Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Sampul Depan
Naomi Oreskes, John Krige
MIT Press, 31 Okt 2014 - 456 halaman

Investigations of how the global Cold War shaped national scientific and technological practices in fields from biomedicine to rocket science.

The Cold War period saw a dramatic expansion of state-funded science and technology research. Government and military patronage shaped Cold War technoscientific practices, imposing methods that were project oriented, team based, and subject to national-security restrictions. These changes affected not just the arms race and the space race but also research in agriculture, biomedicine, computer science, ecology, meteorology, and other fields. This volume examines science and technology in the context of the Cold War, considering whether the new institutions and institutional arrangements that emerged globally constrained technoscientific inquiry or offered greater opportunities for it.

The contributors find that whatever the particular science, and whatever the political system in which that science was operating, the knowledge that was produced bore some relation to the goals of the nation-state. These goals varied from nation to nation; weapons research was emphasized in the United States and the Soviet Union, for example, but in France and China scientific independence and self-reliance dominated. The contributors also consider to what extent the changes to science and technology practices in this era were produced by the specific politics, anxieties, and aspirations of the Cold War.

Contributors
Elena Aronova, Erik M. Conway, Angela N. H. Creager, David Kaiser, John Krige, Naomi Oreskes, George Reisch, Sigrid Schmalzer, Sonja D. Schmid, Matthew Shindell, Asif A. Siddiqi, Zuoyue Wang, Benjamin Wilson

 

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Introduction
1
1 Science in the Origins of the Cold War
11
2 Atomic Tracings
31
3 SelfReliant Science
75
4 From the End of the World to the Age of the Earth
107
5 Changing the Mission
141
6 Fighting Each Other
189
7 Embedding the National in the Global
227
9 Calculating Times
273
10 Defining Scientific Direction
317
11 The Cold War and the Reshaping of Transnational Science in China
343
12 When Structure Met Sputnik
371
13 Big Science and Big Science Studies in the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War
393
Concluding Remarks
431
About the Authors
443
Index
447

8 Bringing NASA Back to Earth
251

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Tentang pengarang (2014)

Naomi Oreskes is Professor of the History of Science and Affiliated Professor of Earth and Planetary Sciences at Harvard University. John Krige is Kranzberg Professor in the School of History, Technology, and Society at the Georgia Institute of Technology.

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