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CREDENTIALS :-

Page.
New Hampsbire, dated June 27,.. 126 | Delaware, Feb. 3,....

130
Massachusetts, April 6, .......... 126 Maryland, March 26,.....

131
Connecticut, May 2d, Thursday, 127 Virginia, May 2,..

132
New York, Feb. 28,..

127 North Carolina, April 3, ....... 133
New Jersey, Nov. 23,

128 | South Carolina, April 10,....... 136
Pennsylvania, March 28,
129 | Georgia, April 17,

137
1787.
May 14. JOURNAL OF THE FEDERAL CONVENTION :
List of Members,

.. 139
28-9. RULES,

..141, 143
Mr. EDMUND RANDOLPH'S FIFTEEN PROPOSITIONS,

141
Mr. CHARLES PINCKNEY'S DRAFT OF A FEDERAL CONSTITUTION, 145
30. Mr. Randolph's Propositions considered in Committee,..

150
31. Right of Suffrage further considered; Legislative Rights,.

151
June 1. Executive Powers; Duties,

154
2. Term of Service, Choice, Salary, limited Period, Ineligibility, Impeach-
ment,....

156
4. Negative or Veto,...

158
5. National Judiciary ; New States,

160
6. Inferior Tribunals ; Negative on State Laws,

163
7. Elections by Districts,..
8. Representative Classes,..

166
9, 11. Executive Suffrage,

167
Suffrage ; Ratio ; Vote,...

168
Republican Constitution; Amendments,.

169
12. Term of Service ; Salary,.....:

171
13. Jurisdiction of the Supreme Tribunal,.

174
Money Bills,

174
14, 15. Mr. PaTTERSON'S ELEVEN PROPOSITIONS,

175
- 16, 18. Mr. P.'s Propositions considered ; Revisal of Confederation,.

177
Col. Hamilton's Plan of GOVERNMENT, in Eleven Propositions,

179
19. Mr. Patterson's Propositions postponed,

180
Mr. Randolph's NINETEEN Resolutions submitted, as altered, amend-
ed, and agreed to,

181
20. Legislative, Judiciary, and Executive,.

183
21. Legislature; two Branches,.

184
22. Congressional Compensation ; Age,

185
23. Congressional Compensation,

186
25. Second Branch chosen by the Legislatures ; Service; Age, 30 Years, · 187
2. Biennial Term; Pay; Eligibility,

189
Office holding ; Ineligibility; Originating Acts,

190
27. Right of Suffrage in the First Branch, according to the Confederation, . 191
28. Right of Suffrage in First or Second Branch,

191
29. Right of Suffrage ; equal Vote in the Senate,

191
30. New Hampshire Delegates requested to attend ; equal Vote,.

192
July 2. Equal Vote in the Second Branch; Suffrage,

193
5. Report on Ratio of Representation ; Money Bills to originate in
First Branch,

193
Note. Census and Quotas in 1785,

194
6. Reference and Votes,..

195
Money Bills not to be altered in the Second Branch; Appropriations ;
First Branch,

195
7. Use of the Philadelphia Library offered to the Convention; Equal Vote, 196
9. Apportionment of Representatives, (56.)

196
Census for the Population and Wealth,

197
10. Apportionment for, (65.).....

197
Propositions to alter the Number of Representatives in New Hampshire,
North and South Carolina, and Georgia,

1.98
11. Census; the “ Three fifths of the Inhabitants of other Descriptions," &c. 199
12. Taxation according to Representation and the “ Three fifths;" Census, 201
13. Assessment on Inhabitants; Census,

203
Division of States hereafter,

204
14. Representatives hereafter not to exceed the Number of the original

Thirteen States; Second Branch; Proposal to have thirty-six Mem
bers, .....

204
16. Sixty-five Representatives proposed; Money Bills,..

205
VOL, I.

B

1787.

Page.
July 17. Rights of the States to be protected ; Negative on Laws,.

206
Acts and Treaties the supreme Law,

207
* Electors, their Appointment by the Legislature; Term,.

208
18. National Judiciary ; Nomination,

209
Inferior Tribunals; New States,

210
19. National Executive; Electors' 'Term,

211
20. Supreme Executive; Elections; Qualifications; Removable; Im-
peachment, ..

