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the borough of Ludlow, having been first elected in 1727. His elections and near residence to the borough caused him to incur a great expenditure. Lord Littelton, in his “ Account of a journey into Wales”, makes some remarks on this subject, which we shall quote."
“Not far from Ludlow is Okely Park, belonging to Lord Powis, and part of that forest which Milton, in his masque, supposes to have been inhabited by Comus and his rout. The god is now vanquished; but, at the revolution of every seven years, his rout does not fail to keep up orgies there and in the neighbouring town, as Lord Powis knows to his cost, for he has spent twenty or thirty thousand pounds in entertaining them at these seasons, which is the reason that he has no house at this place fit for him to live in. He talks of building one in the park, and the situation deserves it ; for there are many scenes which not only Comus, but the lady of Milton's masque would have taken delight in, if they had received the improvements they are capable of, from a man of good taste; but they are as yet very rude and neglected."
Lord Littelton afterwards remarks (p. 740) about Powis Castle, which had been burnt down some thirty years previously, that “there are still remains of a great house situate so finely and so nobly that, were I in the place of Lord Powis I should forsake Okely Park with all its beauties, and fix my seat near there, as the most eligible in every respect.
His Majesty George the Second, taking into consideration the services of Henry Arthur Herbert, and his relationship, as nearest kinsman by male descent to the last Lord Herbert of Chirbury, of the Ribbesford branch, was pleased to create him, by letters patent dated December 21, 1743, Lord Herbert of Chirbury. Thereupon his brother, Richard Herbert, was elected M.P. for Ludlow in his place.
Moreover, on the death of William Herbert, Marquess of Powis, who died March 8, 1748, and left him his whole estate, he was further advanced to the dignity of Baron Powis, of Powis Castle, Viscount Ludlow, and
1 “The Works of George, Lord Littelton (1774),” p. 738. 2 Gentlemun's Magazine, vol. xiii, p. 668.
Earl of Powis, by letters patent bearing date 27 May, 21 George II. In 1735 his lordship was constituted Lord Lieutenantand Custos Rotulorum for the county of Salop, and in 1745 was one of the thirteen peers who were commissioned to raise each a regiment of foot in order to suppress the rebellion. The historians of Shrewsbury state that the advance of the Scottish invasion in 1745, under the command of the grandson of James II, as near to Shrewsbury as Ashbourne, distant only sixty miles, on December 4, excited much uneasiness in the town. . . . “Lord Herbert, Lord Lieutenant of the county (afterwards Earl of Powis), had been commissioned (October 1) to raise a regiment of Fusiliers in Shropshire, which he completed in a very short time. They were lying in Shrewsbury at this time, and on the news of the enemy's advance, marched out to meet them ; but having been just raised, and quite undisciplined, and being indeed totally inadequate in number to cope with the Highland army, they soon fell back. Sir Thomas Whitmore, of Apley, K.B., marched as a volunteer in the Grenadier company, and is recorded (in a MS. contemporary chronicle) to have shown more courage and resolution than many of the officers. The information excited very much bustle and was the mere joke of some mischievous Jacobite, for the Scots were far from any thoughts of advancing to Shrewsbury.” * History of Shrewsbury, ii, p. 507. * The following appears in a local magazine:—“In the year 1745, in consequence of the rebellion, a regiment was raised by Lord Herbert (Powis) for the service of Government, among which were many gentlemen of the neighbourhood, who honourably enrolled themselves as volunteers.” Their loyalty and activity in this respect, no doubt, must have essentially contributed to the peace and security of the county, as we find the rebels had once a
design of marching into Wales, but durst not even penetrate into Shropshire.”
* The 8th December, 1745.-This year, on a report that the
Scotch were marching into Salop, all in the Court interest fled
from town in the greatest consternation. A regiment, raised by
Lord Herbert, then quartered in Salop, marched from Wenlock,
Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford, dedicated to this nobleman the first edition of the autobiography of the first Lord Herbert of Chirbury in the following terms:
To the Most Noble, Henry Arthur Herbert, Earl of Powis, Wiscount Ludlow, Lord Herbert of Chirbury, Baron Powis and Ludlow, and Treasurer of His Majesty's Household.
Permit me to offer to your lordship in this more durable manner the very valuable present I received from your hands. To your lordship, your at ancestor owes his revival, and suffer me, my lord, to tell the world what does you so much honour, you have given him and me leave to o the truth; an indulgence which I am sorry to say few descendants of heroes have minds noble enough to allow.
