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courts," it is enacted that each of the judges, besides the oaths now particularly required, shall take another as judge of the district courts, according to the direction of an "Act for establishing a general court," but no provision is made for conforming the oath of office to the nature of district couris;

II. Be it enacted, That all the judges, besides the paths by law prescribed for their separate departments, shall, as soon as may be, after the commencement of the first recited act, take the oaths prescribed by the act, intituled "An act establishing a general court," adapting the same to the nature of district courts, 10 be administered by any court of record, or before a judge or justice thereof, and the taking thereot shall be recorded in some district court. Provided always, That any judge may act as a judge of any district court until the next succeeding session of his particular court, before he shall have taken the oath prescribed 10 him as a jndge of such particular court.

III. So much of the above recited act as comes will in the purview of this act, shall be, and the same it hereby repealed.

CHAP. XXVII.

An act for establishing several new

ferries. (Passed the 19th of December; 1787,] I. BE it enacted by the General Assembly, That New ferries public ferries shall be constantly kept at the following established, places, and rates for passing the same as followeth, that and their is to say: From the land of Henry Fitzhugh, at the rates. upper end of the town of Fredericksburg, across Rappahannock river, to the land of William Fitzhugh on the opposite shore, for a man three pence, and for a horse the same; from the land of Jesse Mariin, near the mouth of Crooked run, in the county of Monongalia, across Monongalia river, to James Hord's on the opposite shore, tor a man three pence, and for a horse the

same; from the land of the said Jesse Martin, near the mouth of Robertson's run, in the county of Mouongatia, across Monongalia river to the land of David Scott on the opposite shore, for a man three pence, and for a horse the same; from the land of Charles Lynch, at the lead mines, in the county of Montgomery, across New river to the opposite shore, for a man three pence, and for a horse the same; from the land of Cuthbert Bullit, in the county of Prince William, across the mouth of Quantico creek to the opposite shore, for a man six pence, and for a horse the same; from the land of James Cleland, in the county of Monongalia, across Cheat river to the opposite shore, for a man three pence, and for a horse the same; from the land of Andrew Rainsey, in the county of Monongalia, across Cheat river to the land of William Morgan on the opposite shore, for a man three pence, and for a horse the same; from the land of William Morgan, in the connty of Monongalia, across Cheat river to the land of Andrew Ramsey, on the opposite shore, for a man three pence, and for a horse the same; from the land of Robert Wood, in the county of Ohio, across Ohio river to the opposite shore, for a man six pence, and for a horse the same; from the land of Joseph Echolls, in the county of Halifax, across Staunton river to the opposite shore, for a man three pence, and for a horse the same; and from the land of John Henderson in the county of Ohio, across Ohio river to the opposite shore in the state of Washington, for a man six pence, and for a horse the same: And for the transportation of wheel carriages, tobacco, cattle, and other beasts, at the places aforesaid, the ferry-keepers may respectively demand and take the same rates as are by law established at other ferries. If any ferry-keeper shall demand or receive from any person or persons whatsoever, any greater rates than are hereby allowed for the ferriage or carriage of any thing, he shall for every such offence forfeit and pay to the party grieved the ferriage demanded or received, and ten shillings to be recovered, with costs, before a justice of the peace of the county where the offence shall be committed.

II. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may Court of Nor- be lawful for the court of the county of Norfolk, avoufolk to le fer ally, to let to the highest bidder, the ferries across lizabeth river Elizabeth river, and the branches thereof, taking bond

and security for payment of the money; and to apply the same, as it shall be received, towards lessening the levy of the said county.

CHAP. XXVIII.

An act to amend the act, intiluled, An

act appropriating certain public
taxes to the opening a waggon road
from the state road to the mouth of
the Lillle Kanawha, and for other
purposes.