212
21. Pay; Negative on Acts; Nomination and Appointment of Judges,

214
23. Amendments; Oath to support the Constitution,

215
Representation; Vote per Capita,....

215
Reference of Proceedings; one from each State, .

216
24 Supreme Executive appointed by State Electors,

217
3. Supreme Executive, six Years in any twelve ; Copies of Proceedings to
be furnished each Member,.....

218
$26. National Executive ; Seven Years proposed ; to be ineligible a second
Time; Qualification of landed Property,..

219
Pensioners disqualified, or Defaulters; Seat of Government not to be at
the Seat of a State Government,

220
REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF DETAIL ON THE TWENTY-THREE RES-

OLUTIONS FOR THE PURPOSE OF REPORTING A CONSTITUTION,, 221
Aug. 6. Report delivered, and Copies furnished,

223
6. DRAFT OF A ConstituTION BY THE COMMITTEE OF Five, (debated till
September 12.)...

224
7. Preamble, &c., considered in detail ; Negative; Time of Meeting, . 230
& Residence; Taxation; Representation,.

232
9. Vacancies; Resignations to be supplied by the Legislature; Qualifica-
tions,

234
10. Quorum; Attendance; Concurrence ; Dissent,

236
11. Each House to keep a Journal and publish ; Adjournment, not more
than three Days,..

238
13. Citizenship ; Limitation ; Money Bills,

240
14. Office prohibited ; Pay, per Diem, $5; Mileage, same,

241
15. Bills, originating, &c.,....

242
16. Approval of Orders ; State Exports,.

244
17. Piracies ; Counterfeiting; Rebellion,.

245
18. Additional Powers to be vested, defined; Debts to be assumed,.. 247
20. Propositions; Privileges, &c., referred to a Committee of Five; Council

of State to assist the President; Organization of the Departments, &c.;
Treason defined,..

249
21. Livingston's Report on "the Debts; ” Requisitions,

253
22. Rutledge's Report on sundry Amendments,

256
23. Report of Committee of Eleven; Militia ; Offices; Treaties,

258
24. Slaves, limiting their Importation ; Choice of President,

261
25. Debts; Slaves ; Laws; Duties; Ports ; Taxes,

264
27. Reprieves; Removal; Oath ; Slavery ; Controversies ; Judiciary, 267
28. Commerce ; Crimes ; Bills; ex post facto Laws; Misdemeanors, 270
29. Bankruptcies; Fugitive Slaves ; New States,

272
30. New States; Western Claims; needful Rules and Regulations; Re-
ligious Test,

274
31. Representation ; Constitution to be submitted to State Conventions ;
Presidency,

277
Sept. 3. Records; Bankruptcies; Office,

231
4. Partial Report of the Committee of Eleven,

233
5 to 10. Brearly's Report further considered,

285 to 297
12. PLAN OF THE CONSTITUTION, by the Committee of Revision of Five

Members, appointed on the 8th of September to revise the Style,
&c.,

.297 to 305
12. Letter to Congress on submitting the Constitution,

305
13. Johnson's Resolutions for Ratification, and putting the Constitution into
Operation, ...

306
Madison's Minutes, completing the Journal ; Votes, &c.,...

307
17. Constitution engrossed and signed ; Representative Clause reconsid-
ered ; Journal subject to the Order of Congress, ......

317
SUPPLEMENT. – Reception of the Report of the Convention by Congress, 318

.

Page. RATIFICATIONS, showing the Order in which the Thirteen States of the old Confederation adopted the Federal Constitution,..

