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and reimbursed, pursuant to different acts of Congress, will be submitted from the proper department, together with an estimate of the appropriations necessary to be made for the service of the ensuing year.

Whether measures may not be advisable to reinforce the provision for the redemption of the publick debt, will naturally engage your examination. Congress have demonstrated their sense to be, and it were superfluous to repeat mine, that whatsoever will tend to accelerate the honourable extinction of our publick debt, accords as much with the true interest of our country, as with the genera sense of our constituents.

Gentlemen of the Senate and House of Representatives, The statements which will be laid before you relative to the mint, will show the situation of that institution; and the necessity of some further legislative provisions, for carrying the business of it more completely into effect; and for checking abuses which appear to be arising in particular quarters.

The progress in providing materials for the frigates, and in building them; the state of the fortifications of our harbours; the measures which have been pursued for obtaining proper sites for arsenals, and for replenishing our magazines with military stores; and the steps which have been taken towards the execution of the law for opening a trade with the Indians; will likewise be presented for the information of Congress.

Temperate discussion of the important subjects which may arise in the course of the session; and mutual forbearance where there is a difference of opinion, are too obvious and necessary for the peace, happiness and welfare of our country, to need any recommendation of mine. GEORGE WASHINGTON.




[Sec Vol. Confidential Documents.]



JAN. 4, 1796.

A LETTER from the minister plenipotentiary of the French Republick, received on the 22d of the last month, covered an address, dated the 21st of October, 1794, from the committee of publick safety to the representatives of the United States in Congress; and also informed me, that he was instructed by the committee, to present to the United States, the colours of France. I thereupon proposed to receive them last Friday, the first day of the new year, a day of general joy and congratulation. On that day, the minister of the French Republick delivered the colours, with an address, to which I returned an answer. By the latter, the house will see, that I have informed the minister, that the colours will be deposited with the archives of the United States. But it seemed to me proper, previously to exhibit to the two houses of Congress, these evidences of the continued friendship of the French Republick, together with the sentiments expressed by me on the occasion, in behalf of the United States. They are herewith communicated.



The Representatives of the French people, composing the Committee of Publick Sufety of the National Convention, charged by the law of the 7th Fructidor, with the direction of Foreign Relations, to the Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled.

CITIZENS REPRESENTATIVES,--The connections which nature, reciprocal wants; and a happy concurrence of circumstances, have formed between two free nations, cannot but be indissoluble. You have strengthened those sacred ties, by the declarations, which the minister plenipotentiary of the United States, has made in your name, to the National Convention, and to the French people.

They have been received with rapture by a nation, who know how to appreciate every testimony which the United States have given to them of their affection. The colours of both nations, united in the centre of the National Convention, will be an everlasting evidence of the part which the United States have taken in the success of the French Republick.

You were the first defenders of the rights of man, in another hemisphere. Strengthened by your example, and endowed with an invincible energy, the French people have vanquished that tyranny, which, during so many centuries of ignorance, superstition, and baseness, had enchained a generous nation.

Soon did the people of the United States perceive, that every victory of ours, strengthened their independence and happiness. They were deeply affected at our momentary misfortunes, occasioned by treasons, purchased by English gold. They have celebrated with rapture the successes of our brave armies.

None of these sympathetick emotions have escaped the sensibility of the French nation. They have all served to cement the most intimate and solid union that has ever existed between two nations.

The citizen Adet, who will reside near your government, in quality of minister plenipotentiary of the French Republick, is specially instructed to tighten these bands of fraternity and mutual benevolence. We hope that he may fulfil this principal object of his mission, by a conduct worthy of the confidence of both nations, and of the reputation which his patriotism and virtues have acquired him.

An analogy of political principles,--the natural relations of commerce and industry;-the efforts and immense sacrifices of both nations in the defence of liberty and equality; the blood which they have spilled together; their avowed hatred for despots;-the moderation of their political views; the disinterestedness of their councils ;and especially the success of the vows which they have made in presence of the Supreme Being, to be free or die; all combine to render indestructible the connections which they have formed.

Doubt it not, citizens; we shall finally destroy the combination of tyrants;-you, by the picture of prosperi

ty, which in your vast countries, has succeeded to a bloody struggle of eight years: we, by that enthusiasm which glows in the breast of every Frenchman. Astonished nations, too long the dupes of perfidious kings, nobles, and priests, will eventually recover their rights, and the human race, will owe to the American and French nations, their regeneration and a lasting peace.

Paris, 30th Vendemaire, 3d year of the French Republick, one and indivisible.

The members of the committee of publick safety,

J. S. B. DELMAS, MERLIN (of Douai.) &c. &c. October 21, 1794.

Faithfully translated from the original, by

Speech of the Minister Plenipotentiary of the French Republick, to the President of the United States, on his presenting the Colours of France to the United States. Jan. 1, 1796.

MR. PRESIDENT,-I come to acquit myself of a duty very dear to my heart: I come to deposit in your hands and in the midst of a people justly renowned for their courage and their love of liberty, the symbol of the triumphs and of the enfranchisement of my nation.

When she broke her chains; when she proclaimed the imprescriptible rights of man; when in a terrible war she sealed with her blood the covenant she had made with liberty, her own happiness was not alone the object of her glorious efforts; her views extend also to all free people. She saw their interest blended with her own, and doubly rejoiced in her victories, which, in assuring to her the enjoyment of her rights, became to them new guarantees of their independence.

These sentiments, which animated the French nation from the dawn of their revolution, have acquired new strength since the foundation of the Republick. France, at that time, by the form of its government, assimilated to, or rather identified with, free people, saw in them only friends and brothers. Long accustomed to regard the American people as her most faithful allies. she has sought



to draw closer the ties already formed in the fields of America, under the auspices of victory, over the ruins of tyranny.

The National Convention, the organ of the will of the French nation, have more than once expressed their sentiments to the American people; but above all, these burst forth on that august day, when the minister of the United States presented to the National Representation the colours of his country. Desiring never to lose recollections as dear to Frenchmen, as they must be to Americans, the Convention ordered that these colours should be placed in the hall of their sittings. They had experienced sensations too agreeable not to cause them to be partaken of by their allies, and decreed that to them the national colours should be presented.

Mr. President, I do not doubt their expectation will be fulfilled, and I am convinced that every citizen will receive, with a pleasing emotion, this flag, elsewhere the terrour of the enemies of liberty, here the certain pledge of faithful friendship; especially when they recollect that it guides to combat, men, who have shared their toils, and who were prepared for liberty, by aiding them to acquire their own.


Faithfully translated from the original, by

The Answer of the President of the United States to the Address of the Minister Plenipotentiary of the French Republick, on his presenting the colours of France to the United States.

BORN, sir, in a land of liberty; having early learned its value; having engaged in a perilous conflict to defend it; having, in a word, devoted the best years of my life to secure its permanent establishment in my own country; my anxious recollections, my sympathetick feelings, and my best wishes are irresistibly excited, whensoever, in any country, I see an oppressed nation unfurl the banners of freedom. But above all, the events of the French revolution have produced the deepest solicitude, as well

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