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PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY E. & H. CLARK,
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT, SS.
Be it REMEMBERED, That on the seventeenth day of July, in the fifty-se ond year of the Independence of the
United States of America, E B. WILLISTON, of the said District, hath deposited in this Office, the title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as Author and Proprietor, in the words following-to wit:
“ Eloquence of the United States : compiled by E. B. Williston, in five
In conformity to the Act of Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned."— And also to the Act, entitled, “ An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled · An Act for the encouragement of learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies during the times therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving and etching historical and other prints.”
CHA'S A. INGERSOLL,
Clerk of the District of Connecticul. A true copy of Record, examined and sealed by me,
CHA'S A. INGERSOLL,
Clerk of the District of Connecticuta
CONTENTS OF VOLUME FIFTH.
Mr. WARREN's Oration, at Boston, March 5, 1772, in
commemoration of the Boston Massacre,”
Mr. WARREN's Oration, at Boston, March 6, 1775,
vince of Pennsylvania, in vindication of the Colo-
nies, January, 1775,
of Virginia, March 23, 1775,
State of New Jersey, 1777,
Britain, from the pen of Mr. Lee, 1775,
on a petition for the relief of oppressed slaves,
ruary 3, 1800,
February 22, 1800,
of the first landing of our ancestors, at that place,
December 22, 1802,
Albany, July 9, 1804,
Mr. Everett's Oration before the Society of Phi
Beta Kappa, at Cambridge, August 26, 1824, .
stone of the Bunker Hill monument, 1825,
at Boston, August 2, 1826,
Society, at Cambridge, August 31, 1826,
Washington, October 19, 1826,
the Phi Beta Kappa Society, at Schencctady,
ORATION OF JOSEPH WARREN,
AT BOSTON, MARCH 5, 1772, THE ANNIVERSARY OF
THE “ BOSTON MASSACRE."*
When we turn over the historic page, and trace the rise and fall of states and empires, the mighty revolutions which have so often varied the face of the world strike our minds with solemn surprise, and we are naturally led to endeavor to search out the causes of such astonishing changes.
That man is formed for social life, is an observation, which, upon our first inquiry, presents itself immediately to our view, and our reason approves that wise and generous principle which actuated the first
* The “ Boston massacre,” as it is generally called, took place March 5, 1770. Previous to this time, considerable animosity had existed between the citizens of Boston and the British soldiers stationed there, which had occasionally shown itself in quarrels and mutual abuse.
On the evening of the 5th of March, an extensive disturbance occurred, in which a number of the citizens lost their lives. This event was productive of the most important consequences. It was every where represented as a cruel and barbarous outrage of an armed soldiery, upon unoffending and unarmed citizens.
It wrought up to the highest pitch the spirit of opposition to the British government, and increased the activity and energy of those who were determined on resistance.
It afforded also, an opportunity for an exhibition of traits of character in the “ rebellious colonists,” which plainly proved that, with them, the dictates of justice predominated over every other consideration : for the jury who tried the offenders, although burning with resentment for the recent outrage, and incensed at the numer. ous injuries of the British government, still acquitted all the offenders of the charge of murder. The anniversary of this day was celebrated for a number of years, but at length the practice was discontinu. ed.-COMPILER. VOL