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AT the close of the last Book we had an account of the Jews being in
captivity at Babylon; and have no further historical account of them. The behaviour of many of them there was very bad, as anpears by Ezekiel; yet they were reformed from idolatry, and never fell into it again. Their captivity in Babylon was a means of spreading the knowledge of God there, as appears from the history of Daniel, who, with several others, were promoted to considerable posts in the kingdom ; and this was the dawning of their deliverance. This Book is generally supposed to have been written by Ezra, Tye latter part undoubtedly was ; but, I think, not the former ; for Ezra, as apo fears from chap. vii. 1. did not come to Jerusalem till several years after. The whole Book shows the liberty granted by Cyrus to the Jews, after seventy years captivity, to return to their own country ; whereupon there returned above forty thousand, most of whom were of the two tribes, but many also of the ten. In the first place theu restore the worship of God : vand for that end build the altar of burnie offerings : that so they might make daily expiation for their sins, and intercession for their wants ; and also laid the foundation of the tenple; wherein being opposed by the Samaritans, and slanderously accused to the king of Persia, they are commanded to desist for the present; but afterward, being encouraged by the prophets Haggai and Zechariah, they advance in their former work, obtain a new commisaion and authority, and proceed to the finishing of it. After this Ezra že sent by Artaxerxes with a large commission to manage and govern all things for the welfare and interest of the Jews ; who was attended by many others, and they carried great treasures along with them, and offerings to the temple. When they were come to Jerusalem, the princes inform Ezra of great abuses both among firieets and people, by marrying heathen, idolatrous wives, contrary to the law, which Ezra bewails in prayer to God, and reforms..
In this chapter we have the proclamation of Cyrus for the building of
the temple ; the people provide for the return, and Cyrus restores
word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia,