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proportion of the most eminent men in the University, and almost all the chief academical authorities. Thirdly. To decline the office would be to give a triumph to the partizans of Lord Powis, who would feel no gratitude for the concession, and would cause deep mortification and disappointment to all those who voted for the Prince, and of whom by far the greater number cannot be held responsible for the nomination of the Prince against his declared wishes. Fourthly. The refusal of the Prince will either lead to a renewed and bitter contest, ending probably in the election of Lord Powis, or to the choice of Lord Powis, and the triumph of one college over the others without contest. Fifthly. The acceptance of the office without reluctance or delay, has about it a character of firmness and decision, of supporting friends instead of giving a triumph to opponents. Sixthly. In the course of a few months the contest will be forgotten, and the Prince will have the good will of the whole University. The refusal to accept will conciliate no party, and will offend the strongest and the best party in the University.

As to the value of the reasons thus urged there may be considerable difference of opinion. The fourth is certainly of doubtful strength. However, they were deemed sufficient to induce the hesitating Prince to accept the distinguished honour of the Chancellorship.

CONCLUDING REMARKS. We are now approaching the close of our subject, which has refreshed our memories of bygone times, and recalled to our view a panorama of stirring incidents, pregnant with eventful consequences to our nation. We have been privileged to gather materials from an ample field, and our only difficulty has consisted in the selection of details; and we have for the most part restricted ourselves to the Herberts of Montgomeryshire, who, like their kindred dignified by the titles of Pembroke and Carnarvon, have added fresh lustre to the honours which their ancestors have won. Among other important offices, they have discharged through fifteen several years the honourable functions of High Sheriff in our county


The family, whose varied annals of weal and woe we have been recapitulating, has been characterised by sundry natural gifts and accomplishments. They have uniformly felt the responsibilities of property and influence, displayed dexterity and application in business, and steadiness in pursuit of their ends, and united lauch prudence with occasional daring, and a spirit of adventure. Many of its members, too, are descended from our local princes, and are consequently encircled with a halo of additional interest among a people keenly and justly alive to the associations of the past.

In a recent work, the authors of which are more remarkable for saying pungent things than for the accuracy of their judgment, the following passage occurs:

“It is useless to give any general character of the Herberts, for they have been rather a clan than a family, and have presented almost every variety of individual type. In most of them who have risen to personal greatness the trace of old Celtic blood may be perceived, the courage and the choler, the tendency towards luxury and the fondness for art, which mark that branch of the human family; but there have been men among them of a very much higher type. Though good soldiers, and gallant sailors, they have, on the whole, done less for England than most of her older houses; and their great position is due more to the singular hold they once possessed over the affections of Welshmen, and an hereditary keenness of intellect, than to their great achievements.”

They have resembled the winding Severn, as it descends from their native hills, with a wider expanse of waters and a deeper bed, and they have been not unlike the oak of their own forests, displaying the ampler trunk and the broader shade through the quiet lapse of ages.

We are fully conscious, that we have lighted on a mine of precious ore, and have discerned the multiplicity and richness of its manifold veins. We have admired the bravery of Edward Herbert, who gathered laurels on the memorable field of St. Quintin, and of

* “The Great Governing Families of England.” By J. L. Sanford and M. Townsend, 1855. Vol. ii, p. 189.

the Earl of Torrington, who won his way to the highest post in the navy, and boldly contended against a superior force in the battle of Beachy Head.

We acknowledge the judicial capacity of Chief Justice Herbert, and the literary merit of Edward, first Lord Herbert of Chirbury, and of his brother, the Rev. George Herbert, rector of Bemerton, Wilts.

We are no strangers to the inward satisfaction with which the second Lord Herbert of Chirbury, and his uncle, Sir Henry of Ribbesford, paid the price of their loyalty in the heavy fines imposed on their estates by the victorious Parliament.

We have occasionally withdrawn the veil of retirement, and contemplated the privacy and sanctity of domestic life, and have listened with delight to the dulcet strains of a mighty master of the lyre, and studied the instructive pages of a standard Divine.

