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We Advocate the Establishment of a Juvenile Court Law for Every State in the Union.
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Homeless Children. Homeless, friendless, helpless children,
Give Thy pastors Thine own pity; Needing most a mother's care,
Grant Thy people Thine own love. Jesus, look upon with pity!
For the homeless child of sorrow Let them in Thy blessing share.
Find a home now-then above. Cradled in a manger lowly,
Give thy mite, give golden treasure Homeless all Thine earthly way,
Freely as to child thine own; Savior art Thou of the homeless
Give thy heart in loving measure, Help the homeless child, I pray.
Help a child to find a home.
An elegant new building, with all the late ideas in architecture, has just been taken possession of by the Bay City (Mich.) Children's Home association.
Employers of Nebraska have been warned anew that the statutes require every child under fourteen years to attend school twenty weeks each year.
California promises to get into the line of progression in the matter of treatment of juvenile offenders and dependents, by the adoption of a juvenile court law.
The King Daughters of North Carolina in convention at Raleigh this month appointed a committee to investigate and devise a plan for securing a state reformatory.
The Illinois Humane Society is advocating a law making wife and child desertion a felony. Under such a statute a deserting father or mother could be brought back to Illinois for trial.
The social science department of the Colorado Springs Woman's Club is working for the inauguration of manual training as a regular course in the schools of that city and throughout the state.
W. Robert Hunter, for six years organizing secretary of the Chicago Bureau of Charities, has resigned to accept the position of head resident at the University settlement, New York city.
Articles of incorporation for the Grace M. Allen Industrial school for colored children have been filed in Iowa. The school will be at Burlington and the trustees and officers have been elected.
Mrs. Margaret Deland of Boston, the author, through each winter cares for beautiful beds of jonguils and hyacinths which every February she sells for high prices and devotes the income to charity.
The initiative in the matter has been taken by the civic section of the Califoruia Club, and members of the Merchants' Associasion and Associated Charities. The work of enlisting influence favorable to the bill has begun in Oakland, Stockton, Santa Barbara and other cities, and rural districts, by charitable organiza
tions, women's clubs and others. No opposition to the measure is expected.
A valuable collection of cameos was given the Chicago Bureau of Associated Charities this month. The donor refused to give his name. The stones ranged from $5 to $35 in value and were immediately placed on sale.
Fifteen $1,000 bonds of the Jennie Clarkson Home for Children of New York are missing. They were a part of the $350,000 endowment from the estate of W. R. Clarkson, of which the school has received only $30,000.
A chapter of orphans from the Oxford Orphan Asylum started on a concert tour this month. Their object is to bring the public into closer touch with the Masonic Children's Home and incidentally secure funds for its 250 inmates.
At two local conferences of Lincoln (Neb.) charity workers it was decided to secure an extension of the functions of the State Home for the Friendless by legislative enactment, and a committee was appointed to draft a bill for the establishment of a special court for juvenile offenders.
A lad who ran away from St. Ann's Orphanage at Salt Lake City a few days ago is now without a home. He declared that he left the institution because he was spanked. The authorities now refuse to receive him back, asserting that he has maligned them, and his mother cannot care for him, as she is too poor.
Dannie Rosendecker, a 12-year-old boy of Toledo, O., was given the maximum sentence of 20 years in the penitentiary for killing a companion, last month. The boy cried for his mother while being taken to jail. Criminologist experts say the boy is a degenerate and it is said that two of his relatives have served terms for murder.
The members of the Social Economics Club of Chicago has decided to agitate for equal suffrage as the only method by which the child labor problem can be settled. They will enter actively into the campaign for state university trustees, where women are allowed to vote and preliminary to this have organized a study course on the Illinois statutes relating to women.
The Omaha News advocates that a juvenile court be established much need of reformatories as Catholics or Protestants, and in that city. The subject was raised by an inquiry of a Detroit said: “We have been fighting for twenty years against our own lawyer to Judge Berka regarding "Omaha's advanced methods of pride and prejudice. At last we have awakened to a full sense of handling, juvenile criminals.” The Omaha people consider it our responsibility, and it is high time we did so. To-day, out of humiliating that the judge was compelled to reply that their 900 inmates in the House of Refuge, there are 232 Jewish children, methods were not "advanced.”
