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For certifying manifest and granting permit for vessel laden with cargo to
proceed to another district, where there is no custom-house, if under
$ 25 If of 50 tons or more ($ 4,382).
50 For clearance direct to foreign port (§ 4,382).
50 Taking bond officially, unless otherwise provided for (8 3,382).
182. Clearance by sea.
If of less than 100 tons.....
2 50 1 50
40 20 20
183. Entrance coastwise. For receiving manifest and granting permit on arrival of licensed vessel, if under 50 tons ($ 4,381)..
25 If of 50 tons or more.
50 For receiving manifest and granting permit registered vessel ($ 4,381). ....1 00 For receiving manifest, etc., vessel not of the United States (Decision 3,815, $ 4,381). ....
184. Entrance on northerly inland frontiers. For receiving manifest, even if the vessel touched foreign ($ 4,382): Vessel under 50 tons....
25 Vessel of 50 tons or more.
50 For entrance direct from foreign port ($ 4,382)....
50 For entrance in one district from an adjacent district via foreign port.
200 For permits, each.
20 For bond taken officially, not otherwise provided for.
185. Entrance by sea.
Of less than 100 tons....
any vessel, free cargo
Each transverse section under tonnage deck.....
2 50 1 50 2 00
20 3 00 1 50
1 50 3 00 1 50
Refusal of Clearance until Payment of Fine. 186. On the 8th of February, 1881, Congress passed an act declaring that no vessel used as a common carrier should be subject to seizure or forfeiture under the provisions of title thirty-four of the Revised Statutes, unless it appear that the owner or master at the time of the alleged illegal act was a consenting part, or privy thereto.
Under this Statute the Treasury Department has held that although forfeiture and seizure in aid thereof are thus limited, yet clearance for the vessel may still be refused pending the legal determination of the liability of owner or master to a fine under section 2,809, or until the entering into a satisfactory stipulation. (Decision 4,782, February 21, 1881.)
Rules of Construction. Rev. Stat., § 1. In determining the meaning of the Revised Statutes, or of any act or resolution of Congress passed subsequent to February twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and seventy-one, words importing the singular number may extend and be applied to several persons or things; words importing the plural number may include the singular; words importing the masculine gender may be applied to females; the words insane person and lunatic shall include every idiot, non-compos, lunatic, and insane person; the word person may extend and be applied to partnerships and corporations, and the reference to any officer shall include any person authorized by law to perform the duties of such office, unless the context shows that such words were intended to be used in a more limited sense ; and a requirement of an oath shall be deemed complied with by making affirmation in judicial form.
Definition of Vessel. Rev. Stat., $ 3. The word vessel includes every description of water-craft or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on water.
Definition of Vehicle. Rev. Stat., $ 4. The word vehicle includes every description of carriage or other artificial contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on land.
Definition of Company or Association. Rev. Stat., $ 5. The word company or association, when used in reference to a corporation, shall be deemed to embrace the words successors and assigns of such company or association, in like manner as if these last named words, or words of similar import, were expressed.
Definition of Seal. Rev. Stat., $ 6. In all cases where a seal is necessary by law to any commission, process, or other instrument provided for by the laws of Congress, it shall be lawful to affix the proper seal by making an impression therewith di. rectly on the paper to which such seal is necessary, which shall be as valid as if made on wax or other adhesive substance.
Prohibited Ownership of Sea Vessel. Rev. Stat., $ 243. No person appointed to the office of Secretary of the Treas. ury, or First Comptroller, or First Auditor, or Treasurer, or Register, shall directly or indirectly be concerned or interested in carrying on the business of trade or commerce, or be owner in whole or in part of any sea vessel, or purchase by himself or another in trust for him, any public lands or other public property, or be concerned in the purchase or disposal of any public securities of any state, or of the United States, or take or apply to his own use any emolument or gain for negotiating or transacting any business in the Treasury Department other than what shall be allowed by law; and every person who offends against any of the probibitions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor and forfeit to the United States the penalty of three thousand dollars, and shall upon conviction be removed from office, and for ever thereafter be incapable of holding any office under the United States; and if any other person than a public prosecutor shall give information of any such offense, upon which a prosecution and conviction shall be had, one half of the aforesaid penalty of three thousand dollars, when recovered, shall be for the use of the person giving such information.
