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BUREAU OF AGRICULTURE, STATISTICS, AND MINES. A department of agriculture, called the Bureau of Agriculture, Statistics, and Mines for the State of Tennessee, is created under the control of a commissioner, to be appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate, for 2 years. The office of the commissioner shall be at the seat of government; his compensation is $3,000 a year and necessary traveling expenses, not exceeding $800 a year. Provision is made for the appointment of a clerk, 3 assistant commissioners, 4 inspectors, a geologist, and a chemist. The commissioner is empowered to collect specimens of agricultural and mineral products of the State; to make rules and regulations for the inspection and analysis of fertilizers and publish the results; to investigate diseases and pests of fruit and crops, and publish information concerning the same; to employ, a chemist to make analyses, and a geologist to make maps of the mineral region of the State; to encourage immigration; to keep a record of mineral lands in the State for sale, lease, or colonization; and to enter into bonds with heads of families to convey homesteads not exceeding 40 acres each out of State lands under certain restrictions made in the act. He is required to report quarterly to the Governor concerning the finances of his office. (Code of 1896, secs. 313–325.)
AGRICULTURAL FAIR CORPORATIONS.
Provision is made for the incorporation of companies to promote agriculture, horticulture, mineral arts, and the improving of live stock, and the form of the charter is prescribed. (Ibid., secs. 2203–2204.)
Farmers' institutes, or conventions, are held in Tennessee through the voluntary efforts of the Commissioner of Agriculture, Statistics, and Mines.
DISEASES OF ANIMALS.
A State Veterinary Surgeon is appointed by the State Board of Health, which board has supervision of communicable diseases among domestic animals, the establishing of quarantine, and the making of regulations against the spread and for the suppression of diseases.
It is the duty of any person knowing or suspecting the presence of diseases to report the same to the county board of health.
Whenever the public safety demands the destruction of any animals, the board shall designate appraisers, who shall make a valuation of said animals.
It is unlawful to import animals affected with contagious disease or to sell or dispose of any such animals. (Laws of 1893, chap. 180.)
It is the duty of the State Board of Health to cooperate with the United States Government and with other States in establishing interstate quarantine lines to protect the live-stock industry of the State against Texas fever.
County boards have charge of quarantine stations until the State board can assume charge.
Animals diseased can not be sold, transferred, or driven in or through the State except under a certificate of the Board of Health. (Act of Feb. 15, 1897.)
All commercial fertilizers sold or offered for sale in the State shall bear a stamp on each package, giving the chemical analysis, name of manufacturer, etc., and shall bear a tag showing authority to sell such fertilizers, given by the Commissioner of Agriculture with whom a guaranteed analysis of each brand must be filed.
An inspection fee of 50 cents per ton or fraction thereof shall be paid.
Inspectors are appointed to collect samples of fertilizers sold in the State for analysis. Tags must be provided for each package brought into the State. (Laws of 1897, chap 123 )
COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE, INSURANCE, STATISTICS, AND HISTORY.
A commissioner of Agriculture, Insurance, Statistics, and History is appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a term of two years. He is required to be a citizen of the State and expert in matters of insurance. He is
empowered to appoint a chief clerk and such other assistants as may be necessary, to hold office at his pleasure. The commissioner must not be interested in any insurance company except as insured. He is required, among other things, to execute the laws in relation to agriculture, and is made a member of the board of directors of the Texas Agricultural College. He is required to cooperate with the United States authorities for the promotion of agriculture, and to collect and publish agricultural statistics; and provision is made for the publication and distribution of his reports throughout the State. (Rev. Stat., 1895, arts. 2908, 2924.)
Private corporations may be formed for the incorporation of agriculture and horticulture by the maintenance of public fairs and exhibition of stock and farm products. (Gen. Laws of 1895, chap. 125.)
Farmers' institutes are conducted voluntarily by the officers of the agricultural experiment station.
DISEASES OF ANIMALS.
