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and garden supplies, $7,806.32; for ordinary repairs, $4,389.08; for all other ordinary expenses, $9,811.81; total ordinary expendi. tures, $165,923.51.
The extraordinary expenditures were $38,195.84 for improvements, extraordinary repairs and all other extraordinary expenses, making the aggregate expenditure for the year $204,119.35. The cash balance at the close of the year, the only reported asset, was $2,666.56, and there was no outstanding
Of the ordinary expenditures during the year 43.3 per cent. was for salaries, wages and labor; 22.5 per cent. for provisions; 3.4 per cent. for household stores; 7.7 per cent. for clothing; 9 per cent. for fuel and light; .4 of 1 per cent. for hospital and medical supplies; .5 of 1 per cent. for transportation and traveling expenses; 4.7 per cent. for shop, farm and garden supplies; 2.6 per cent. for ordinary repairs, and 5.9 per cent. for all other ordinary expenses.
Chapter 644, Laws of 1901 (appropriation bill), appropriated for maintenance, rewards to inmates, repairs and betterments of tools, equipment and furniture, repairs to buildings and for necessary tools for the trades-schools and common schools, and military system and photographing of inmates, $150,000.
Chapter 497, Laws of 1901 (special act), appropriated for the establishment and equipment of a new trades-school and for supplies for the same and for those already established, $6,000; addi. tions and betterments to steam plant and covering steam pipes, $7,500; constructing sewerage system and plumbing, $5,000; cadet guns, other military equipment and uniforms, $2,000; general electric repairs, $3,265, which amount was reappropriated from the $25,000 appropriated for additions and betterments to steam
plant, new dynamos and motors, by chapter 282 of the Laws of 1900.
The special appropriations amounted to $23,765 and the total appropriations to $173,765.
The sum of $6,000 appropriated for a new trades-school and supplies for the same, under chapter 497, Laws of 1901, remained intact October 1, 1901, but arrangements for its expenditure have since been made. For additions and betterments to steam plant, $7,500 has been spent. The appropriation for reconstructing the sewerage system, $5,000, and the appropriation of $3,265 for general electric repairs have not been made.
During the past year some betterments in the buildings and facilities of the institution have been in progress. In some particulars its internal administration has improved. No special changes in discipline have been made, but the military drill has continued and the boys show its beneficial effect. In this insti. tution a full development of drill exercises is desirable. In order to secure the greatest benefits from this training, it is suggested that an ample equipment of cadet guns should be provided for the military department. In the girls' department the conditions remain as during pre
Successful management of juvenile delinquents requires the separation of the sexes. It is therefore desirable that the girls be removed to some other and more suitable place where, apart from the boys, they may receive instruction and proper training.
The technical instruction undertaken by this institution is very limited. To fit these boys and girls for useful lives it is necessary that they receive sufficient instruction in industrial pursuits to be trained into habits of regularity and industry. The oppor
tunities afforded by this reformatory do not give a training which will prepare the boys and girls for self-support. The equipment is limited; in consequence insufficient employment is provided, and the enforced idleness is destructive to morals. The trades, and the facilities provided by the institution should be such as to enable each boy and girl to work under instruction not less than four hours each day, the remaining hours to be given to the schoolroom, recreation and sleep.
As long as this institution retains its present character, remaining insufficiently equipped, and is continued in its present location, it will fail to accomplish fully its purpose in the reformation of juvenile delinquents. It is to the interest of the State to secure the transfer of this institution to a rural location and to provide ample opportunities for fuller instruction in profitable employment, so as to prepare these children for self-support.
The buildings are the property of a private corporation; the land upon which they stand belongs to the city of New York; the State therefore has no property right in either land or buildings. Nearly all of the buildings were erected many years ago, and annually, because of wear and tear, require extensive repairs. This Board does not consider it wise for the State to make appropriations from its funds to enlarge and maintain the property of any private charitable corporation. Additions and repairs to the buildings of this institution are imperatively needed to provide adequately for the wards of the State main. tained therein, but the corporation in which the title to the property is vested is not in possession of an endowment, and therefore is unable to make repairs or additions.
The State Board of Charities urges the immediate consideration of some legislative enactment for the reorganization of the Society for the Reformation of Juvenile Delinquents, and the transfer of the inmates of this institution to some suitable rural location which will be properly secured to the State by legal title as its own property, and which can be equipped with buildings and facilities necessary for their proper maintenance and instruction. As the State must maintain an institution of this character, it should have absolute control of it, and the Legislature is respectfully and urgently requested to undertake the proposed reorganization at the earliest practicable moment so that this juvenile reformatory may become a State institution in fact as well as in name, with managers appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate in the same manner as the managers of all other State institutions.
In the opinion of this Board it would be an equitable arrange. ment for the city of New York, which owns the land upon which the institution is located, subject to the latter's right of occupancy so long as it continues its work in behalf of juvenile delinquents, to repay to the institution for the benefit of the State a con. siderable sum and receive in return the surrender of the Society's right of occupancy to the buildings which have been erected on the property at a cost of $500,000, mainly contributed by the State. The money thus obtained could then be used in pur: chasing property elsewhere and for the erection of new buildings thereon for the use of the institution. The demands upon the public charities of the city of New York are so great that they must be enlarged from time to time, and the surrender of these buildings would afford the city an opportunity for the extension of its hospital system.
It may be stated that while the State Board of Charities is opposed to the improvement of any property which is not
owned and controlled directly by the State, it is convinced that pending the removal of this institution it is necessary to provide for the proper carrying on of its work. As these extraordinary repairs to existing buildings are considered necessary by the State Architect, under his advice the appropriations required for them are approved.
The Board recommends the following appropriations, or so much thereof as may be necessary, to this institution:
For the completion of new window frames, sash and casing, $2,000; for changes in the plumbing system, $7,500; for completing the work of overhauling the steam plant and covering the steam pipes, $5,000; continuing the work of establishing and equipping the trades-schools, $2,000; making the special appropriations approved of $16,500; maintenance appropriation, $160,000; making the total appropriation $176,500.
SYRACUSE STATE INSTITUTION FOR FEEBLE-MINDED
CHILDREN, SYRACUSE, ONONDAGA COUNTY.
This institution has capacity for 546 inmates. The number of inmates October 1, 1901, was 546, of whom 25 were absent on vacation. There have been admitted during the year 63, making the total number under care 609. During the year 56 were discharged and 16 died, leaving 537 on the rolls of the institution October 1, 1901. The average number present during the year was 515, and the average weekly cost of support, including the value of home and farm products consumed, was $3.79; excluding the value of home and farm products consumed, $3.37.
The receipts during the year ending September 30, 1901, were; From cash balance at the close of the previous year, $123.33; from