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Table 11.-- GENERAL STATISTICS FOR THE PACIFIC STATES,

(Dollar figures and man-hours are in THOUSANDS. "All Industries, total" are shown for the Division, and for the States. Major industry groups or (b) the standard error of the estimate for "All employees, number" or "Value added by manufacture" exceeds 30 percent for a division or 15 standard errors shown for employment and value added. Division and State totals include the estimate for all component industry groups, derived by subtraction, are generally unrellable.)

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PACIFIC STATES All Industries, total.... 20 Food and kindred products. 22 Textile mill products... 23 Apparel and related products. 24 Lumber and products (except furniture)6 ?. 25 Furniture and fixtures.. 26 Paper and allied products.. 27 Printing and publishing industries. 28 Chemicals and allied products... 29 Petroleum and coal products.... 32 Stone, clay, and glass products. 33 Primary metal industries... 34 Fabricated metal products.. 35 Machinery (except electrical). 36 Electrical machinery....... 37 Transportation equipment... 38 Instruments and related products.

Administrative and auxiliary8.

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WASHINGTON All Industries, total....... 23 Apparel and related products...... 26 Paper and allied products........ 33 Primary metal industries.. 34 Fabricated metal products, 35 Machinery (except electrical). 37 Transportation equipment...

Administrative and auxiliary8

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OREGON All industries, total... 20 Food and kindred products, 22 Textile mill products. 25 Furniture and fixtures.. 34 Fabricated metal products.. 37 Transportation equipment..

Administrative and auxiliary

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CALIFORNIA
All industries, total....

853,269 3,349,135 646,049 1,307,334 2,309,315 6,133,387 20 Food and kindred products..

139,818 498,399 105,881 207,372 333,279 1,077,207 23 Apparel and related products...

58,156 166,696

51,540
92,163
128,229

266,693 24 Lumber and products (except furniture) 6 7

51,652
199,753
46,601
93,943
173,221

376,194 25 Furniture and fixtures.....

16,199
61,648
13,559
26,551
47,196

108,407 26 Paper and allied products..

17,105
65,748
14,413
29,433
51,588

150,272 27 Printing and publishing industries.

49,714
220,402
27,953
59,336
123,981

337,484 29 Petroleum and coal products..

19,541
90,397
13,395
26,870

57,998 282,934 32 Stone, clay, and glass products......

31,583 113,847

26,305
54,406

89,396 238,408 33 Primary metal industries....

46,298
183,277
37,350

76,849 145,341 366,125 34 Fabricated metal products...

55,277
225,497
45,901

94,640 170,222 445,977 35 Machinery (except electrical).

60,182 251,015

45,238

95,974 176,776 445,022 36 Electrical machinery..

25,639
94,811
19,698
39,850

66,284 185,615 37 Transportation equipment...

184,287
783,786

135,721 285,511 529,949 1,074,389 Administrative and auxiliary8.

16,771

69,652 Withheld because the estimate did not meet publication standards, either on the basis of the associated standard error of estimate or on the basis of a consistency review.

The 1951, 1950, and 1949 "Average number of employees" is based on reported employment totals for the pay roll 'periods ended nearest the 15th of March, May, August, and November. For 1947, an average based on the mid-month employment for 12 months was used.

2value of products less cost of materials, supplies, fuel, electric energy, and contract work.

3The percentage standard errors, shown in this column indicate the differences that can be expected between the estimates and comparable complete canvass totals, because of sampling fluctuations. The estimates will differ from the complete totals by less than:

11) The percentage shown: approximately 2 times out of 3.
(11) Twice the percentage shown: approximately 19 times out of 20.