in the Juvenile Asylum 223 out of 800 and in the Five Points
mission 33. These numbers appalling in their proportions, are Domestic science to be taught the refractory girls who are steadily on the increase.” sent to the Industrial School at Beloit, Kan. The State Board of Charities decided that a girl who knows how to wash dishes, The members of the Hull House Woman's Club, Chicago, have sweep and keep a house in order is worth a dozen society buds censored the field of juvenile fiction. Thev hold that the everywho can not sew on a button that comes off their dresses, and day life of the street urchin and ghetto youth is sufficiently installed a competent teacher in this department of the school. strenuous without reading romantic stories of adventure. Dime
novels, nickel libraries, Jules Verne's tales, Kipling's stories and Several Ohio charitable institutions are being severely criticized. similar stimulating fiction are condemned. Louisa M. Alcott's The Girls' Industrial School at Delaware is being investigated works, “Alice in Wonderland, “Gulliver's Travels" (expurgated), on account of the death of an inmate and recently J. W. Nichols, the average Sunday school book and newspapers, with stories of the Dayton humane officer, took a child from the Children's murders, fires, runaways, etc., cut out;
are held to be proper Home of that city, charging that it was being neglected. He mental food for either a "Little Lord Fauntleroy" or a gamin made serious charges against the institution, which must be in who shouts "double extrey” on the streets. vestigated.
W. D. Parker, Wisconsin state inspector for schools for the Judge Sloss of San Francisco is drafting a bill to present at deaf, says that there are between 200 and 300 minor deaf and the next session of the legislature at Sacramento. The bill, it is dumb and blind children in that state who do not receive apsaid, will be closely modeled after the Illinois law and will be
propriate instruction. In order to get the names and residences presented to the Attorney General, prior to its introduction in the of these unfortunates he has just sent a letter to county and city legislature, in order to guard against the possibility of any con superintendents of schools soliciting their assistance. The eight flicts with the constitution of California, or the embodiment of state day schools for defective children have an attendance of any features unsuitable to California conditions.
160, while the school for the deaf at Delavan has 220 and that for
the blind at Janesville 120. Mrs. Florence Kelley, secretary of the National Consumers' League, while lecturing on child labor before the Ladies' Lit
Fifteen southern Illinois counties have put Judge Tuthill's erary Club of Salt Lake City, said: "While holding the office of ideas of taking care of unfortunates into practical use, and as inspector in Illinois I found that almost any kind of law could
a result over 5,000 children within the last few years have been be passed regulating child labor in the factories, but none of them placed under the roofs of some of the best families of the state, could be enforced. When an inspector insisted upon the observ any many of them have become useful young men and women. ance of the regulations a resignation was invariably requested, The Illinois Children's Home and Aid Association has charge of and some one else appointed.”
the work and is supported entirely by voluntary contributions.
At all of the leading hotels in the territory of the association Four little girls, aged 6, 9, 15 and 16 years, two of them crip are glass globes for contributions. In each community of each ples, are named as the sole beneficiaries of the will of Daniel
county the association has a local board, whose business it is to Conklin, for many years village postmaster at Buchanan-on-the
receive calls for help. A great deal of help has been provided in Hudson, N. Y. His will, just probated, gives them the district
the matter of furnishing the receiving home with provisions, and schoolhouse, which he owned, his grocery store and all his money. much of this comes from the fortunate children in prosperous The old man left a brother, seven nieces, twelve nephews and homes. The children contribute single apples and potatoes, for proportionate number of grandchildren, but cut them all off in
instance, that when measured up run into many bushels. favor of the four little girls who used to play around his country store and postoffice.
The startling statement comes from New Jersey that nearly
6,000 children of school age in that state are not in school. The Judge Newburger of New York discharged a friendless pris
greater part of them are at work in factories in defiance of a oner, contributed $10 towards a purse of $25 for him and deliv
stringent labor law. Governor Murphy says that in his own 25 ered the following scathing criticism on missionary societies last
years' experience as an employer he never once saw a factory week: “I do not see a missionary in court to-day, although I
inspector in his factory. The Governor asserts that some of the notified them. I want to say that these missionaries and aid
factories have small children employed, and it is established society representatives are never around to help a man in actual
beyond question that these children of 6 and 7 years are driven want. Usually they are around in cases where the prisoners have
to work seventeen and eighteen hours a day for two or three retained expensive counsel.”
cents an hour. Whenever the officials of any society come to
investigate they are entertained in the front office until the chilT. D. Hurley, who for many years has been actively engaged dren can be hustled out to play. When the inspectors are gone in juvenile charity work, last month resigned the office of chief the children are driven back to work, and their pay docked for the probation officer of the Cook County Juvenile Court, which he hour or two of lost time. It is gratifying to know that the has held since the court was organized. The resignation was on Governor of New Jersey declared he is going to enter on the account of his appointment as a city police magistrate by Gov rigid enforcement of the law, and put a stop to child labor in ernor Yates. He will continue his work in juvenile charities, re the state. taining the offices of president of the Illinois Conference of Charities and Corrections and of the Visitation and Aid Society Insolvency Judge Callaghan of Cleveland, O., has been visiting and editor of the Juvenile Record.
