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The Congress of the United States consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and must assemble at least once every year, on the 1st Monday of December, unless it is otherwise provided by law.

The Senate is composed of two members from each State; and of course, the regular number is now 52. They are chosen by the legislatures of the several States, for the term of six years, one third of them being elected biennially.

The Vice President of the United States is the President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. In his absence a President, pro tempore, is chosen by the Senate.

The House of Representatives is composed of members from the seve eral States, elected by the people, for the term of two years. The Representatives are apportioned among the different States, according to popu. lation. The 28th Congress is chosen according to the act of Congress of 1842, the ratio being one Representative for every 70,680 persons in each State, and of one additional Representative for each State having a fraction greater than one moiety of the said ratio, computed according to the rule prescribed by the Constitution of the United States.” The law of 1842 also requires, that the Representatives of each State "shall be elected by districts composed of a contiguous territory equal in number to the number of Representatives to which said State may be entitled, no one district electing more than one Representative.” The present number is 223 Representatives, and 3 Delegates.

Since the 4th of March, 1807, the compensation of each member of the Senate and House of Representatives has been $8 a day, during the period of his attendance in Congress, without deduction in case of sickness; and $8 for every twenty miles' travel, in the usual road, in going to and returning from the seat of government. The compensation of the President of the Senate, pro tempore, and of the Speaker of the House of Rep. resentatives, is $16 a day.


WILLIE P. MANGUM, of North Carolina, President pro tempore.

[The figures denote the expiration of the terms of the Senators.) Name.



John Fairfield, Saco, 1849 William Upham, Montpelier, 1849
George Evans, Gardiner, 1847 Samuel S. Phelps, Middlebury, 1845
New Hampshire.

Massachusetts. Charles G. Atherton, Nashua, 1849 Rufus Choate, Boston,

1845 Levi Woodbury,

Portsmouth, 1847) Isaac C. Bates, Northampton, 1847



Rhode Island.


Alabama. John B. Francis,

1845 Arthur P. Bagby, Tuscaloosa, 1849 J. F. Simmons, Providence, 1847 Dixon H. Lewis, Lowndesboro', 1847 Connecticut.

Mississippi. John M. Niles, Hartford, 1849 J. Henderson, Pass Christian, 1845 Jabez W. Huntington, Norwich, 1851 R. J. Walker, Madisonville, 1847 New York.

Louisiana. Silas Wright, Jr., Canton, 1849 Henry Johnson,

1849 N. P. Tallmadge, Poughkeepsie, 1845 Alex. Barrow, Baton Rouge, 1847 New Jersey.

Arkansas. William L. Dayton, Trenton, 1845 A. H. Sevier, Lake Port, 1849 Jacob W. Miller, Morristown, 1847 Wm. S. Fulton, Little Rock, 1847 Pennsylvania.

Tennessee. James Buchanan, Lancaster, 1849 Ephraim H. Foster, Nashville, 1845 Daniel Sturgeon, Uniontown, 1845 Spencer Jarnagin, Athens, 1847 Delaware.

Kentucky. R. H. Bayard, Wilmington, 1845 John J. Crittenden, Frankfort, 1849 Thomas Clayton, Newcastle, 1847 J. T. Morehead, do. 1847 Maryland.

Ohio. Wm. D. Merrick, Allen's Fresh, 1845 William Allen, Chillicothe, 1847 James A. Pearce, Kent Co. 1849 Benjamin Tappan, Steubenville, 1845 Virginia.

Michigan. Wm. C. Rives, Bentivoglio, 1845 Augustus S. Porter, Detroit, 1845 Wm. S. Archer, Elk Hill, 1847| William Woodbridge, do. 1847 North Carolina.

Indiana. Wm. H. Haywood, Jr., Raleigh, 1849 E. A. Hannegan, Covington, 1849 W. P. Mangum, Red Mountain, 1847 Albert S. White, Lafayette, 1815 South Carolina.

Illinois. George M'Duffie, Edgefield C.H., 1849 Sidney Breese, Clinton Co. 1849 Daniel E. Huger, Charlestown, 1647 James Semple, Alton, 1847 Georgia.

Walter T. Colquitt, Columbus, 1849 David R. Atchison, Platte City, 1849
John M. Berrien, Savannah, 1847) Thomas H. Benton, St. Louis, 1845

Officers of the Senate.
Asbury Dickens,

Edward Dyer,

Sergeani at Arms.
Robert Beall,

Septimus Tuston,

Gales & Seaton,



which will expire on the 3d of March, 1845. [The numbers attached to the names show the Districts in each State from which the

members were chosen. When no numbers are given, they were chosen by general ticket. ]

John W. Jones, of Virginia, Speaker.



