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The following is a transcript of the inscription on the monument of Richard Owen of Peniarth, Esq., and Elizabeth his wife, in the chancel, Llanegryn Church, county of Merioneth.
Underneath is interred
and departed this life,
memory, this monument was erected by his above-mentioned mournful
Aged 77, a Lady eminent for her piety, abstinence, and charity, whose conduct in every scene of life, from the first of her
days to the last, was consistent with the strictest honour and
NOTE OF GRANT OF POSSESSIONS OF THE
PRIORY OF CHIRBURY,
TO SIR THOMAS MIDDLETON, KNIGHT.
(Calendar Patent Rolls, Vol. 61, p. 333. Vicessima Secunda Pars 10, J.)
Tho. Midleton, Militis.
Capella cum pertinentiis.
Decimas garbarum et Kelekewith
feni et alias decimas Ffording alias Horden
commoditates tantas et Nantcreba alias Nant Criba proficuos eidem Capelle Penylan
pertinentes. Brinkewdrithe Cackley alias Hackley et
Possessiones Prioris de Hett in Winwarthe.
Chirbury Montgomery et Salopp... Churchstok Capella cum pertinenciis. Churchstok
Brampton alias Hirdeley alias Hurdeley
Brampton Weston Maddock
Hopton et Ext. Gwirlo alias Gwerlo alias Riston Bacheldre alias Melington alias Milington.
Barheldre. Possessiones Edmundi Downeing et Petri Ashton ante
priorem de Chirbury.
Llanvaire.........Rectoria cum pertinentibus
possessiones Monasterii de Llan ligan. Habendum sibi et heredibus, Tenendum in Socagio.
No. v.-CEFN DIGOLL, (OR DIGOLL VYNYDD, MYNYDD HIR, THE LONG MOUNTAIN.)
BY THE Rev. GEORGE SANDFORD, M.A.
CEFN DIGOLL, or the Long Mountain, about five miles from Montgomery, extends along the eastern border of Montgomeryshire from Chirbury to Alberbury, Co. Salop, and is an historic name intimately associated with the annals of Wales.
Probably the earliest historical reference to this locality is to be found in the “Stanzas on the Graves of the Warriors of the Isle of Britain” (Myv. Arch.), where three warriors, whose achievements are now forgotten, are stated to have been buried here:
“The graves in the Long Mountain-
Engwawd, and Llwyddawg, son of Lliwelydd.” There is also in the “ Mabinogion” (vol. ii, pp. 379, 403), the following interesting allusion to Cefn Digoll:
“And thence Iddawe took Rhonabwg behind him on his horse, and that mighty host moved forward, each troop in its order towards Cefn Digoll.”
Llywarch Hen, in his “ Englynion y Gorwynion” (Stanzas on the Coruscants), also refers to it thus :
Very glittering are the bazel tops by the hill of Digoll;
"Tis the act of the mighty to keep a treaty.” Here, also, occurred many a desperate fight between the Welsh under Cadwallon and their Saxon invaders
in the seventh century. Llywarch Hen, whom we have already quoted, records that
“The army of Cadwallon, the illustrious,
Encamped on the top of the Mount of Digoll,
For seven months, and seven skirmishes daily." The struggle culminated in that fierce and terrible conflict between Cadwallon and Edwin, King of Northumberland, which caused one of the three discolourings of the Severn recorded in the Triads, when that river was crimsoned with blood nearly from its source to its estuary. Besides this mountain, too, the genial hospitality of Owen Cyfeiliog, Prince of Upper Powys, celebrated in the bardic lays of Cynddelw, was freely dispensed.
“ Yonder Digoll's hill beside,
Owain's frequent horn' goes round,
Lo! the chieftain's sparkling store,
Circles ’neath the moonlight beam !
Prouder we near Havren's stream."'S On this eminence, also, Owen Tudor, Earl of Richmond, afterwards Henry the Seventh, mustered the adherents who had undertaken to join his banner from North Wales and Shropshire; and not one failed of his promise, so that the mountain acquired a fresh title to its ancient name Digoll, "without fail”.
But Cefn Digoll chiefly interests us as being the scene of the discomfiture and capture of Madoc, the last champion of the nationality of Gwynedd ; and on its summit, 1330 feet above the level of the sea, are the remains of an ancient encampment, called the Beacon Ring, the site of the disastrous conflict of the Welsh with Edward the First. English chronicles and records supply the scantiest material for ascertaining
1 The “Hirlas," or drinking horn.