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and Ludlow. He married Mary, daughter of Rowland Baugh, Esq., of Stonehouse, Onibury, County Salop, and granddaughter of Thomas, Lord Folliott, Baron of Ballyshannon, Ireland, and had issue two sons, Folliott and Henry, who died childless, and two daughters,

Mary and Arabella. Folliott Herbert was appointed Comptroller of Customs at Chester, in 1749.

His daughter, Mary, was born at her grandfather's seat at Ballyshannon, County Donegal, Ireland, 17th May, 1718, and married Mr. Frederick Cornewall, R.N., of Delbury Hall, Diddlebury, County Salop. Their elder son, Frederick, represented Ludlow in Parliament, and died unmarried at Diddlebury in A.D. 1783.

The younger son, Folliott Herbert Walker Cornewall, was bishop in succession of the sees of Bristol, Hereford, and Worcester, and died at his episcopal palace at Hartlebury, Sept 5, 1831. His descendants have intermarried with the noble families of Abercorn, Somerset, and Lyttelton.

GEORGE EDWARD HENRY ARTHUR, SECOND EARL OF

Powis. This nobleman, being born on 7th July, 1755, was, when he succeeded his father on his death, on 11th September, 1772, only seventeen years old. He had four sisters--Lady Georgiana Amelia, Lady Augusta, and Lady Barbara Henrietta—all of whom died young, -and Lady Henrietta Antonia, his heir, who was three years his junior.

His mother, Barbara, Countess Dowager of Powis, seems to have taken a prominent position during the minority of her son. We shall quote a passage from The last Journal of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford” (vol. 1, p. 213), in which she and her daughter, Lady Henrietta Antonia, are mentioned :

“May, 1773. The Duke of Gloucester, brother of George the Third, refused to receive any man who should not visit the

1 Gentleman's Magazine, xix, p. 381.

duchess (previously the Countess Waldegrave, daughter of Sir Edward Walpole, K.B.) as well as him. Lord and Lady Waldegrave, her first husband's brother, and sister-in-law, whether to insult or soften her after their neglect, would have visited her daughters. She very properly refused to allow of such a visit. The Countess of Powis, niece to the duchess, and to Lord Waldegrave, and who had been the warmest assertor of the marriage, sent her daughter (her lord dying at that very time), with unusual ceremony to make excuses for not paying her duty, till she quitted her weeds. The duchess, in acknowledgment of the attention, sent her daughters to visit the young lady; but Lady Powis, by an excess of absurdity and meanness, though in the most affluent circumstances, thought better of it, and neither went herself to the duchess, nor suffered her daughters to return the visit of her cousins, though they were children of a senior earl.”

The cause of the Countess's caution was, probably, the fear of displeasing George III, who was offended at his brother's marriage.

The dowager countess next appears prominent in the severe contest for the county of Montgomery, between Watkin Williams and William Owen, of Woodhouse, in which the Powis and Wynn family interests came into collision, and the former ...

We are enabled to print, from the Peniarth MSS., the following letters relative to the Montgomeryshire county election of 1774, which seem to have more interest than election correspondence generally contains.

Lady Powis's printed Circular Letter."

London, May 19th, 1774.

SIR,--It has given real concern to myself and son to find that the peace of the county of Montgomery has been thus early disturbed by a private canvass from Major Williams, which has since been followed by a public address to the freeholders. It was our first wish to have waited till the sense of the county could have been taken at a general meeting; but the step which has been pursued, ...i fear, frustrated our intentions in that respect, and rendered our application to you unavoidably necessary. Give me leave, therefore, to solicit

*An original printed copy of this letter is deposited in the Powysland Museum and Library.

your vote and interest in support of Mr. Owen, a native of the county, and a gentleman who, we hope, will every way prove worthy of your approbation. By making him the object of your choice, you will confer a real obligation on my son, and on, Sir, Your most humble Servant,

B. Powis.

Answer to Lady Powis's Circular Letter.

June 30th, 1774.

SIR,-‘‘It has” indeed “given real concern to myself and friends to see the peace of the county of Montgomery thus early disturbed by a public canvass” against me, who am at present in possession of the honour of representing it. That the Earl and Countess Dowager of Powis began, is most notoriously certain. My first wish undoubtedly was to have waited, till the sense of the county could have been taken at a general meeting, whether my conduct has been such as to merit a striking mark of the displeasure of my constituents, or a kind continuance of this favour. I thought myself the more secure of the latter, as her ladyship was voluntarily pleased to assure me the winter before last, in the most obliging manner, that she would make no opposition to me at the General Election, unless provoked. What provocation I can have given to vacate that promise, I am yet to learn : a suspicion may rather be entertained, that the assurance was insidious, and meant to put me off my guard, and like other assertions in her ladyship's circular letter. My advertisement did not appear till after the canvassing above mentioned—it was the consequence of it; and I therein only referred myself to the decision of a general meeting. But can it after all be seriously made a doubt, which is the disturber of the peace of a county, the sitting member on an old family interest, or a new candidate? Whether the freeholders may not warmly resent, that a peer and peeress of Great Britain should thus publickly, in the most unexampled manner, violate the rights of all the Commons in England, by presuming to dictate to them in the exercise of their birthright —a free choice of their representative—must be left to time to discover. In the meantime, I hope that, though Mr. Owen may be made, “by the Powis family”, the object of your choice, he will, however, not be the object chosen.

