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Architectural Library Purchase Supt. of Document ig 3-9-48
This Handbook of Housing Statistics has been prepared by the National Housing Agency as a modest beginning in what is believed to be an important task-the development of labor saving tools that will speed and simplify the work of those who wish to obtain statistics about housing.
There are an increasing number of persons in both private and public life whose work requires them to seek such statistics and to know something about what they represent, how they are assembled and their reliability and limitations for various purposes. Most of these persons are not prepared for the great variety of data relevant to housing which the efforts of private and public agencies have produced during the last two decades, nor are they prepared for the considerable amount of work necessary to identify these agencies, to learn what service each performs, and to assemble the necessary pieces from the separate
It is the purpose of this book to eliminate some of this effort, first by providing within its covers the most commonly used statistical material, with technical comment about the content of the figures and the methods used in assembling them, second by pointing out the types of data which either are not available or are too scanty or imperfect for general use and third by pointing to the sources from which additional detail or continuing reports may be obtained.
Statistics are included on the volume and cost of new housing production, on the size and characteristics of the existing stock of housing, and on the financial aspects of housing, and this book is organized in three parts, each covering one of these phases of housing. For the most part the data relate to nonfarm housing; specific data for rural housing appearing only in the discussion of housing supply. In selecting the data to be included under each of these headings, the many inquiries received by the National Housing
Agency from industry, public officials and private citizens have been kept in mind as a guide to general usefulness.
Users of this handbook who do not find the data they seek in this volume will probably be able to obtain source references from which the information can be secured, or from reference to this book will be able to learn whether such statistics are available. These references are presented as source notes to the tables and in greater detail in appendix A.
Evidences of the need for further coordination among agencies, both public and private, which collect and use housing statistics will be observed throughout this book. Uniformity of terminology and definitions is a first essential step toward such coordination. Extension of coverage to include information in certain areas which have thus far remained "blank spots" in the housing statistics picture is another needed step. Additional studies will be required to determine the continuing relationship of housing to the national
The preparation of this volume was under the direction of B. Douglas Stone. E. E. Ashley III and A. R. Reimers served as consultants on the selection of material to be included. Original preparation of tabular and textual material for the book was done by Chester Cooper, Dave Lowery, John West, and Eleanor Wolkind, and staff members assigned to them. Editing and preparation for publication was under the direction of Charles F. Shea. A considerable portion of the data included in this volume was obtained from the constituent agencies, i. e., Federal Housing Administration, Federal Public Housing Authority, and Federal Home Loan Bank Administration. Contributions from various other agencies are acknowledged in source notes and bibliography.
Part One. Housing Production and Cost
Table 1. New privately financed nonfarm dwelling units started, United States totals,
by urban and rural nonfarm area, by year, 1920–46..
Table 2. New privately financed nonfarm dwelling units started, United States totals,
by type of structure, by year, 1920-46; by month, January 1945-March 1947....
Table 3. New privately financed dwelling units started in urban areas: By type of
structure, by year, 1936-46; by month, January 1945-March 1947-
Table 4. Number of new privately financed dwelling units started in rural nonfarm
areas: By type of structure, by year, 1936-46-
Table 5. New privately financed nonfarm dwelling units started: By geographic
division, by type of structure, by year, 1940-46-..
Table 14. Construction cost of new nonfarm dwelling units started: By type of
financing, by year, 1920-46; by month, January 1945-December 1946__
Table 15. Value of construction put in place: Total new construction and private
residential nonfarm construction, by year, 1915-46; by month, January 1945–
Table 16. Construction contracts awarded: Data for 37 States, by type of construc-
tion, by type of ownership, by year, 1919-46_.
Table 17. Residential construction contracts awarded: Data for 37 States, by type
of ownership, by month, January 1939-December 1946.
Table 18. Number of units in publicly financed new nonfarm family dwelling projects
started in continental United States, and their development cost, by year, 1936-46.
