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His Lordship died May 16, 1839, having been apparently well on the previous day. The Countess had died June 3, 1830.

They had issue Edward, second earl, Robert Henry of Oakley Park, county Salop, colonel in the army, M.P. for South Shropshire, born 15th Jan. 1789, married 19th June, 1819, Harriet, subsequently Baroness Windsor, daughter of Other Hickman, fifth Earl of Plymouth, and co-heir with her sister, the Marchioness of Downshire, of the Barony of Windsor. The abeyance of the Barony terminated in favour of Lady Harriet in 1855. The Hon. Robert Clive succeeded to the Oakley Park estate,which had been the patrimony of his grandfather, the Earl of Powis. Henrietta Antonia married in 1817, Sir Watkin Williams Wynn, Bart., M.P., Lord Lieutenant of Denbighshire and Merionethshire, and died in 1835. Charlotte Florentia married, in 1817, Hugh, third Duke of Northumberland, K.G. She was the governess of Her present Majesty, and died 1847. EDWARD HERBERT, SECOND EARL of Powis OF THE

PRESENT CREATION. Edward, second Earl of Powis, was born 22nd March, 1785, and married, 9th February, 1818, Lucy, third daughter of James, third Duke of Montrose, and a lineal descendant of the Great Marquess, James Graham, the ablest champion of the cause of Charles I in Scotland.

By the wish of his maternal uncle, George Edward Henry Arthur, Earl of Powis, and probably from his own choice, he resigned the illustrious surname of Clive, which had been borne for many centuries, since the reign of Henry II, by his ancestors, resident at Styche, near Market Drayton, in Shropshire, and attained to its culminating point of glory in the brilliant victories of the great Lord Clive, “ the heaven-born general,” who won a kingdom in India by his irresistible sword. He adopted, March 9th, 1807, the surname and arms of Herbert, as much venerated in Montgo

VOL. VIII.

meryshire for the public services of his kinsmen, as beloved for their private worth and beneyolence, and succeeded to the chief estates of his ancestors at Powis Castle, Lymore, and Llyssin.

He displayed a great anxiety to improve the appearance of the parish church of Montgomery, where several of his ancestors were interred, and in which he was interested, as a proprietor in the neighbourhood. The following inscription is over the door leading to the steeple of Montgomery Church :

“ This Tower was erected in the year of our Lord 1816 at the sole cost of the Right Hon. Edward Herbert Viscount Clive, of Lymore. By his munificence the parish of Montgomery was exonerated of a charge of seventeen hundred pounds. In commemoration of which splendid act the rector and landowners ordered this public testimonial of their gratitude and respect for the noble donor.

“MAURICE EDWARD LLOYD, Rector.
“ WILLIAM DAVIES
“ EDMUND Read

} Churchwardens.” His lordship displayed similar liberality in the enlargement of the town-hall of Montgomery in 1828. The upper part of the building, which rested on arches, enclosing a sheltered area for the use of the market, being inadequate to the purpose of holding the quarter sessions, was taken down, and two handsome and convenient rooms (one of which was 671 feet in length, and 204 feet in width) were commodiously arranged for the business of the sessions, and for assemblies and public meetings, at the sole expense of his lordship.

In 1823, he repaired and enlarged the beautiful seat of his ancestors, Powis Castle, preserving and extending the characteristic features of the venerable structure, and exhibiting admirable taste and munificence in the requisite alterations.

In the recently published Memoirs of the celebrated statesman, Lord Palmerston, by Lord Dalling (Vol. iii), there is a letter, commenting on the recent alterations at Powis Castle, which we think it will be interesting to insert:

Beaudesert, Nov. 26th, 1841. To Hon. WILLIAM TEMPLE. DEAR WILLIAM,-From Liverpool we drove round the coast of North Wales by Conway, the Menai Bridge, and Carnarvon. The hills were covered with snow, which gave the country an Alpine character, though it did not add to the rapidity of our progress-and certainly our speed was not that of railroads, We passed a day at Powis Castle, where we found Powis in high force. Powis has improved his castle, sensibly, and slowly ; but he has yet a great deal to do to make it as comfortable as it is capable of being made. Yours affectionately,

PALMERSTON. On coming of age, he entered Parliament for the borough of Ludlow in 1806, and he continued one of the members of that borough in Parliament for eleven successive Parliaments, until his accession to the peerage in 1839. The chief electioneering contest occurred in 1832, after the passing of the Reform Act, when two Whig candidates appeared, and succeeded in displacing the Hon. R. H. Clive, the brother of his lordship, the respective numbers being, Viscount Clive, 198; Edward Romilly, 185; Hon. R. H. Clive, 169; William Davies, 115,