I am very much, Sir,
Your obedient humble Servant,
WATKIN WILLIAMs.

To the Gentlemen, Clergy, and Freeholders of the County of

Montgomery. GENTLEMEN, Though in the course of my canvass you have been

generously pleased to honour me with the most flattering hopes of success, I little expected, that Mr. Williams himself would have the great goodness to promote my interest, or that in a circular letter, particularly intended to defeat my wish, he should advance circumstances, which to lovers of truth and supporters of liberty must give you substantial reason to oppose his own election. Mr. Williams is pleased to charge the Earl and Countess of Powis, in express terms, with “disturbing the peace of the county by a private and public canvass,” but, gentlemen, you will receive the assertions of a candidate with great caution, who, in a public advertisement, engages to regulate his conduct by the sense of a general meeting, yet in his circular letter not only solicits, but seems to demand your votes, before a general meeting has been assembled.

Mr. Williams indeed labours to justify the inconsistency of his conduct on the ground of necessity; yet let me ask, if it is either very polite or very manly to extenuate the disregard of his own promise, thus solemnly plighted, by taxing a noble lady in the face of the world with an absolute violation of her word. He tells you, gentlemen, that he thought himself the more secure of your favour, as even her ladyship in the most obliging manner voluntarily assured him, that she would make no opposition to him at the general election, unless provoked.

Gentlemen, give me leave to appeal to your judgment, whether it is probable, that a lady of acknowledged good understanding could thus voluntarily, at so great a distance of time as upwards of two years previous to the general election, tie herself down not to exert her interest in opposition to a gentleman to whom she was indebted for neither favour, compliment, or particular civility. But not to let this matter rest on even the strongest F. or conjecture, I am authorised to affirm that her adyship gave no assurance of any kind to Mr. Williams on the subject of the general election; nor was the Earl of Powis or the Countess the first disturber of the peace of Montgomeryshire.

When he asks with an air of triumph whether it can seriously be made a doubt which is the disturber of the county, the sitting member on an old family interest or a new candidate,” I am compelled to request your most serious consideration of the question, because in my comprehension it strikes at the immediate existence of election. If giving the freeholders of this county an opportunity of choosing a representative at all

is to be deemed a disturber of your peace; and if to preserve tranquillity, you must necessarily return the same man during his life, whom you have once honoured with a seat in Parliament, you may as well give up the right of election for ever; your representative is no longer your servant, but your master; you no longer choose, but are forced to receive a member; and this member may tell you, as Mr. Williams does, that it will disturb the peace of the county to remove the right of representing you out of his family. If you must confer a second favour, because you have generously bestowed a first, you must grant a third, on account of the second, and so descend into the despicable slaves of the very man, whom you originally selected from all others to be the guardian of your independency. Mr. Williams, in the latter part of his letter, tells you “that though I may be made the object of your choice, he hopes, however, I shall not be the object chosen;" does not this evidently imply, that he hopes you are not to have the appointment of your own representative?

I entreat your pardon, gentlemen, for expressing myself with so much warmth, and I trust that the honest indignation, which cannot but fire your own free-born bosoms at this

avowed design to schedule you (like so many miserable peasants of Poland) into the property of Mr. Williams's family, will readily plead my excuse.

Mr. Williams affects to feel deeply for the rights of the English Commons; and his idea, that the wish of a peer or peeress, with respect to the fate of an election, is an evasion of these rights, must appear peculiarly whimsical, after what he has himself told you of his conversation with Lady Powis. While her ladyship seemed inclined to countenance his views, she acted "in a most obliging manner,” and the constitution was perfectly secure; the case, however, is widely changed; she ceases to appear propitious, and he shudders with a thousand alarms for the unfortunate Commons of England.

Many apologies, gentlemen, are requisite for the great length of this letter, yet when you remember that a charge, contained in a single line, may demand a page of refutation, I shall hope for your excuse. My cause is now in your hands, and it cannot possibly be lodged in better. Let the election fall where it may, my wishes will be in the end crowned, if your independency is promoted; though to be myself the instrument of that independency would beyond measure gratify the ambition of

Gentlemen,
Your most humble, most devoted, and most obliged,

WM. OWEN.
(Bryngwyn.)

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