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3. Number of Post Offices, Extent of Post Roads, and Revenue and Expen

ditures of the Post-Office Department; with the amount paid to Postmasters and for transportation of the Mail.*

Year.

Number of Post Offices.

Extent of

Post
Roads.

Amount paid for
Revenue Expenditures
of the

of the
Department. Department. Compen. of Transporta.

Postmasters of the Mail.

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Dollars.

32,140 117,993 213,994 377,367 495, 969 748,121

43,748

1916

804,422

75 453

903 1,558 2,300 3,000 3,260 3,459 3,618 4,000 4,500 4,650 4,799 4,043

1817 1913 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1927 1828

5,182

Dollars.

37,935 160,620 280,804 421,373

551,684 1,043,065

961,732 1,002,973 1,130,235 1,204,737 1,111,927 1,059,037 1,117,490 1,130,115 1,197,758 1,306,525 1,447,703 1,524,633 1,659,915 1,707,418 1,850,583 1,997,311 2,258,570 2,617,011 2,923,749 2,993,356 3,408,323 4,100,605 4,235,078 4,477,614 4,539,265 4,379,296 4,546,246 4,295,925

48,673 52,089 59,473 67,536 72,492 78,808 82,763 84,960 84,860 94,052 94,052 105,336 105,336 115,000 115,176 115,486 104,466 119,916 119,916 112,774 118,264 141,242 134,818 133,999 155,739 155,026 149,732 142,295

5,677 6,150 7,003 7,530 9,004 8,450 8,636 9,205 10,127 10,693 10,770 11,091 11,767 12,519 12,780 13,468 13,778 13,733 13,814

1829 1830 1831

Dollars.

8,198 30,272 69,243 111,552 149,438 241,901 265,944 303,916 346,429 375,828 352,295 337,599 355,299 360,462 383,804 411,183 447,727 486,411 543,049 559,237 595,234 635,028 715,481 826,283 897,317 945,418 812,503 891,352 933,948

980,000 1,023,925 1,018,645 1,147,256 1,426,394

916,515 1,035,332 1,117,861 1,160,926 1,184,283 1,167,572 1,156,995 1,188,019 1,229,043 1,366,712 1,468,959 1,689,945 1,792,132 1,932,708 1,936,122 2,266,171 2,930,414 2,910,605 2,757,350 2,841,766 3,303,428 4,621,833 4,654,718 4,759, 110 4,443,768 4,235,052 4,374,713

Dollars.

22,081 75,359 128,644 239,635 327,966 487,779 521,970 589,189 664,611 717,881 782,425 815,681 788,618 767,464 768,939 785,646 885,100

942,345 1,086,313 1,153,646 1,274,009 1,252, 226 1,482,507 1,894,638 1,925,544 1,719,007 1,638,052 1,996,727 3,131,308 3,285,622 3,296,376 2,984,389 3,087,796 2,947,319

1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1937 1838 1839 1810 1841 1842 1843

* The Revenue of the Post-Office Department is derived chiefly from postage; a trifling amount is received from penalties for violations of the post-office laws. The Expenditures of the Department consist of the items for compensation of postmasters, transportation of the mail, and certain other miscellaneous expenses.

4. RATES OF POSTAGE.

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On a Single Letter, composed of one piece of paper.
For any distance, not exceeding 30 miles, 6 cents.
Over 30, and not exceeding 80

10
Over 80, and not exceeding 150

12%
Over 150, and not exceeding 400
Over 400,

25

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1834 "

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A Letter composed of two pieces of paper, is charged with double these rates; of three pieces, with triple; and of four pieces, with quadruple. “One or more pieces of paper, mailed as a letter, and weighing one ounce, shall be charged with quadruple postage; and at the same rate, should the weight be greater.” “Letter postage is to be charged on all hand-bills, printed or written; prices current, sealed or unsealed; prospectuses, proposals for new publications, circulars, lottery-bills and advertisements, blank forms, sheets of music, deeds, law processes, policies of insurance, and manuscript copy for publication. You will also charge letter postage on all packets that are closely enveloped and sealed, so that what they contain cannot be known." Instructions of the Postmaster General.