It is unlawful to import into the State, or move from one county to another, any flock of sheep in which one or more are infected with scab.
Every owner of sheep knowing any of them to be infected with scab must dip those affected every 20 days.
Provision is made for the enforcement of this act at the expense of the owner. (Laws of 1897, chap. 125.)
Provision is made for isolating horses, mules, etc., if glanders or farcy is believed to exist.
If diseased animals are destroyed, the appraised value shall be paid to the owner, and the expenses of killing and disposing of condemned animals shall also be paid by the county. (Rev. Stat. of 1895; Laws of 1899, chap. 165.)
The officers of the Agricultural and Mechanical College are authorized to employ one or more expert entomologists, who shall devise means of destroying the Mexican boll weevil, boll worm, caterpillar, chinch, bug, etc. (Laws of 1899, chap. 10.)
Before any commercial fertilizer or commercial poison used for the purpose of destroying pests is sold or offered for sale, the manufacturer or agent shall deposit with the agricultural college a sample of the commodity offered for sale. The law exempts unmixed substances, cotton-seed meal, land plaster, salt, ashes, lime, green sand marl, uncrushed bones, and animal excrement.
The law provides that the manufacturer shall pay a fee of $15 for every brand of fertilizer or commercial poison sold or offered for sale, and provides that the analysis shall be made of each sample and its constituent parts published.
Labels will be furnished at $1 per hundred.
Provision is made for collecting samples of goods in the market for analysis and comparison.
Agriculturists and farmers may have samples analyzed free of charge. (Laws of 1899, chap 46.)
THE DESERET AGRICULTURAL AND MANUFACTURING SOCIETY.
The Deseret Agricultural and Manufacturing Society is incorporated for the purpose of promoting stock breeding, agriculture, horticulture, mining, manufacturing, and the domestic arts. It is governed by a board of 12 directors appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a period of 4 years each. (Rev. Stat., sec. 2064.)
The board has power to make regulations for the society and fix the manner of and fees for admission to membership in the same. One of the members of the board shall be elected president and hold office as such for 2 years. The board has power also to appoint a secretary, treasurer, and other necessary officers and fix their duties and compensation. Directors are to receive no pay except actual and necessary expenses in the performance of their duties, in which case such expenses are paid by the State. The society is required to hold an annual fair at Salt Lake City and award premiums. (Ibid., 1898, secs. 2120–2129, as amended by Acts of 1901, chap. 43.)
The board of directors of the Agricultural College, with the advice of the faculty of the same, are authorized to hold farmers' institutes in each county at least once in the school year, and make rules and regulations governing the same. Those conducting institutes are required to promote the organization of local agricultural societies. An annual report of the institute work shall be made by the board for free distribution to the farmers of the State. (Ibid., secs. 2095, 2096.)
County assessors are required to collect agricultural statistics and report to the Commissioner of Statistics. (Ibid., chap. 55.)
DISEASES OF ANIMALS.
It is unlawful to bring or drive any domestic animal affected with contagious disease into the State.
Any person having in charge any animal affected with glanders or farcy shall at once kill it; failing to do so any peace officer may perform the act.
It is unlawful to allow diseased animals to run at large on uninclosed land, or on a highway, and the owner shall not sell any such animal without notifying the purchaser.
Penalties are attached for violating the law. (Rev. Stat. of 1898.)
It is unlawful for any person selling milk or dairy products to have in his possession, where milch cows are kept, cattle having tuberculosis or other contagious diseases.
The law prescribes that it is the duty of the Dairy and Food Commissioner to cause all cattle having contagious disease to be killed, if kept in violation of this act. (Laws of 1899, chap. 48.)
It is the duty of persons owning, controlling, or ranging sheep to have them dipped at least once a year in some preparation that will kill scab. (Rev. Stat., 1898, chap. 7.)
