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TABLE 2.Estimated number and percent of teachers paid less than $1,200 and

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less than $600 in 1944-45

State

Alabama..
Arizona
Arkansas.
California
Colorado
Connecticut.
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida...
Georgia.
Idaho.
Illinois
Indiana.
Iowa..
Kansas
Kentucky.
Louisiana.
Maine.
Maryland.
Massachusetts.
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico.
New York
North Carolina.
North Dakota
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island
South Carolina.
South Dakota.
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont.
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Total..

2, 740

868, 890

197, 109

22.7

28, 516

3. 3 Total........

1 Estimated by National Education Association on basis of 1943-44 data.

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Alabama...
Arizona.
Arkansas.
California.
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Delaware.
District of Columbia..
Florida.
Georgia.
Idaho.
Mlinois.
Indians
Iowa.
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana.
Maine
Maryland..
Massachusetts.
Michigan..
Minnesota.
Mississippi.
Missouri.
Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada..
New Hampshire.
New Jersey.
New Mexico.
New York.
North Carolina.
North Dakota.
Ohio
Oklahoms.
Oregon.
Pennsylvania.
Rhode Island.
South Carolina..
South Dakota..
Tennessee
Texas...
Utah.
Vermont.
Virginia.
Washington
West Virginia.
Wisconsin.
Wyoming.

1 75

3,000

600 2,000 4,800 1, 400

300 150

0 1, 200 1,400

650 2, 100 2.000 4,000 3,000 5,000 1, 100

400 300

60 4, 500 12,000

1,700 1, 420 1, 100 2,100

200

325 1,000

1 500 1, 300 1,000 1, 200 4,100 1, 300 1,500 2,650

2,500

725
1, 986
1,000
1, 400

300
100

0
1, 286
1, 850

685
1,350
1, 700
1,800
2, 500
4,500

900
250
350

24
3,500
1, 700

700 1, 100

400 1,500 146

80 792

300 1, 200 1,000

800 2, 100 1, 200 1, 400 2, 200

50 1, 200

650 2, 400 1, 200

250

454 1,776 1,700

800 2, 100

200

1,000

300 200 500

20 100

50 1 75 200 175 100 400 300 100

375
175
150
75

140

150

30

1 25

1 50

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1, 350

500 3,000 12,000

470

500 2,000 3,000

1,500 12, 500

440

1 100

50

8, 198

9,729

58, 104

78,665

1 Estimated by National Education Association on basis of 1943-4 data.

TABLE 4.Estimated decline in total number of teachers and 1088es to military

services and to industry since December 1941

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11,700

425 1 2,000 2,000 600 250 100

35 1,500 2, 500

350 2, 100

700 6,800 4,000 1, 750 2,000

350 650 1 800 12, 150 11.000 2,000 3, 100 1,600 1,500

200 124 1 500 1 500 1,600

950

700 11, 400 3,000 1,000 1,300

1 90 1, 550 1, 200

1 750 14,500

638

350 1, 200

800 11,000 11, 200

650

67, 162

1 Estimated by National Education Association on basis of 1943-44 data.

Senator ELLENDER. I am sure you read the bill that we are considering.

Dr. HUBBARD. Yes.

Senator ELLENDER. Do you think under its terms we can do what you suggest with respect to encouraging young men and women to study the teaching profession?

Dr. HUBBARD. I think some of the money given under the bill, in some of these States instead of being put actually into teachers' salaries might be put into scholarships. If it is used to improve salary schedules, the mere fact you make known to these young people that there are opportunities in teaching that are fairly comparable with

ANNUAL INCOME FROM SALARIES AND WAGES

1938-1943 (In current dollars os poid) 2400

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FACTORY WORKERS 1200 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942

1943 Sources Teachers I teachers, principals, and supervisors) from U.S. Office of Education and NE A Research Division Federal and factory employees (salaried and wogo-corning) from Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, US Dept of Commerce.

Res Div, Nat. Educ. Assn.

PURCHASING POWER OF AVERAGE SALARIES

AND WAGES, 1938 - 1943

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Sources Teachers (teachers, principals, and supervisors) from U.S. Office of Education and NE A Research Division
Federal and factory employees (soloried and wage-earning) from Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce,
U S. Dept. of Commerce.

Rex Div. Nue f duc Ausn

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