the Chicago Juvenile Court preparatory to establishing such a
court in his city. The Cleveland Leader says in regard to his As a result of trouble among the trustees of the Los Angeles investigation: “The new Juvenile Court in this county will be Boys' and Girls' Society for Homeless Children, situated at South under the jurisdiction of the Insolvency Court. Nearly all of Pasadena, there may be another children's home in Pasadena. the larger cities in this country already have juvenile courts. The Pasadena members assert that the Los Angeles members The Chicago court is the most notable one in the country and have usurped control of the board. Mrs. F. F. Rowland, a Pasa has had the longest experience in dealing with the youth who dena former member, and wife of the Pasadena health officer, are so unfortunate as to be without other care. That court is says that the hygienic regulations in the home are deplorable, presided over by Judge Tuthill, and he has had to deal with only nine combs being used on the fifty heads of the inmates, almost every phase of the juvenile question. Judge Callaghan instead of each child having an individual comb.
will spend two or three days at Judge Tuthill's court in examining
its methods. In addition to this, Judge Callaghan is now making Two women traveling in the guise of philanthropists—Miss other preparations for the opening of the court here next June. Lizzie Murphy of Duluth, Minn., and Miss Alvina L. Walters of He has already received samples of the blanks and other forms Alma, Wis.-soliciting funds for the Baker Orphanage, an alleged used in the Chicago court and is preparing to have his stationery child-saving institution at 4544 London road, Duluth, have ex printed. The matter that is bothering Judge Callaghan most is perienced considerable trouble in Wisconsin and Minnesota. After
the appointment of the probationary officers." being arrested as swindlers, the Duluth chief of police notified other chiefs through the state that the “Baker Orphanage is a
Excursions to Boston Via the Wabash Line. fraud." It is said that the institution does actually care for at least three children, but that it collects funds for many more and The Wabash will sell tickets from Chicago to Boston and return refuses to permit its books to be examined.
June 12, 13 and 14 at very low rates. Tickets will be good going
via Niagara Falls and Hoosac Tunnel route, via Montreal or via The Rev. Dr. M. H. Harris of the Temple Israel congregation, New York and rail or boat lines. Final return limit July 31. For New York City, in announcing that a charter had been taken out rates, time cards and full information write F. A. Palmer, for a Jewish Juvenile Asylum, declared that the Jews had as A. G. P. A., 97 Adams-st., Chicago.
NOTES FROM THE NEW YORK
By the time these words are in type New York City will is easily imagined. To hear the judge say to a young woman probably have a Juvenile Court in operation. The law as passed who had been found intoxicated and whose head dropped in shame but enacted that the court should come into being on January 1. at her disgrace, “You will be a tank—a beer tank-in less than This was not carried out, the pretext being that the room placed
was enough to make a man blush-or swear. Yet at the service of the court was inadequate and that there was these were addressed only to a couple of prisoners and doubtless no money for changes. Meantimu, however, a bill had been intro during the morning further sentiments of equal refinement would duced into the Senate (January 7, 1902) by Mr. Elsberg, pro be expressed. Our hearts were cheered, when, later that day, viding that "within twenty days after this act takes effect the another court in another section of the city was visited and a mayor shall appoint one additional justice" to the court of special gentleman found on the bench who showed a genuine interest sessions, and making other important changes, taking the chil in a couple of boys before him and whose behavior as well as his dren's court away from the board of city magistrates and placing words could not fail to have a good influence. it under the higher court. The friends of the new court felt that these amendmetns were so important that the speedy open
The probation system for adults is working well, though much
criticism is made as to the fitness of many of those in the work. ing of the court was not pushed. The bill has been signed the Governor, and the Juvenile Court must soon be started. At
Those who are fit and who are honestly striving to bring about
good results are meeting with success, in spite of many difficulties least one justice has refused to take judicial action in a case
beside the inherent one of influencing those whose life courses are involving a child, although the court is yet to be.
more fixed. The magistrates are gradually coming to call on The new act provides that the officer in charge of a delinquent
them for assistance and advice, and there is promise of greater child shall take the child to the children's court "and shall not usefulness. The Juvenile Court will offer many opportunities for take said child knowingly to any city magistrate's court or before similar service. any city magistrate except for the purpose of giving bail.”. Any child inadvertently brought before a magistrate must be imme
The systematic attempts being made to break up street-begging diately transferred. “The said court shall be held in some build
have nothing directly to do with the children's court, but in reality ing separate and apart from one used for the trial of persons
the connection is closer than one might think. The Charity above the age of sixteen charged with any criminal offense.”
