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in charge of the post. There is no provision of law for appointment by the consular officer of a substitute to perform the duties of the absent interpreter or marshal and receive his salary.-Bowler's 1st Comp. Dec., 168; 2 Comp. Dec., 455.
MAXIMUM TIME OF TRANSIT.
477. Not to be exceeded. The Secretary of State is authorized to establish, determine, and make public the maximum amount of time actually necessary to make the transit between each consular post and the city of Washington, and vice versa, and from time to time revise his decision in this respect; and the allowance for time actually and necessarily occupied by each consular officer who may be entitled to such allowance shall in no case exceed that for the time thus established and determined, with the addition of the time usually occupied by the shortest and most direct mode of conveyance from Washington to the place of residence in the United States of such officer.—18 Stat. L., 70, sec. 4.
478. Maximum transit periods established.—The following is established, determined, and made public as the maximum amount of time actually necessary to make the transit between each consular post in the countries named and the city of Washington, going or coming: Argentine Republic, forty-five days. Austria-Hungary, thirty days. Belgium, twenty days. Brazil, forty days. Chile, forty-five days. China (except Chung-King), fifty days.
Chung-King, ninety days.
Barranquilla, sixteen days.
Costa Rica, thirty days.
St. Thomas, fifteen days.
Algeria, thirty days.
St. Pierre, twenty days.
Aden, forty days.
Island, Victoria, and Winnipeg), three days.
Great Britain and Ireland Continued.
Nova Scotia, six days.
Winnipeg, fifteen days.
Acapulco, twenty-five days.
Veracruz, fifteen days.
Batavia, Java, sixty days. Nicaragua, thirty days. Paraguay, forty-five days. Persia, sixty-five days.
Peru, forty days.
Fayal and Funchal, thirty days.
Santiago (C. V. I.), forty days.
Baracoa, fifteen days.
Santiago de Cuba, twelve days.
Erzerum and Harpoot, seventy-five days.
INSPECTION OF PRIVATE PAPERS FILED IN CONSULATE.
479. Many papers filed as of record in the consular offices are of a private, and not of a public, nature. The rules regulating the inspection of the two classes of papers are widely different. Inspection of a private paper may be granted to a party who has an interest therein in such cases as will not involve impertinent investigations and in which the consul is satisfied that no illegitimate object is intended, and where the inquiry is not forbidden by the public interests; but such paper must be specifically designated in the application for inspection, adopting in such cases, as nearly as practicable, the rule laid down by the courts in respect to the inspection of telegraphic dispatches; nor will the Department of State permit copies to be taken by the parties inspecting such papers. If copies are required, they must be taken by the consular officer and duly certified by him.
EXAMINATION OF TITLES AND OTHER UNOFFICIAL SERVICES.
480. Consular officers are frequently asked by their countrymen at home to examine titles, or do other services for them in a foreign land. It is sometimes even assumed that the parties making the requests have a right to such services. Consular officers will treat all such requests courteously, and if they are unable to comply with them, will state the reasons clearly but unoffensively. They are at liberty to do such work for their countrymen for a private compensation, if it does not interfere with the performance of their official duties. If it does so interfere, they must refuse it.—31 Fed. Rep., 697; 33 Id., 572.
481. Rule as to compensation, contract therefor.—The general rule in regard to unofficial services, as distinct from official and from notarial services, is that a consular officer is entitled to charge the same compensation as is charged for similar services in the same locality by other competent persons. In ordinary cases the amount is determined by the agreement of the parties; and a consular officer should, if practicable, have a clear understanding with his correspondont respecting the cost of an unofficial service before he performs it, and also with regard to the time and manner of payment. In some cases, also, it is believed that it would be a hardship to make the maximum charge, as where the