Power to Discontinue Ports of Delivery. Rev. Stat., $ 253. The Secretary of the Treasury may discontinue all ports of delivery, the revenue received at which does not amount to the sum of ten thousand dollars a year.
Shippers' Manifests. Rev. Stat., $ 337, Fifth. Before a clearance shall be granted for any vessel bound to a foreign place, the collector shall require the owners, shippers, or consignors of the cargo to deliver to the collector manifests of the cargo, or of the parts thereof shipped by them respectively, which manifests shall specify the kinds and quantities of the articles shipped by them respectively, and the value of the total quantity of each kind of articles; and state that such manifest contains a full, just, and true account of all articles laden on board of such vessel by the owners, shippers, or consignors respectively, and that the values of such articles are truly stated, according to their actual cost, or the values which they truly bear at the port and time of exportation. And the collector shall also require the master of the vessel, and the owners, shippers, and consignors of the cargo, to state in writing, to the collector, the foreign place or country in which such cargo is truly intended to be landed. The manifests and statements hereby required shall be verified by the oath of the person by whom they are respectively made and subscribed.
· Registers, etc., may be Retained by Consuls. Rev. Stat., § 1,718. Whenever any master or commander of a vessel of the United States has occasion for any consulat or other official service, which any consular officer of the United States is authorized by law or usage officially to perform, and for which any fees are allowed by the rates or tariffs of fees, he shall apply to the consular officer, at the consulate or commercial agency where such service is required, to perform such service, and shall pay to such officer the fees allowed for snch service by the rates or tariffs of fees. And every such master or commander shall be liable to the United States for the amount of the fees lawfully chargeable for such services when actually performed.
All consular officers are authorized and required to retain in their possession all the papers of such vessels, which shall be deposited with them as directed by law, till payment shall be made of all demands and wages on account of such vessels.
President may Prescribe Consular Fees. Rev. Stat., § 1,745. The President is authorized to prescribe, from time to time, the rates or tariffs of fees to be charged for official services, and to designate what shall be regarded as official services, besides such as are expressly declared by law, in the business of the several legations, consulates, and commercial agencies, and to adapt the same, by such differences as may be necessary or proper, to each legation, consulate, or commercial agency; and it shall be the duty of all officers and persons connected with such legations, consulates, or commercial agencies, to collect for such official services such and only such fees as may be prescribed for their respective legations, consulates, and commercial agencies, and such rates or tariffs shall be reported annually to Congress.
Consuls to Collect Fees in Coin. Rev. Stat., $ 1,746. All fees collected by diplomatic and consular officers for and in behalf of the United States shall be collected in the coin of the United States, or at its representative value in exchange.
Vessels Laden with Live-Oak. Rev. Stat., § 2,463. It shall be the duty of all collectors of the customs within the States of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Florida, before allowing a clearance to any vessel laden in whole or in part with live-oak timber, to ascertain satisfactorily that such timber was cut from private lands, or, if from public ones, by consent of the Navy Department.
Non-Importation of Neat Cattle. Rev. Stat. $ 2,493. The importation of neat cattle and the hides of neat cattle from any foreign country into the United States is prohibited; Provided, That the operation of this section shall be suspended as to any foreign country or countries, or any parts of such country or countries, whenever the Secretary of the Treasury shall officially determine, and give public notice thereof, that such importation will not tend to the introduction or spread of contagious or infectious diseases among the cattle of the United States; and the Secretary of the Treasury is hereby authorized and empowered, and it shall be his duty, to make all necessary orders and regulations to carry this law into effect, and to suspend the same as therein provided, and to send copies thereof to the proper officers in the United States, and to such officers or agents of the United States in foreign countries as he shall judge necessary.
Rev. Stat., $ 2,494. The President of the United States, whenever in his judgment the importation of neat cattle and the hides of neat cattle may be made without danger of the introduction or spread of contagious or infectious disease among the cattle of the United States, may, by proclamation, declare the pro- visions of the preceding section to be inoperative, and the same shall be afterward inoperative and of no effect from and after thirty days from the date of said proclamation.
Rev. Stat., $ 2,495. Any person convicted of a willful violation of any of the