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will do his work, as well as their own understandings, the justice to weigh his reasons, before deciding against the doctrines, in support of which they are adduced. For, he will not anticipate the possibility, that any of them, however opposed to him in sentiment, instead of refuting his arguments by open and manly demonstration, will resort to the disingenuous and illiberal substitute, of impugning his motives. But, if otherwise ; he must avow, that, he acts under his own impulse only, and has no understanding or connexion with any party whatever; and, being under oath to support the constitution, he has done so, in the only way in his power, to the best of his small ability. For the rest, he begs leare to adopt from Grotius, as translated by Barbeyrac,—- Si j'ai avancé quelque chose de contraire a la piété, aux bonnes meurs, a l'écriture sainte, aux sentimens reçûs de toute l' eglise chretienne, ou en un mot a quelque verité que ce soit, je le désavoue, et je veux qu'il soit tenu pour non dit.'


Char. I. Of the Rights of Man, as derived from his nature

and condition, p. 9.

Division 1. Natural Rights.—Self-preservation, 11. Liberty, 13.

Equality, 14. Rights of conscience, &c., 15. Rights of property, 16. Self-
defence, 23. Defence of property, 24. Redress, 25. of the pretended
right to make war, 29. Of the right to form associations, &c., 31.

Division 2. Rights retained in Society.--Self-defence in cases of ex.

treme urgency, 40. Qualified or civil liberty, &c., 41. The rights of con-

science, 45. The right of property, 51. Right of equality, 51. The right

of freely discussing public measures, &c., 53. The right of petition, &c. 54.

The right to reform, &c. 55.

CHAP. II. Of the Social Compact of the citizens of the dif-

ferent States in the American Union, in the formation of

the General Constitution, taken in connexion with the real

or supposed compact of the citizens of each State, in the

formation of their own State Government, 65.

CHAP. III. Of the powers delegated to the General Govern-

ment in the Federal Constitution, 74.

The Constitution of the United States, 74. The powers of Con-

gress, 90. The powers and duties of the President, 109. The Judiciary,

118. Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, 119. Its appellate juris-

diction, 121. Of the respect which ought to be paid to the de cisions of the

Supreme Court, 124. Opinion of Ch. Jus. Jay, 130.

CHAP. IV. Of the powers delegated to the State Govern-

ments, by the people of each State, respectively, 133.

Reform of state representation, 138. Goddard's case, 143. Remarks on

the remedy in case of an unconstitutional law, 146. On the limits of the

jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, 152.

Chap. V. Of the Independence of the States and the Sove-

reignty of the Union, considered together, and how far the

latter is consistent with the former, 156.

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