Indefinites Between Latin and Romance
Oxford University Press, 29 Jan 2019 - 352 halaman
This book investigates the syntactic and semantic development of a selection of indefinite pronouns and determiners (such as aliquis 'some', nullus 'no', and nemo 'no one') between Latin and the Romance languages. Although these elements have undergone significant diachronic change since the Classical Latin period, the modern Romance languages show a remarkable degree of similarity in the way their systems of indefinites have evolved and are structured today. In this volume, Chiara Gianollo draws on data from Classical and Late Latin texts, and from electronic corpora of the early stages of various Romance languages, to propose a new account of these similarities. The focus is primarily on Late Latin: at this stage, the grammar of indefinites already shows a number of changes, which are homogeneously transmitted to the daughter languages, leading to parallelism in the various emerging Romance systems. The volume demonstrates the value of using methods and models from synchronic theoretical linguistics for investigating diachronic phenomena, as well as the importance of diachronic research in understanding the nature of crosslinguistic variation and language change.
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The grammar of indefinitesFunctions variation and change
Specific and epistemic indefinites in Latin
Aliquis from Latin to Romance
Indefinites and negation in the history of Latin
Developments in negative and polaritysensitive contexts from Latin to Romance
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alcuno algun alternatives analysis assume Brunetto Latini c-command chapter Chierchia 2013 Classical Latin clause clitics co-occur Concord system continuations of aliquis correlative crosslinguistic diachronic discussion domain of quantification domain widening Double Negation DP-internal Early Romance emphatic epistemic indefinites European Portuguese examples existential existential quantification expressions fact focus particle focus-sensitive free-choice function grammaticalization Haspelmath 1997 implicature ineg interpretation inversion Jespersen's Cycle Late Latin Latin aliquis lexical entry licensing meaning modal Modern Italian morpheme n-words néc nec-words negation system Negative Concord negative contexts negative element negative indefinites negative marker negative operator negatively marked NegP néque nominal phrase nôn non-strict non-strict NC Old French Old Italian overt polarity Poletto Portuguese position pragmatic pre-Infl presupposition pronominal pronoun proposed quantificational quidem reanalysis redundancy Romance languages scalar scope of negation sentential negation Spanish speaker specific indefinites specific unknown structure ſuMeg ſuNegl syntactic syntax unus variation verb Zeijlstra