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46TH CONGRESS, ( HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Ex. Doc.47,
3d Session. S

Part 1.

THE PUBLIC DOMAIN.

Donalda
ITS HISTORY, TENERE

Upivarsity of

WITH STATISTICS,

WITH REFERENCES TO THE NATIONAL DOMAIN, COLONIZATION, ACQUIREMENT OF
TERRITORY, THE SURVEY, ADMINISTRATION AND SEVERAL METHODS OF
SALE AND DISPOSITION OF THE PUBLIC DOMAIN OF THE UNITED
STATES, WITH SKETCH OF LEGISLATIVE HISTORY OF THE
LAND STATES AND TERRITORIES, AND REFERENCES
TO THE LAND SYSTEM OF THE COLONIES,
AND ALSO, THAT OF SEVERAL

FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.

PUBLIC LAND COMMISSION.

COMMITTEE ON CODIFICATION.

PREPARED, IN PURSUANCE OF THE ACTS OF CONGRESS OF MARCH 3, 1879, AND
JUNE 16, 1880, BY THOMAS DONALDSON, OF THE COMMISSION AND
COMMITTEE, AND GIVING THE RESULT OF THE SEVERAL
LAND LAWS FOR THE SALE AND DISPOSITION OF

THE PUBLIC DOMAIN TO JUNE 30, 1880.

REVISED JULY 16, 1881.

WASHINGTON
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1881.

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ACTS OF CONGRESS OF MARCH 3, 1879, AND JUNE 16, 1880.

PRESIDENT, JAMES A. WILLIAMSON, Commissioner General Land Office.

CLARENCE KING, U. S. Geologist.
ALEXANDER T. BRITTON.
JOHN W. POWELL.

THOMAS DONALDSON.
SECRETARY, CLARENCE E. DUTTON, Capt. Ordnance, U. 8. A.

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Prepared and compiled by the Commission:

Preliminary report, with testimony, February 24, 1880, 1 vol.

By the Committee on Codification.
Prepared and compiled by Mr. Alexander T. Britton:

United States Land Laws, General and Permanent, 1 vol.

United States Land Laws, Local and Temporary, 2 vols. Prepared and executed by Mr. Thomas Donaldson :

The Public Domain, its History, with Statistics, 1 vol.

M

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CONTENTS.

Page.

CHAPTER 1.-AREA OF THE NATIONAL DOMAIN, WHICH INCLUDES THE PUB-

LIC DOMAIN, WITH STATISTICS............

1-29

II.--ENGLISH COLONIZATION IN AMERICA AND COLONIAL CHARTERS

30-55

III. -ORGANIZATION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES,

AND CESSIONS OF LANDS THERETO BY THE SEVERAL STATES

OF THE UNION

56-88

IV.-ACQUISITION, BY PURCHASE, CONQUEST, AND TREATY, OF TER-

RITORY TO THE NATIONAL AND PUBLIC DOMAIN BY THE

UNITED STATES FROM 1803 TO 1867 ........ .............. 89-145

V.-TIE ORDINANCE OF 1787. THE NORTHWEST AND SOUTHWEST-
ERN TERRITORIES ................

.... 146-163

VI.--ADMINISTRATION AND SURVEYS.............................. 164-177

VII.--SURVEYS OF THE PUBLIC LANDS............................ 178–195

VIII.-METHOD OF SALE, PRICE, AND DISPOSITION OF THE PUBLIC Do-

MAIN FROM 1784 To 1840....

196-208

· IX.-MISCELLANEOUS DONATIONS OF LAND AND SPECIAL GRANTS... 209–213

X.-THE PRE-EMPTION ACTS......

214-216

XI.--SALINE LANDS....

217-216

XII.-SWAMP AND OVERFLOWED LANDS.....

219-222

XIII.-EDUCATIONAL LAND GRANTS BY THE UNITED STATES TO PUB-

LIC LAND AND OTHER STATES............

223-231_

XIV.---LAND BOUNTIES FOR MILITARY AND NAVAL SERVICE........ 232-237

XV.-TWO, THREE, AND FIVE PER CENT. FUNDS ................ 238-239

XVI.INDIAN RESERVATIONS FROM THE PUBLIC DOMAIN....... 240-248

· XVII.--MILITARY RESERVATIONS UPON THE PUBLIC DOMAIN. 249-254

XVIII.-STATE SELECTIONS..........

255

XIX.-DISTRIBUTION ACT OF SEPTEMBER 4, 1841

256

.. XX.--CANAL, WAGON, AND RAILROAD GRANTS....

257-288

XXI.-SCRIP ...

289-290

XXII.--GRADUATION ACT OF 1854..........

291

XXIII. COAL LANDS.

292-294

XXIV.-DONATION ACTS....

295-297

XXV.-TOWN-SITE AND COUNTY-SEAT ACTS

298-305

XXVI. ---MINES ON THE PUBLIC DOMAIN...

306-331

XXVII.-HOMESTEADS

332-356

XXVIII.--TIMBER AND STONE ACTS.........

357-359

XXIX.-TIMBER CULTURE......

360–362

XXX.-DESERT LANDS......

363–364

XXXI.-PRIVATE LAND CLAIMS ....

365-410

XXXII.--EXISTING METHODS OF CLASSIFICATION, SALE, AND DISPOSI-

TION OF PUBLIC LANDS .......

.. 411-415

XXXIII.-STATES AND TERRITORIES, 1776 to 1880 ...

.. 416-464

XXXIV.-TENURES IN THE AMERICAN COLONIES..........

465-476

XXXV.-METHODS OF SURVEY AND DISPOSITION OF PUBLIC OR CROWN

LANDS IN CANADA, BRAZIL, MEXICO, AND AUSTRALIA ...... 477–516

INDEX ..

.. 517-544

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