4. Simons, Sam'l, Bridgeport. 7. Cary, Shepard,

2. Stewart, John, Midd. Haddam. 2. Dunlap, Rob. P., Brunswick. 6. Hamlin, Han'l, Hamden.

New York. - 34. 1. Herrick, Joshua, Kennebunk Pt. 7. Anderson, J. H., White Plains. 4. Morse, F. H., Bath.

13. Barnard, D, D., Albany. 3. Severance, L., Augusta.

17. Benton, C. S., Mohawk. One Vacancy.

29. Carroll, C. H., Groveland Cen. New Hampshire. — 4.

21. Cary, Jerem. E., Cherry Valley.

9. Clinton, Jas. G., Newburgh. Burke, Edmund, Newport.

26. Dana, Amasa, Ithaca. Hale, John P., Dover.

8. Davis, Rich. D., Poughkeepsie. Norris, Mos., Jr., Pittsfield.

16. Ellis, Chessel'n, Waterford. Reding, John R., Haverhill.

6. Fish, Hamilton, New York. Vermont. -4.

27. Green, Byram, Sodus. 2. Collamer, Jacob, Woodstock. 30. Hubbell, W. S., Bath. 4. Dillingham, P. Jr., Waterbury. 19. Hungerford, O., Watertown. 1. Foote, Solomon, Rutland. 34. Hunt, Washing., Lockport. 3. Marsh, Geo. P., Burlington. 18. King, Preston, Ogdensburgh. Massachusetts. - 10.

5. Leonard, M. G., New York.

4. Maclay, Wm. B., New York. 3. Abbott, Amos, Andover. 8. Adams, J. Q., Quincy.

32. Moseley, W. A., Buffalo. 6. Baker, Osmyn, Amherst.

2. Murphy, H. C., Brooklyn. 10. Grinnell, Jos., New Bedford.

28. Patterson, T. J., Rochester. 5. Hudson, Cha's., Westminster.

3. Phænix, J. P., New York.

11. Pratt, Zadoc, Prattsville. 2. King, Daniel P., South Danvers.

Norwich. 4. Parmenter, W.,

22. Purdy, S. M., E. Cambridge.

25. Rathbun, Geo., Auburn. 7. Rockwell, Jul., Pittsfield.

23. Robinson, O., Mexico. 9. Williams, Hen., Taunton. 1. Winthrop, R. C., Boston.

14. Rogers, Ch's, Sandy Hill.

10. Russell, Jerem., Saugerties. Rhode Island. - 2.

12. Seymour, D. L., Troy. 1. Cranston, H. Y., Newport. 33. Smith, Albert, Batavia. 2. Potter, E. R., S. Kingstown. (15. Stetson, Lem., Keeseville.

1. Strong, S. B., Setauket. Connecticut. -4.

31. Tyler, Asher, Ellicottsville. 3. Catlin, G. H., Windham. 24. Wheaton, Hor., Pompey. 1. Seymour, T. H., Hartford.

One Vacancy.


Residence. 7. Bayley, T. H., Drummondt'n,

[Accomac Co. 12. Chapman, A.A., Union. 9. Chilton, Sam'l, Warrenton. 3. Coles, Walter, Robert'n's Store. 2. Dromgoole, G.C., Summit.

Goggin, W. L., Otterbridge. 13. Hopkins, G. W. Abingdon. 4. Hubard, E. W., Curdsville. 6. Jones, John W., Petersburg. 10. Lucas, Wm. F., Charlestown.

8. Newton, W., Hague. 15. Steenrod, L. J., Wheeling. 14. Summers, G.W., Kenhawa. 11. Taylor, Wm., Lexington.


Residence. New Jersey. 5. 1. Elmer, L. Q. C., Bridgeton. 3. Farlee, Isaac G., Flemington. 4. Kirkpatrick, L., N. Brunswick. 2. Sykes, George, Mount Holly. 5. Wright, Wm., Newark.

Pennsylvania. - 24. 11. Bidlack, B. A., Wilkesbarre. 16. Black, James, Newport. 10. Brodhead, R., Jr. Easton.

8. Brown, Jere., . Goshen. 24. Buffington, Jos., Kittanning. 21. Darragh, Corn., Pittsburgh. 20. Dickey, John, Beaver. 19. Foster, H. D., Greensburg. 22. Hays, Samuel, Franklin. 4. Ingersoll, C. J., Philadelphia. 2. Ingersoll, J. R., Philadelphia. 17. Irvin, James, Milesburg. 6. Jenks, M. H., Newtown. 7. McIlvaine, A.R., Brandywine. 1. Morris, Edw. J., Philadelphia. 15. Nes, Henry, York. 13. Pollock, 14. Ramsey, Alex'r, Harrisburg. 23. Reed, C. M., Erie.

9. Ritter, John, Reading 18. Stewart, And'w, Uniontown. 3. Smith, John T., Philadelphia. 5. Yost, Jacob S., Pottstown. One Vacancy.

