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tory, the land office for which is now located at Monroe, but shall be subject to be removed from time to time to such place as the president of the United States may order and direct.(1)
1173. The country on the western shore of Lake Michigan, embrac ed within the limits of the Green Bay land district, as established by the act of congress, of the twenty-sixth day of June, eighteen hundred and thirty-four, (see article supra 1139) shall be, and is hereby, divided by a line commencing on the western boundary of said district, and running thence, east, between townships ten and eleven north, to the line between ranges seventeen and eighteen east; thence north, between said ranges of townships, to the line between townships twelve and thirteen north; thence east, between said townships twelve and thirteen, to Lake Michigan; and all the country bounded north by the division line here described, south by the base line, east by Lake Michigan, and west by the division line between ranges eight and nine east, shall constitute a separate district, and be called the Milwalky land district.(2)
1174. Two additional districts shall be, and are hereby established in the peninsula of Michigan, one to be called the Grand river, and the other the Saginaw land district, the former of which shall be bounded as follows, to wit: beginning at the shore of Lake Michigan, on the line between townships three and four north, and running east on said line to the line between ranges number six and seven west of the principal meridian; thence, on said range line south, to the base line of the public surveys; thence, on said base line east, to the principal meridian line; thence north; on said meri. dian, to the north boundary of township ten north; thence west, on the line between townships ten and eleven north, to the western boundary of range two west; and thence north, following the line between ranges two and three west, so as to include all that portion of the peninsula of Michigan lying west of said line. The Saginaw district shall embrace all the tract of country bounded on the west by the Grand river district aforesaid; on the south, by the division line, between townships number five and six, north of the base line; on the east by the division line, between ranges eleven and twelve, east of the principal meridian; and on the north and north-east by Saginaw bay and Lake Huron.(3)
1175. The lands which were ceded to the United States by the treaty made with the confederated tribes of Sac and Fox Indians at Fort Armstrong, in the state of Illinois, on the twenty-first day of September, eighteen hundred and thirty-two, are hereby, attached to, and made a part of, the Wisconsin land district, in the territory of Michigan; and that said lands shall be liable to be surveyed and sold at Mineral Point, or wherever the president may direct, in the same manner as other public lands of the district.(4)
Land Districts in Arkansas.
Arkansas, White river, Red river, Mississippi district
and Fayetteville districts
1176. There shall be four land districts in the territory of Arkansas, to be called as follows, viz: the Arkansas land district, the White river land
(1) Act 25th June, 1834.
(2) Act 15th June, 1836, sec. 1.
Ibid. sec. 2.
Ibid. sec. 5.
district, the Red river land district, and the Fayetteville land district; and each of the aforesaid land districts shall be bounded as follows, to wit: the Arkansas land district shall include all the country embraced within the following boundaries: beginning on the west bank of the Mississippi river, at the mouth of the St. Francis river, and running thence due west with the base line to the north-east corner of range six, township one north, and south of said base line; thence due north with the dividing line between ranges five and six, to the north-east corner of township seven, north of said base line; thence, due west with the dividing line between townships seven and eight, to the north-west corner of range seventeen; and thence, due south with the dividing line between ranges seventeen and eighteen, to the Mississippi river. The White river district shall include all the country south of Missouri, which is not included in the Arkansas land district above described, and east of the dividing line between ranges seventeen and eighteen, as extended from the north-west corner of the said Arkansas land district, to the state of Missouri. The red river land district shall include all the country in Arkansas lying west of the Arkansas land district, and south of the base line. The Fayetteville land district shall include the residue of the territory of Arkansas, being all the country lying north of the Red river district, and west of the Arkansas and White river districts.(1)
The land office for the Arkansas land district shall be at Little Rock; the land office for the White river district shall be at Batesville; the land office for the Red river district shall be at the town of Washington; and the land office for the Fayetteville district shall be at Fayetteville.(2)
1177. So much of the public lands of the United States in the territory of Arkansas as lies east of a line commencing on the southern boundary of the territory where it is intersected by the dividing line between ranges five and six, west of the meridian, thence with said range line to the dividing line between townships ten and eleven south; thence east with the said line to the dividing line between ranges two and three west, thence north with said dividing line to the base line, thence east with said base line to the dividing line between ranges two and three east-thence north with said line to the dividing line between townships ten and eleven north, thence east with said dividing line to the dividing line between ranges six and seven east-thence north with said dividing line to the northern boundary of the territory of Arkansas, shall form a new land district, to be called the Mississippi land district; and for the sale of the public lands within the district aforesaid, there shall be a land office established at the town of Helena, in the county of Philips, in the territory aforesaid.(3)
Of Land Districts in Florida.