Newspaper Postage. For each Newspaper, not carried out of the State in which it is published, or, if carried out of the State, not carried over 100 miles, 1 cent. Over 100 miles, and out of the State in which it is published, 192 cents.

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Magazines and Pamphlets. If published periodically, dist. not exceeding 100 miles, 19 cts. p. sheet. Do.

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distance over 100 212 If not pub. periodically, dist. not exceeding 100 Do. do. distance over

100 “Every Printed Pamphlet or Magazine which contains more than twentyfour pages, on a royal sheet, or any sheet of less dimensions, shall be charged by the sheet; and small pamphlets, printed on a half or quarter sheet, of royal or less size, shall be charged with half the amount of postage charged on a full sheet.” “A pamphlet is a small unbound printed book. A magazine is a pamphlet published periodically in numbers, containing articles on science, literature, politics, news, &c. You will charge periodical pamphlet postage on magazines, almanacs, college catalogues, and annual reports or minutes of societies." Instructions of the Postmaster General.

The postage on Ship Letters, if delivered at the office where the vessel arrives, is six cents; if conveyed by post, two cents in addition to the ordinary postage.

5. PRIVILEGE OF FRANKING.

Letters and packets to and from the following officers of the government are by law received and conveyed by post, free of postage;

The President and Vice President of the United States; Secretaries of State, Treasury, War, and Navy; Attorney General, Postmaster General, and Assistant Postmaster General; Comptrollers, Auditors, Register, and Solicitor of the Treasury; Treasurer; Commissioner of the General Land Office; Commissioners of the Navy Board, Commissary General; Inspectors General; Quartermaster General; Paymaster General; Superintendent of the Patent Office; Speaker and Clerk of the House of Representatives ; President and Secretary of the Senate; and any individual who shall have been, or may hereafter be, President of the United States; and each may receive newspapers by post, free of postage.

Each member of the Senate, and each member and delegate of the House of Representatives, may send and receive, free of postage, news. papers, letters, and packets, weighing not more than two ounces, (in case of excess of weight, the excess alone to be paid for,) and all documents printed by order of either House, from the period of sixty days before he takes his seat in Congress, till the next meeting of the next Congress.

Postmasters may send and receive, free of postage, letters and packets, not exceeding half an ounce in weight; and they may receive one daily newspaper each, or what is equivalent thereto.

Printers of newspapers may send one paper to each and every other printer of newspapers within the United States, free of postage, under such regulations as the Postmaster General may provide.

VIII. MINT.

Officers of the Mint at Philadelphia.
Salary.

Salary.
R. M. Patterson, Director, $3,500 J. R. McClintock, Melter
Isaac Roach, Treasurer,

}$2,000 2,000

and Refiner, Franklin Peale, Chief Coiner, 2,000 Chr. F. Gobrecht, Engraver, 2,000 J. R. Eckfeldt, Assayer, 2,000, W. C. Dubois, Asst. Assayer, 1,300

Officers of the Branch at New Orleans, La.
Salary.

Salary. J. M. Kennedy, Superintend. 2,500) Phil. B. Tyler, Coiner, $2,000 Wm. P. Hort, Assayer, 2,000 Hor. C. Cammack, Treasurer, 2,000 John L. Riddell, Melt. & Refin. 2,000

Officers of the Branch at Dahlonega, Ga.

Salary. I
J. F. Cooper, Superintend. $2,000 Daniel H. Mason, Coiner,
Isaac L. Todd, Assayer, 1,500

Salary. $1,500

Officers of the Branch at Charlotte, N. C.

Salary.
G. W. Caldwell, Superintend. $2,000 John R. Bolton, Coiner,
J. H. Gibbon, Assayer,

1,500

Salary. $1,500

1. Statement of the Deposits for Coinage, at the Mint of the United States,

and its Branches, in the year 1843.

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2.

Statement of the Coinage of the Mint of the United States, and Branches,

in the Year 1843.

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Gold.

Silver. Eagles, 250,624

Dollars, 165,100 Half Eagles, 855,085

Half Dollars, 6,112,000 Quart'r Eagles, 530,853

Quar. Doll's, 1,613,600

8,108,797.50 Dimes, 1,520,000 Copper.

