States, and on which any drawback of duties or allowance is payable by reason of such exportation, may be discharged by production within one year from the date thereof, if the exportation has been made to any port of Europe or America, or within two years it made to any port of Asia or Africa, of

1. A certificate (Form No. 150) under the hand of the con signee at the foreign port to whom the merchandise shall have been addressed, therein particularly setting forth and describing the articles so exported, their marks, numbers, de scription of packages, the number thereof, and their actual contents, and declaring that the same have been received by him from on board the vessel, specifying the names of the master and vessel from which they were so received; and where such merchandise is not consigned or addressed to any par ticular person at the foreign port to which the vessel is des tined or arrives, but where the master or other person on board such vessel is the consignee of such merchandise, a certificate from the person to whom such merchandise has been sold or delivered by such master or other person shall be produced, to the same effect as that required if the person receiving the same had been originally intended to be the consignee thereof.-R. S., sec. 3044. In cases of shipment of tobacco or snuff in bond under section 24 of the act of February 8, 1875, Form No. 183 should be followed. - 18 Stat. L., 312.

2. A certificate (Form No. 151) under the hand and seal of the consul or agent of the United States, residing at the place, declaring either that the facts stated in the certificate of such consignee, or other person, are to his knowledge true, or that such certificate is deserving of full faith and credit.R. S., sec. 3045.

3. The oath (Form No. 153) of the master and mate, if living, or, in case of their death, the oath of the two principal surviving officers of the vessel in which the exportation shall le made, confirming the certificates of the consignee and onsul.-R. S., sec. 3045.

4. Where there is no consul or agent of the United States esiding at the place of landing, the certificate of the conignee or other person hereinbefore required shall be conirmed by the certificate (Form No. 152) of two reputable Imerican merchants residing at the place, or if there are no uch American merchants, then by the certificate of two repitable foreign merchants, testifying that the several facts tated in such consignee's or other person's certificate are, to heir knowledge, just and true, or that such certificate is, in heir opinion, worthy of full faith and credit; and such cerificate shall also be supported by the oath of the master and nate or other principal officers of the vessel, in the manner Before prescribed. The oath of the master and mate or other principal officers hall, in all cases, when taken at a foreign port, be taken and ubscribed before the consul or consular agent of the United tates residing at such foreign port, if any such consul or gent reside thereat.—R. S., sec. 3045.

725. Where affidavit of master and mate not procurable.—In ases where it is impossible to obtain the affidavit of the maser and mate or the principal officers of the vessel in which he exportation has been made, the declaration of the con. ignees may be confirmed by a certificate (Form No. 154) rom the custom-house at the foreign port showing landing ind entry of the merchandise.-S. 14568.

In view of the difficulty often experienced in obtaining the lath of the master and mate to landing certificates covering Irticles exported from the United States by steamship lines, ollectors of customs are hereby authorized, in all cases of Tportation under internal-revenue laws, where the articles life exported by steam vessels belonging to or chartered by iny steamship line having an agent at the foreign port of

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