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It may be appropriate and not uninteresting to refer to what has been said about other rings of the sort. In 1845,' Mr. Hoare of Cork sent to the meeting of the Archaeological Institute a lithograph of a silver ring in his possession, described as “a decade signet-ring,” discovered in Cork, in 1844. The hoop was composed of nine knobs or bosses, which may have served instead of beads in numbering prayers, whilst the central portion, which forms the signet, supplied the place of the gaude. Some persons, Mr. Hoare remarks, had regarded this ring as very ancient; Mr. Lindsay supposed it to be of an earlier date than the ninth century, regarding the device as representing an arm issuing out of the clouds, holding a crown or an ecclesiastical cap beneath it. Sir William Betham expressed the following opinion respecting this relic: “There can be little doubt but your ring is a decadering, as there are ten knobs or balls round it. The o, surmounted by a cross is a christian emblem of sovereignty, the ring and the cross of a bishop. The cap looks like a crown, and only that the ring is too old, it might be considered the cinlid, or barred crown of a sovereign prince. It certainly is of considerable antiquity, and Mr. Lindsay is not far out of his estimation. Mr. Hoare was disposed to conclude from these statements, that this relic had the signet of an Irish ecclesiastic at an early period; the device appears, however, (the Editor of the Archaeological Journal remarks) to bear resemblance to those which were used in England during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries as marks or personal devices by merchants. In these marks the initial of the name is usually surmounted by a cross, with a sort of vane appended to it; and in this instance it might be conjectured that the letter B was intended to indicate the name of the individual, whilst the shamrocks evidently denoted his Irish extraction.

In the Archaeological Journal, vol. v., 1848, pp. 63-4,

* “Archaeological Journal,” vol. ii (1845), pp. 197-8. WOL. VIII. F

there is a woodcut of a silver decade-ring, also from the collection of Mr. Edward Hoare, of Cor Mr. Hoare remarks, “These decade-rings are by no means common, though from time to time I have seen a very small number. I never met with them in any other metal than silver. It appears, so far as I have been able to obtain information as to their particular use, that they were worn by some classes of religious during the hours of repose, so that on awakening during the night they might repeat a certain number of prayers, marking them by the beads or knobs of the rings. I have also been told that they were used for the same purpose on ing by any “haunted spot', or supposed resort of evil spirits. If worn on any finger except the thumb, at other periods of time than those of repose, it must have been as a sort of penance; and perhaps these rings were sometimes so used. The ring of which I send a representation is plain, of rude workmanship, and has been much worn. It was dug up on the site of an ancient monastery in the vicinity of the city of Cork, on the 29th October, 1847.” It is not unusual in England to find rings of this description formed of base metal or brass, as well as silver; several are preserved in Mr. Fitch's collection, and were exhibited in the temporary Museum, formed during the Archaeological Institute Meeting, at Norwich. Of one of these rings, formed of mixed yellow metal, with eleven bosses and an oval facet, upon which appears a figure of St. Catherine (?), a representation is given in the Archaeological Journal, of the same size as the original. It was found in Norfolk; the engraved device does not appear to have served as a signet, but had probably been enamelled. Its date may be assigned to the time of Henry VI. Another example of this class, given by Mr. Jesse, in his “Gleanings of Natural History,” was discovered in the bed of the Thames, near Kingston; it had likewise eleven bosses, and was of brass; it lay near the weapons of bronze and iron celts, etc., regarded as evidences that Caesar and the Roman invaders passed the Thames at the ford near that spot, after a sharp conflict with the Britons, according to the curious details communicated by Dr. Roots of Surbiton at the Winchester Meeting of the Archaeological Institute. The interesting remains alluded to were exhibited by that gentleman in the temporary Museum formed on that occasion. This curious ring had been considered to be of Roman times, but comparison with the specimen in Mr. Fitch's collection appears to justify the notion that it might be regarded as of medieval date, although found in the immediate vicinity of vestiges of an earlier age, thus accidentally thrown together in the alluvial deposit. Mr. Hoare, in a subsequent communication to the Archaeological Journal on this subject, states that the following explanation of the use of these rings had been given ; that the ten bosses indicated ten aves; by the eleven, ten aves and a paternoster were numbered, the last being marked by a boss of larger size; and the addition of a twelfth marked the repetition of a creed.

It has been stated by French Antiquaries that metal rings formed with ten bosses, and one of as early date as the reign of St. Lewis, have been found in France. It was at that period that the use of the chapelet, in honour of the Blessed Virgin, is supposed to have been devised by Peter the Hermit.

A gold ring, with ten knobs and a circular ornament of larger size, bearing a plain cross, was found in 1846 in pulling down an old house in Henllan-street, Denbigh, and was in the possession of S. Edwards, Esq., of that town. Its so was a quarter of an ounce; it would be interesting to know what has become of that ring. A similar ring, of base metal, discovered in a tomb in York Minster, is preserved in the treasury of that church, and another example of silver, precisely similar in form, was found in Whitby Abbey, Yorkshire, as communicated to Mr. Hoare by Dr. Proctor, of York.

Whilst on the subject of rings, it may be mentioned that in the Gentleman's Magazine, vol. lxii, p. 817, plate iii, fig. 4, there is a representation of a brass sealring, which was found near Swanton Morley in Norfolk. The device on the ring is the letter R, surmounted with a crown. This is a very similar device to that on the ring in the Powys-land Museum, presented by the Rev. H. J. Marshall, and found in the church-yard of Bettws; the latter has a device of the letter “R” crowned (see the illustration in the “Montgomeryshire Collections,” vol. vi., p. 432).

There has also been lately presented to the Powysland Museum, by Miss Mary Yearsley, a large thumb ring, of silver and twisted, and on the bezel are engraved the initials “I. B.,” having belonged to John Briscoe, an ancestor of the donor. It is a fine massive ringo. fier. are several finger rings in the “Mayence Collection,” presented to the Powys-land Museum, which deserve attention—particularly one, of fine twisted gold wire, which was amongst the contents of a cinerary urn found in the neighbourhood of Mayence. It is something of the character of the gold ring figured in the Archaeological Journal, vol. v., p. 155, which is described as “formed of wire twisted or platted.” The latter was purchased at Bandon, by Mr. Zachariah Hawkes, and was then in his collection. This passing allusion to the above twisted gold wire ring is made with the view of drawing attention to it.

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LLANRHAIADR YN MOCHNANT:

Its PAROCHIAL HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES.

BY THOMAS W. HANCOCK.

(Concluded.)

GENEALOGICAL.

CHAPTER VIII.

The following extracts from the Parish Registers have reference to the following pedigrees of the Lloyds, Wynns, and Maurices, and are the only entries therein relating to these family names.

Year of

Mar. riages.

Bap- Burials.

tism.

LLOYD.

1686

1688

1690

1684 “John Lloyd of Llanhavon, Esq., was

buried 3 Febr. “Catherine ye dr. of Mr. Simon Lloyd

was bapt. 29 Aug. “John son of Robert Lloyd, Esqre., was

bapt.... 'Margaret dr. of Robert Lloyd gen.

was bapt.... 1690 " Margaret fil. Simon Lloyd gen. was

buried....

“Robert fil. Roberti Lloyd gen. was bapt. 1691 “Margaret fil. Roberti Lloyd gen, was

buried.... “Theophilus son of David Lloyd of

Castellmoch bapt. 22 Oct. 1699 “Jane Lloyd vid. Castellmoch buried.

"David ye child of David Lloyd of Cas

tellmoch bapt. “Jane filia Morgan Lloyd do Brithdir

bapt.

1691

1698

1703

1706

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