HORTICULTURE. The State of Utah is divided into 3 horticultural districts, and a State Board of Horticulture is appointed consisting of 1 member from each horticultural district. The members of this board are to be selected with reference to their practical knowledge of horticulture, and no more than 2 shall belong to the same political party, Their term of office is 4 years. The Governor shall designate a member of the board to act as secretary, The board shall have power to fix the location of its office. The board is required to make rules regulating the prevention and suppression of diseases and pests among horticultural stock and products, and places infected with disease are made public nuisances. The members of the board receive $200 per year each, with the exception of the secretary, who is to receive $600 and an allowance of $250 for traveling expenses. The board is required to hold 4 meetings a year at the seat of government and report biennially to the legislature. The State Treasurer is authorized to receive donations and bequests for the promotion of horticulture. (Ibid., secs. 1168–1182, as amended by Acts of 1899, chap. 47.)
Local horticultural inspectors to be appointed by the boards of county commissioners of the several counties are provided for and their duties and compensation are fixed. (Ibid., sec. 1176, as amended by acts of 1899, chap. 47.)
The State Board of Horticulture is authorized to import the birds known as the German Kohl Meisen, and an appropriation is made for that purpose. Such birds are to be used in extermination of insect pests, the results of their operations reported by the State board and published in bulletins for free distribution. (Acts of 1901, chap 36.)
An appropriation of $2,000 is made for the extirpation of the San Jose scale. (Ibid., chap. 76.)
It is the duty of nurserymen or owners of orchards, etc., to spray infected trees with disinfectants, but not while the trees are in bloom.
It is the duty of any nurserymen or persons receiving trees from points outside the State to report such facts to the county inspector. (Rev. Stat. of 1898; laws of 1899, chap. 47.)
The board of county commissioners may appoint inspectors of bees, who shall be paid out of county funds.
All hives of bees shall be inspected at least once a year, and the inspector has authority to take charge or control of diseased bees and appurtenances for treatment, or destroy such bees, produce, or hives, and their contents, as may be infected. (Laws of 1892, p. 52.)
STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE.
The State Board of Agriculture is composed of the Governor, the president of the University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, and 3 other persons, to be appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate, who shall hold office for 2 years; and the board shall appoint from its number a secretary. The duties of the board are the promotion of the interests of husbandry and agricultural education throughout the State. The board is required to collect statistical information concerning agriculture, farms, and farm property, especially with relation to abandoned farms, and also to publish information regarding the advantages offered by the State to capitalists, tourists, and farmers. (Vt. Stat., 1896, secs. 246–248, 2450, as amended by Acts of 1898, No. 8.)
FARMERS' INSTITUTES. The board is required to hold one meeting in each county annually, may employ lecturers and other assistants in conducting these meetings, and is required among other things at such meetings to discuss forestry, tree planting, roads and road making. (Laws of 1896, secs. 246–248.)
COMMERCIAL FEEDING STUFFS.
The term “concentrated commercial feeding stuffs" is defined. Packages or lots offered for sale in the State shall have affixed thereto in a conspicuous place a printed statement certifying the number of net pounds in the package or lot, the name, brand, or trade-mark of the same, the name and address of the manufacturer, place of manufacture, and a chemical analysis. Manufacturers and others before offering commercial feeding stuffs for sale in the State shall
file a certified copy of such statement with the director of the Vermont Agricultural Experiment Station, and upon request shall deposit with him not less than 1 pound of such feeding stuff with an affidavit that the same is a fair sample thereof. Manufacturers and dealers are required to pay to the director of the experiment station tax of 10 cents for every ton offered for sale in the State of Vermont, and shall aflix to each car or package of such feeding stuff a tag to be furnished by the director stating among other things that such tax has been paid. The director of the experiment station is charged with the enforcement of the act, is empowered to cause analyses to be made of such feeding stuffs, and is required to report all violations of the act to the State Treasurer, who is authorized to prosecute the same.
Penalties for violation of the act are prescribed. (Laws of 1898, No. 83.)
DISEASES OF ANIMALS.