Delaware. - 1.
Rodney, G. B., Newcastle.

Maryland. — 6. 2. Brengle, F., Frederick Co. 1. Causin, J. M. S., St. Mary's Co. 4. Kennedy, J. P., Baltimore. 5. Preston, J. A., Harford Co. 6. Spence, Th. A., 3. Wethered, J., Baltimore Co.

Virginia. — 15. 1. Atkinson, A., Smithfield.


North Carolina. - 9. 8. Arrington, A.H., Hilliardston. 2. Barringer, D. M., Concord. 1. Clingman, T. L., Asheville. 7. Daniel, J. R. J., Halifax. 4. Deberry, Edm., Lawrenceville. 6. McKay, J. J., Elizabethtown. 9. Rayner, Kenn., Winton. 3. Reid, David S., Reidsville. 5. Saunders, R. M., Raleigh.

South Carolina. - 7. 1. Black, Jas. A., Cherok. Works. 5. Burt, Artemas, Abbeville. 4. Campbell, John, Parnassus. 6. Holmes, I. E., Charleston. 7. Rhett, R. B., Blue House. 2. Simpson, R. F., Pendletonville. 3. Woodward,J.A., Winnsboro.

Georgia. 8. Black, Edw. J., Jacksonboro. Chappell, A. H., Macon. Clinch, D. Lg Cobb, Howell, Athens. Haralson, H. A., La Grange. Lumpkin, J. H. Rome. Stephens, A. H., Crawfordsville. Stiles, Wm. H., Cassville.



Alabama. 7.

7. Thomasson, W.P., Louisville. 2. Belser, Jas. E., Montgomery. 10. Tibbatts, J. W., Newport. 6. Chapman, R. H., Somerville. 6. Whité, John, Richmond. 1. Dellet, James, Claiborne.

Ohio. - 21. 5. Houston, G. S., Athens. 7. McConnell, F.G., Talladega.

11. Brinckerhoff, J., Mansfield. 4. Payne, W. W., Gainesville.


18. Dean, Ezra, One Vacancy.

1. Duncan, Alex., Cincinnati.

9. Florence, Elias, Circleville. Mississippi. 4.

20. Giddings, J. R., Jefferson. Hammett, W. H.,

12. Harper, Alex'r, Zanesville. Roberts, R. W.,

13. Johnson, P. B., McConnellsv'e. Thompson, J., Oxford. 16. Matthews, Jas., Coshocton. Tucker, Tilghman M.,

17. Mc Causlen, W.C., Steuben ville.

7. McDowell, J. J., Hillsborough. Louisiana.-4.

15. Morris, Joseph, Woodsfield. 3. Dawson, J. B., St. Francisville.

5. Potter, E, D., Toledo. 2. Labranche, A., New Orleans.

3. Schenck, R. C., Dayton. 1. Slidell, John, New Orleans.

6. St. John, Henry, Tiffin. 4. Morse, Isaac E.,

19. Tilden, D. R., Ravenna. Arkansas. - 1.

4. Vance, Joseph, Urbana. Cross, Edward, Washington.

8. Van Meter, J. J., Piketon.

14. Vinton, S. F., Gallipolis. Tennessee. - 11.

2. Weller, J. B., Hamilton. 10. Ashe, John B., Brownsville.

Two Vacancies. 3. Blackwell, J. W., Athens.

Michigan. — 3. 6. Brown, A. V., Pulaski.

2. Hunt, Jas. B., Pontiac. 11. Brown, Milton, Jackson.

3. Lyon, Lucius, Kalamazoo. 4. Cullom, Alvan, Livingston.

1. McClelland, R., Monroe. 7. Dickinson, D.W., Murfreesboro. 1. Johnson, A., Greenville.

Indiana. -- 10. 9. Johnson, Cave, Clarksville.

5. Brown, Wm. J., Indianapolis. 5. Jones, G. W., Fayetteville.

6. Davis, John W., Carlisle. 8. Peyton, J. H., Gallatin.

2. Henley, T.J., N. Washington. 2. Senter, Wm. T., Panther Sp’gs. 10. Kennedy, A.,


1. Owen, Rob. D., New Harmony. Kentucky. 10.

8. Pettit, John, La Fayette. 1. Boyd, Linn, Belleview.

9. Sample, S. C., South Bend. 4. Caldwell, G. A., Columbia.

4. Smith, C. B., Connorsville. 8. Davis, Garrett, Paris.

3. Smith, Thos., Versailles. 9. French, Rich’d, Mt. Sterling.

7. Wright, J. A., Rockville. 2. Green, Willis, Green's. 3. Grider, Henry, Bowling Grin.

Illinois. -7. 5. Stone, Jas. W., Taylorsville. 5. Douglass, S. A., Quincy.

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