Half Dimes, 1,165,000 3,834,750.00 Cents, 2,428,3201 24,283.20

Total,

11,967,830.70

3. Coinage of the Mint of the United States, from 1792, including the coinage

of the branch mints from the commencement of their operations, in 1838.

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1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843

$71,485 00 $370,683 80 $11,373 00 1,834,420 $453,541 80 102,727 50

79,077 50 10,324 40 1,219,370 192,129 40 103,422 50 12,591 45 9,510 34 1,095,165 125,524 29 205,610 00 330,291 00 9,797 00

1,368,241

545,698 00 213,285 00 423,515 00 9,106 68 1,365,681

645,906 68 317,760 00 224,296 00 29,279 40 3,337,972 571,335 40 422,570 00 74,758 00 13,628 37 1,571,390 510,956 37 423,310 00 58,343 00 34,422 83 3,615,869 516,075 83 258,377 50 87,118 00 25,203 03 2,780,830 370,698 53 258,642 50 100,340 50 12,844 94 2,046,839 371,827 94 170,367 50 149,388 50 13,483 48 2,260,361 333,239 48 324,505 00 471,319 00 5,260 00 1,815,409 801,084 00 437,495 00 597,448 75 9,652 21 2,731,345 1,044,595 96 284,665 00 684,300 00 13,090 00 2,935,888 982,055 00 169,375 00 707,376 00 8,001 53 2,861,834 884,752 53 501,435 00 638,773 50 15,660 00 3,056,418 1,155,868 50 497,905 00 608,340 00 2,495 95 1,649,570 1,108,740 95 290,435 00 814,029 50 10,755 00 2,761,646 1,116,219 50 477,140 00 620,951 50 4,180 00 1,755,331 1,102,271 50 77,270 00 561,687 50 3,578 30 1,833,859 642,535 80 3,175 00 17,308 00

69,867 20,483 00 28,575 75 28,209 82 2,888,135 56,785 57

607,783 50 39,484 00 5,163,967 647,267 50 242,940 00 1,070,454 50 31,670 00 5,537,084 1,345,064 50

258,615 00 1,140,000 00 26,710 00 5,074,723 1,425,325 00 1,319,030 00 501,680 70 44,075 50 6,492,509 1,864,786 20 189,325 00 825,762 45 3,890 00 3,139,249 1,018,977 45 88,989 00 805,806 50 20,723 39 3,813,788 915,509 89 72,425 00 895,550 00

2,166,485 967,975 00 93,200 00 1,752,477.00 12,620 00 4,786,894 1,858,297 00 156,385 00 1,564,583 00 14,926 00 5,178,760 1,735,894 00

92,245 00 2.002,090 00 16,344 25 5,774,434 2,110,679 25 131,565 00 2,869,200 00 23,577 32 9,097,845 3,024,342 32 140,145 00 1,575,600 00 25,636 24 6,196,853 1,741,381 24 295,717 50 1,994,578 00 16,580 00 7,674,501 2,306,875 50 643,105 00 2,495,400 00 17,115 00 8,357,191 3,155,620 00 714,270 00 3,175,600 00 33,603 60 11,792,284 3,923,473 60 798,435 00 2,579,000 00 23,620 00 9,128,387 3,401,055 00

978,550 00 2,759,000 0028,160 00 10,307,790 3,765,710 00 3,954,270 00 3,415,002 00 19,151 00 11,637,643 7,388,423 00 2,186,175 00 3,443,003 0039,489 00 15,996,342 5,668,667 00 4,135,700 00 3,606,100 00 23,100 00 13,719,333 7,764,900 00 1,148,305 00 2,096,010 00 55,583 00 13,010,721 3,299,898 00 1,809,595 00 2,333,243 00 63,702 00 15,780,311 4,206,540 00 1,355,885 00 2,189,296 00 31,286 61 11,811,594 3,576,467 61 1,675,302 50 1,726,703 00 24,627 00 10,558,240 3,426,632 50 1,091,597 50 1,132,750 00 15,973 67 8,811,968 2,240,321 17 1,834,170 50 2,332,750 00 23,833 90 11,743,153 4,190,754 40

8,108,797 50 3,834,750 00 24,283 20 14,640,582 11,967,830 70 |39,125,688 00|62,384,684 90979,620 96/284,248,071 102,489,993 86

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