We have also marked several members of this race exhibiting their abilities and courage in the turmoil of civil strife, and in every political storm entering their perilous bark, and facing the angry elements with patriotic fortitude; and we have witnessed in such seasons of agitation as much devotedness to the altar, as to the throne. We have paused to survey, with admiration, “ Hands, that the rod of empire might have sway'd,

Or waked to ecstacy the living lyre.”l And have often noted

A daring pilot in extremity :

Pleased with the danger, when the waves went high,

He sought the storm." In the merciless Wars of the Roses, and in the protracted conflict of Charles I with his Parliament, and in the days of the glorious Revolution, the Herberts have never shrunk from the conspicuous post of danger, or been sparing of their blood or property. They have been mindful of their stake in the state, and have vindicated the loftiness of their position. Public danger Gray.


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has never failed to elicit the military spark that glowed in their bosoms, and the pride of ancestry may be justly cherished by the joi. of such sires, whose renown has been placed beyond the reach of fortune. We have looked up with sincere respect to several actors in the momentous dramas of public life, pillars of the state, uniting their own honour and interests with the fortunes of their countrymen, blending patience of deliberation with promptitude and fertility of genius in execution, and thus acquiring a legitimate ascendant over the minds of men. Rewards may be expected to devolve on those who, disregarding the frowns of fortune, steadily adhere, through all its vicissitudes, to the discharge of duty. “Men at some time are masters of their fates,” and if they prove themselves equal to the emergency, a tide of extraordinary success may be expected to ensue. We have marked with satisfaction the solidity and durableness of the foundations on which the lofty fabric of the house of Herbert rests. It stands unimpaired by the ravages of time, and challenges the whirlwind and storms of an unknown futurity. Centuries attest its security and prosperity— “At genus immortale manet, multosque per annos Stat fortuna domus, et avi numerantur avorum.” Whether, then, we reflect on the capabilities, or characteristic features of the family, whose enterprises in peace and war we have been recapitulating, or observe their relation to our county, the principality, or the kingdom at large, we are convinced that they have deserved well of the State by the verdict of past ages, and that they have left their posterity a rich legacy of noble exploits to emulate, and that their good deeds, which have been already embalmed in many grateful memories, are entitled to a cordial eulogy in the annals of Herbertiana. o and self-devotion in great political emergencies have always characterised the Herberts, as though the spirit of their forefathers had been transmitted with their blood. Their ancestors succeeded for

ages in maintaining the liberty of Cambria, after their Saxon neighbours had tamely bowed their necks to the Norman yoke ; and the Emperor Charlemagne, the founder of their race, was conspicuous, like his brave subjects the Franks, for his love of freedom and arms, regarding retreat as a shameful flight, and flight as indelible

infamy, and is the only prince in whose favour the title of Great has been indissolubly blended with the name.

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APPENDIX REFERRED TO ON PAGE 25, supra. We give a copy of the Trust Deed founding “ The Powis Exhibitions”, as the provisions of it are interesting, as well as useful, to the inhabitants of Powys-land; and more particularly because the information it contains is not so easily procurable as one might have expected.

It is remarkable that neither the Oxford nor Cambridge Calendar contains any account of, or even mentions, “The Powis Exhibitions.”

THE POWIS EXHIBITIONS TRUST DEED. This Endenture made this seventeenth day of August, one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight, between the Right Reverend Father in God CHRISTOPHER LORD BISHOP OF BANGOR-The Right Reverend Father in God THOMAS VOWLER LORD BISHOP OF St. Asaph-The Right Reverend Father in God EDWARD LORD BISHOP OF LLANDAFF—and the Right Reverend Father in God CONNOP LORD BISHOP OF ST. DAVID's of the first part, and the Right Honourable EDWARD JAMES EARL OF Powis of the second part.

Whereas at a public meeting held on the nineteenth day of June, one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven, at Willis's Rooms, in the City of Westminster, to promote the object of a Testimonial to the Right Honourable Edward Herbert, Earl of Powis, since deceased, in acknowledgment of his long-continued and successful efforts to preserve the existence, in their separate state, of the Dioceses of St. Asaph and Bangor, it was resolved : First, That it is desirable to exhibit, by some permanent memorial, the gratitude due to the Earl of Powis, from members of the English Church, for his successful exertions towards the preservation, in their separate state, of the sees of St. Asaph and Bangor. Second, That such memorial should be in the form of some institution for the permanent benefit of the Church in Wales. Third, That inasmuch as the immediate foundation of the see of Manchester, and the early prospect of a further extension of the English episcopate, are in a great measure due to the persevering exertions of the Earl of Powis, a general appeal throughout England should be made to members of the Church for their support in the undertaking: Fourth, That the proposed institution shall be that of Exhibitions, to be called “The Powis Exhibitions," in such number as the funds collected will admit of, at

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