Hitherto, Lord Herbert has been little known but as an author; I much mistake if hereafter he is not considered as one of the most extraordinary characters which this country has produced. Men of the proudest blood shall not blush to distinguish themselves in letters, as well as arms, when they learn what excellence Lord Herbert attained in both. Your lordship's lineage, at least, will have a pattern before their eyes to excite their emulation; and while they admire the piety with which you have done justice to your common ancestor, they cannot be forgetful of the obligation they will have to your lordship's memory for transmitting to them this record of his glory.
I have the honour to be, my lord, Your lordship's most obedient and most obliged Servant,
His lordship, also, by right of his office as Lord Lieutenant, formed an association of the nobility, gentry,
full of fear; Sir Thomas Whitmore marched as a volunteer in the same regiment.—(M.S. in the hands of the Editor.) (The writer of the above note was evidently a partizan of the Pretender's; and we conceive he completely misrepresents the case, as we learn from Reay's History of the Rebellion, “that the Duke of Montague's and the Duke of Kingston's horse; the Duke of Ancaster's, Earl of Cholmondley's, Earl of Berkley's, Earl of Halifax's, Lord Gower's, and Lord Herbert's regiments of foot, with eight old regiments, were ordered to march for Staffordshire.”—Salopian Magazine, No. 5, May 1815, p. 209.)
clergy, and freeholders of Shropshire in defence of His Majesty's person
person and government. His Majesty was further pleased, October 16, 1749, to grant him the dignity of a baron of the kingdom of Great Britain, by the name, style, and title of Lord Herbert, Baron Herbert, of Chirbury and Ludlow, to hold the same to him, and to the heirs male of his body, with remainder to Richard Herbert, Esq., his brother, and the heirs male of his body, and, in default of such issue, with remainder to his cousin, Francis Herbert, of Ludlow, and the heirs male of his body.
The manor of Hendon, in Middlesex, descended to Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, who, in 1757, alienated it to Mr. Clutterbuck, in trust for the celebrated actor, David Garrick.
He was constituted by George III, May 22, 1761, Comptroller of the household, and soon after sworn a member of the Privy Council, and, in October of that year, on resigning his post as Comptroller, he was invested with the office of Treasurer of the household, which he also resigned July, 1765.
On July 23, 1761, his lordship was appointed Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the county of Montgomery. He was also Recorder of Shrewsbury and a lieutenant-general. His lordship married, March 30, 1751, Barbara, sole daughter and heir of the Right Hon. Lord Edward Herbert, only brother of William, the last Marquess of Powis, and of his wife, the Lady Henrietta, only daughter of James, Earl of Waldegrave.
His lordship being of the Church of England, and Barbara his wife a Roman Catholic, it was arranged at their marriage that their eldest son and daughter should be brought up as members of the Church of England, and
1 Lysons' Environs of London, iii, p. 3.
2 Lady Henrietta Herbert having married Mr. Beard, the comedian, the marriage is announced in the Gentleman's Magazine, xxi, p. 187—“1751, March 30, the Earl of Powis was married to Miss Barbara Herbert, daughter of Lady Henrietta Bear 1.”
3 MS. account.
the younger children as Roman Catholics. They had one son, George Edward Henry Arthur, and three daughters, Georgiana, Augusta, Barbara Henrietta, and Henrietta Antonia, but, their three elder daughters dying in their infancy, the Lady Henrietta Antonia was brought up a member of the English Church, and thus the family of Herbert ceased to be Roman Catholic.
By this marriage, the Powis Castle éstates became united to the Lymore Llyssin and Oakley Park estates, as before mentioned. He died at Bath, Sept. 11, 1772, but was buried at Welshpool.
Before proceeding to his only son and successor, we shall notice two offshoots from the main line.
RICHARD HERBERT, The names of Richard, brother of Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, and of Francis Herbert, his cousin, were included in the limitations of the patent of creation, dated October 16, 1749, which the Earl of Powis obtained as Baron Herbert, of Chirbury and Ludlow. Richard Herbert represented the borough of Ludlow in the ninth and tenth parliaments of Great Britain, and died unmarried May 17, 1754.
FRANCIS HERBERT, M.P. FOR MONTGOMERY. Among the numerous offshoots of the family of Herbert who represented the town of Montgomery, Francis Herbert, Esq., of Ludlow, cousin of Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, is worthy of mention.
He was the eldest son of George Herbert, Esq., and Martha his wife, daughter of John Newton, Esq., of Heighley, county Salop, and baptized at Bromfield, Salop, November 3, 1696. He represented the town of Montgomery in the tenth parliament of Great Britain, and was included in the limitations of the patent of creation, dated October 16, 1749, which his cousin, the Earl of Powis, had obtained as Baron Herbert, of Chirbury