Table 19. Number of units in publicly financed new nonfarm family dwelling projects
completed in continental United States, and their development cost, by year,
Table 20. U. S. Housing Authority public low-rent housing: Active nonfarm develop-
ments and dwelling units approved by the President, by program and by year,
Table 21. U. S. Housing Authority public low-rent housing: Nonfarm developments
and dwelling units completed by program and by year, 1936-46---
Table 22. Publicly financed nonfarm family dwelling units under active management
in Federal Public Housing Authority programs, by month, January 1946-
Table 23. Wholesale price indexes for specified building materials, by year, 1913-46.-
Table 24. Wholesale price indexes for specified building materials, by month, January
Table 25. Average hourly earnings of skilled and common labor in general con-
struction, by year, 1913-46; by month, January 1945-December 1946.-
Table 26. Average hourly and average weekly earnings in private building construc-
tion; by year, 1934-46; by month, January 1940-December 1946.
Table 27. Indexes of union weekly hours and union hourly wage rates in all building
trades, by year, 1907-46--
Table 28. Cost of house and land: Percentage distribution of the major elements
which comprised the capital cost of house and land in 1940-41.
Table 29. Residential construction costs: Boeckh index for brick residences in 20
reporting cities, by year, 1913-46_-
Table 30. Residential construction costs: Boeckh index for frame residences in 20
reporting cities, by year, 1913–46_--
Table 31. Residential construction costs: Boeckh index for brick residences in 20
reporting cities, by month, January 1945-December 1946--
Table 32. Residential construction costs: Boeckh index for frame residences in 20
reporting cities, by month, January 1945-December 1946.
Table 54. Vacant dwelling units by availability for sale or rent: Urban and rural
nonfarm dwelling units by geographic division, 1940...
Table 55. Habitable vacancy rates in selected areas, 1940-46.
Table 56. Occupied dwelling units by race of occupants, by census year, 1890-1940-
Table 57. Tenure and color of occupants: Occupied urban and rural nonfarm dwell-
ing units by geographic division, 1940...
Table 58. Color of occupants: Occupied nonfarm and rural farm dwelling units by
geographic division, 1940..
Table 59. Number of rooms: Occupied urban and rural nonfarm dwelling units,
1940 and 1945.
Table 60. Size of household: Occupied urban and rural nonfarm dwelling units,
1940 and 1945_
Table 61. Size of household: Occupied urban and rural nonfarm dwelling units, by
geographic division, 1940-
Table 62. Size of household: Median number of persons in household by tenure and
color of occupants for nonfarm and rural farm dwelling units by geographic
Table 63. Number of persons per room: Occupied nonfarm dwelling units, urban and
rural nonfarm, 1940 and 1945..
Table 67. Monthly rent: Tenant-occupied urban and rural nonfarm dwelling units,
1940 and 1945.
Table 68. Monthly rent, state of repair, and plumbing equipment: Tenant occupied
nonfarm dwelling units, 1940 and 1945.
Table 69. Tenure and rent: Occupied privately financed dwelling units in selected
areas, 1940 and 1946_.
Table 70. Value: Owner-occupied nonfarm dwelling units by color of occupants and
geographic division, 1940.
Table 71. Value: Owner-occupied urban dwelling units by color of occupants and
geographic division, 1940.........
Table 72. Tenure, state of repair, and plumbing equipment: Occupied nonfarm
dwelling units by geographic region, 1940
Table 73. Plumbing equipment: Occupied dwelling units in selected areas, 1940 and
Table 74. Number of families and population, nonfarm and farm, 1890-1945-
Table 75. Family trends in the United States, by selected years..
Table 76. Heads of households: Number of heads of private households compared
with total population in same age group, 1940--
Table 77. Population by age and sex, by census year, 1870-1940-
Table 78. Forecasts of the population of the United States by age and sex, July 1,
1945 to 1960___
Table 79. Population by race: Number and percentage distribution in nonfarm and
rural farm areas by geographic division, 1940--
Table 80. Marriages and divorces in the United States, annually, 1910-45.
Table 81. Marriage licenses issued in selected cities, annually, 1940-46-
Table 82. Types of families: Nonfarm and rural farm families, April 1940 and Febru-
Table 83. Types of families: Ratio of subfamilies to total primary families and sub-
families in selected areas, 1940 and 1946_-
Table 85. Accumulated long-term savings of individuals: In selected types of insti-
tutions and in Government bonds, as of December 31, 1920-46_.