(111) Three times the percentage shown: almost always. hto maintain comparability with 1951 and 1949 employment estimates, approximately 7,000 employees at plants not in production during 1950 have been added to the Division total, and as follows to the state totals: Washington, 700; Oregon, 1,900; and California, 4,400. These figures, however, are not included in the data shown for industry groups, In addition, some of the 1950 estimates for a few industry groups have

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BY MAJOR INDUSTRY GROUPS: 1951, 1950, 1949, AND 1947 within these geographic classifications are not published if: (a) survey estimates are inconsistent with other census series and related data; percent for a state. Standard errors of the other general statistics estimates for an industry are usually of the same general magnitude as the regardless of whether or not separate data are shown for the individual industry groups. Unpublished astimates, including those which can be

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4755,089 568,659 1,126,001 5,120,976 672,226 4,168,034 663,872 3,994,981 2 2

2 134,294 101,750 190,154 1,093,078 125,563 980,559 120,510

851,836 5 6

3

20 55,592 48,768 88,646 232,830 48,286 212,243 43,146 188,294 9 10 7

8

23 50,891 45,787

89,732
346,086 42,905

229,856
38,477 226,183 15 15 7

24 17,517 14,752 28,584 97,093 13,604

81,911
18,511
91,872 15 15 7

25 15,921 13,458 27,598

119,476
13,103
87,090
12,128

80,720 6 47,698 28,318

59,449
317,818
47,527
274,171
41,914
261,064
15 10 10

27 20,550 14,226 29,707 213,979 18,898 149,349 21,472 213,503

29 29,558 24,504 52,807 207,549 30,074 173,516 27,160

153,884

9 6

32 38,865 32,322 65,705 289,662 32,397 202,731 30,878

176,014 5

3 3

33 55,718 45,310 90,619 380,939 46,907

290,952
54,135 291,323 5

4

34 44,437 32,641 64,053 288,184

(8)
(s) 52,477 284,785 6

15 9

35 19,204 14,864 30,878 126,092 14,642

97,250 17,622 106,603 5

15 36 120,932 89,452 184,201 701,485 107,681 581,287 112,242 553,718 3

2

37 16,771

16,565 5The totals shown for 1947 do not include employment at central administrative offices and auxiliary units.

6The Annual Survey figures for major group 24 are not strictly comparable with 1947 data. In 1947 only sawmills that produced more than 200,000 board feet of lumber were required to report the information shown in this table, whereas for the Annual Surveys it was requested of all sawmills. It is estimated that all mills in the United States producing less than 200,000 board feet account for approximately 3 percent of total employment for major group 24. No estimate has been made of the importance of these small mills for individual states or Geographic Divisions.

?The logging industry (Industry 2411) was excluded from the 1947 Census of Manufactures, but included in the Annual Surveys of Manufactures.

8 Administrative office and auxiliary unit employment is based on the number of employees reported as of mid-March under the old Age and Survivors Insurance program. The administrative and auxiliary employment and pay roll figures for 1950 were also used for 1951, as 1951 QASI program data were not available for this publication. The approximated annual total pay roll figure shown in Column B was derived by multiplying by 4 the first quarter taxable pay roll figures listed in the Joint Census-BQASI publication, County Business Patterns, First Quarter 1950. The figures shown for administrative office and auxiliary units do not represent a separate industry group but rather a balancing total for all manufacturing industry groups.

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Table 1.--VALUE OF SHIPMENTS, BY SELECTED CLASSES OF PRODUCTS, FOR THE UNITED STATES: 1951, 1950 AND 1947 (DOLLAR FIGURES IN THOUSANDS. A "class of products" is a homogeneous grouping of individual products within an industry. It is designated on

the following table by a 5-digit code in column A, the first four digits indicating the industry (as defined in the Standard Industrial Classification System) and the fifth digit, the specific group of products. The value of shipments shown for a product class (5-digit) is on a "wherever made" basis, i.e., it represents total shipments of that class by all industries (the industry in which the product class is "primary" and other industries in which it is produced as a "secondary" item). The total value of shipments of all product classes belonging to an industry is also shown, on the same "wherever made" basis. It is designated by the 4-digit industry code followed by a dash (e.g., "2011-") if there are two or more product classes belonging to the industry; a 4-digit code followed by a zero indicates that there is only one product class belonging to the industry. This product class aggregate should not be confused with the total industry value of shipments, as presented in other Annual Survey tables. This latter total comprises all shipments by establishments classified in the specified industry, including their shipments of product classes primary to other industries but excluding shipments by establishments in other industries of product classes primary to the specified industry. For the most part, the 1951 and 1950 product class estimates are derived from the 1951 Annual Survey and are qualified by the sampling variations (in percent) shown in columns (F) and (G). Where the 1951 and 1950 values are other than annual

survey estimates, letter symbols appear in colum (F); the reference list

of sources appearing at the end of the table is keyed to these letters. An estimate is not shown for a product class or an aggregate if it is inconsistent with related data, or the associated standard error of estimate

exceeds 15 percent. The suppressed product class estimates are included, however, in the totals of product classes.