[Passed the 22d of December, 1787 ) 1. WHEREAS by an act of the last session of as- priating.com

Act approsembly, certain taxes then due, as well as a propor- iain taxes to tion of those which would become due in the county of the open ng a

road from the Harrison, were to be appropriated towards opening a

state road to wagcon road from the state road to the mouth of the the mouth of Litle Kanawha: And whereas by an act of the same the Little Ka. session, the said county of Harrison was, from and af. nawha amen.

ded. ter the first day of May then next following, to be divided, and the county of Randolph taken therefrom; and it is doubted whether the taxes in the county of Randolph are to be paid and appropriated in like 'manner as those in the said county of Harrison: For removing such doubts,

II. Be it enacted by the General Assembly, That the taxes in the said county of Randolph shall be accounted for, recovered, paid, and appropriated in like manner, and subject to the same conditions and restrictions, as by the said recited act is directed and prescribed for the taxes in the said county of Harrison. And whereas by the said recited act, certain commissioners were appointed to superintend the opening a waggon-road from Morgan-town, in the county of Monongalia, to the mouth of Fishing-creek on the Ohio river; and George Haley, one of the said commissioners, is since VOL. XII.

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dead, and Ebenezer Zane, John Boggs, and Benjamin Davis, have refused to act:

III. Be it therefore enacted, That John Pierpoint, James Cleland, William M Machan, Joho Caldwell, Andrew Woods, John Henderson, and George Stricker, shall be, and they are hereby appoioted commissioners, in the room of the one that is dead, and thuse who have refused to act; and shall have the same power and authority as if they had been originally appointed and named in the said act; and shall give bond and security as therein directed. Each of the commissioners for the said counties of Harrison, Monongalia, and Ohio, shall receive five shillings per day for every day he shall be bona fide engaged in laying off the said work, to be paid upon due proof thereof being made before the courts of their respective counties, out of the taxes appropriated for opening the said road, for which the sheriffs shall be allowed in the settlement of their accounts.

CHAP. XXIX.

An act to amend the act, intituled An

act to impose certain duties.

[Passed the 8th of January, 1788.)

Act imposing I. BE it enacted by the General Assembly, That duties amend from and after the passing of this act, brandy imported ed.

from France in ships or vessels belonging to any of the citizens of the United Netherlands, or to the citizens or subjects of any power in commercial treaty with the United States, shall be chargeable with no higher duties or imposts thereop on the importation of the same, into this commonwealth, than brandy imported from France in ships or vessels which are owned by the subjects of his most Christian majesty, or which are the property of the citizens of this state, or of any of the states in the American union.

II. And be it further enacted, That all money which hath been received by any naval Officer within this commonwealth for duties or imposts, on brandy from France imported since the twentieth day of January, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, in any of the ships or vessels owned by the citizens or subjects of any nation in commercial treaty with the United States, shall be repaid to the person who hath paid such duties or imposts, or to his agent or attorney legally authorised to receive the same; and the governor shall on application to him made, and proof of the payment of such duties or imposis, direct the auditor of public accounts to issue a warrant, for payment thereof, which the treasurer shall pay out of any money in his hands arising from duties on goods imported into this commonwealth.

CHAP. XXX.

An act to regulate the inspection of

flour and bread.

[Passed the 23d of November 1787.]

1. WHEREAS the laws heretofore made for the Preamble. inspection of flour, have been found defective, and it has become necessary to adopt some regulations for the prevention of frauds in the exportation of bread;

II. Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, Inspections That one inspector of four shall be appointed at each of Gwesta

blished. of the following places, to wit, Alexandria, Fredericksburg, Richmond, Petersburg, West-Poini, Newcastle, York, Falmouth, Port-Royal, Hobb's-Hole, Colchester, Dumfries, Manchester, Osborne's, Pokabuntas, Nomony, Broadway, Low Point in Surry, Suffolk, Hampton, South-Quay, Norfolk, Louisville, Morgan's Town, Clarksburg, Smithfield, Fort Wheeling, Lynchburg, Hanover-Town, and Portsmouth. The courts Inspectors, of the several counties in which the places aforesaid how appointare situated, shall, at their first or second court after ed. the end of this present session of the assembly, and at their courts held in the month of August or September in every year thereafter, nominate and appoint a per

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