319 1. Delaware,.... Dec. 12, 1787,

319 2. Pennsylvania, Dec. 12, 1787,

319 3. New Jersey,.. Dec. 18, 1787,

320 4. Connecticut, Jan. 9, 1788,

321 5. Massachusetts, Feb. 6, 1788,

322 6. Georgia, Jan. 2, 1788,

323 7. Maryland, April 2, 1788,

324 8. South Carolina, May 23, 1788,

325 9. New Hampshire, June 21, 1788,

325 10. Virginia, June 26, 1783,

327 11. New York, July 26, 1788,

327 12. North Carolina, Nov. 21, 1789,

333 13. Rhode Island, June 16, 1790,

334 14. Vermont,....... Oct. 27, 1790,

337

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1789. March 4. AMENDMENTS proposed at the First Congress,

338 Returns of the Decisions of the States thereon,

339 AMENDMENTS — Third Congress, Second Session,.

340 Fourth Congress, First Session,

340 Fifth Congress, Second Session,

341 Eighth Congress, First Session,

341 LUTHER MARTIN'S LETTER, disclosing the Proceedings of the Federal

Convention, addressed to the Legislature of Maryland,............344 to 389 ROBERT YATES'S MINUTES of the Secret Debates of the Federal Convention, from May 35 to June 5,......

.389 to 479 YATES AND Lansing's Letter to the Governor of New York, furnishing their Reasons for not subscribing to the Constitution,

480 EDMUND RANDOLPH'S LETTER to the Speaker of the House of Delegates, Vir

ginia, containing his Reasons for not subscribing to the Federal Constitution,

.482 to 491 SHERMAN AND ELLSWORTH to the Governor of Connecticut,.

491 ELBRIDGE Gerry's Reasons for not signing the Federal Constitution,

492 GEORGE Mason's Objections to the Federal Constitution, (a Virginia Delegate.) 494 Jous Jay's ADDRESS on the proposed Federal Constitution to the People of New York,

496 RICHARD HENRY LEE'S LETTER to the Governor of Virginia,

503 GOUVERNEUR Morris to General Washington, and also to Timothy Pickering, . 505 James Madison to Mr. Sparks, on G. Morris's Course in the Federal Convention, 507

DIGEST OF THE CONSTITUTION.

Art. Sec. Pa.

Acts, records, and judicial proceedings of each state, entitled to faith and credit in other states,

4 1 13 Amendments to the Constitution, how made,.

5 14 Appropriations by law.- (See Treasury.).

1 9 7 Attainder, bill of, prohibited,..

1 9 8 Attainder of treason shall not work corruption of blood or forfeiture, except during the life of the person attainted, .

3 3 13 Bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives, 1 7 5

Before they become laws, shall be passed by both houses, and approved

Art. Sec. Pe

by the President ; or, if disapproved, shall be passed by two thirds of
each house,....

1 7 5 Bills not returned in ten days, unless an adjournment intervene, shall be considered as approved,

1 7 5 Capitation Tar. — (See Tax.)

1 9 7 Census, or enumeration, to be made every ten years,.

1 2 2 Claims of the United States, or of the several states, not to be prejudiced by any construction of the Constitution,....

4 3 14 Citizens of each state shall be entitled to the privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states,

4 2 13 Commerce, regulations respecting, to be equal and uniform,.

1 9 7 Congress, vested with legislative power,

1 1 1 May alter the regulations of state legislatures concerning elections of

senators and representatives, except as to place of choosing senators, 1 4 3 Shall assemble once every year,

1 4 3 May provide for cases of removal of President and Vice-President, 2 1 10 May determine the time of choosing electors of President and VicePresident,

2 1 9 May invest the appointment of inferior officers in the President alone, in the courts of law, or the heads of departments,

2 2 11 May from time to time establish courts inferior to the Supreme Court,. 3 1 12 May (with one limitation) declare the punishment of treason,.

3 3 13 May prescribe the manner of proving the acts, records, and judicial proceedings of each state,

4 1 13 The assent of required to the formation of a new state within the jurisdiction of any other, or by the junction of two or more,

4 3 14 May propose ainendments to the Constitution, or, on application, call a convention,

5 1 14 The assent of required to the admission of new states into the Union,... 4 3 14 To lay and collect duties on imposts and excises,..

1 8 6 To borrow money, ....

1 8 6 To regulate commerce,

18 6 To establish uniform laws of bankruptcy and naturalization,

1 8 6 To coin money, regulate the value of coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures,......

1 8 To punish counterfeiting,

18 To establish post-offices and post-roads,

1 8 To authorize patents to authors and inventors,.

1 8 To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court,

1 8 To define and punish piracies, felonies on the high seas, and offences against the laws of nations, ..

