Merchant Marine Fleet Replacement Problems: Hearings, Eighty-ninth Congress, Second Session. June 6 and 7, 1966

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Committee Serial No. 89-75. Considers difficulties of the American merchant marine, its continued competitiveness, modernization and development, and relationship to national interests.
 

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Halaman 13 - Resolved, That copies of this resolution be transmitted to the President of the United States, the Vice President of the United States, the Secretary of State...
Halaman 4 - ... the physical operations in Vietnam. CASL, as our committee is generally known, is an association of 13 US-flag steamship lines operating cargo and passenger services on essential international trade routes under wage differential contracts with the US Government. US-flag liner shipping has performed well in competitive international trade, with US participation averaging 37 percent of the revenue and 32 percent of the cargo deadweight tonnage in the ocean liner trades. Liner performance is sometimes...
Halaman 13 - Council, published a report on "the role of the US merchant marine in national security," more commonly known as "Project Walrus." The authors stated that a continuation of the trend of the US decrease in carriage of its own maritime trade is completely unacceptable to the needs of national security. Mr. Chairman, today approximately 7 per cent of our trade is carried in US flag ships. Compare this to the...
Halaman 58 - Government controlled cargoes but also on commercial cargoes, either directly or through the patriotism of their receivers and shippers, if for no other apparent reason, because in those countries their Merchant Marines make up a greater part of their economic picture of which their people are aware, contrary to the situation in the United States. Therefore, US flag lines have a very" "hard row to hoe
Halaman 56 - Merchant Marine is concerned, in an area of false economy, a penny wise and pound foolish situation, as a result of the do-nothing attitude of the Maritime Administration and the others in our Government who are preventing constructive action. After all, if our Merchant Marine program can be...
Halaman 54 - Waterman now owns 15 US-flag war-built C-2-type vessels which are operated in unsubsidized liner service in a number of essential trade routes in the foreign commerce of the United States. Waterman also operates some chartered vessels in its various services and acts as general agent for the National Shipping Authority in the operation of five vessels recently taken from the laid-up fleet for the use of the Military Sea Transportation Service.
Halaman 57 - ... attached to carrying Government-controlled cargo. Certainly we should not want to use foreign ships to carry our military cargo and other Government-controlled cargo. It is fundamentally sound to carry our military cargo in US-flag vessels and to reserve our other Government-financed cargo for US-flag vessels. It is not sensible to voluntarily forego any part of what can be obtained for our national flag vessels — no other country would even consider taking such a position. We must bear in...
Halaman 56 - ... present problems on a basis of day-to-day expediency ? An editorial in the March issue of the magazine World Ports & Marine News illustrates the position we are in, as follows : The United Kingdom unintentionally did the United States a "favor" recently when the British underwriters proclaimed a higher premium rate on all cargoes transported on ships 20 years or older or war built. Thank goodness that there was a "misunderstanding...
Halaman 58 - Would it not be better to have private industry build the FDL vessels and operate them in peacetime rather than to have the Department of Defense in effect building its own Merchant fleet to support its activities. I feel sure the steamship industry in collaboration with the Department of Defense can build into the ships in a forward looking Merchant Marine program all the features that are desirable for military availability in an emergency.
Halaman 56 - ... budgetary restrictions and the lack of a constructive program for the future of our Merchant Marine. These vessels in the reserve fleet proved useful in the Korea crisis, and some of them are again proving useful in the Vietnam situation. However, as the years have passed since the end of World War II, the usefulness of the ships in the reserve fleet has diminished with their increasing age. Today over 70...

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