Organization Society has put Mr. Forbes formerly superintendent The sections transferring original jurisdiction from the magis
of the First District in charge of the work and in connection with trates are so important that we print them in full:
the police detailed for the special service much good work is being “Sec. 1419. In addition to the powers, duties and jurisdiction
done. It is the same old story of deceit and lying guided by heretofore conferred, the court of special sessions of the first
cunning and made possible by the foolish donations of the vicdivision, and the justices thereof, shall supersede the city magis
tims. Indications point to a considerable degree of organization trates in the trial, determination and disposition of all casés con
and to what might be called "professional training in charity
work." cerning children under sixteen years of age, unless upon a criminal charge in which two or more persons are jointly charged and some of them are above that age, and the said court, and the
An investigation by the State Board of Charities in the western justices thereof, shall have and exercise the powers, duties and
counties of the state illustrates anew the tendency of institutions. jurisdiction as follows:
In its report the board says Onondaga and Oneida counties "1. The said court of special sessions of the first division have more children who have been public charges for five years shall hear and adjudicate all charges of a criminal nature aganist than have Erie or Monroe counties, Onondaga having 117, or one children under sixteen years of age, of the grade of, or, under to every 1,442 of population, and Oneida 89, or one to every 1,492 section six hundred and ninety-nine af the penal code, permitted of population. The report shows that in Utica the city board of to be tried as misdemeanors, including all charges coming within charity has been in the habit of recommitting each year the chil.. the summary jurisdiction of magistrates, and impose or suspend dren who are inmates of orphan asylums and charging them up sentence or remit to probation pursuant to law. But all such to the county, and contains the following resolutions adopted by hearings and trials shall be had in a court room exclusively used the city board. for the hearing and disposition of children's cases.
"Resolved, That all children of the age of 16 years or under, "2. Such court, as provided in section fourteen hundred and committed either to the Utica Orphan Asylum, St. John's or St. eighteen, shall be open each day, except Sundays and legal holi Vincent's Industrial School, the House of the Good Shepherd or days, during such hours as the justices of special sessions of the St. Joseph's Infant Home, and now being cared for and residing first division, by public rule shall determine, and one of said in said institutions, are hereby subject to the custody of the justices shall be in attendance who shall possess and exercise, as respective institutions in which they are now located as a charge to all matters arising in said court, all the powers and jurisdiction to the county of Oneida." now conferred on city magistrates, and, unless an objection shall Two boys were found in the Utica institution who were combe interposed by the prosecution or the defense at or before the mitted by a former overseer of the poor of Syracuse and who are time the defendant, or defendants, are called upon to plead to a now 16 and 18 years old respectively. It was discovered in the charge graded, or permitted by law, as a misdemeanor, all the course of the examination that public charges are frequently transpowers and jurisdiction of a court of special sessions.
ferred from the city to the county list of public charges and vice "3. If an objection be interposed, as specified in the preceding versa. The report states that Syracuse is paying $1.50 per week subdivision, or thereafter if permitted by the presiding justice, for nine children who were committed in 1890, or prior thereto, such justice shall adjourn the trial of said case to the same or and that Utica has paid $8,873 for eight children, or more than to some future day when two other justices of special sessions can $1,000 per child. be associated with him, in the same building, before whom, as a In all, 549 children were found who have been in orphan court of special sessions, all such cases shall be heard and deter asylums in that section for the past five years or longer, who mined.”
ought to have been placed in families, or have parents or relatives
who should care for them. It will appear to many as strange that the law makes no provision for probation officers, but these will doubtless follow.
It is to be noted that the Juvenile Court will have jurisdiction over delinquents alone-not as in Chicago, over dependents. These will be cared for by the Department of Public Charities, which has control over children supported in institutions at public expense. The act provides, however, that, if practicable, the Juvenile Court shall be located in the same building in which the department has its offices.
That there is great need for the new court is obvious to any one who takes the time to visit a few of the magistrates' courts. A few weeks ago the writer chanced to be in one of the courts in a tenement section of the city. The room was full of visitors; the prisoners were standing beside a railing, stepping up one after the other before the judge, who seemed to spend a good deal of time in thinking of remarks—often coarse—which would make the spectators laugh, in order that he might command silence. To hear a boy of 12 called a "blackguard," "scoundrel,” etc., by one who was supposed to represent the dignity of justice did not impress one favorably, and the influence of the whole farcical performance—serious enough though the result is on the child