1 8 6 To declare war, grant letters of marque, and make rules concerning captures,

1 8 To raise and support armies,.

18 To provide and maintain a navy,

1 8 To make rules for the government of the army and navy,

1 8 To call for the militia in certain cases,

1 8 To organize, arm, and discipline, the militia,...

1 3 To exercise exclusive legislation over ten miles square,

18 Το pass laws necessary to carry the enumerated powers into effect, 18 To dispose of, and make rules concerning, the territory or other property of the United States,

4 3 14 Constitution, formed by the people of the United States, Preamble,

1 How amended,...

5 1 14 And the laws under it, and treaties, declared to be the supreme law,... 6 1 15

Rendered operative by the ratification of the Conventions of nine states, 7 1 15 Conventions for proposing amendments to Constitution,

5 1 14 Court, Supreme, its original and appellate jurisdiction,.

3 2 12 Courts, inferior to the Supreme Court, may be ordained by Congress, 3 1 12 Crimes, persons accused of, fleeing from justice, may be demanded, 4 2 13 Debts against the Confederation to be valid against the United States under this Constitution,..

6 1 15 Duties on exports prohibited,

1 97 On imports and exports, imposed by states, shall enure to the treasury of the United States,

1 10 8

Art. Sec. Pa.

Elections, of senators and representatives, shall be prescribed by the state legislatures, as to time, place, and manner,

1 4 Qualifications and returns of members of Congress to be determined by each house,.....

1 5 Electors of President and Vice-President, how chosen, and their duties,.... 2 1 9

and 12th amendment, 20 Shall vote the same day, throughout the United States,

2 1 10 No senator or representative, holding office under the United States, shall serve as .....

2 1 9 Enumeration. (See Census.)

1 2 2 Executive Power shall be vested in a President,.

2 1 8 (See President.) Exports. (See Tax.)

And imports, duties on by states to be payable into the treasury of the
United States,...

1 10 8 Et post facto Law, none shall be passed,

1 9 7 Habeas Corpus, writ of, can only be suspended in cases of rebellion or invasion,

1 9 7 House of Representatives. (See Representatives.) House. (See Senate.) Impeachment, all civil officers liable to.....

2 4 11 Persons found guilty by, liable to indictment and punishment for the offence,

1 3 3 Importation of Slades, until prohibited, a duty authorized on, after 1808, 9 7 Judges shall hold their offices during good behavior, ;

3 1 12 The compensations of, shall not be diminished during continuance in office,

3 1 12 Judicial power, vested in a Supreme Court and courts inferior,

3 1 12 The cases to which it extends,

3 2 12 Judicial proceedings, records, and acts of each state, are entitled to faith and credit in every other state,..

4 1 13 Jury trial shall be held in the state where the crime shall have been committed,

3 2 12 If the crime have not been committed within a state, the trial shall be held at the place Congress shall have directed,.

3 2 12 Jury, trial by, secured, in prosecutions for all crimes, except in cases of impeachment,

3 2 12 And in suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars. 7th amendment,

19 Law, supreme, the Constitution, the laws under it, and treaties declared to be,

6 1 15 Legislative powers vested in Congress. (See Congress.)

1 1 1 Money shall be drawn from the treasury only by laws appropriating, ....... 19 8 Nobility, titles of, shall not be granted by the United States,.....

1 9 8 Officers of the Senate, except their president, shall be chosen by the Senate, 1 3 3 Civil, may be removed by impeachment,...

2 4 11 Orders of one house, requiring the concurrence of the other. (See Resolution,)...

1 7 5 Persons held to labor or service, their importation or migration into the United States may be prohibited after 1808, ::

1 9 Escaping from one state into another, shall be delivered up to those entitled to service,...

4 2 13 Powers not delegated are reserved to the people, or, when not prohibited, to the states, 10th amendment,

20 Legislative. (See Congress,)

1 1 1 Executive. (See President.)..

2 1 8 Judicial. (See Judicial.)...

3 1 12 Presents, emoluments, office, or title from, a foreign king, prince, or state, to persons holding offices of profit or trust, prohibited,

1 9 8 b

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