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perfect, 574.

right of, 574.

imperfect, 574.
permanent, 574.

qualified, 575.

acts of the United States, 587-8.

Neutrals taking letters of marque from belligerents, 556. their general relations to belligerents, 595.

Newark, destruction of, 402.

Non-combatants, 381.

classification of, 382.

conduct required of, 382.

Non-commissioned vessels making prizes, 533, 557.

Notice to neutrals of blockade, 425.

Notification of blockade, 424, 429.

Objects of blockade, 437.

O.

Obligations of a State, 358.

of citizens, 379.

Obstructing ports, 461.

Occasional contraband, 480.

Occupation, military, 406.

Offensive war, 361.

Operations during a truce, 394.

Ortolan, M., on breach of blockade, 447.

exclusion of vessels of war from blockaded ports, 454.

contraband of war, 469.

penalty for contraband, 491.

convoy, 520.

territorial character of vessels, 526.

Pacific blockade, 456.

P.

Palmerston, Lord, exemption of private property from capture, 562.

on pacific blockade, 457.

Palmetto State, Confederate steamer, 444.

Papers required by American vessels, 527, App. I.
Pareja, Admiral, order of blockade, 453, 488.

on search, 514.

Paris, Declaration of, on blockade, 440.

abolishes privateering, 557, 561.

enemy's goods in neutral vessels, 602.

Parole, authority to grant, 387.

breach of, 387.

Parsons, Professor, on contraband, 468.

Passage of troops over neutral territory, 580. of vessels of war over neutral waters, 581.

Passports, 527.

Penalty for foreign enlistments, 379.

for breach of parole, 387.

for breach of blockade, 451.

for carrying contraband, 489.

for piracy, 571.

for violation of neutrality laws, 587-8.

Perfect war, 362.

Permanent neutrality, 574.

Peterhoff, The, case of, 450, 476, 479.

Phillimore, R., on coal as contraband, 485.

on sale of contraband, 507.

Piracy, definition, 567.

American definition of, 568.

limitations in definition of, 569.

search on suspicion of, 570.

punishment for, 571.

acquittal of, 571.

slave trade made piracy, 572.

Places taken by storm, 401.

Plevna, capture of, 400.

Policy of nations as to contraband, 464.

Positive reprisals, 418.

Postliminy, right of, 543

when this right takes effect, 544.

limits of, 544, 545.

laws regulating, 545.

Power to make war, 369.

to conclude truces, 393

to levy contributions, 404.

to grant licenses to trade, 412.

to lay embargoes, 418.

to grant letters of marque and reprisals, 420.

Pratt, Mr., on carriage of military persons, 495.

Pre-emption of provisions, 486.

Prevention of injuries a cause of war, 369.

Prisoners of war, 384.

treatment of, 386.

exchange of, 386.

Private property at sea, 561.

respected in late wars, 564.

Privateering, definition, 554.

restrictions on, 555

when piratical, 556.

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Rights of parties in civil war, 366.

neutrals, 599.

Rouher, M., on effective blockade, 441.

notification of blockade, 429.

Rule of war of 1756, 594.

Rules, general, in war, 375.

to be observed by neutrals, 578, 585.

of prize courts, 475, 536.

Russell, Lord, on effective blockade, 441.

closing ports, 459.

Trent affair, 504.

title to prize, 535.

S.

Safe-conducts and safeguards, 397.

Salvage, 546.

amount allowed for recaptures, 547.

United States law regulating, 547.

Sanctions of international law, 360.

Savages, employment of in war, 378.

Scott, General, threatens to hang Mexicans breaking parole, 388. Scott, Sir Wm., on blockades, 427.

Sea-letters, 527.

neutral communications, 455

resistance to search, 510, 518.

Search, right of, 509.

Sedition, 367.

Self-defence, 368.

Semi-sovereign States, 357.

Seward, Mr., on notification of blockade, 430.

blockade Southern ports, 439.

closing ports, 462.

coal as contraband, 486.

manner of conducting search, 512.

Marcy amendment to Declaration of Paris, 562. maritime jurisdiction, 598.

Shenandoah, Confederate steamer, 592.

Ship's papers and nationality, 525.

false papers, 530.

concealment and spoliation of papers, 530.

Sitka, The, case of, 558.

Slave trade made piracy, 572.

Sources of international law, 359.

Sovereignty of a State, 357.

Special reprisals, 419.

Spies, 389.

Sponsions, 396.

Springbok, The, case of, 450, 491, 512.
State, definition of, 356.

can pirates form, 571.

must judge of cause of war, 363.

Stone blockade of Charleston, S. C., 461.
Story, Professor, on embargo of 1807, 416.
Stratagems allowable in war, 392.

Subjects of international law, 356.

enemy in beiligerent territory, 383.

Summary of offences against blockade, 451.

acts permitted to neutrals with respect to blockades, 453.

Sumner, Mr., opposes privateers, 563.

Supplies to belligerent vessels, 583, 584.

Supply departments of armies, 375.

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