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by consular officers to reduce to the currency of the United States the standard money of each foreign nation in transactions within its own jurisdiction involving such standard money.--28 Stat. L., 552. (Paragraph 528.)
When the money which is in use in a foreign country is not the standard money of the country, or if it be a currency depreciated from the standard currency, the reduction to Federal money must be made at the rate of the commercial value of said money at the time and place of the transaction. (See paragraph 541 as to the nature of the evidence required in such cases.)
SUMMARY OF RETURNS AND ACCOUNTS.
586. To the Secretary of State.—The following returns and
accounts are to be transmitted by consular officers to the Department of State:
Digest of invoice book...
Form No. 117 Form No.12 Form No. 151 Form NO. 131 Form No. 121 Forin No. 121
List of persons to whom protection has been given ir
non-Christian countries (paragraph 173). Report on estates of deceased citizens (paragraph 650) -
Names of persons employed at the consulate.
Form No. 12
Contingent expenses, United States consulates.
Form No. 90 Accounts of clerks at consulates..
Form No. 165 Salaries, marshals for consular courts
Form No. 165 Salaries, interpreters to consulates in China and Japan.. Form No. 165 Expenses of interpreters and guards in Turkish dominions
Form No. 165 Expenses of prisons for American convicts.
Form No. 165 Fees and expenditures of marshals at consular courts... Form No. 137
587. To the Auditor.— The following returns and accounts are to be transmitted by the consular officers to the Auditor for the State and other Departments:
Return of seamen who have come upon the consulate
otherwise than in the employment of vessels or by regular discharge therefrom
Form No. 126 Record of Treasury fees, with oath.
Form No. 101 or 102 Detailed list of seamen discharged, shipped, deserted, and deceased
Form No. 124 Detailed report of official services to American vessels and seamen, with oath.
Form No. 168 Summary of consular business.
Form No. 103 Certificate as to absence..
Form No. 113 Statement of official services of unsalaried officer to American vessels or seamen..
Form No. 167
Relief and protection of American seamen, with vouch
Form No. 94 Salaries, consular service, with vouchers.
Forms Nos. 106,
108, 112, and 116 Pay for services to American vessels and seamen, with vouchers.....
Form No. 169 Salaries, consular clerks.
Form No. 165 Loss by exchange, consular service, with vouchers. Forms Nos. 92 and 93
INDORSEMENT OF ACCOUNTS AND RETURNS.
588. Indorsement and folding of returns and accounts.-In render ing returns and accounts which, under the Regulation: (paragraph 587), are to be transmitted directly to the Auditor for the State and other Departments, consular officer are instructed that each quarterly return and account should be folded into folds as nearly 34 inches wide as possible, and should be indorsed on the upper or first outside fold with consulate, name, and title of officer, the quarter for which the document is rendered, and synopsis of the contents, a space of 1 inch being left blank at the top of the fold, thus:
Form No. 112.
Quarter ending September 30, 189-.
Account current for salary and
The same form should be observed in rendering accounts for “contingent expenses,” “clerk hire," and other expenses which are transmitted to the Department of State and sent to the Auditor for the State and other Departments.
Dispatches transmitting returns and accounts, or any letter addressed to accounting officers, should also be indorsed on
the first fold with place, date, name, and title of writer, and number of inclosure, thus:
October 1, 189-.
E. A. MERRITT,
Returns and accounts
Number of inclosures,
One letter of transmission with accounts and returns is ordinarily sufficient when they are forwarded together to one address, but any explanation respecting relief of seamen, certified invoices, or matters other than that which relates to the fee and salary account, should form a separate dispatch and be properly indorsed. The titles of inclosures and the form numbers should be given at the foot of the dispatch, and how many of each form are inclosed. Communications on letter paper should be folded in three folds, and those on cap paper in four folds. Note paper should never be used.
The above instructions, it must be distinctly understood, apply only to correspondence and accounts and returns to be transmitted to the Treasury Department. Dispatches covering accounts and returns for the Department of State must be prepared in accordance with instructions contained in paragraphs 117 and120.
CONSULAR REPORTS. 589. Subjects of consular reports.-Consular officers are expected to prepare, from time to time, reports upon the industrial and commercial interests of their districts for publication in the monthly and special Consular Reports and the annual volume, Commercial Relations. Among the subjects which should specially engage their attention are:
1. Condition of foreign commerce and internal trade, manufactures, mechanical industries, agriculture, etc., especially,
(a) Statistics of exports and imports; of shipping, and of revenue and expenditure of the country; amount of public debts, national and local; rates of taxation, character of taxable basis, how taxation is levied and collected, amount of taxation per capita, etc.; character of government currency and the standard of value; actual value in exchange, and also as measured by the dollar of the United States; changes in purchasing power of the currency; banking-new systems, especially of savings banks and of banks or associations for lending money to agriculturists, mechanics, and factory operatives; public loans and other matters of finance affecting the industry or commerce of the country; commercial creditsrates and periods usually granted to foreign purchasers, and those expected from foreign shippers; trade usages and peculiarities; special demands of consumers as to kind and quality of goods or supplies already in use or capable of being introduced among them, with suggestions as to the best and most economical styles of packing to conform to local requirements of sale and transportation.
(6) Improvement of old and development of new industries, including inventions or discoveries, and the results obtained from the practical application of them.
(c) Introduction of inventions made in the l'nited States