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relating to calendar years, which I will give here, both for their present application, and because I know from personal experience that this recasting of the ordinary inconvenient term will be welcome to many statisticians. Fortunately, a system of quarterly reports has now been introduced, so that in future the mint tables can be much more readily analyzed.

For the following reports I am indebted to Hon. James Pollock, Director of the Mint at Philadelphia; Mr. Henry F. Rice, superintendent of the branch mint at Carson City; Mr. Jacob F. L. Schirmer, assayer of the branch mint at Denver; Mr. Calvin J. Cowles, assayer of the branch mint at Charlotte; and Messrs. Edelmann, Conant, and Floyd, of the New York assay office. Inquiries addressed to the superintendent of the San Francisco branch mint were not answered, and I have taken the figures referring to that institution from the Commercial Herald and Alta California, of San Francisco:

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SAN FRANCISCO BRANCH MINT.

The coinage at the branch mint in this city for the year 1870 compares with that in 1867, 1868, and 1869, as follows:

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The amount of coin turned out by the branch mint in this city during the year 1870 has never been exceeded but twice, viz: in 1855 and 1856. In the former of those years the coinage amounted to $21,121,752, and in 1856 to $28,516,147. The coinage for 1870 is $5,991,450 in excess of that for 1869. When the new building, now in process of erection, shall have been finished, greatly enlarged and needed facilities will be available, and the work can be prosecuted with far more dispatch, regularity, and less waste. The entire coinage of the branch mint since its organization, in 1854, has been $291,877,163.

The deposits at the branch mint since 1866 are given by a San Francisco paper as follows:

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According to another, slightly different account, the deposits of 1870 amounted to $20,473,711 90, of which $7,644,594 48 was received as native bullion at the mint, and $12,829,117 42 was deposited first at the San Francisco Assaying and Refining Works, and afterward sent to the mint as fine bars. Up to the close of July the mint refined its own gold deposits; since that time it has sent (up to January 1, 1871) to the private refinery alluded to, $3,614,443 21, and received it again, with $5,431,944 55 of fine bars besides, from that establishment.

In calculating domestic deposits for the year 1870, a deduction is to be made (on the authority of the Alta California) of $1,274,458 Japanese gold, refined at the works alluded to, and included in the mint returns erroneously as domestic gold.

Tabular statement of gold and silver bullion deposited and parted at the United States branch mint, Carson City, Nevada, during the calendar year 1870.

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Statement showing number of pieces coined of each denomination at the United States branch mint, Carson City, Nevada, during the calendar year 1870.

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Statement showing number of pieces coined, of each denomination, at the United States branch mint, Carson City, Nevada, during the calendar year 1870.

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Deposits of gold and silver bullion at the United States branch mint at Denver for the calen dar years 1867, 1868, 1869, and 1870.

Year.

Deposits of gold Deposits of sil. Unparted bars Unparted bars seut

bullion.

ver bullion.

to U. S. Mint, Philadelphia

1867. .1868.

1869.

1870.

Total..

returned to de-
positors.

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Deposits of gold and silver bullion at United States assay office, New York.

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OPERATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE IN NEW YORK. Statement exhibiting quarterly the amount of bullion deposits, the amount of silver parted from gold, and the amount of fine silver and fine gold bars manufactured at the United States assay office in New York, from the year 1861 to the close of the year 1870, both inclusive.*

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