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PART III.

THE RECIPROCAL DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS OF PHYSICIANS AND

THE PUBLIC.

Article 1.Duties of Physicians to the Public. SECTION 1. As good citizens, it is the duty of physicians to be vigilant for the welfare of the community, and to bear their part in sustaining its institutions and burdens. They should be always ready to give counsel to the public in relation to matters appertaining to their profession, as, for example, on subjects of medical police, public hygiene and legal medicine. It is their province to enlighten the public in regard to quarantine regulations, the location, arrangement and dietaries of hospitals, asylums, schools, prisons and similar institutions; in relation to the medical police of towns, drainage, ventilation, etc., and in regard to measures for the prevention of epidemic and contagious diseases. And, when pestilence prevails, it is their duty to face the danger and to continue their labors for the alleviation of suffering and the saving of life, even at the risk of their own lives.

SEC. 2. Physicians should always be ready, when called on by the proper authorities, to enlighten coroners' inquests and courts of justice on matters strictly medical, such as involve questions relating to insanity, legitimacy, or sudden and violent deaths, and in regard to the various other subjects embraced in the science of medical jurisprudence. But, in these cases, and especially where they are required to make post-mortem examinations, it is just and right, in consequence of the time, labor and skill required and the responsibility and risk they incur, that the public should award them more than a mere consulting fee.

SEC. 3. There is no profession, by the members of which eleemosy nary services are more freely dispensed than they are by physicians ; but justice demands that some limits should be placed to the claims upon such offices at their hands. Poverty, professional brotherhood, the benevolent and scantily remunerated occupation of the individual

patient, and certain of the public duties referred to in Section 1 of this Article, should always be recognized as presenting valid claims for gratuitous services. But neither institutions endowed by the public or by rich individuals, societies for mutual benefit, for the insurance of lives or for analogous purposes, nor any profession or occupation can be admitted to possess such privilege. Nor can it be justly expected of physicians to furnish certificates of inability to serve on juries, or perform military duty, or to certify to the state of health of parties wishing to insure their lives, obtain pensions or the like, without a pecuniary acknowledgement. But to indigent persons such professional services should always be cheerfully and freely accorded.

Article 11.- Obligations of the Public to Physicians. SECTION 1. The benefit accruing to the public, directly and indirectly, from the active and constant labors and beneficence of the medical profession are so numerous and important that physicians are justly entitled to the utmost consideration from the community. The public ought, likewise, to entertain a just appreciation of the proper qualifications of a practitioner of medicine; to make a due discrimination between true science and the assumptions of ignorance and empiricism ; to afford every encouragement and facility for the acquisition of medical education, and not to allow the provisions of their statute-books or of the prospectus of their chartered institutions to interpose any obstacles to the attainment of the fullest knowledge of every branch of medical science, or, in any way, to restrain the most entire freedom of thought, investigation and action in matters appertaining to the practice of medicine,

Register of Membership.

All members of the Institute who have maintained twenty-five consecutive years of membership shall be considered Senior Members, and be exempt from the payment of annual dues; and the names of such members shall be printed first in the list of members, in capital letters.-- Article V., Section 6, of the By-Laws.

There shall be published in each annual volume of the TRANSACTIONS : 1. A list of senior members arranged according to their years of membership. 2. An alphabetical list of members, including the names of senior members, in CAPITALS. 3. A list of members classified by States. The list of deceased members shall be revised and republished annually. The complete list of members of the Institute from its organization, and its Code of Ethics shall be published every five years.—Article VIII., Section 4, of the By-Laws.

SENIOR MEMBERS.

1844.

BALL, ALONZO S., M.D., 56 W. Fifty-third St., New York, N. Y.
BOARDMAN, JOSEPH C., M.D., Trenton, N. J.
KITCHEN, JAMES, M.D., 715 Spruce St., Philadelphia, Pa.
NEIDHARD, CHARLES, M.D., 1511 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
*PaiNE, HENRY D., M.D., Nutley, N. J.
WARD, ISAAC M., M.D., Newark, N. J.

1846. BERENS, Joseph, M.D., Cor. Broad and Green Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. EHRMAN, FREDERICK G., M.D., 46 W. 7th Street, Cincinnati, O. HALLOCK, LEWIS, M.D. 34 E. 39th Street, New York, N. Y. JONES, E. DARWIN, M.D., Albany, N. Y. RHEES, MORGAN J., M.D., Wheeling, W. Va.

* Died June 11, 1893.

1847.
CHASE, Hiram L., M.D., 752 Main Street, Cambridge, Mass.
Guy, SAMUEL S., M.D., Visalia, Tulare Co., Cal.
SHACKFORD, Rufus, M.D., Portland, Maine.
THAYER, DAVID, M.D., 200 Columbus Ave., Boston, Mass.

1848.

GUERNSEY, EGBERT, M.D., 528 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. MARCY, ERASTUS E., M.D., 353 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. PALMER, MILES W., M.D., 235 E. 18th Street, New York, N. Y. RAYMOND, JONAS C., M.D., 626 Thirteenth Street, Oakland, Cal. WELLS, LUCIEN B., M.D., 13 Summit Place, Utica, N. Y.

1849.

RODMAN, WILLIAM W., M.D., New Haven, Conn.

1850.

PAINE, HORACE M., M.D., 105 State Street, Albany, N. Y.
SPRINGSTEED, DAVID, M.D., South Woodstock, Conn.

1851.

BELL, WILLIAM C., M.D., Blandford, Mass.

1852.

DAKE, JABEZ P., M.D., 218 North Vine St., Nashville, Tenn. HAMMOND, MILTON, M.D., 310 North Paca St., Baltimore, Md.

1853.

ANGELL, HENRY C., M.D., 16 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass.
BissEL, ARTHUR F., M.D., 157 Maiden Lane, New York, N. Y.
HELMUTH, William Tod, M.D., 180 W. 59th Street N. Y.
PAINE, JOSEPH P., M.D., Hotel Eliot, Roxbury, Mass.
SKILES, FRANCIS W., M.D., 160 Remsen Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Talbot, I. TISDALE, M.D., 66 Marlborough Street, Boston, Mass.

1854. BURGHER, John C., M.D., 960 Penn Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. Cox, James W., M.D., 109 State Street, Albany, N. Y.

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