Table 86. Nonfarm mortgages recorded: Total principal amount, number, and
average principal amount, by month, 1939-47-.
Table 87. Nonfarm mortgages recorded: Principal amount, percentage distribution
and average principal amount of mortgage, by type of mortgagee, by year, 1939–
1946; and principal amount, by month, 1946-47-.
Table 88. New mortgage loans: Principal amount and percentage distribution of
loans by all savings and loan associations, by purpose of loan, by year, 1936-46---
Table 89. Residential mortgage debt: Outstanding debt on nonfarm residential
properties and net public and private debt as of December 31, 1929-45-
Table 90. Mortgage loans outstanding: Principal amount and percentage distribu-
tion of mortgage loans on nonfarm homes, by types of mortgagee, as of December
Table 93. Mortgages insured by FHA: Number of dwelling units and total principal
amount of mortgages insured under Titles II and VI of the National Housing Act,
by year, 1935-46 and principal amount outstanding as of December 31, 1946...
Table 94. Membership in FHL Bank System: Number of institutions and assets, by
type of institution, as of December 31, 1934-46--
Table 95. Savings and loan association members of FHLBA: Number and assets,
percentage distribution, by class of association, as of December 31, 1934-46...
Table 96. Loans by savings and loan associations: Principal amount and percentage
distribution of new mortgage loans made, by class of association, by year, 1936-
46; by month, 1946-47--
Table 97. Federal Home Loan Bank advances: Principal amount of advances, repay-
ments and balances outstanding, by year, 1932-46.
Table 99. Obligations of local housing authorities: Amount outstanding and per-
centage distribution on USHA projects, by type of holder and maturity of obliga-
tion, as of December 31, 1937-46_--
Table 100. Bonds issued to general public: Amount of local housing authority bonds
issued on USHA projects, percent of total development cost financed, interest
rate and maturity, by year, 1940-46---
Table 101. Federal contributions: Maximum authorized and amount paid on low-rent
public housing projects under the United States Housing Act, by fiscal year,
Table 102. Home loans guaranteed by VA: Number, principal amount, and average
mortgage guaranteed under the Servicemen's Readjustment Act, related to total
mortgage recordations, by month, March 1945-March 47.
Table 103. Home loan guaranty: Loans guaranteed by VA and amount of VA guar-
anty under Servicemen's Readjustment Act, by month, March 1945-March 1947-
Table 104. FHA insured mortgages transferred: Loans insured under Sections 203 and
603 of the National Housing Act, by year, 1935–46--
Table 105. FHA insured mortgages transferred: Types of institutions buying and
selling loans insured under the National Housing Act, 1940 for Section 203 and
1943 for Section 603_.
Table 106. RFC purchases and sales of FHA and VA loans: Cumulative through
1942, by year, 1942-46, and amount held at the end of 1946..
Table 107. Rental housing: Mortgages on new projects insured by FHA under the
National Housing Act, number of projects, number of units and amount of
insured mortgages written, by year, 1935-46-
Table 108. Rental housing: Face amount of mortgage insurance written, by type of
mortgagee, and amount terminated and in force, Sections 207 and 608 of the
National Housing Act, cumulative through December 31, 1946---
Table 109. Interest rates and bond yields: Interest rates on New York City real
estate mortgages, commercial loan rates, and bond yields, by year, 1940-46-.-
Table 110. Mortgage interest rates: Average interest rates on first mortgages on
single-family nonfarm owner-occupied properties, by geographic division, 1940
Table 111. Interest rates: First mortgages on single-family nonfarm owner-occupied
Table 112. Characteristics of mortgages, homes, and mortgagors: Based on FHA
firm commitments to insure mortgages on single-family homes under Sections 203
and 603 of the National Housing Act, by year, 1940-46..
Table 113. Property valuation or necessary current cost: Percentage distribution of
number of new single-family properties accepted for mortgage insurance under
the National Housing Act, by year, 1937-46_.
Chart 1. Privately financed nonfarm dwelling units started-United States totals by
urban and rural nonfarm areas, 1920–46----
Chart 2. Privately financed nonfarm dwelling units started-United States totals by
type of structure, by year, 1920–46.-