Unpublished estimates, including those which can be derived by subtraction, are generally unreliable.)

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Food and kindred products:
Fresh meats and by products..

Fresh beers.
Fresh veals
Fresh pork"
Lard...

Hides, skins and pelts.
Prepared meats.

Pork, processed and cured".
Sausage and other prepared meat products, not canned.
Canned meats...

Dried beef and other cured meats, except pork.
Sausage casings.....

Natural sausage casings..

Synthetic sausage casings..
Dressed poultry and small game.
Butters
Natural cheeses.
Concentrated milk5

Canned milks.
Ice cream and ices5
Other dairy products

Process cheeses
Other dairy products

201420141 20142

20150 20210 20220

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(11) 4,250,821

354,666
2,085,318

533,103
428,467

(11)
1,895,085
1,391,890
676,477

76,637 105,071 76,612 28,459 746,378 679,386 459,701 687,098 414,788 652,960 333,741 263,805

69,936 233,223

33,135
2,241,725

467,573
897,556
174, 705

68,035
132,264
305,179
514,561
135,481
124,188

34,114 217,448 1,919,236 1,376,193 281,181

83,844 2,652,678 2,408,560

177,934

301,984 2,902,579

697,088 820,960 799,794

21,166 265,201 234,198

31,003 912,017 795,302

(11) 3,659,584

345,451
1,737,163

338,868
343,202

(11)
1,653,293
1,162,081
518,713
66,478
87,587
63,496
24,091
575,928
653, 107
394,449
610,529
366,218
603,167
284,409
223,646

60,763 223,246

33,576
1,989,644

417,139
782,861
180,192

59,528
118,839
265,659
429,222
109,418
114,441

28,284 175,060 1,712,224 1,273, 741 238,955

81,043 2,263,172 2,035,886

151,836

254,383
2,685,091

604,641
842,978
828,579

14,399
269,484
241, 824

27,660 880,445 784,495

(11) 2,971,372

373,498
1,630,150

522,845
354,851

(11)
1,814,673
1,022,445

977 66,148 72,809 53,850 18,959 421,223 726,996 401,555 687,558 408,322 582,321 281,763 231,759

50,004 211,974

33,392 1,546,144

351,901 610,769 108,198 39,147 71,104 210,468 435,597

94,945 105,647

21,858 201,990 2,113,732 1,598,178 320,580

65,694 2,166,442 1,982,981

96,359
221,758
2,208,257

557,805
818,180
803,542

14,638
262,872
233,333

29,539 895,384 820,158

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2033- Canned and preserved products, except fish and meat.
20331 Canned fruits..
20332 Canned vegetables and specialties.
20334 Canned fruit juices..
20335 Canned vegetable juices..
20336 Canned baby foods...
20337 Canned soups and poultry products.
2035- Pickles and sauces.
20351 Catsup and other tomato sauces.
20352 Pickles and other pickled products.
20353 Mustard and other meat sauces, except tomato.
20354 Salad dressings, including mayonnaise.
2041- Flour and meal....
20411 Wheat flour, plain.
20412 Wheat bran, shorts and middlings.
20413 Corn meal....
2042- Prepared animal feeds....
20421 Prepared animal feeds, except dog and cat food.
20422 Dog and cate food....
20430 Cereal breakfast foods...
20510 Bread, rolls, cakes, pies and pastries.
20520 Biscuits, crackers, and pretzels...
2062- Cane sugar refinery products..
20621 Refined cane sugar...
20622 Other cane sugar refinery products and by products...
2063- Sugar beet products..
20631 Refined beet sugar.
20632 Other beet sugar factory products and by products..
2071- Confectionery products.....
20711 Confectionery, except solid chocolate bars.

For footnotes, see end of table.

