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HEARINGS US. Congress, Senate BEFORE THB COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR,
UNITED STATES SENATE
A BILL TO AUTHORIZE THE APPROPRIATION OF FUNDS TO ASSIST THE STATES AND TERRITORIES IN MORE ADEQUATELY FINANCING THEIR SYSTEMS OF PUBLIC EDUCATION DURING EMERGENCY, AND IN REDUCING THE INEQUALITIES OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES THROUGH PUBLIC ELEMENTARY
AND SECOI ARY SCHOOLS
JANUARY 29, 30, 31, FEBRUARY 1, 2, AND 8, 1945
Printed for the use of the Committee on Education and Labor
copy 2 2
COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR
JAMES E. MURRAY, Montana, Chairman DAVID I. WALSH, Massachusetts
ROBERT M. LA FOLLETTE, JR., Wisco ELBERT D. THOMAS, Utah
ROBERT A, TAFT, Ohio CLAUDE PEPPER, Florida
GEORGE D. AIKEN, Vermont ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana
JOSEPH H. BALL, Minnesota LISTER HILL, Alabama
H. ALEXANDER SMITH, New Jersey DENNIS CHAVEZ, New Mexico
WAYNE MORSE, Oregon
FORREST C. DONNELL, Missouri
CHARLES A. MURRAY, Olerk
Boushall, Thomas C., chairman, committee on education, United
Dodge, Miss Grace L., president, Maine Teachers' Association.
Fries, Maj. Gen. Amos A., United States Army, retired, director of the
Southern-Western region, Friends of the Public Schools of America. 357
Goza, Sam D., chairman, State Board of Equalization, Helena, Mont.
Houdlette, Mrs. Harriet Ablers, associate in childhood education,
Jaggers, Dr. Richard E., chief of the bureau of instruction, State De-
Joynes, Mrs. Edith B., Federal legislative chairman, Virginia Educa-
Statements presented by 25 people---
Norton, E. B., State superintendent of schools of Alabama, represent-
Rawlins, R. E., superintendent of schools, Pierre, S. Dak.
Sharpe, M. Q., Governor, South Dakota
Sterne, Mrs. Mervyn H., chairman, federal aid to education com-
mittee of the Women's Joint Congressional Committee... 194209
Weagly, Mrs. Roy C. F., president, Associated Women of American
FEDERAL AID FOR EDUCATION
MONDAY, JANUARY 29, 1945
UNITED STATES SENATE,
Washington, D.O. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 10 a. m., in room 357, Senate Office Building, Senator James E. Múrray (chairman) presiding, Present: Senators Murray (chairman),
Walsh, Thomas, Ellender, Hill, Tunnell, Guffey, Johnston, Aiken, Fulbright, Smith, Donnell, and Morse.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
This hearing this morning is on S. 181, a bill to authorize the appropriation of funds to assist the States and Territories in more adequately financing their systems of public education during emergency, and in reducing the inequalities of educational opportunities through public elementary and secondary schools. (S. 181 is as follows:)
[S. 181, 79th Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To authorize the appropriation of funds to assist the States and Territories in
more adequately financing their systems of public education during emergency, and in reducing the inequalities of educational opportunities through public elementary and secondary schools
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Educational Finance Act of 1945."
No department, agency, officer, or employee of the United States shall exercise any direction, supervision, or control over, or prescribe any requirements with respect to, any school, or any State educational institution or agency, with respect to which any funds have been or may be made available or expended pursuant to this Act, nor shall any term or condition of any agreement or any other action taken under this Act, whether by agreement or otherwise, relating to any contribution made under this Act to or on behalf of any school, or any State educational institution or agency, or any limitation or provision in any appropriation made pursuant to this Act, seek to control in any manner, or prescribe requirements with respect to, or authorize any department, agency, officer, or employee of the United States to direct, supervise, or control in any manner, or prescribe any requirements with respect to, the administration, the personnel, the curriculum, the instruction, the methods of instruction, or the materials of instruction.
Søc. 2. (a) For the purpose of enabling States and their local public-school jurisdiction to meet emergencies in financing their public elementary and public secondary schools by providing funds for the payment of the salaries of teachers and other school employees to keep schools open, to employ additional teachers to relieve overcrowded classes, to raise substandard salaries of teachers and other school employees, and to adjust the salaries of teachers and other school employees to meet the increased cost of living, there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year in which the Congress shall find a need therefor, beginning