A Muslim Archipelago: Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia

Sampul Depan
Government Printing Office, 2007 - 278 halaman
Southeast Asia continues to beckon policymakers and scholars alike to revisit its history in spite of the tomes of appraisals already written, deconstructive or otherwise. Because of a significant presence of Muslims in the region, and particularly in the wake of 9/11, it invariably attracts the attention of foreign powers drawn by the specter of terrorism and focused on rooting out radical Islamist groups said to be working with al-Qaeda. Dr. Max Gross has written an impressive account of the role of Islam in the politics of Southeast Asia, anchored by a strong historical perspective and a comprehensive treatment of current affairs. The result is very much a post-9/11 book. The origins of Jemaah Islamiyah and its connections with al-Qaeda are carefully detailed. Yet, unlike much of the post-9/11 analysis of the Muslim world, Dr. Gross's research has been successful in placing the phenomenon of terrorism within a larger perspective. While recognizing that al-Qaeda's influence on regional terror networks remains unclear, it behooves us to be reminded that, regardless of the nature and extent of the linkages, to dismiss terrorism as a serious threat to security would be na ve to the point of recklessness. The Muslim Archipelago is a profoundly Islamic region, and Jemaah Islamiyah is only a small portion of this reality. The attention Dr. Gross pays to ABIM in Malaysia, of which I was a part, and the civil Islam movement in Indonesia, of which the late Nurcholish Madjid was a principal spokesman, is greatly appreciated. Those unfamiliar with the background and role of the traditional Islamic PAS party in Malaysia, as well as the Darul Islam movement in Indonesia, will find the author's account highly beneficial. The MNLF, the MILF, and Abu Sayyaf in the Philippines, as well as the various Islamic movements in southern Thailand, are also carefully explained.
 

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Islam in Southeast Asia Historical Background
1
Historical Overview
5
Enter the Europeans
8
The Formation of Malaysia
11
The Formation of Indonesia
19
Islam in Malaysia
31
Growth of the Islamic Movement?
34
Mahathir Goes Islamic
39
Fall of the Suharto Regime
108
Separatism Threat to Indonesian Unity?
117
East Timor
118
Maluku and Laskar Jihad
123
Sulawesi and Jemaah Islamiyah
129
Papua
141
Acehand Gam
151
Outlook
168

Impact of the Asian Financial Crisis
42
Militant Islam in Malaysia
45
Impact of the 911 Attacks in Malaysia
54
Outlook
56
Islam in Thailand
59
Patani Under Thai Rule
60
Under the Thai Revolutionary Regime
63
The Pattani Insurgency
68
From Nationalism to Islam
73
Revival of the Insurgency
75
Outlook
81
Islam in Indonesia
85
Formation of the State Ideology
86
Fall of Sukarno
88
Ascendancy of the New Order
89
Survival and Revival of Darulislam
95
Formal Establishbent of Jemaah Islamiyah
102
Islam in the Phillippes
171
The Phillippine Under American Rule
172
The Moros Under Phillipine Rule
178
The Moro Revolt
183
Split in the MNLF
194
The PostMarcos Era
199
Emergence of Abu Sayyaf
202
Ramos and the Moro Problem
205
The Different Approach of Joseph Estrada
213
Arroyo Resotres the Ramos Policy
215
Outlook
229
Islam and Politics in Southeast Asia
233
Spread of Islam to Southeast Asi
236
Bibliography
245
Index
267
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