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Table 1.--VALUE OF SHIPMENTS, BY SELECTED CLASSES OF PRODUCTS, FOR THE UNITED STATES: 1951, 1950 AND 1947-Continued

(Value figures in thousands of dollars)

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20 Food and kindred products--Continued 2072- Chocolate and cocoa products... 20721 Chocolate coatings.... 20723 Other chocolate and cocoa products, shipped in bulk,

(containers over 2 1/2 lbs.)....... 20724 Other chocolate and cocoa products, not shipped in bulk,

(containers 2 1/2 lbs. or less).. 20730 Chewing gum and chewing gum base.... 20810 Bottled soft drinks and carbonated water.. 2082- Brewery products...... 20821 Beer, ale and other malt liquors.... 2083- Malt house products. 20831

Malt...... 2085- Distillery products.... 20851 Distilled liquors, except brandy. 20852 Distiller's grains.. 20853 Bottled liquors.... 2091- Leavening compounds. 20911 Baking powder. 20912

Yeast...... 20920 Shortening and salad oils. 20930 Margarine.... 2094- Corn products and starch.. 20941 Wet corn-milling products.. 2095- Flavorings.... 20951 Flavoring extracts, emulsions and other liquid flavors. 20952 Beverage bases... 20953 Flavoring sirups and concentrates. 20960 Vinegar and cider...... 20970 Manufactured ice. 20980 Macaroni and noodle products (not canned) 2099- Food preparations, n.e.c... 20996 Roasted coffee.

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188,991
134,924

903, 710
1,604,042
1,592,353

229,533
215,666
938,325
242,791

34,713
660,821
84,893
33,645
51,248
689,080
227,963
437,769
421,792
355,151
55,708
56,652
242,791

22,913 153,365

143,181 2,158,307 1,442,617

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176,583
132,172

830,590
1,480,761
1,469,481

220,320
206,759
971,751
214,776

22,413
734,562
81,280
33,665
47,615
598,177
196,235
405, 107
389,930
341,931
55,082
55,197
231,652

16,737 150,973

118,586 1,923,987 1,263,295

104 100 108

150,900

745,676
1,321,329
1,290,084

256,106
238,877
865,254
192,997

23,536
648,721
63,638

(6) 50,297 629,518 237,092 421,795 404, 126 310,510 39,461 48,488 222,561

21,116 264,326

111, 187 1,297,646

755, 125

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22 Textile mill products: 22120 Yarns spun on woolen and worsted systems, except carpet.. 2213- Woolen and worsted fabrics.. 22132 Woolen and worsted non-apparel fabrics. 2223- Thread.... 22231 Thread for use in the home. 22232 Thread for industrial use. 22240 Yarns spun on cotton system.. 2233- Cotton broad-woven fabrics... 22331 Cotton duck and allied fabrics.... 22332 Tire cord and tire fabrics, cotton. 22333 Cotton sheeting and allied coarse and med. yarn fabrics. 22334 Cotton print cloth yarn fabrics.... 22335 Cotton colored yarn fabrics..... 22336 Cotton towels, toweling and dishcloths. 22337 Napped cotton fabrics, blankets and blanketing. 22338 Fine cotton goods. 22339 Other woven cotton fabrics and specialties.. 2234- Synthetic and silk broad-woven fabrics.. 22341 Rayon and acetate pile, upholstery and tie fabrics. 22342 Filament rayon or acetate fabrics..... 22343 Spun rayon or acetate fabrics.. 22344 Filament and spun rayon or acetate abrics. 22345 Rayon or acetate mixtures and blends excluding pile,

upholstery and tie fabrics.. 22346 Silk, nylon and other synthetic fabrics, except rayon and

acetate.. 22347 Synthetic fiber tire cord and tire fabrics..

422,801
1,398,031

216,200
206,786

68,902
137,884

869,534 2,982,826

163,477 146,772 828,543 492,770

(s) 104,721 176,472

(s) 358,656 1,361,147

51,069 550,142 163,255 80,354

1 3 1

1
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72,980,377

137,546 234,015 851,518 471,054 268,077 116,336 166,764 8435,131 9299,936 10983,014

55,723 446,193 118,234 79,038

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