ART. 1178. For the disposal of lands of the United States, lying in the district of East Florida, a land office shall be established and kept at St. Augustine, within the said district.(4)
1179. And for the disposal of lands of the United States lying in the district of West Florida, a land office shall be established at Tallahassa in said district.(5)
(1) Act June 25, 1832, sec. 1. (2) Ibid. sec. 2.
(3) Act June 26, 1834, sec. 1.
(4) Act March 3, 1823.
ART. 1180. Each of the subordinate land offices shall be under the direction of an officer, to be called "The Register of the Land Office," who shall be appointed by the president of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, and shall give bond with approved se. curity in the sum of ten thousand dollars, for the faithful discharge of the duties of his office, and shall reside at the place where the land office is kept.(1)
1181. Such registers respectively shall receive and enter on books kept for that purpose only, and on which no blank leaves or space shall be left between the different entries, the applications of any person who may apply for the purchase of any section, half section, quarter section, or half quarter section, and who shall produce a receipt from the treasurer of the United States, or from the receiver of public moneys appointed for that purpose, for the amount of the purchase money, stating carefully, in each entry, the date of the application, the date of the receipt to him produced, the amount of the money specified in such receipt, and the number of the section, half section, (quarter section or half quarter section,) township and range ap plied for.(2)
He shall file the receipt for moneys produced by the party, and give him a copy of his entry, and if required, a copy of the description of the tract, and a copy of the plat of the same, or either of them. He shall inform the party applying for any one tract, whether the same has already been entered, purchased or paid for, and at his request give him a copy of the entries concerning the same.(3)
If any person shall apply to any register of any land office whatever, and the said register shall knowingly and falsely inform the person so applying, that the same has already been entered, and refuse to admit the person so applying, to enter the same, such register shall be liable therefor to the person so applying, for five dollars for each acre of land which the person so applying, offered to enter, to be recovered by action of debt, in any court of record having jurisdiction of the amount.(4)
1182. The registers shall be precluded from entering on their books any application for lands in their own name, and in the name of any other in trust for them; if any register shall wish to purchase any tract of land, he may do it by application in writing to the surveyor general, who shall enter the
(1) Act May 10th, 1800, sec. 1, and the acts establishing the several land offices-passim.
(2) Act 10th May, 1800, sec. 7.—Act 24th April, 1820.
(3) Act 10th May, 1800, sec. 7.