It is unlawful to allow sheep infected with "hoof ail”, or foot rot, or scab, to run at large, and the owner, in addition to fines, shall be liable to any person damaged by his offense.
Infected sheep running at large upon a common highway or on lands not belonging to the owner shall become forfeited to any person who takes them up, and the owner shall have no action at law for recovery.
It is unlawful for a person knowingly to bring into the State cattle affected with pleuro-pneumonia or animals known to be affected with infectious or contagious disease.
The selectmen of towns and aldermen of cities may enforce regulations to prevent the spread of infectious or contagious diseases among domestic animals and report to the Governor.
It is the duty of the Board of Agriculture to prohibit the introduction of animals infected or exposed to contagious disease, and to establish quarantine.
The value of cattle or animals killed by order of the board shall be appraised just before killing. The limit of appraisal of cattle is $40 each. If a bovine, after a postmortem examination, is found to have had tuberculosis or other dangerous disease, the owner shall receive one-half the appraised value; otherwise the owner shall receive full value of the appraisal.
No indemnity shall be paid for a slaughtered animal that has not been owned in the State at least six months previous to the discovery of the disease.
Any town may appropriate a sum of money to be expended in exterminating worms on shade, ornamental, or forest trees in public parks or highways.
The selectmen have charge of the treatment and the expenditures. (Laws of 1898, No. 156.)
The use on fruit trees or vines of spraying solutions containing less than 3 pounds of unslacked lime to 50 gallons is prohibited. (Laws of 1898, No. 155.)
The law prescribes the conditions of sale of commercial fertilizers, and also requires that fertilizers costing over $10 per ton shall be accompanied by a printed statement certifying the number of net pounds of fertilizer in a package, the name, brand or trade-mark, name and address of manufacturer, etc., place of manufacture, chemical analysis showing ingredients, etc.
The law prescribes that manufacturers or importers shall pay $100 for a license, and are also required to file with the State Treasurer a bond in the sum of $1,000 for the payment of forfeiture and for the violation of the provisions of this act.
It is unlawful to sell as fertilizer any pulverized leather, raw, steamed, or roasted, etc., without an explicit printed certificate conspicuously placed.
All manufacturers and importers of fertilizers are required to furnish to the director of the Vermont Agricultural Experiment Station a complete list of the brands, and agents selling them, not later than February 1, and on the 1st of each succeeding month until May 1, each additional agent or dealer appointed.
It is the duty of the director to have one analysis or more made of each fertilizer annually, and the result published monthly.
COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE.
The Commissioner of Agriculture is appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a term of 2 years, and his office is required to be at the seat of government. He may employ a clerk, chemist, and geologist. His duties are to investigate matters pertaining to agriculture, horticulture, dairying, cattle and sheep raising, diseases and pests of grain, fruit, and fruit products, and remedies therefor and the prevention thereof, together with the subjects of irrigation and inclosures. He shall distribute seeds and cooperate with the United States authorities. He is required to make an annual report. (Code, secs. 1784-1790.)
He is given control of the analyzing of fertilizers and administration of the law relative thereto. (Sup. to the Code, secs. 1788a, 17906.)
The salary of the Commissioner of Agriculture is $1,500 per annum. (Code, sec. 183.)
STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE.
The State Board of Agriculture is composed of 10 persons, whose principal business must be the cultivation of the soil, to be appointed by the Governor, i from each Congressional district of the State. Not more than two-thirds of the members of the board shall belong to any one political party. Their term of office is 4 years. The Department of Agriculture shall be under the management of this board, and the Commissioner of Agriculture is made ex officio a member and secretary and treasurer. An appropriation of $10,000 a year is made for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of the act. The board is required to meet annually in the city of Richmond, and no member of the board other than the Commissioner of Agriculture shall receive any compensation, but actual expenses in attending its meetings shall be allowed. (Ibid., sec. 1790a.)
FARMERS' INSTITUTES. Farmers institutes are held under the auspices of the State Board of Agriculture, which devotes certain of its funds to that purpose.