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in charge of the post. There is no provision of law for appointment by the consular officer of a substitute to perform the duties of the absent interpreter or marshal and receive his salary.-Bowler's 1st Comp. Dec., 168; 2 Comp. Dec., 455.

MAXIMUM TIME OF TRANSIT.

477. Not to be exceeded. The Secretary of State is authorized to establish, determine, and make public the maximum amount of time actually necessary to make the transit between each consular post and the city of Washington, and vice versa, and from time to time revise his decision in this respect; and the allowance for time actually and necessarily occupied by each consular officer who may be entitled to such allowance shall in no case exceed that for the time thus established and determined, with the addition of the time usually occupied by the shortest and most direct mode of conveyance from Washington to the place of residence in the United States of such officer.18 Stat. L., 70, sec. 4.

478. Maximum transit periods established.—The following is established, determined, and made public as the maximum amount of time actually necessary to make the transit between each consular post in the countries named and the city of Washington, going or coming: Argentine Republic, forty-five days. Austria-Hungary, thirty days. Belgium, twenty days. Brazil, forty days. Chile, forty-five days. China (except Chung-King), fifty days.

Chung-King, ninety days.
Colombia:

Barranquilla, sixteen days.
Bogota, thirty-five days.
Colon, sixteen days.
Panama, sixteen days.

Costa Rica, thirty days.
Denmark, twenty-five days.

St. Thomas, fifteen days.
Ecuador, forty-five days.
Egypt, thirty-five days.
France, twenty days.
French possessions:

Algeria, thirty days.
Gaboon, fifty days.
Guadeloupe, thirty days.
Martinique, twenty-five days.
Tahiti, seventy days.
Tunis, thirty days.

St. Pierre, twenty days.
Germany, twenty-five days.
Great Britain and Ireland, twenty days.
British possessions:

Aden, forty days.
Antigua, thirty days.
Australia, fifty days.
Barbados, twenty days.
Bermuda, ten days.
Bombay, sixty days.
Calcutta, sixty days.
Canada (except Gaspé Basin, New Brunswick, Prince Edward

Island, Victoria, and Winnipeg), three days.
Cape Town, fifty-five days.
Ceylon, fifty days.
Demerara, forty days.
Falkland Islands, seventy days.
Fiji Islands, seventy days.
Gaspé Basin, six days.
Gibraltar, twenty-five days.
Hongkong, fifty days
Kingston, Jamaica, twenty days.
Malta, thirty days.
Mauritius, ninety days.
Nassau, fifteen days.
New Brunswick, six days.
New Zealand, fifty days.

Great Britain and Ireland Continued.
British possessions—Continued.

Nova Scotia, six days.
Prince Edward Island, six days.
St. Helena, seventy-five days.
Sierra Leone, fifty days.
Singapore, sixty days.
Turks Island, twenty days.
Victoria, twenty-five days.

Winnipeg, fifteen days.
Greece, thirty-five days.
Guatemala, thirty days.
Haiti, fifteen days.
Hawaiian Islands, thirty-five days.
Honduras, thirty days.
Italy, thirty days.
Japan, forty days.
Kongo State, fifty days.
Korea, sixty days.
Liberia, forty days.
Madagascar, seventy days.
Maskat, sixty days.
Mexico:

Acapulco, twenty-five days.
Durango, fifteen days.
Guaymas, twenty-five days.
Matamoros, twelve days.
Merida, twenty days.
Mexico City, eighteen days.
Nogales, fifteen days.
Nuevo Laredo, twelve days.
Paso del Norte, twelve days.
Piedras Negras, twelve days.
Tampico, twenty days.

Veracruz, fifteen days.
Netherlands, twenty days.

Batavia, Java, sixty days. Nicaragua, thirty days. Paraguay, forty-five days. Persia, sixty-five days.

Peru, forty days.
Portugal, thirty days.
Portuguese posessions:

Fayal and Funchal, thirty days.
Mozambique, sixty days.

Santiago (C. V. I.), forty days.
Russia, thirty days.
Salvador, thirty days.
Samoa, seventy days.
Santo Domingo, fifteen days.
Siam, sixty days.
Spain, twenty-five days.
Spanish possessions:

Baracoa, fifteen days.
Cardenas, ten days.
Cienfuegos, twelve days.
Habana, ten days.
Manila, sixty days.
Matanzas, ten days.
Puerto Rico, twenty days.
Sagua la Grande, twelve days.

Santiago de Cuba, twelve days.
Sweden and Norway, twenty-five days.
Switzerland, twenty-five days.
Tangier (Morocco), thirty-five days.
Turkey (except Erzerum and Harpoot), forty days.

Erzerum and Harpoot, seventy-five days.
Uruguay, forty-five days.
Venezuela, twenty-five days.
Zanzibar, sixty days.

INSPECTION OF PRIVATE PAPERS FILED IN CONSULATE.

479. Many papers filed as of record in the consular offices are of a private, and not of a public, nature. The rules regulating the inspection of the two classes of papers are widely different. Inspection of a private paper may be granted to a party who has an interest therein in such cases as will not involve impertinent investigations and in which the consul is satisfied that no illegitimate object is intended, and where the inquiry is not forbidden by the public interests; but such paper must be specifically designated in the application for inspection, adopting in such cases, as nearly as practicable, the rule laid down by the courts in respect to the inspection of telegraphic dispatches; nor will the Department of State permit copies to be taken by the parties inspecting such papers. If copies are required, they must be taken by the consular officer and duly certified by him.

EXAMINATION OF TITLES AND OTHER UNOFFICIAL SERVICES.

480. Consular officers are frequently asked by their countrymen at home to examine titles, or do other services for them in a foreign land. It is sometimes even assumed that the parties making the requests have a right to such services. Consular officers will treat all such requests courteously, and if they are unable to comply with them, will state the reasons clearly but unoffensively. They are at liberty to do such work for their countrymen for a private compensation, if it does not interfere with the performance of their official duties. If it does so interfere, they must refuse it.—31 Fed. Rep., 697; 33 Id., 572.

481. Rule as to compensation, contract therefor.—The general rule in regard to unofficial services, as distinct from official and from notarial services, is that a consular officer is entitled to charge the same compensation as is charged for similar services in the same locality by other competent persons. In ordinary cases the amount is determined by the agreement of the parties; and a consular officer should, if practicable, have a clear understanding with his correspondont respecting the cost of an unofficial service before he performs it, and also with regard to the time and manner of payment. In some cases, also, it is believed that it would be a hardship to make the maximum charge, as where the

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