same on books kept for that purpose by him, who shall proceed in respect to such applications, and to any payments made for the same, in the same manner which the registers are directed to follow, in respect to applications made to them for lands by other persons. The registers shall, nevertheless, note on the book of surveys, or original plat, the applications and payments thus by them made, and their right to the pre-emption of any tract shall bear date from the day when their application for the same shall have been entered by the surveyor general in his own book. And if any person applying for any tract shall, notwithstanding he shall have received information from the register that the same has already been applied for by the said register, or by any other person, insist to make the application, it shall be the duty of the register to enter the same, noting in the margin that the same tract is already purchased; but upon application of the party, made in writing, and which he shall file, he may and shall, at any future time, enter under its proper date, that the party withdraws his former application, and applies in lieu thereof for any other tract: Provided always, That the party shall never be allowed thus to withdraw his former application, and to apply in lieu thereof for another tract, except when the tract described in his former application shall have been applied for previous to the date of that of his former application.(1)
1183. The registers shall transmit quarterly to the secretary of the treasury and to the surveyor general, an account of the several tracts applied for (of the several tracts for which the payment of one-fourth part of the purchase money has been made, of the several tracts which have reverted to the United States, on failure of the said payment) and also an account of all the payments of moneys by them entered according to the receipts produced by them, specifying the sums of money, the names of the persons paying the same, the names of the officers who have received the same, and the tracts for which the same have been paid.(2)
1184. The registers of the land offices, respectively, shall receive an annual salary of five hundred dollars each, and a commission of one per centum on all the moneys expressed in the receipts by them filed and entered, and of which they shall have transmitted an account to the secretary of the treasury: Provided, That the whole amount which any such register shall receive, under the provisions of this act, shall not exceed for any one year, the sum of three thousand dollars.(3)
Such registers shall, respectively, receive for every copy, either of an application or of the description of any section or half section, or of the plat of the same, or of any entry made on their books, or of any certificate heretofore given by them, twenty-five cents for each, and for any general inspection of the books of surveys, or general plat, made in their presence, twenty-five cents.(4)
For the services rendered by the registers and receivers of the several land districts, in carrying into effect the act for the relief of the purchasers of public lands, prior to the first day of July, eighteen hundred and twenty, passed on the second day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-one, and the several acts supplementary thereto, the secretary of the treasury, with the approbation of the president, in addition to the fees allowed by the said act and supplementary acts, shall be, and he is hereby, authorized to make such allowance and compensation to each of the said officers, as shall appear to him to be reasonable and just; which allow
(1) Act 10th May, 1800, sec. 10. (2) Ibid. sec. 9.
(3) Act 20th April, 1818, sec. 2. (4) Act 10th May, 1800, sec. 12, and see act 26th March, 1804, sec. 14.
ance shall, in no case, exceed the expenditure incurred in clerk hire, by any register or receiver, in consequence of the duties imposed upon those officers by the provisions of the said act, and the acts supplementary thereto, and the one-half of one per centum on the amount of payments made by relinquishments and discounts, calculating the value of the lands relinquished at the rate of two dollars per acre: Provided, That the allowance made on account of per centage, including their annual salary, and including their commission on the money actually paid, shall in no case exceed, to any one officer for any one year, the sum of three thousand dollars.(1)
Each of the registers of the land office and receivers of public moneys shall receive five dollars for each day's attendance in superintending the public sales in their respective districts.(2)
ART. 1185. There shall be appointed by the president of the United States, with the advice and consent of the senate, a receiver of public moneys for lands of the United States, at each of the places, respectively, where the public and private sales of the said lands are to be made; who shall, before he enters on the duties of his office, give bond with approved security in the sum of ten thousand dollars, for the faithful discharge of his trust. He shall give receipts for the moneys by him received, to the persons respectively paying the same; shall transmit, within thirty days in case of public sale, and quarterly in case of private sale, an account of all the public moneys by him received, specifying the amount received from each person, and distinguishing the sums received for surveying expenses and those received for purchase money, to the secretary of the treasury, and to the registers of the land office, as the case may be.(3)*
1186. The receivers of public moneys for the lands of the United States, shall receive an annual salary of five hundred dollars each, and a commission of one per centum on the moneys received, as a compensation for clerk hire, receiving, safe keeping, and transmitting, such moneys to the treasury of the United States: Provided always, That the whole amount which any receiver of public moneys shall receive, under the provisions of this act, shall not exceed, for any one year, the sum of three thousand dollars.(4)
The secretary of the treasury may allow to the several receivers of public moneys, in the several land offices, a reasonable compensation for transporting to, and depositing such moneys in, any bank or other place of deposite, that may, from time to time, be designated by the secretary of the treasury for that purpose, which compensation shall be regulated according to the actual labour, expense, and risk, of such transportation and deposite, to the place of deposite, and returning therefrom.(5)
(1) Act 22d May, 1826, sec. 1.
(2) Act 3d March, 1819.
(3) Act 10th May, 1800, sec. 6, and
the acts establishing the several land
(4) Act 20th April, 1818, sec. 1.
* See General Land Office, Art. 314.