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For the free entry of any work of art, the production of an American artist residing temporarily abroad, it is requisite that the article shall be positively identified as such produc tion by means of the declaration (Form No. 155) of the pro ducer or of witnesses of such production, and such other evidence as may be needed to establish the facts to the satis faction of the collector of customs.—Cust. Reg. art. 352.

Paragraph 686 of the tariff act requires only that the article shall be a work of art produced by an American artist, or, il not so produced, that it shall be imported for one of the pur poses mentioned therein. As all paintings and all statuary which is the work of a professional sculptor are admitted free of duty under the present tariff act, the consular certificate of identification (Form No. 186) is not necessary for the works of American artists.-S. 11693, 15292, 15821, 16116 16341, 16712.


712. Articles the growth, produce, and manufacture of the United States, when returned after having been exported without having been advanced in value or improved in con dition by any process of manufacture or other means; casks barrels, carboys, bags, and other vessels of American manu facture exported filled with American products, or exported empty and returned filled with foreign products, including shooks when returned as barrels or boxes; also quicksilver flasks or bottles, of either domestic or foreign manufacture which have been actually exported from the United States are exempt from duty; but proof of the identity of such articles must be made under general regulations to be pre scribed by the Secretary of the Treasury.—Tariff of 1894

par. 387.

713. To guard against fraud and to insure identity, the Treasury regulations require, in addition to proof of exportalon, the production of a declaration (Form No. 129), made y the foreign exporter of the merchandise before the consul, of the fact that the merchandise was imported from the United itates and that it has not been advanced in value or improved n condition by any process of manufacture or other means. But if it be impracticable to produce such declaration at the ime of making entry, bond may be given for the production hereof.-S. 14653, 15063, 16794 (Paragraph 657).

714. Shooks of American manufacture.—Consular officers are required to keep a debit and credit account or record of shooks, taimed to be of American manufacture, imported into or exported from their districts, and to grant certificates (Form No. 131) under seal for such of the shooks as are covered by certificates under seal from customs officers in the United States, showing the merchandise to be of domestic manufacture exported for return as boxes or barrels.-Cust. Reg. 1892, art.

To the end that consuls may have the requisite information tupon which to base their certificates, collectors of customs have been instructed to forward, on the shipment of such shooks to foreign ports, declared to be intended for reimportation, to the proper consul, at the expense of the shippers, a certificate showing that such exportation has been made.Cust. Reg. 1892, art. 337.

Whenever a shipment of boxes or barrels is made from a bonsular district other than that into which the shooks were imported, the consul in the former district must require the production from the consul in the latter district of the required certificate of importation, and the latter will make the required record of exportation.

715. Orange and lemon boxes.—Thin wood, so called, comprising the sides, tops, and bottoms of orange and lemon boxes of

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the growth and manufacture of the United States, exporte as orange and lemon box shooks, may be reimported in con pleted form, filled with oranges and lemons, by the paymer of duty at one-half the rate imposed on similar boxes entirely foreign growth and manufacture.— Tariff of 189

par. 216.

The effect of this provision is to impose a duty of 15 p cent ad valorem on orange and lemon boxes made in pa (sides, tops, and bottoms, the ends being of foreign materia of thin wood of the growth and manufacture of the Unite States, and to exclude such boxes from the benefit of pari graph 387 of the tariff act, which, being generic in its term would otherwise entitle them to admission free of duty. 15563, 15674, 15850, 16009, 16473, 17004.

716. The regulations for the documentation of boxes an barrels made of American shooks (paragraph 714) are to applied as far as may be to orange and lemon boxes the side tops, and bottoms of which are made of thin wood of th growth and manufacture of the United States.

The affidavit of the foreign shipper (Form No. 130) may ! modified to agree with the facts in the shipment of boxes n wholly made of shooks the product of the United States, an the certificate of the consul may be modified to agree wit the facts of each case.

Thin wood exported for the purpose of being used in th construction of orange and lemon boxes is required to be sp cially designated in the outward manifest on exportatio from the United States as 'orange and lemon box shooks They must be entered in the consular record required by pa agraph 714 as “orange and lemon box shooks," and the ce tificate of the consul must show that the exportation back 1 the United States includes this class of shooks and no othe

717. Products of American fisheries.- Paragraph 568 of th

tariff act of 1894, provides for the admission free of duty of spermaceti, whale, and other fish oils of American fisheries, and all fish and other products of such fisheries.

Fish, oil, bone, pearl shells, and other products of Ameriean fisheries brought into the United States from foreign places in a vessel other than the one by which the same were taken will be admitted to free entry as if brought in the original fishing vessel on the production to the collector of customs at the port of importation by the master of the importing vessel of a manifest of said articles (Form No. 157) duly subscribed and sworn to by the master of the fishing Vessel by which said articles were taken, and certified by the consular officer of the United States at the foreign port where they were transshipped; or, if there be no such officer at the place, it must be certified by two respectable resident merchants that the facts set forth in the manifest are just and true, and that there is no consular officer of the United States at the place. (Form No. 158.) S. 10358, 10362, 10391, 10438,

16750, 11300, 11604, 11680, 11709, 11846, 12622, 12623, 136 13, 13514, 15479, 15662, 15679, 15735, 16721.

718. Product of American fisheries in the Pacific.-Articles which are the product of American fisheries in the Pacific may be Landed from the fishing vessel at Panama and transported across the Isthmus of Panama, and shipped to a port of the United States, on the Atlantic or Gulf of Mexico, and be admitted to free entry on due compliance with these regulations.

The consul of the United States at Panama, or the revenue inspector, will examine the packages and compare them with the manifest, and certify thereon the result under his hand and official seal, stating in his certificate that the articles so manifested were placed, under his inspection, on the cars or other vehicles for transportation to the port or place of shipment on the Atlantic side.

On arrival of the articles at the Atlantic terminus of ti route, the manifest aforesaid must be presented to the cons of the United States at Colon, or to the revenue inspecto who will certify thereon to the due shipment of same und his inspection.

719. Marks of country of origin.-All articles of foreign mai ufacture, such as are usually or ordinarily marked, stampe branded, or labeled, and all packages containing such other imported articles, are required to be plainly market stamped, branded, or labeled in legible English words befo importation, so as to indicate the country of their origin an the quantity of their contents; and until so marked, stampe branded, or labeled they will not be delivered to the importe Should any article of imported merchandise be marked stamped, branded, or labeled so as to indicate a quantity number, or measurement in excess of or less than the qual tity, number, or measurement actually contained in such art cle, no delivery of the same will be made to the importer unt the mark, stamp, brand, or label has been changed so as conform to the facts of the case.Tariff of 1894, sec. 5. Th provision applies to merchandise of foreign manufacture only and not to merchandise produced otherwise than by a man facturing process.-S. 15441, 15484. Its application is als limited to such articles of foreign manufacture as are usuall or originally marked, stamped, branded, or labeled; but a packages, outer and inner, containing such imported me chandise, whether dutiable or free, and whether imported fe sale or for the importer's own use, must be marked, stamped branded, or labeled as the statute directs.-S. 16402.

720. The indication of the country of origin need not ne essarily be restricted to the declaration of the name of suc country, but may be accepted under whatever form, provide the merchandise contains unmistakable evidence of its origin without misleading marks or signs. The marking should b

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