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Relations. The attention of consular officers is called to the introductory "Review of the world's commerce,” which ac companies Commercial Relations for 1894 and 1895, as indi cating the scope and character which it is intended thes annual reports should take, the main object being to presen a comprehensive summary of the actual status of the country or consular district, commercially and industrially, at the time of preparation of the report, and especially the progres or retrogression during the year. Hitherto there has been no fixed date for issuing Commercial Relations. Hereafteri will be compiled for publication by the 1st of December o every year in order that it may be transmitted to Congres upon the assembling of that body. To enable the Departmen to properly edit and prepare the matter for the printer, con sular officers are required to transmit their annual reports 14 the Department not later than August 1. If official statistic for the calendar or fiscal year be not available in time, they will obtain all information possible (stating its sources) as ti the commercial and industrial history of the country or con sular district for the period under review, with the object o setting forth its existing trade wants, its advances in indus try and commerce, and any changes in its commercial rela tions with particular countries or the world at large. Con sular officers should aim to make the trade picture of each country as complete and as accurate as possible, so tha the producers, manufacturers, and shippers of the United States may be fully informed as to existing conditions-th hindrances as well as the probable openings to the extension of their sales and the volume of business in different lines o trade.

593. Annual returns.—At the end of each year (calendar o fiscal) returns upon forms supplied by the Department o State must be prepared and forwarded promptly. (Para graph 586.)

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594. Foreign weights, measures, and currencies.—In all reports foreign weights, measures, and currencies must be accompanied by their equivalents in those of the United States. — 29 Stat. L., 38. All tabular statements should be accurately

Consular officers are requested to pay special attention to this feature of their work in the preparation of reports for publication, as by doing so they will obviate delay, unnecessary labor, and possible misinterpretation in the compilation of matter for the printer.

595. Expenses must be authorized.-Any expense to be intarred in the preparation of reports must be first submitted to the Department of State, the amount estimated at least approximately, and the purpose for which the sum is to be expended stated. While the Department will construe liberally such applications, and will assist in every way the fforts of consular officers to obtain early and accurate information on matters of interest, no charges of this nature will be audited unless they have been expressly authorized.

596. Samples of seeds, plants, manufactures, etc.—Consular offipers are requested to send to the Department of State any Samples of seeds or plants which might be propagated to advantage in the l'nited States, or of manufactures, mechanica' appliances, etc., which are of practical value to our industries as suggesting new lines or processes of production or the partieular kinds of goods for which there is a profitable demand in their districts, provided that such samples can be obtained without cost to the Department. The samples thus sent will le transmitted to the proper Department or Bureau, or filed for public inspection in the Department of State.

597. Brevity desirable.--In the preparation of reports for publication consular officers should bear in mind that the appropriation for this purpose is limited, and that consequently only a certain quantity of matter can be printed in any given year. In order, therefore, to prevent an undue accumulation, and to enable the Department of State to pri the reports within a reasonable time, they should be confine as closely as possible to succinct statements of facts, wil 'careful avoidance of superfluous or irrelevant matter. consular officers are careful to observe this rule, they wi materially aid the Department in its work of compilation ar publication, and will greatly facilitate the prompt printi of their reports.

598. Political or personal reflections to be avoided. — The pr visions of paragraphs 435 and 436 of these Regulations, as avoiding all unnecessary reflections upon the character conduct of individuals or governments, are particularly app! cable to reports intended for publication.

599. Discrimination by foreign countries against products of ti United States. — The act of August 30, 1890, provides that whe the President shall be satisfied that unjust discrimination are made by or under the authority of any foreign stal against the importation to or sale in such foreign state of an product of the United States, he may direct that such prou ucts of such foreign state so discriminating against an product of the United States as he may deem proper shall 1 excluded from importation to the United States; and in su case he shall make proclamation of his direction in the prei ises, and therein name the time when 'such direction again importation shall take effect, and after such date the imp tation of the articles named in such proclamation shall unlawful. The President may at any time revoke, modit terminate, or renew any such direction as, in his opinion, t public interest may require. –26 Stat., 415, sec, 5.

Consular officers are instructed to report to the Secrets of State all instances occurring in their respective districts discrimination against the importation or sale therein of pr ucts of the United States, furnishing, when practicable,

rent and a translation of the law or regulation by means of shich the discrimination is effected.

REPORTS FOR THE USE OF THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT.

600. Prices current.-Every consular officer shall furnish to the Secretary of the Treasury, as often as shall be required, the prices current of all articles of merchandise usually exported to the United States from the port or place in which he

situated.-R. S., sec. 1713; 25 Stat. L., 186. (Paragraph

601. Rates of exchange.-Consular officers will report monthly to the Treasury Department the rates of exchange prevailing between the ports or places at which they reside and the following places: London, Paris, Amsterdam, and Hamburg; also New York and other principal ports in the United States; and they will keep the Department of State regularly and fully advised of the course and progress of trade from the several orts of their consulates to the United States. REPORTS FOR THE USE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 602. Consuls and commercial agents of the United States in oreign countries shall procure and transmit to the Departnent of State, for the use of the Department of Agriculture, monthly reports relative to the character, condition, and proseetive yields of the agricultural and horticultural industries and other fruiteries of the country in which they are respectvely stationed; and the Secretary of Agriculture is required and directed to embody the information thus obtained, or o much thereof as he may deem material and important,

his monthly bulletin of crop reports.-R. S., sec. 1712; 5 Stat. L., 186.

603. Every consular officer shall also furnish to the Secreary of the Treasury, at least once in twelve months, the

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accumulation, and to enable the Department of State the reports within a reasonable time, they should be *** as closely as possible to succinct statements of fai careful avoidance of superfluous or irrelevant ma consular officers are careful to observe this rule, 11 materially aid the Department in its work of compila publication, and will greatly facilitate the prompt of their reports.

598. Political or personal reflections to be avoided. visions of paragraphs 435 and 436 of these Regulat avoiding all unnecessary reflections upon the ch conduct of individuals or governments, are particul cable to reports intended for publication.

599. Discrimination by foreign countries against pro United States. The act of August 30, 1890, provide: the President shall be satisfied that unjust disc are made by or under the authority of any ft against the importation to or sale in such foreign : product of the United States, he may direct that ucts of such foreign state so discriminating: product of the United States as he may deem pro excluded from importation to the United States; case he shall make proclamation of his direction ises, and therein name the time when 'such dire importation shall take effect, and after such da tation of the articles named in such proclama unlawful. The President may at any time rey terminate, or renew any such direction as, in his public interest may require. —26 Stat., 415, sec.

Consular officers are instructed to report to of State all instances occurring in their respecti discrimination against the importation or sale th: ucts of the United States, furnishing, when pre

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