In a critical period of political conflict, he was accredited by his friend, the Duke of Wellington, who had served in early life in the Madras Presidency, under the governorship of the second Lord Clive, to negotiate, if possible, the introduction of Lord Palmerston into the cabinet, and we have an account of the transaction in the autobiography of the noble lord, dated September, 1830.1

“Huskisson died September, 1830. At the end of September, I received a letter from Lord Clive, dated from Powis Castle, saying he had been requested by the Duke of Wellington to propose to me to return to the cabinet, and that he (Lord Clive) was coming purposely to speak to me on the subject, and would come either to Broadlands, or London, according to a letter, which he begged me to write to him to Salisbury. “I was just starting for London, when I received the letter, 1 Lord Dalling's Life of Lord Palmerston, vol. i, p. 362.

and appointed him to meet me in Stanhope Street, but said that in no case could I join the Government singly. Clive called at Apsley House with my letter before he came to me, and was desired by the duke to ask who were my friends. I said the friends, with whom I was politically acting, were Melbourne and Grant, but that, to say the truth, I should be unwilling, and I believed they would be so too, to join the duke, unless Lansdowne and Grey were to form part of his Government. We knew that we differed in many points with those in office and we could have no security that our opinions would have due weight, unless Grey and Lansdowne were in the cabinet. Clive protested against this, as an unreasonable demand, amounting to a surrender on the part of the duke; but said that there would be no objection to Melbourne and Grant, and that Goderich was understood to be a friend of mine, and would be taken in also, if we liked. I said I had not lately had any political communication with Goderich, and could not by any means consider him as an equivalent for Grey and Lansdowne.”

This negotiation was broken off on Lord Palmerston's declaration of his being favourable to a Reform Bill. His lordship was President of the Royal Cambrian Literary Institution and of the Welsh School, Gray's Inn Road, near London. In 1824, a Bardic festival was held at Welshpool under his presidency, which he rendered o by a splendid fête at Powis Castle. He was also chairman of the Shropshire Union Railway and Canal Company, and succeeded Earl Spencer as chairman of the Roxburghe Literary Club in 1834, having become a member in 1828. In 1835, Lord Clive favoured the club with a literary contribution of a most curious and valuable volume, being English metrical lives of the Saints, by the Monk of Clare, in Suffolk, written in 1443, and first printed from a miscellany in the British Museum. It is edited with great care, and is doubtless a substantial acquisition. In May, 1839, his lordship received a letter from Lord John Russell, the Secretary of State of the Home Department, expressive of thanks for his exertions in restoring the public peace in Montgomeryshire, and that it would afford her Majesty great satisfaction to learn, that to those exertions and services, as well as the example set by his lordship to the civil and military forces employed under his direction, the tranquillity in that county was mainly to be attributed. His lordship succeeded his father as second Earl of Powis, May 16th, 1839. There was probably no circumstance in the distinguished career of the second Earl of Powis, on account of which he was more revered in his own day, or will be more affectionately remembered by posterity, than his uncompromising and successful opposition to the proposed union of the two sees of St. Asaph and Bangor. His large estates in the diocese of St. Asaph, and his devotedness as a churchman, pointed him out as the natural leader of the numerous opponents of that ill-considered measure, and he nobly redeemed the public confidence, which was amply reposed in him. By an Order in Council, published in the London Gazette, October 1838, the sees of St. Asaph and Bangor were to be united on the next vacancy in either, and the Bishop of Manchester was then to be created without any addition to the spiritual peers of the realm. But this proposition excited great complaint and dissatisfaction throughout the kingdom, especially in the northern portion of the principality, and the gathering storm became only the more formidable by delay. This order was annulled by Act 10 Victoria, 1846. The part that the Earl of Powis took in the House of Lords in the eventful debate, July 20, 1846, is well worthy of being chronicled. (See ho Debates, vol. 87.) The order of the day for the second reading of the St. Asaph, and Bangor, and Manchester Dioceses Bill being read, the Earl of Powis adverted to the commission, that was appointed in 1835, to consider the state of the Established Church. Amongst other topics which occupied the consideration of the commissioners, was a project of establishing a bishopric of Manchester, and in connection therewith of uniting the two sees of St.

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